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Advanced 2D Materials

by Ashutosh Tiwari Mikael Syväjärvi

This book brings together innovative methodologies and strategies adopted in the research and developments of Advanced 2D Materials. Well-known worldwide researchers deliberate subjects on (1) Synthesis, characterizations, modeling and properties, (2) State-of-the-art design and (3) innovative uses of 2D materials including: Two-dimensional layered gallium selenide Synthesis of 2D boron nitride nanosheets The effects of substrates on 2-D crystals Electrical conductivity and reflectivity of models of some 2D materials Graphene derivatives in semicrystalline polymer composites Graphene oxide based multifunctional composites Covalent and non-covalent polymer grafting of graphene oxide Graphene-semiconductor hybrid photocatalysts for solar fuels Graphene based sensors Graphene composites from bench to clinic Photocatalytic ZnO-graphene hybrids Hydroxyapatite-graphene bioceramics in orthopaedic applications

Advanced Bioelectronics Materials

by Ashutosh Tiwari Anthony P. Turner Hirak K. Patra

This book covers the recent advances in the development of bioelectronics systems and their potential application in future biomedical applications starting from system design to signal processing for physiological monitoring, to in situ biosensing. Advanced Bioelectronics Materialshas contributions from distinguished international scholars whose backgrounds mirror the multidisciplinary readership ranging from the biomedical sciences, biosensors and engineering communities with diverse backgrounds, interests and proficiency in academia and industry. The readers will benefit from the widespread coverage of the current literature, state-of-the-art overview of all facets of advanced bioelectronics materials ranging from real time monitoring, in situ diagnostics, in vivo imaging, image-guided therapeutics, biosensors, and translational biomedical devices and personalized monitoring.

Advanced Biomaterials and Biodevices (Advanced Material Series)

by Ashutosh Tiwari Anis N. Nordin

Biomaterials are the fastest-growing emerging field of biodevices. Design and development of biomaterials play a significant role in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases. Recently, a variety of scaffolds/carriers have been evaluated for tissue regeneration, drug delivery, sensing and imaging. Liposomes and microspheres have been developed for sustained delivery. Several anti-cancer drugs have been successfully formulated using biomaterial. The targeting of drugs to certain physiological sites has emerged as a promising tool in the treatment with improved drug bioavailability and reduction of dosing frequency. Biodevices-based targeting of drugs may improve the therapeutic success by limiting the adverse drug effects and resulting in more patient compliance and attaining a higher adherence level. Advanced biodevices hold merit as a drug carrier with high carrier capacity, feasibility of incorporation of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic substances, high stability, as well as the feasibility of variable courses. Biodevices for diagnosis of diseases by improving the sensitivity and selectivity on the biomaterials platform is the most latest R & D focus especially in the field of treatment by the prognosis and detection of disease in the early stage. This groundbreaking book is devoted to all of the emerging areas of biomaterials and biodevices including therapeutic agents, molecular targeting and diagnostic imaging capabilities. The senior contributors write on the following topics:Frontiers for bulk nanostructured metalsStimuli-responsive materials used as medical devicesRecent advances with liposomes as drug carriersFabrication, Properties of nanoshells with controllable surface chargeAdvanced healthcare materials: ChitosanAnticipating behaviour of advanced material in healthcareLabel free biochipsPolymer MEMS sensorsAssembly of polymers/metal nanoparticlesCombination of molecular imprinting and nanotechnologyEfficiency of biosensors as new generation of analytical approachesState-of-the-art of biosensors in healthcare

