Browse Results

Showing 1 through 25 of 2,537 results

سيرة الظاهر بيبرس المجلد الثاني

by مجهول

(قال الراوي) فقال الملك سامحك الله بما فعلت من ذلك ولكن لا بد من التحقيق بينكما وما يكون الرأي في ذلك الركبة فقال يا مولاي اعلم أن الأعجام واثقين مني ولكن أنت رجعت إلى العرض وأنا رجعت إليهم وأقبل الليل بالاعتكار أرسل إلى أخواتي الفداوية وأنا أكون معاونًا لهم على كبس الركبة ونهب الأعادي فقال الملك هذا هو الصواب والأمر الذي لا يعاب ثم رجع إلى مكانه بعد أن تودع السلطان منه وعاد بيبرس وقد اجتمع برشيد الدولة وأعاد عليه سرًا بينه وبينه ففرح رشيد بذلك الخبر وتهلل وجهه واستبشر ثم أخذه ودخل على القان هلاون وقال له اعلم أن بيبرس العجمي قد تحارب مع قان عرب وكان مراده أسره فلم أمكنه ذلك ولكن لا بد أن يأسره غدًا إن شاءت النار فقال اللمين قوم بلاه ثم إنهم صبروا إلى الليل وقد نامت الأعاجم وهم آمنين من حوادث الزمان وما خبئ لهم عند مدبر الأكوان حتى توسط الليل فبينما هم في ألذ ما يكون من المنام وإذا بالصياح قد أخذهم من سائر الأقطار ووقع فيهم القتل السيف البتار فلا أحد قدر أن يثور من مكانه حتى طارت رأسه عن أبدانه وربما كان الرجل منهم إذا أخذ سلاحه قتل به أخاه وأعدمه الحياة ومنهم من كان متجرد بغير حسام وصارت المجوس شنيارها معكوس وجيشها مكبوس وعمل فيهم السيف والدبوس ولمعت السيوف في غياهب الملموس وزهقت النفوس وجرى الدما من الرجال مثل ذبح النيوس وعاد صباحهم معكوس وعمل فيهم البتار وقد اشتعلت نار الحرب إشعال وتحندل الأفيال وجرى الدما وسال فلا كنت تسمع للسيوف إلا الرنين ولا للمجاريح إلا الأنين وأخذهم السيف من الشمال واليمين وضاق عليهم البر الفسيح وتعاووا مثل عي الذبيح وضاق الخناق وشربوا من الموت أمر مذاق ووقف الحرب على قدم وساق وتعلقت الفرسان الفرسان والشجعان وطارت الرؤوس من الأبدان وزهقت النفوس من شدة الولهان وشيب الشجاع المصان وولى الجبان المهان وصار الدم ينزل والسيف يعمل ونار الحرب يشعل وكانت هذه الواقعة لا يعرف لها أول من آخر (يا سادة) وكان السبب في ذلك سبب عجيب وهو أنه لما رجع الملك من الميدان أخبر الوزير بما دار بينه وبين بيبرس من الكلام.

أول الخلفاء الراشدين أبو بكر الصديق

by محمد رضا

قد كنت شديد الرغبة في تأليف سيرة رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وسلم لنشرها على العالم الإسلامي فقضيت الأيام والليالي الطوال في الإطلاع والبحث في كتب السير فجمعت شتاتها وشرحت الغامض منها وحققت الروايات وأثبت تواريخ الوقائع ورددت على الاعتراضات والترهات ردوداً مدعَّمة بالبراهين الساطعة والحجج القاطعة، فجاء الكتاب وافياً بغرضي من حيث إيصال المعلومات الصحيحة إلى العالم الإسلامي.  ولما فرغ طبعه، تلقاه الناس بالقبول والاستسحان وأقبلوا على مطالعته بشوق وشغف، ونال بحمد اللّه وفضله رضا العامة والخاصة وتواردت عليّ رسائل التفريط والتشجيع من الكبراء والعلماء والأدباء حتى عجزت عن شكرهم على ثقتهم بشخصي العاجز الضعيف، وشعرت بقوة تدفعني إلى مواصلة البحث والتأليف بالرغم من كثرة المشاغل الدنيوية.  وقد سألني كثير من الأصدقاء الأعزاء أن أتبع سيرة رسول اللّه بسير الخلفاء بنفس الطريقة التي انتهجتها فسرتني فكرتهم ولم يسعني إلا إجابة طلبهم واستخرت اللّه تعالى أن أكتب سيرة أبي بكر الصديق رضي اللّه عنه فإنه أول الخلفاء الذين أمرنا رسول اللّه بالاقتداء بهم والاهتداء بهديهم. لما توفي النبي صلى اللّه عليه وسلم ارتجت العرب واختلف المسلمون ولا سيما الأنصار والمهاجرون في الخلافة فتدارك الأمر أبو بكر بحكمته وسرعة بديهته وتمت له البيعة بالإجماع.  وقد برهن رضي اللّه عنه أنه أكفأ رجل وأنه رجل الساعة وقتئذ لأن العرب عندما سمعوا بوفاة رسول اللّه ارتد كثير منهم واستفحل أمر المرتدين في جزيرة العرب، وظهر المتنبئون وجمعوا جيوشهم وثاروا على المسلمين.

