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After the Crisis: Lower Consumption Growth but Narrower Global Imbalances?

by Ashoka Mody Franziska Ohnsorge

We estimate consumption dynamics in the G-7 economies, paying particular attention to the possibility of precautionary behavior in the face of uncertainty. We find that in the short run, continued income uncertainty will significantly dampen consumption growth. As such, consumption in the G-7 economies is unlikely to be the engine that revives global growth. Differences in the pace and timing of consumption moderation have implications for the evolution of global imbalances. With the U.S. experiencing a sharper rise in unemployment and, perhaps, more widespread loss of financial wealth than elsewhere in the G-7, the relative rise of the U.S. savings rate is helping narrow global imbalances. But with a likely earlier recovery in the U.S., this narrowing could be short-lived. Moreover, long-term differences- in economic and financial volatility and in demographic structures-have been an important source of the imbalances and could soon reassert their prominence.

Breaking the Impediments to Budgetary Reforms: Evidence from Europe

by Stefania Fabrizio Ashoka Mody

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Can Budget Institutions Counteract Political Indiscipline?

by Stefania Fabrizio Ashoka Mody

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Can Domestic Policies Influence Inflation?

by Ashoka Mody Franziska Ohnsorge

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Crisis Resolution: Next Steps

by Barry Eichengreen Kenneth Kletzer Ashoka Mody

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

The Demographic Dividend: Evidence from the Indian States

by Shekhar Aiyar Ashoka Mody

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

The Dynamics of Product Quality and International Competitiveness

by Stefania Fabrizio Deniz Igan Ashoka Mody

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

The Eurozone Crisis: How Banks and Sovereigns Came to be Joined at the Hip1

by Ashoka Mody Damiano Sandri

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Evolution and Performance of Exchange Rate Regimes

by Robin Brooks Kenneth Rogoff Ashoka Mody

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Exits from Heavily Managed Exchange Rate Regimes

by Enrica Detragiache Ashoka Mody Eisuke Okada

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Financial Reform

by Ashoka Mody Abdul Abiad

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Financial Reform: What Shakes It? What Shapes It?

by Abdul Abiad Ashoka Mody

Financial sector liberalization was high on the agenda of policymakers during the last quarter of the twentieth century. But there were significant differences in the pace and scale of reform. This pamphlet examines the factors triggering-or impeding and even reversing-financial reform in 35 economies, both industrial and developing.

Germany in an Interconnected World Economy

by Ashoka Mody

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Growing Up with Capital Flows

by Ashoka Mody Antu Panini Murshid

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Growth from International Capital Flows: The Role of Volatility Regimes

by Ashoka Mody Antu Panini Murshid

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

The IMF in a World of Private Capital Markets

by Barry Eichengreen Kenneth Kletzer Ashoka Mody

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

IMF Staff Country Reports

by Abdul Abiad Ashoka Mody Susan Schadler

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

IMF-Supported Programs

by Ashoka Mody Alessandro Rebucci

Research work by the IMF's staff on the effectiveness of the country programs the organization supports, which has long been carried out, has intensified in recent years IMF analysts have sought to "open up the black box" by more closely examining program design and implementation, as well as how these influence programs' effectiveness. Their efforts have also focused on identifying the lending, signaling, and monitoring features of the IMF that may affect member countries' economic performance. This book reports on a large portion of both the new and the continuing research. It concludes that IMF programs work best where domestic politics and institutions permit the timely implementation of the necessary measures and when a country is vulnerable to, but not yet in, a crisis. It points to the need for a wider recognition of the substantial diversity among IMF member countries and for programs to be tailored accordingly while broadly maintaining the IMF's general principle of uniformity of treatment.

International Dividend Repatriations

by Alexander Lehmann Ashoka Mody

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

International Finance and Income Convergence: Europe is Different

by Abdul Abiad Daniel Leigh Ashoka Mody

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

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