Advanced Catalytic Materials

by Ashutosh Tiwari Salam Titinchi

The subject of advanced materials in catalysisbrings together recent advancements in materials synthesis and technologies to the design of novel and smart catalysts used in the field of catalysis. Nanomaterials in general show an important role in chemical processing as adsorbents, catalysts, catalyst supports and membranes, and form the basis of cutting-edge technology because of their unique structural and surface properties. Advanced Catalytic Materials is written by a distinguished group of contributors and the chapters provide comprehensive coverage of the current literature, up-to-date overviews of all aspects of advanced materials in catalysis, and present the skills needed for designing and synthesizing advanced materials. The book also showcases many topics concerning the fast-developing area of materials for catalysis and their emerging applications. The book is divided into three parts: Nanocatalysts - Architecture and Design; Organic and Inorganic Catalytic Transformations; and Functional Catalysis: Fundamentals and Applications. Specifically, the chapters discuss the following subjects: * Environmental applications of multifunctional nanocomposite catalytic materials * Transformation of nanostructured functional precursors using soft chemistry * Graphenes in heterogeneous catalysis * Gold nanoparticles-graphene composites material for catalytic application * Hydrogen generation from chemical hydrides * Ring-opening polymerization of poly(lactic acid) * Catalytic performance of metal alkoxides * Cycloaddition of CO2 and epoxides over reusable solid catalysts * Biomass derived fine chemicals using catalytic metal bio-composites * Homoleptic metal carbonyls in organic transformation * Zeolites: smart materials for novel, efficient, and versatile catalysis * Optimizing zeolitic catalysis for environmental remediation

Advanced Composite Materials

by Ashutosh Tiwari Mohammad Rabia Alenezi Seong Chan Jun

Composites materials is basically the combining of unique properties of materials to have synergistic effects. A combination of materials is needed to adapt to certain properties for any application area. There is an everlasting desire to make composite materials stronger, lighter or more durable than traditional materials. Carbon materials are known to be attractive in composites because of their combination of chemical and physical properties. In the recent years, development of new composites has been influenced by precision green approaches that restrict hazardous substances and waste created during production. This book ranges from the fundamental principles underpinning the fabrication of different composite materials to their devices, for example, applications in energy harvesting, memory devices, electrochemical biosensing and other advanced composite-based biomedical applications. This book provides a compilation of innovative fabrication strategies and utilization methodologies which are frequently adopted in the advanced composite materials community with respect to developing appropriate composites to efficiently utilize macro and nanoscale features. The key topics are: Pioneer composite materials for printed electronics Current-limiting defects in superconductors High-tech ceramics materials Carbon nanomaterials for electrochemical biosensing Nanostructured ceramics and bioceramics for bone cancer Importance of biomaterials for bone regeneration Tuning hydroxyapatite particles Carbon nanotubes reinforced bioceramic composite Biomimetic prototype interface

Advanced Electrical and Electronics Materials: Processes and Applications

by Ashutosh Tiwari Nishu Gupta K. M. Gupta

This comprehensive and unique book is intended to cover the vast and fast-growing field of electrical and electronic materials and their engineering in accordance with modern developments. Basic and pre-requisite information has been included for easy transition to more complex topics. Latest developments in various fields of materials and their sciences/engineering, processing and applications have been included. Latest topics like PLZT, vacuum as insulator, fiber-optics, high temperature superconductors, smart materials, ferromagnetic semiconductors etc. are covered. Illustrations and examples encompass different engineering disciplines such as robotics, electrical, mechanical, electronics, instrumentation and control, computer, and their inter-disciplinary branches. A variety of materials ranging from iridium to garnets, microelectronics, micro alloys to memory devices, left-handed materials, advanced and futuristic materials are described in detail.

Advanced Energy Materials

by Ashutosh Tiwari Sergiy Valyukh

An essential resource for scientists designing new energy materials for the vast landscape of solar energy conversion as well as materials processing and characterizationBased on the new and fundamental research on novel energy materials with tailor-made photonic properties, the role of materials engineering has been to provide much needed support in the development of photovoltaic devices. Advanced Energy Materials offers a unique, state-of-the-art look at the new world of novel energy materials science, shedding light on the subject's vast multi-disciplinary approachThe book focuses particularly on photovoltaics, efficient light sources, fuel cells, energy-saving technologies, energy storage technologies, nanostructured materials as well as innovating materials and techniques for future nanoscale electronics. Pathways to future development are also discussed.Critical, cutting-edge subjects are addressed, including:Non-imaging focusing heliostat; state-of-the-art of nanostructuresMetal oxide semiconductors and their nanocompositesSuperionic solids; polymer nanocomposites; solid electrolytes; advanced electronicsElectronic and optical properties of lead sulfideHigh-electron mobility transistors and light-emitting diodesAnti-ferroelectric liquid crystals; PEEK membrane for fuel cellsAdvanced phosphors for energy-efficient lightingMolecular computation photovoltaics and photocatalystsPhotovoltaic device technology and non-conventional energy applicationsReadershipThe book is written for a large and broad readership including researchers and university graduate students from diverse backgrounds such as chemistry, materials science, physics, and engineering working in the fields of nanotechnology, photovoltaic device technology, and non-conventional energy.

