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IMF Staff Papers

by Eswar S. Prasad Robert Flood Sean M. Culhane Rosalind Oliver David Einhorn Jelena Kmezic

An Unbiased Appraisal of Purchasing Power ParityPaul Cashin and C. John McDermottIs Africa Integrated in the Global Economy?Arvind Subramanian and Natalia T. TamirisaThe High-Yield Spread as a Predictor of Real Economic Activity: Evidence of a Financial Accelerator for the United StatesAshoka Mody and Mark P. TaylorThe Art of Making Everybody Happy: How to Prevent a SecessionMichel Le Breton and Shlomo WeberRationing Rules and Outcomes: The Experience of Singapore's Vehicle Quota SystemLing Hui Tan"Big Bang" Versus Gradualism in Economic Reforms: An Intertemporal Analysis with an Application to ChinaAndrew Feltenstein and Saleh M. NsouliStructural Vulnerabilities and Currency CrisesSwati R. Ghosh and Atish R. Ghosh

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Select your format based upon: 1) how you want to read your book, and 2) compatibility with your reading tool. To learn more about using Bookshare with your device, visit the "Using Bookshare" page in the Help Center.

Here is an overview of the specialized formats that Bookshare offers its members with links that go to the Help Center for more information.

  • Bookshare Web Reader - a customized reading tool for Bookshare members offering all the features of DAISY with a single click of the "Read Now" link.
  • DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) - a digital book file format. DAISY books from Bookshare are DAISY 3.0 text files that work with just about every type of access technology that reads text. Books that contain images will have the download option of ‘DAISY Text with Images’.
  • BRF (Braille Refreshable Format) - digital Braille for use with refreshable Braille devices and Braille embossers.
  • MP3 (Mpeg audio layer 3) - Provides audio only with no text. These books are created with a text-to-speech engine and spoken by Kendra, a high quality synthetic voice from Ivona. Any device that supports MP3 playback is compatible.
  • DAISY Audio - Similar to the Daisy 3.0 option above; however, this option uses MP3 files created with our text-to-speech engine that utilizes Ivona's Kendra voice. This format will work with Daisy Audio compatible players such as Victor Reader Stream and Read2Go.