Browse Results What Download Format Should I Choose?

Showing 1 through 21 of 21 results

The Africa Growth and Opportunity Act and Its Rules of Origin: Generosity Undermined?

by Aaditya Mattoo Devesh Roy Arvind Subramanian

The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), signed into American law on May 18, 2000, is a major plank of U.S. initiatives toward the African continent. The Act aims broadly at improving economic policymaking in Africa, enabling countries to embrace globalization, and securing durable political and economic stability. As an incentive for Africa to adopt the necessary policy reform, AGOA offers increased preferential access for African exports to the United States. This paper describes the provisions of AGOA and assesses its quantitative impact on African exports, particularly in the apparel sector.

Africa's Trade Revisited

by Arvind Subramanian Natalia Tamirisa

The popular impression that Africa has not integrated into world trade, as suggested by the evolution in simple indicators, has been callled into question recently by more formal analysis. This paper refines and generalizes this analysis, but lends supports to the popular view of disintegration. Africa, especially francophone Africa, is currently under-exploiting its trading opportunities and has witnessed disintegration over time, a trend that is most pronunced in its trade with the technologically advanced countries.

Aid and Growth: What Does the Cross-Country Evidence Really Show?

by Raghuram G. Rajan Arvind Subramanian

We examine the effects of aid on growth--in cross-sectional and panel data--after correcting for the bias that aid typically goes to poorer countries, or to countries after poor performance. Even after this correction, we find little robust evidence of a positive (or negative) relationship between aid inflows into a country and its economic growth. We also find no evidence that aid works better in better policy or geographical environments, or that certain forms of aid work better than others. Our findings, which relate to the past, do not imply that aid cannot be beneficial in the future. But they do suggest that for aid to be effective in the future, the aid apparatus will have to be rethought. Our findings raise the question: what aspects of aid offset what ought to be the indisputable growth enhancing effects of resource transfers? Thus, our findings support efforts under way at national and international levels to understand and improve aid effectiveness.

Dynamic Gains from Trade: Evidence from South Africa

by Gunnar Jonsson Arvind Subramanian

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

The Egyptian Stabilization Experience: An Analytical Retrospective

by Arvind Subramanian

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

IMF Staff Country Reports

by Yuan Xiao Arvind Subramanian Z. El-Masry

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

The Missing Globalization Puzzle

by David T. Coe Arvind Subramanian Natalia T. Tamirisa Rikhil Bhavnani

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

What Does South Africa's Pattern of Trade Say About Its Labor Market?

by Trevor Alleyne Arvind Subramanian

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

What Undermines Aid's Impact on Growth?

by Raghuram G. Rajan Arvind Subramanian

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

What Would a Development-Friendly WTO Architecture Really Look Like?

by Aaditya Mattoo Arvind Subramanian

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Who Can Explain The Mauritian Miracle: Meade, Romer, Sachs or Rodrik?

by Arvind Subramanian Devesh Roy

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

The WTO and the Poorest Countries: The Stark Reality

by Aaditya Mattoo Arvind Subramanian

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

The WTO Promotes Trade, Strongly But Unevenly

by Arvind Subramanian Shang-Jin Wei

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Showing 1 through 21 of 21 results

Help

Select your download format based upon: 1) how you want to read your book, and 2) compatibility with your reading tool. For more details, visit the Formats page under the Getting Started tab.

See and hear words read aloud
  • DAISY Text - See words on the screen and hear words being read aloud with the text-to-speech voice installed on your reading tool. Navigate by page, chapter, section, and more. Can also be used in audio-only mode. Compatible with many reading tools, including Bookshare’s free reading tools.
  • DAISY Text with Images - Similar to DAISY Text with the addition of images within the Text. Your reading tool must support images.
  • Read Now with Bookshare Web Reader - Read and see images directly from your Internet browser without downloading! Text-to-speech voicing and word highlighting are available on Google Chrome (extension installation required). Other browsers can be used with limited features. Learn more
Listen to books with audio only
  • DAISY Audio - Listen to books in audio-only mode with the high-quality Kendra voice by Ivona pre-installed. Navigate by page, chapter, section, and more. Must be used with a DAISY Audio compatible reading tool.
  • MP3 - Listen to books in audio-only mode with the high-quality Kendra voice by Ivona pre-installed. Navigate using tracks. Can be used with any MP3 player.
Read in Braille
  • BRF (Braille Ready Format) - Read with any BRF compatible refreshable braille display; navigate using the search or find feature.
  • DAISY Text - Read with any DAISY 3.0 compatible refreshable braille display, navigate by page, chapter, section, and more.
  • Embossed Braille - Use Bookshare’s DAISY Text or BRF formats to generate embossed braille.