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Exploring globalization from a labor history perspective, Aviva Chomsky provides historically grounded analyses of migration, labor-management collaboration, and the mobility of capital. She illuminates the dynamics of these movements through case studies set mostly in New England and Colombia. Taken together, the case studies offer an intricate portrait of two regions, their industries and workers, and the myriad links between them over the long twentieth century, as well as a new way to conceptualize globalization as a long-term process. Chomsky examines labor and management at two early-twentieth-century Massachusetts factories: one that transformed the global textile industry by exporting looms around the world, and another that was the site of a model program of labor-management collaboration in the 1920s. She follows the path of the textile industry from New England, first to the U. S. South, and then to Puerto Rico, Japan, Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, and Colombia. She considers how towns in Rhode Island and Massachusetts began to import Colombian workers as they struggled to keep their remaining textile factories going. Most of the workers eventually landed in service jobs: cleaning houses, caring for elders, washing dishes. Focusing on Colombia between the 1960s and the present, Chomsky looks at the Urab banana export region, where violence against organized labor has been particularly acute, and, through a discussion of the AFL-CIO's activities in Colombia, she explores the thorny question of U. S. union involvement in foreign policy. In the 1980s, two U. S. coal mining companies began to shift their operations to Colombia, where they opened two of the largest open-pit coal mines in the world. Chomsky assesses how different groups, especially labor unions in both countries, were affected. Linked Labor Histories suggests that economic integration among regions often exacerbates regional inequalities rather than ameliorating them.
In the spirit of her famous father, Chomsky (Latin American studies, Salem State College, Massachusetts) has been active in Latin American solidarity and immigrant rights issues for over a quarter of a century. Among the myths she dispels are that immigrants send most of what they earn out of the country, they threaten the national culture by refusing to assimilate, that countries need to control who goes in and out, and that the American public opposes immigration. She has not indexed her work. Annotation ©2008 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
[Back cover] IN THIS GROUNDBREAKING WORK, Aviva Chomsky dismantles twenty-one of the most widespread myths and beliefs about immigrants and immigration. "They Take Our Jobs!" challenges the underlying assumptions that fuel these misinformed claims about immigrants, radically altering our notions of citizenship, discrimination, and U.S. history.
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