Advanced Engineering Materials and Modeling

by Ashutosh Tiwari N. Arul Murugan Rajeev Ahuja

The engineering of materials with advanced features is driving the research towards the design of innovative materials with high performances. New materials often deliver the best solution for structural applications, precisely contributing towards the finest combination of mechanical properties and low weight. The mimicking of nature's principles lead to a new class of structural materials including biomimetic composites, natural hierarchical materials and smart materials. Meanwhile, computational modeling approaches are the valuable tools complementary to experimental techniques and provide significant information at the microscopic level and explain the properties of materials and their very existence. The modeling also provides useful insights to possible strategies to design and fabricate materials with novel and improved properties. The book brings together these two fascinating areas and offers a comprehensive view of cutting-edge research on materials interfaces and technologies the engineering materials. The topics covered in this book are divided into 2 parts" Engineering of Materials, Characterizations & Applications and Computational Modeling of Materials. The chapters include the following: Mechanical and resistance behavior of structural glass beams Nanocrystalline metal carbides - microstructure characterization SMA-reinforced laminated glass panel Sustainable sugarcane bagasse cellulose for papermaking Electrospun scaffolds for cardiac tissue engineering Bio-inspired composites Density functional theory for studying extended systems First principles based approaches for modeling materials Computer aided materials design Computational materials for stochastic electromagnets Computational methods for thermal analysis of heterogeneous materials Modelling of resistive bilayer structures Modeling tunneling of superluminal photons through Brain Microtubules Computer aided surgical workflow modeling Displaced multiwavelets and splitting algorithms

Advanced Functional Materials

by Ashutosh Tiwari Lokman Uzun

Because of their unique properties (size, shape, and surface functions), functional materials are gaining significant attention in the areas of energy conversion and storage, sensing, electronics, photonics, and biomedicine. Within the chapters of this book written by well-known researchers, one will find the range of methods that have been developed for preparation and functionalization of organic, inorganic and hybrid structures which are the necessary building blocks for the architecture of various advanced functional materials. The book discusses these innovative methodologies and research strategies, as well as provides a comprehensive and detailed overview of the cutting-edge research on the processing, properties and technology developments of advanced functional materials and their applications. Specifically, Advanced Functional Materials: Compiles the objectives related to functional materials and provides detailed reviews of fundamentals, novel production methods, and frontiers of functional materials, including metalic oxides, conducting polymers, carbon nanotubes, discotic liquid crystalline dimers, calixarenes, crown ethers, chitosan and graphene. Discusses the production and characterization of these materials, while mentioning recent approaches developed as well as their uses and applications for sensitive chemiresistors, optical and electronic materials, solar hydrogen generation, supercapacitors, display and organic light-emitting diodes, functional adsorbents, and antimicrobial and biocompatible layer formation. This volume in the Advanced Materials Book Series includes twelve chapters divided into two main areas: Part 1: Functional Metal Oxides: Architecture, Design and Applications and Part 2: Multifunctional Hybrid Materials: Fundamentals and Frontiers

