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Papua New Guinea: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Paraguay: Recent Economic Developments

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Perspectivas de la Economía Mundial Abril de 2012: Reanudación del crecimiento, peligros persistentes

by International Monetary Fund

The April 2012 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. the threat of a sharp global slowdown eased by improved activity in the United States and better policies in the euro area in response to the deepening crisis there. Weak recovery will likely resume in the major advanced economies, and activity is expected to remain relatively solid in most emerging and developing economies. However, recent improvements are very fragile. Policymakers must calibrate policies to support growth in the near term and must implement fundamental changes to achieve healthy growth in the medium term. Chapter 3 examines how policies directed at real estate markets can accelerate the improvement of household balance sheets and thus support otherwise anemic consumption. Countries that have adopted such policies have seen major benefits. In general, however, fears about moral hazard have stood in the way of progress. Chapter 4 examines how swings in commodity prices affect commodity exporting economies. Many emerging and developing economies have had nearly a decade of good growth, in part because of rapid credit growth or high commodity prices. However, commodity prices are unlikely to continue growing at such an elevated pace, and fiscal and other policies may need to be adapted to lower potential output growth.

Perspectives économiques régionales: Afrique subsaharienne, October 2008

by International Monetary Fund

Sub-Saharan Africa's prospects have deteriorated somewhat and the risks have increased, according to this report. Growth in the region is projected to dip to 6 percent in 2008 and 2009. The fall is due mainly to the global food and fuel price shock, which has weighed particularly on growth in oil-importing countries, and to the global financial market turmoil, which has slowed global growth and demand for Africa's exports. Inflation is expected to rise to 12 percent in 2008, mainly on account of the food and fuel price shock. As a result of rising prices, particularly of food, poverty may well be on the increase in 2008. In 2009, inflation should ease to 10 percent, helped by recent commodity price declines. There are significant risks to the outlook related to a potentially deeper and longer period of global financial turmoil and resulting slowdown in global activity, and substantial uncertainty concerning commodity prices.

Poland: The Path to a Market Economy

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Policy Coordination in the European Monetary System

by International Monetary Fund

Over the last four decades, one area that has evolved rapidly in the international economy, albeit not without periodic setbacks, has been the domain of economic interdependence. As noted by Cooper (1968) early on, the increasingly close linkages that interdependence has prompted among national economies can either enhance or constrain their ability to pursue domestic objectives.

Policy Discussion Paper

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Policy Instruments To Lean Against The Wind In Latin America

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Policy Statement on IMF Technical Assistance

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Portugal: Selected Issues

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Post Apartheid South Africa

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Postconflict Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa

by International Monetary Fund

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Primary Commodities: Market Developments and Outlook

by International Monetary Fund

Commodity prices experienced a strong recovery during 1987, after the steep decline of 1984-86. By December 1987 the Fund's index of non-oil commodity prices was about 15 percent above the level of a year earlier in terms of SDRs, and some 30 percent higher in terms of the depreciating U. S. dollar. All commodity groups shared in the recovery, but the greatest strength came in agricultural raw materials and metals.

Primary Commodities: Market Developments and Outlook: By the Commodities Division of the Research Department, May 1987

by International Monetary Fund

Over the period 1980-86, both U. S. dollar commodity prices and real commodity prices have fluctuated around a declining trend (Chart 1). This period has been characterized by relatively low rates of growth in world economic activity, wide fluctuations in the value of the U. S. dollar, decreasing rates of inflation, and relatively high real rates of interest.

Showing 1,251 through 1,275 of 1,545 results

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