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Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues

by François Haas Natalia Tamirisa

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Household Balance Sheets

by Todd Groome Nicolas Blancher François Haas Yoon Sook Kim William Lee Shinobu Nakagawa Rupert Thorne

This is the third and final installment of a series of chapters in the Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR) discussing the transfer, reallocation, and management of financial risk. Throughout this series we have highlighted the flow and reallocation of risks throughout the financial system, and the ability of certain market participants to manage new types of risks. Traditional assessments of financial stability tend to concentrate on the condition or resiliency of systemically important institutions, most often banks. In this series, we have expanded the analysis and highlighted the changing flow of risks among market participants, often as a result of policies or standards intended to improve the ability to manage, monitor, or measure risks in a particular sector. However, such policies and standards frequently redirect the flow of risk to less-monitored or less-measured sectors, such as the household sector. As such, the question arises whether, as a result of these policies, the financial system as a whole has become or is becoming more stable, or whether new risks and sources of instability may be emerging.

Risk Management and the Pension Fund Industry

by Todd Groome Nicolas Blancher François Haas Rupert Thorne Oksana Khadarina Kazunari Ohashi

As financial markets develop, a variety of nonbank institutions, such as insurers, pension funds, mutual funds, and hedge funds, have been increasing their exposure to market and credit risks. This chapter is the second in a series on the financial stability implications of this reallocation and transfer of risk, following the chapter, Risk Transfer and the Insurance Industry, in the April 2004 GFSR. This chapter focuses on pension funds, as significant institutional investors.

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