Josephus, soldier, statesman, historian, was a Jew born at Jerusalem about 37 CE. A man of high descent, he early became learned in Jewish law and Greek literature and was a Pharisee. After pleading in Rome the cause of some Jewish priests he returned to Jerusalem and in 66 tried to prevent revolt against Rome, managing for the Jews the affairs of Galilee. In the troubles which followed he made his peace with Vespasian. Present at the siege of Jerusalem by Titus, he received favours from these two as emperors and from Domitian and assumed their family name Flavius. He died after 97. As a historical source Josephus is invaluable. His major works are: History of the Jewish War, in seven books, from 170 BCE to his own time, first written in Aramaic but translated by himself into the Greek we now have; and Jewish Antiquities, in twenty books, from the creation of the world to 66 CE. The Loeb Classical Library edition of the works of Josephus also includes the autobiographical Life and his treatise Against Apion.
Flavius Josephus was a first-century Jewish historian and apologist of priestly and royal ancestry. He recorded the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70. His works give an important insight into first-century Judaism. <P> <P> Josephus educated Gentiles and insisted on the Jewish compatibility with cultured Graeco-Roman thought. Josephus's two most important works are The Jewish War (c. 75) and Antiquities of the Jews (c. 94). Against Apion was a polemical work written as a defense of Judaism as a classical religion and philosophy, stressing its antiquity against what he perceived as more recent traditions of the Greeks. Some anti-Semitic allegations attributed by Josephus to Apion (who Josephus states is not Greek), and myths as old as Manetho's are exposed. Josephus also explains which books he views as Jewish scriptures.
Collected here in one unabridged edition are all 20 books of Flavius Josephus' The Antiquities of the Jews. Antiquities of the Jews was first published in 94 AD, it is history of the Jewish people, written in Greek for Josephus' gentile patrons. It begins with the creation of Adam and Eve, and follows the events of the historical books of the Hebrew Bible, often adding information that we might not otherwise have today. This work, along with Josephus's other major work, The Jewish Wars, provides valuable background material to anyone wishing to understand first-century Judaism and the early Christian period. "I have undertaken the present work . . . for it will contain all our antiquities, and the constitution of our government, as interpreted out of the Hebrew Scriptures. And indeed I did formerly intend, when I wrote of the war, to explain who the Jews originally were,-what fortunes they had been subject to,-and by what legislature they had been instructed in piety, and the exercise of other virtues,-what wars also they had made in remote ages, till they were unwillingly engaged in this last with the Romans. . ."-Flavius Josephus
This collection includes the work of Titus Flavius Josephus, born Joseph ben Matityahu. Josephus was a first-century Romano-Jewish scholar, historian and hagiographer, who was born in Jerusalem--then part of Roman Judea--to a father of priestly descent and a mother who claimed royal ancestry. This collection includes "Against Apion", "The Antiquities of the Jews", "Discourse to the Greeks Concerning Hades", "The Life of Flavius Josephus", and "The War of the Jews".
An eyewitness account of a historical turning point in Judaism, Christianity, and all of Western civilization, The Great Roman-Jewish War chronicles the Jewish revolt against the Roman Empire from A.D. 66-70. Its author was a leader among the Jewish resistance in Roman occupied Judea during the first century -- until he switched sides and collaborated with Rome, becoming an adopted member of the imperial family and assuming the name Flavius Josephus.For centuries, Flavius Josephus' histories of the tumultuous era that saw the collapse of Jewish independence and the rise of Christianity were more widely read in Europe than any book other than the Bible. The Great Roman-Jewish War is among the few sources of information about Judaism during the first century. As such, it provides an essential background for an understanding of both the beginning of modern Judaism and of the New Testament within its historical setting. It also offers a fascinating self-portrait of a turncoat general whose story is as much a rationale for his collaboration as it is a record of events.This edition features a detailed biographical sketch of the author as well as appendixes with helpful maps, genealogies, and a chronological table.
An award-winning translation and condensation of Jewish Antiquities and The Jewish War. Translated and edited by Paul L. Maier.
The family from which I am derived is not an ignoble one, but hath descended all along from the priests; and as nobility among several people is of a different origin, so with us to be of the sacerdotal dignity, is an indication of the splendor of a family. Now, I am not only sprung from a sacerdotal family in general, but from the first of the twenty-four 1 courses; and as among us there is not only a considerable difference between one family of each course and another, I am of the chief family of that first course also; nay, further, by my mother I am of the royal blood; for the children of Asamoneus, from whom that family was derived, had both the office of the high priesthood, and the dignity of a king, for a long time together. I will accordingly set down my progenitors in order.
In The Wars of the Jews Flavius Josephus gives us valuable insight into the first Jewish Roman War and the rebellions that followed thereafter. Josephus having been an agent for both sides of the conflict provides us with a perspective of this conflict that no one else could have. Here is an important historical document.
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