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Showing 1 through 5 of 5 results

Can The Private Annuity Market Provide Secure Retirement Income?

by G. A. Mackenzie Allison Schrager

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Pension Reform and the Fiscal Policy Stance

by Peter S. Heller G. A. Mackenzie Philip Gerson Alfredo Cuevas

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Pension Regimes and Saving

by G. A. Mackenzie Philip Gerson Alfredo Cuevas

#"September 1997. "#Includes bibliographical references (p. ).

Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

by Peter Stella G. A. Mackenzie

Central banks and other public financial institutions act as agents of fiscal policy in many countries. Their quasi-fiscal operations and activities can affect the overall public sector balance without affecting the budget deficit as conventionally measured, may also have important allocative effects, and increase the effective size of the public sector. This paper analyzes the macroeconomic and financial effects of such quasi-fiscal activities, as well as the taxes, subsidies, and other expenditures that such activities introduce outside the budget. Measurement and accounting issues are addressed, and policy recommendations are offered.

Showing 1 through 5 of 5 results

Help

Select your format based upon: 1) how you want to read your book, and 2) compatibility with your reading tool. To learn more about using Bookshare with your device, visit the "Using Bookshare" page in the Help Center.

Here is an overview of the specialized formats that Bookshare offers its members with links that go to the Help Center for more information.

  • Bookshare Web Reader - a customized reading tool for Bookshare members offering all the features of DAISY with a single click of the "Read Now" link.
  • DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) - a digital book file format. DAISY books from Bookshare are DAISY 3.0 text files that work with just about every type of access technology that reads text. Books that contain images will have the download option of ‘DAISY Text with Images’.
  • BRF (Braille Refreshable Format) - digital Braille for use with refreshable Braille devices and Braille embossers.
  • MP3 (Mpeg audio layer 3) - Provides audio only with no text. These books are created with a text-to-speech engine and spoken by Kendra, a high quality synthetic voice from Ivona. Any device that supports MP3 playback is compatible.
  • DAISY Audio - Similar to the Daisy 3.0 option above; however, this option uses MP3 files created with our text-to-speech engine that utilizes Ivona's Kendra voice. This format will work with Daisy Audio compatible players such as Victor Reader Stream and Read2Go.