Browse Results What Format Should I Choose?

Showing 1,251 through 1,275 of 1,552 results

Panama: Recent Economic Developments

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Panama: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Papua New Guinea: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Paraguay: Recent Economic Developments

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Perspectivas de la Economía Mundial Abril de 2012: Reanudación del crecimiento, peligros persistentes

by International Monetary Fund

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. the threat of a sharp global slowdown eased by improved activity in the United States and better policies in the euro area in response to the deepening crisis there. Weak recovery will likely resume in the major advanced economies, and activity is expected to remain relatively solid in most emerging and developing economies. However, recent improvements are very fragile. Policymakers must calibrate policies to support growth in the near term and must implement fundamental changes to achieve healthy growth in the medium term. Chapter 3 examines how policies directed at real estate markets can accelerate the improvement of household balance sheets and thus support otherwise anemic consumption. Countries that have adopted such policies have seen major benefits. In general, however, fears about moral hazard have stood in the way of progress. Chapter 4 examines how swings in commodity prices affect commodity exporting economies. Many emerging and developing economies have had nearly a decade of good growth, in part because of rapid credit growth or high commodity prices. However, commodity prices are unlikely to continue growing at such an elevated pace, and fiscal and other policies may need to be adapted to lower potential output growth.

Perspectivas de la Economía Mundial, Octubre de 2013: Transiciones y tensiones

by International Monetary Fund

El crecimiento mundial avanza a marcha lenta, y los factores que impulsan la actividad están cambiando. Esta dinámica plantea nuevos desafíos de política económica. En las economías avanzadas se ha reanudado el crecimiento, pero es necesario seguir reparando el sector financiero, llevar adelante la consolidación fiscal y estimular el crecimiento del empleo. Las economías de mercados emergentes se enfrentan al doble desafío de una desaceleración del crecimiento y un endurecimiento de las condiciones financieras mundiales. En esta edición de Perspectivas de la economía mundial se examinan los posibles efectos de contagio derivados de estos procesos de transición y las respuestas de política económica que resultan apropiadas. En el capítulo 3 se analiza de qué manera los shocks financieros y de política, las variaciones sorpresivas del crecimiento y otros factores influyen en los comovimientos del producto. En el capítulo 4 se evalúa por qué algunas economías de mercados emergentes lograron evitar el ciclo clásico de auge y caída ante la volatilidad de los flujos de capitales durante la crisis financiera mundial.

Perspectives économiques régionales: Afrique subsaharienne, October 2008

by International Monetary Fund

Sub-Saharan Africa's prospects have deteriorated somewhat and the risks have increased, according to this report. Growth in the region is projected to dip to 6 percent in 2008 and 2009. The fall is due mainly to the global food and fuel price shock, which has weighed particularly on growth in oil-importing countries, and to the global financial market turmoil, which has slowed global growth and demand for Africa's exports. Inflation is expected to rise to 12 percent in 2008, mainly on account of the food and fuel price shock. As a result of rising prices, particularly of food, poverty may well be on the increase in 2008. In 2009, inflation should ease to 10 percent, helped by recent commodity price declines. There are significant risks to the outlook related to a potentially deeper and longer period of global financial turmoil and resulting slowdown in global activity, and substantial uncertainty concerning commodity prices.

Poland: The Path to a Market Economy

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Policy Coordination in the European Monetary System

by International Monetary Fund

Over the last four decades, one area that has evolved rapidly in the international economy, albeit not without periodic setbacks, has been the domain of economic interdependence. As noted by Cooper (1968) early on, the increasingly close linkages that interdependence has prompted among national economies can either enhance or constrain their ability to pursue domestic objectives.

Policy Discussion Paper

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Policy Instruments To Lean Against The Wind In Latin America

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Policy Statement on IMF Technical Assistance

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Showing 1,251 through 1,275 of 1,552 results

Help

Select your format based upon: 1) how you want to read your book, and 2) compatibility with your reading tool. To learn more about using Bookshare with your device, visit the Help Center.

Here is an overview of the specialized formats that Bookshare offers its members with links that go to the Help Center for more information.

  • Bookshare Web Reader - a customized reading tool for Bookshare members offering all the features of DAISY with a single click of the "Read Now" link.
  • DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) - a digital book file format. DAISY books from Bookshare are DAISY 3.0 text files that work with just about every type of access technology that reads text. Books that contain images will have the download option of ���DAISY Text with Images���.
  • BRF (Braille Refreshable Format) - digital Braille for use with refreshable Braille devices and Braille embossers.
  • MP3 (Mpeg audio layer 3) - Provides audio only with no text. These books are created with a text-to-speech engine and spoken by Kendra, a high quality synthetic voice from Ivona. Any device that supports MP3 playback is compatible.
  • DAISY Audio - Similar to the Daisy 3.0 option above; however, this option uses MP3 files created with our text-to-speech engine that utilizes Ivonas Kendra voice. This format will work with Daisy Audio compatible players such as Victor Reader Stream and Read2Go.