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The Modern VAT

by Michael Keen Liam Ebrill Jean-Paul Bodin Victoria Summers

Value-added tax was first introduced less than 50 years ago. Today, it is a key component of tax systems around the world, and major source of government revenue in over 120 countries. The IMF has attached considerable importance to the proper design and implementation of the tax, and this book draws upon the work of the Fiscal Affairs Department (FAD) of the IMF. Over half of all countries that have introduced a VAT during the last twenty years have made use of FAD advice. The book considers a variety of issues regarding the development of the VAT, including: its nature, importance and spread; basic design issues; whether it is an effective and efficient method; revenue performance; collection costs; small countries and the VAT; the impact of international economic integration; and likely future developments.

Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004

by William Crandall Jean-Paul Bodin

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

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