Advanced Materials for Agriculture, Food and Environmental Safety (Advanced Material Series)

by Ashutosh Tiwari Mikael Syväjärvi

The levels of toxic and microbial contamination in the food and environment are influenced by harvesting or slaughtering technologies and by the processes applied during food manufacture. With current cultivation methods, it is impossible to guarantee the absence of pesticides and pathogenic microorganisms in raw foods, both of plant and animal origin. Widespread and increasing incidence of foodborne diseases and the resulting social and economic impact on the world population have brought food and environmental safety to the forefront of ecological safety and public health concerns. The emerging field of advanced materials based on functional architectures offers potential solutions to some of the key performance challenges along with the improved sensitivity, longevity, stability, miniaturization and ruggedness, while reducing complexity and production cost. The overall purpose of this book is to generate new solutions to the technical challenges in easy and rapid detections of food toxicants, microorganisms and environmental pollutants. The book focuses on the role of advanced materials in the food, water and environmental applications The monitoring of harmful organisms and toxicants in water, food and beverages is mainly discussed in the respective chapters. The senior contributors write on the following topics: Layered double hydroxides and environment Corrosion resistance of aluminium alloys of silanes New generation material for the removal of arsenic from water Prediction and optimization of heavy clay products quality Enhancement of physical and mechanical properties of fiber Environment friendly acrylates latices Nanoparticles for trace analysis of toxins Recent development on gold nanomaterial as catalyst Nanosized metal oxide based adsorbents for heavy metal removal Phytosynthesized transition metal nanoparticles- novel functional agents for textiles Kinetics and equilibrium modeling Magnetic nanoparticles for heavy metal removal Potential applications of nanoparticles as antipathogens Gas barrier properties of biopolymer based nanocomposites: Application in food packing Application of zero-valent iron nanoparticles for environmental clean up Environmental application of novel TiO2 nanoparticles

Advanced Materials Interfaces

by Ashutosh Tiwari Hirak K. Patra Xuemei Wang

Advanced Material Interfaces is a state-of-the-art look at innovative methodologies and strategies adopted for interfaces and their applications. The 13 chapters are written by eminent researchers not only elaborate complex interfaces fashioned of solids, liquids, and gases, but also ensures cross-disciplinary mixture and blends of physics, chemistry, materials science, engineering and life sciences. Advanced interfaces operate fundamental roles in essentially all integrated devices. It is therefore of the utmost urgency to focus on how newly-discovered fundamental constituents and interfacial progressions can be materialized and used for precise purposes. Interfaces are associated in wide multiplicity of application spectrum from chemical catalysis to drug functions and the advancement is funnelled by fine-tuning of our fundamental understanding of the interface effects.

Advanced Sensor and Detection Materials

by Ashutosh Tiwari Mustafa M. Demir

The development of sensors at macroscopic or nanometric scales in solid, liquid, or gas phases, contact or noncontact configurations, has driven the research of sensor & detection materials and technology into high gear. The emphasis on detection techniques requires the use of spin crossover organic, inorganic and composite materials and methods that could be unique for sensors fabrication. The influence of length, composition and conformation structure of materials on their properties and the possibilities to adjust sensing properties by doping or adding the side-groups are the starting point of multifarious sensing. The role of inter-molecular interactions, polymer and ordered phases formation, as well as the behavior under pressure, magnetic and electric fields are also important facts for processing of ultra-sensing materials. Advanced Sensor and Detection Materials highlights the key features that aid the design of new sensor and detection materials for a multitude of sensor and detection devices. The senior contributors write on the follow topics:Construction of nanostructuresThe role of the shape in the design of new nanoparticlesAdvances in sensors' nanotechnologyMolecularly imprinted polymer for enantioselective sensing devicesFerrites for high frequency applicationsMesoporous Silica: Making "Sense" of SensorsPorous TiO2-Au/Ag materialsFerroelectronic glass-ceramicsNASICON: Synthesis, structure and electrical characterisationHeavy clay products qualityIonic liquidsDendrimers and hyperbranched polymersTheoretical investigation of superconducting state parametersMicroscopic polarization and thermal conductivity of binary Wurtzite nitridesExperiments techniques and theoretical background to study materialsThe book is written for readers from diverse backgrounds across chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering, medical science, pharmacy, biotechnology, and biomedical engineering. It offers a comprehensive view of cutting-edge research on advanced materials for sensor and detection technology and applications.

