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Perspectives économiques régionales: Afrique subsaharienne, October 2008

by International Monetary Fund

Sub-Saharan Africa's prospects have deteriorated somewhat and the risks have increased, according to this report. Growth in the region is projected to dip to 6 percent in 2008 and 2009. The fall is due mainly to the global food and fuel price shock, which has weighed particularly on growth in oil-importing countries, and to the global financial market turmoil, which has slowed global growth and demand for Africa's exports. Inflation is expected to rise to 12 percent in 2008, mainly on account of the food and fuel price shock. As a result of rising prices, particularly of food, poverty may well be on the increase in 2008. In 2009, inflation should ease to 10 percent, helped by recent commodity price declines. There are significant risks to the outlook related to a potentially deeper and longer period of global financial turmoil and resulting slowdown in global activity, and substantial uncertainty concerning commodity prices.

Poland: The Path to a Market Economy

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Policy Coordination in the European Monetary System

by International Monetary Fund

Over the last four decades, one area that has evolved rapidly in the international economy, albeit not without periodic setbacks, has been the domain of economic interdependence. As noted by Cooper (1968) early on, the increasingly close linkages that interdependence has prompted among national economies can either enhance or constrain their ability to pursue domestic objectives.

Policy Discussion Paper

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Policy Instruments To Lean Against The Wind In Latin America

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Policy Statement on IMF Technical Assistance

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Portugal: Selected Issues

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Post Apartheid South Africa

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Postconflict Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Primary Commodities: Market Developments and Outlook

by International Monetary Fund

Commodity prices experienced a strong recovery during 1987, after the steep decline of 1984-86. By December 1987 the Fund's index of non-oil commodity prices was about 15 percent above the level of a year earlier in terms of SDRs, and some 30 percent higher in terms of the depreciating U. S. dollar. All commodity groups shared in the recovery, but the greatest strength came in agricultural raw materials and metals.

Primary Commodities: Market Developments and Outlook: By the Commodities Division of the Research Department, May 1987

by International Monetary Fund

Over the period 1980-86, both U. S. dollar commodity prices and real commodity prices have fluctuated around a declining trend (Chart 1). This period has been characterized by relatively low rates of growth in world economic activity, wide fluctuations in the value of the U. S. dollar, decreasing rates of inflation, and relatively high real rates of interest.

Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

by International Monetary Fund

This study surveys recent trends in private market financing for developing countries. In addition to examining developments in flows to developing countries through banking and securites markets, it analyzes the institutional and regulatory framework for developing country finance, institutional investor behavior and pricing of developing country stocks, management of public sector debt and implications of private external borrowing for macroeconomic policy management, and progress in commercial bank debt restructuring in low-income countries

Producer Price Index Manual

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Promoting Fiscal Discipline

by International Monetary Fund

Fiscal discipline is essential to improve and sustain economic performance, maintain macroeconomic stability, and reduce vulnerabilities. Discipline is especially important if countries, industrial as well as developing, are to successfully meet the challenges, and reap the benefits, of economic and financial globalisation. Lack of fiscal discipline generally stems from the injudicious use of policy discretion. The benefits of discretion are seen in terms of the ability of policymakers to respond to unexpected shocks, and in allowing elected political representatives to fulfill their mandates. But discretion can be misused, resulting in persistent deficits and procyclical policies, rising debt levels, and, over time, a loss in policy credibility. The authors first explore the role of discretion in fiscal policy, and the extent, consequences, and causes of procyclicality, particularly in good times. They then examine how a variety of institutional approaches - fiscal rules, fiscal responsibility laws, and fiscal agencies - can help improve fiscal discipline. While each of these approaches can play a useful role, the authors suggest that a strategy combining them is likely to be particularly beneficial. Although such a strategy requires political commitment and effective fiscal management, at the same time, the strategy itself can bolster political commitment by highlighting the restraints on government and raising the costs of failing to respect them.

Public Sector Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users

by International Monetary Fund

Prepared by the Inter-Agency Task Force on Finance Statistics, this guide presents a conceptual framework for measuring the gross and net debt of the general government and classifying such debt liabilities by instrument and by sector of the counterpart to the debt instrument. Example forms are provided for two summary tables, five detailed tables, and six memorandum tables for presenting the debt statistics. Annotation ©2012 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)

Quarterly National Accounts Manual

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Showing 1,251 through 1,275 of 1,530 results

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