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Poland: The Path to a Market Economy

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Policy Coordination in the European Monetary System

by International Monetary Fund

Over the last four decades, one area that has evolved rapidly in the international economy, albeit not without periodic setbacks, has been the domain of economic interdependence. As noted by Cooper (1968) early on, the increasingly close linkages that interdependence has prompted among national economies can either enhance or constrain their ability to pursue domestic objectives.

Policy Discussion Paper

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Policy Instruments To Lean Against The Wind In Latin America

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Policy Statement on IMF Technical Assistance

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Portugal: Selected Issues

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Post Apartheid South Africa

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Postconflict Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Primary Commodities: Market Developments and Outlook

by International Monetary Fund

Commodity prices experienced a strong recovery during 1987, after the steep decline of 1984-86. By December 1987 the Fund's index of non-oil commodity prices was about 15 percent above the level of a year earlier in terms of SDRs, and some 30 percent higher in terms of the depreciating U. S. dollar. All commodity groups shared in the recovery, but the greatest strength came in agricultural raw materials and metals.

Primary Commodities: Market Developments and Outlook: By the Commodities Division of the Research Department, May 1987

by International Monetary Fund

Over the period 1980-86, both U. S. dollar commodity prices and real commodity prices have fluctuated around a declining trend (Chart 1). This period has been characterized by relatively low rates of growth in world economic activity, wide fluctuations in the value of the U. S. dollar, decreasing rates of inflation, and relatively high real rates of interest.

Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

by International Monetary Fund

This study surveys recent trends in private market financing for developing countries. In addition to examining developments in flows to developing countries through banking and securites markets, it analyzes the institutional and regulatory framework for developing country finance, institutional investor behavior and pricing of developing country stocks, management of public sector debt and implications of private external borrowing for macroeconomic policy management, and progress in commercial bank debt restructuring in low-income countries

Producer Price Index Manual

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Promoting Fiscal Discipline

by International Monetary Fund

Fiscal discipline is essential to improve and sustain economic performance, maintain macroeconomic stability, and reduce vulnerabilities. Discipline is especially important if countries, industrial as well as developing, are to successfully meet the challenges, and reap the benefits, of economic and financial globalisation. Lack of fiscal discipline generally stems from the injudicious use of policy discretion. The benefits of discretion are seen in terms of the ability of policymakers to respond to unexpected shocks, and in allowing elected political representatives to fulfill their mandates. But discretion can be misused, resulting in persistent deficits and procyclical policies, rising debt levels, and, over time, a loss in policy credibility. The authors first explore the role of discretion in fiscal policy, and the extent, consequences, and causes of procyclicality, particularly in good times. They then examine how a variety of institutional approaches - fiscal rules, fiscal responsibility laws, and fiscal agencies - can help improve fiscal discipline. While each of these approaches can play a useful role, the authors suggest that a strategy combining them is likely to be particularly beneficial. Although such a strategy requires political commitment and effective fiscal management, at the same time, the strategy itself can bolster political commitment by highlighting the restraints on government and raising the costs of failing to respect them.

Public Sector Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users

by International Monetary Fund

Prepared by the Inter-Agency Task Force on Finance Statistics, this guide presents a conceptual framework for measuring the gross and net debt of the general government and classifying such debt liabilities by instrument and by sector of the counterpart to the debt instrument. Example forms are provided for two summary tables, five detailed tables, and six memorandum tables for presenting the debt statistics. Annotation ©2012 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)

Quarterly National Accounts Manual

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Rebalancing Growth in Asia: Economic Dimensions for China

by International Monetary Fund

With external demand for products decreased due to the recent economic crisis, the main way for Asian countries to maintain their rate of economic growth is to increase internal consumption. Focusing in particular on China, where private consumption makes up the smallest percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), this volume explores ways of increasing household consumption along with the possible employment consequences. Levels of personal and corporate saving are also considered, along with investment patterns. To better illustrate the data, tables and graphs regularly appear. The authors and editors all hold various positions at the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)

Recent Developments, Selected Issues, and Statistical Appendix

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Reforming China's Public Finances

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Showing 1,251 through 1,275 of 1,526 results

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