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"La tolerancia de aquellos que disienten de otros en materia de religión se aviene tanto al Evangelio y a la razón que parece monstruoso que haya hombres tan ciegos en medio de una luz tan clara." LOCKE, John, Carta sobre la tolerancia. Locke es considerado el fundador del empirismo inglés y se estima que el Ensayo sobre el entendimiento humano(1690) es su obra capital. Pero no sólo fueron absorvidos sus esfuerzos en la teoría del conocimiento. También fue crucial su influencia en la filosofía política y en la teoría de la educación. La polémica desatada por su Carta sobre la tolerancia(1689) nos remite a un entorno sacudido por las luchas políticas y religiosas que, quizás, en algún momento, desesperaron a nuestro autor. Su antídoto es claro: la separación neta y radical entre Estado e Iglesia. Al primero le corresponde el velar por el bienestar de los ciudadanos; la Iglesia, por su parte, debe dedicarse al cuidado de las almas de sus fieles. Tolerancia en materia relgiosa y delimitación estricta del origen y funciones del poder político, establecidas en Dos tratados sobre el gobierno civil(1690). Por ellos se le colocará también en la cuna del liberalismo clásico.
This volume includes the major works of the British Empiricists, philosophers who sought to derive all knowledge from experience. All essays are complete except that of Locke, which Professor Richard Taylor of Brown University has skillfully abridged.
A foundational text in Western philosophy, this essay discusses the ways in which humans develop and learn.
The central principles of what today is broadly known as political liberalism were made current in large part by Locke's "Second Treatise of Government" (1690). The principles of individual liberty, the rule of law, government by consent of the people, and the right to private property are taken for granted as fundamental to the human condition now. Most liberal theorists writing today look back to Locke as the source of their ideas. Some maintain that religious fundamentalism, "post-modernism," and socialism are today the only remaining ideological threats to liberalism. To the extent that this is true, these ideologies are ultimately attacks on the ideas that Locke, arguably more than any other, helped to make the universal vocabulary of political discourse.
Locke's main argument for toleration is a corollary of his theory of the nature of civil society. This book rests on basic principles of this theory merging civil liberties with political order.
This volume offers two complementary works, unabridged, in modernised, annotated texts -- the only available edition priced for classroom use. Ruth W. Grant and Nathan Tarcov provide a concise introduction, a note on the texts, and a select bibliography.
Originally published in 1960, this analysis of all of Locke's publications quickly became established as the standard edition of the Treatises as well as a work of political theory in its own right.
Among the most influential writings in the history of Western political thought, John Locke's Two Treatises of Government and A Letter Concerning Toleration remain vital to political debates today, more than three centuries after they were written. The complete texts appear in this volume, accompanied by interpretive essays by three prominent Locke scholars. Ian Shapiro's introduction places Locke's political writings in historical and biographical context. John Dunn explores both the intellectual context in which Locke wrote the Two Treatises of Government and A Letter Concerning Toleration and the major interpretive controversies surrounding their meaning. Ruth Grant offers a comprehensive discussion of Locke's views on women and the family, and Shapiro contributes an essay on the democratic elements of Locke's political theory. Taken together, the texts and essays in this volume offer invaluable insights into the history of ideas and the enduring influence of Locke's political thought.
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