Advanced Surface Engineering Materials

by Rui Wang Ashutosh Tiwari Bingqing Wei

Advanced surfaces enriches the high-throughput engineering of physical and chemical phenomenon in relatin to electrical, magnetic, electronics, thermal and optical controls, as well as large surface areas, protective coatings against water loss and excessive gas exchange. A more sophisticated example could be a highly selective surface permeability allowing passive diffusion and selective transport of molecules in the water or gases. The smart surface technology provides an interlayer model which prevents the entry of substances without affecting the properties of neighboring layers. A number of methods have been developed for coatings, which are essential building blocks for the top-down and/or bottom-up design of numerous functional materials. Advanced Surface Engineering Materials offers a detailed up-to-date review chapters on the functional coatings and adhesives, engineering of nanosurfaces, high-tech surface, characterization and new applications. The 13 chapters in this book are divided into 3 parts (Functional coatings and adhesives; Engineering of nanosurfaces; High-tech surface, characterization and new applications) and are all written by worldwide subject matter specialists. The book is written for readers from diverse backgrounds across chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering, medical science, environmental, bio- and nano- technologies and biomedical engineering. It offers a comprehensive view of cutting-edge research on surface engineering materials and their technological importance.

Advanced Theranostic Materials

by Ashutosh Tiwari Jeong-Woo Choi Hirak K. Patra

The present book is covers the recent advances in the development on the regulation of such theragnosis system and their biomedical perspectives to act as a future nanomedicine. Advanced Theranostics Materialsis written by a distinguished group of contributors and provides comprehensive coverage of the current literature, up-to-date overview of all aspects of advanced theranostics materials ranging from system biology, diagnostics, imaging, image-guided therapy, therapeutics, biosensors, and translational medicine and personalized medicine, as well as the much broader task of covering most topics of biomedical research. The books focusses on the following topics: Part 1: System biology and translational medicine Aberrant Signaling Pathways: Hallmark of Cancer Cells and Target for Nanotherapeutics Application of Nanoparticles in Cancer Treatment Biomacromolecule-Gated Mesoporous Silica Drug Delivery Systems Construction of Functional DNA Nanostructures for Theranostic Applications Smart Polypeptide Nanocarriers for Malignancy Therapeutics Part 2: Imaging and therapeutics Dimercaptosuccinic acid-coated magnetic nanoparticles as a localized delivery system in cancer immunotherapy Cardiovascular nanomedicine Chitosan-based systems for sustained drug release Nanocapsules in biomedicine: promises and challenges Chitosan-based polyelectrolyte complexes: characteristics and application in formulation of particulate drug carriers Part 3: Diagnostics and featured prognostics Non-invasive Glucose Biosensors based on Nanomaterials Self/directed Assembly of Nanoparticles: A review on various approaches Ion exchangers - an open window for the development of advanced materials with pharmaceutical and medical applications New Titanium Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Biomedical Materials and Diagnostic Devices

by Ashutosh Tiwari Anthony P. Turner Murugan Ramalingam Hisashi Kobayashi

The functional materials with the most promising outlook have the ability to precisely adjust the biological phenomenon in a controlled mode. Engineering of advanced bio- materials has found striking applications in used for biomedical and diagnostic device applications, such as cell separation, stem-cell, drug delivery, hyperthermia, automated DNA extraction, gene targeting, resonance imaging, biosensors, tissue engineering and organ regeneration.

Biosensors Nanotechnology

by Ashutosh Tiwari Anthony P.F. Turner

A new emerging field that combines nanoscale materials and biosensor technology is receiving increased attention. Nanostructures have been used to achieve direct wiring of biosensing elements to electrode surfaces, to promote bio-reactions, to impose nanobarcodes on biomaterials, and to amplify the signal from bio-recognition events. Nanomaterials based biosensors have found wide spread applications in the environmental and medical applications for their sensitivity, specificity, rapidity, simplicity, and cost-effectiveness. In the same pursuit, Biosensors Nanotechnology provides detailed review chapters on a range of nanostructures such as nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes, nanoribbons, nanorods, nanobelts and nanosheets in the construction of biosensors with set applications of biosensors nanotechnology for biological and chemical analyses, food safety industry, biomedical diagnostics, clinical detection, and environmental monitoring. The senior contributors write on the following topics: ZnO and graphene microelectrode applications in biosensing Assembly of polymers/metal nanoparticles Gold nanoparticle-based electrochemical biosensors Impedimetric DNA sensing employing nanomaterials Graphene and carbon nanotube based biosensors The-state-of-art of nanomedicine Computational nanochemistry study BFPF green fluorescent protein chromophore Biosynthesis of metal nanoparticles Ionic discotic liquid crystals Role of advanced materials as nanosensors in water treatment Bioconjugated-nanoporous gold films in electrochemical biosensors Combination of molecular imprinting and nanotechnology Recent development of fiber reinforced composite materials Principal and properties of multiferroics and ceramics

Graphene

by Ashutosh Tiwari Maheshwar Sharon Hisanori Shinohara Madhuri Sharon

Often described as a "miracle material", graphene's potential applications are extraordinary, ranging from nanoscale 'green' technologies, to sensors and future conductive coatings. This book covers the topic of 'graphene' - the history, fundamental properties, methods of production and applications of this exciting new material. The style of the book is both scientific and technical - it is accessible to an audience that has a general, undergraduate-level background in the sciences or engineering, and is aimed at industries considering graphene applications. As the graphene topic is a broad-reaching and rapidly moving field of research, the aim of this book is therefore to provide information about graphene and its current and future applications that are immediately implementable, relevant and concise. After reading this book, the reader will have sufficient knowledge and background to move forward independently into graphene R&D and to apply the knowledge therein. Although the book will be self-contained, each chapter has copious references to enable further reading, research and exploration of the chapter topics.

Graphene Materials

by Ashutosh Tiwari Mikael Syväjärvi

Graphene Materials: Fundamentals and Emerging Applications brings together innovative methodologies with research and development strategies to provide a detailed state-of-the-art overview of the processing, properties, and technology developments of graphene materials and their wide-ranging applications. The applications areas covered are biosensing, energy storage, environmental monitoring, and health. The book discusses the various methods that have been developed for the preparation and functionalization of single-layered graphene nanosheets. These form the essential building blocks for the bottom-up architecture of various graphene materials because they possess unique physico-chemical properties such as large surface areas, good conductivity and mechanical strength, high thermal stability and desirable flexibility. The electronic behavior in graphene, such as dirac fermions obtained due to the interaction with the ions of the lattice, has led to the discovery of novel miracles like Klein tunneling in carbon-based solid state systems and the so-called half-integer quantum Hall effect. The combination of these properties makes graphene a highly desirable material for applications. In particular, Graphene Materials: Fundamentals and Emerging Applications has chapters covering: - Graphene and related two-dimensional nanomaterials - Surface functionalization of graphene - Functional three-dimensional graphene networks - Covalent graphene-polymer nanocomposites - Magnesium matrix composites reinforced with graphene nanoplatelets - Graphene derivatives for energy storage - Graphene nanocomposite for high performance supercapacitors - Graphene nanocomposite-based bulk hetro-junction solar cells - Graphene bimetallic nanocatalysts foam for energy storage and biosensing - Graphene nanocomposites-based for electrochemical sensors - Graphene electrodes for health and environmental monitoring

Integrated Biomaterials for Biomedical Technology

by Seeram Ramakrishna Hisatoshi Kobayashi Ashutosh Tiwari Murugan Ramalingam

This cutting edge book provides all the important aspects dealing with the basic science involved in materials in biomedical technology, especially structure and properties, techniques and technological innovations in material processing and characterizations, as well as the applications. The volume consists of 12 chapters written by acknowledged experts of the biomaterials field and covers a wide range of topics and applications.

Nanomaterials in Drug Delivery, Imaging, and Tissue Engineering

by Ashutosh Tiwari Atul Tiwari

This groundbreaking, multidisciplinary work is one of the first books to cover Nanotheragnostics, the new developmental edge of nanomedicine. Through a collection of authoritative chapters, the book reports on nanoscopic therapeutic systems that incorporate therapeutic agents, molecular targeting, and diagnostic imaging capabilities. An invaluable reference for researchers in materials science, bioengineering, pharmacy, biotechnology, and nanotechnology, this volume features four main parts on biomedical nanomaterials, advanced nanomedicine, nanotheragnostics, and nanoscaffolds technology.

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