غرائب التنبيهات على عجائب التشبيهات

by ابن ظافر الأزدي

يعد كتاب "غرائب التنبيهات على عجائب التشبيهات" من نوادر كتب ابن ظافر الممتعة وهو من كتب علوم الآدب والبلاغة

البلغة في الفرق بين المذكر والمؤنث

by أبو البركات الأنباري

يذكر أبو بركات الأنباري في هذا الكتاب الفرق بين المذكر والمؤنث في الكثير من الأسماء وللمؤنث والمذكر السماعيين، النصيب الأوفر من الكتاب، لأنه الباب الذي يحدث فيه الخلط والاضطراب

تحرير التحبير في صناعة الشعر والنثر

by ابن أبي الأصبع

يعد هذا الكتاب من أجل ما ألف في فن البديع، والصناعة الأدبية. ضمنه المؤلف الكثير من شعره

اللطائف في اللغة معجم أسماء الأشياء

by أحمد بن مصطفى الدمشقي

كتاب "اللطائف في اللغة معجم اسماء الاشياء" لاحمد بن مصطفى الدمشقي يحمل العديد من مرادفات الاسماء و الاشياء المتعددة التي تتميز بها اللغة العربية

النظرية اللسانية عند ابن حزم الأندلسي

by د. نعمان بوقرة- الجزائر

دراسة تسليط الضوء على الجهود اللسانيه التى توضح كيفية التعامل مع الخطاب القرا نى وتهدف الى تكوين فكره مجمله عن الاراء النظريه والتطبيقيه البارزه التى حفلت بها مؤلفات ابن حزم فى اللغه والنحو والبلاغه والمنطق واعادة ترتيبها وفق تنظيم معين يجعل منها نسقا متكاملا وبنيه منسجمه

الانتخاب لكشف الأبيات المشكلة الإعراب

by علي بن عدلان الموصلي النحوي

يدخل هذا الكتاب في عالم اللغة، حيث عرض فيه المؤلف للأبيات الشعرية المشكلة الإعراب، وحل إشكالها وكشف عن وجوه الإعراب فيها، وقد ضمّ الكتاب 165 بيتاً، واتسم بالاختصار والإيجاز.

الألفاظ المختلفة في المعاني المؤتلفة

by محمد بن عبد الملك بن مالك الطائي الجياني أبو عبد الله

كتاب "الألفاظ المختلفة في المعاني المؤتلفة" لابن مالك من كتب علوم اللغة التي تحتوي على العديد من الألفاظ المختلفة المتعددة للكثير من المعاني والكلمات

Elementary Modern Standard Arabic

by Peter F. Abboud

The Elementary Modern Standard Arabic Course (EMSA) is the premier introduction, for the English-speaking student, to the active written language of the contemporary Arab world. Expressly designed for the beginning student, the course is written by a team of Arabic language teachers consisting of native and non-native Arabic speakers, linguists and people whose primary interests are literature and allied areas. It implements an audio-lingual approach to language teaching while presenting the elements of Modern Standard Arabic as written and spoken in the contemporary Arab World. Volume 1 is complete in itself and presents a practical introduction to the writing system of Arabic and to its pronunciation, with reading and writing pronunciation drills. Thirty lessons provide a basic working knowledge of Arabic. Each lesson contains a text, a vocabulary, grammar and drills including oral and written comprehension passages. An Arabic-English glossary completes the volume. The co

Bilingual and Multilingual Education in the 21st Century

by Christian Abello-Contesse Paul M Chandler

Bilingual education is one of the fastest growing disciplines within applied linguistics. This book includes the work of 20 specialists working in various educational contexts across Europe, Latin America and North America to create a volume which is both comprehensive in scope and multidimensional in its coverage of current bilingual initiatives. The central themes of this volume, which draws on past experiences of bilingual education, include issues in language use in classrooms at elementary, secondary and tertiary levels; participant perspectives on bilingual education experiences; and the language needs of bi- and multilingual students in monolingual schools. This collection will be of interest to teachers and administrators in bi- and multilingual education programs, as well as scholars working in the field of language education.

Topics in Kwa Syntax

by Enoch O. Aboh James Essegbey

This volume demonstrates that Kwa languages offer a very rich empirical domain for linguistic theorizing, as experts who are mostly native speakers present empirical data and show its theoretical relevance to comparative linguistics and comparative syntax.

Chinese For Dummies

by Wendy Abraham

The fun way to learn to speak Chinese With more than 1.2 billion speakers across the globe — and with nearly 3 million in the U.S. alone — Mandarin Chinese claims the top spot as the world’s most common language. If you want to learn this language to get ahead at school or work, or to make your travel to China easier, this is the handy reference you’ll want by your side. Chinese For Dummies teaches basic grammar, as well as the necessary vocabulary to make introductions and greetings, use proper etiquette, make small talk, make transportation arrangements, order food and beverages, ask directions, deal with money, shop, access recreation, and handle an emergency. Concentrates on Mandarin Chinese and features new and revised content Includes major updates to all the necessary foundational information needed to speak Chinese Covers grammar, verb conjugations, and pronunciations Offers a refreshed mini-dictionary complete with even more vocabulary Find free conversational audio tracks online As the Chinese economy continues to grow, the importance of Chinese as a trade language will also increase. If you’re a student or business professional who has a basic understanding of the language, you’ll be poised to surpass your peers when it comes to dealing with international markets. So get started today!

Chinese For Dummies

by Wendy Abraham

The fast and easy way to learn to speak Mandarin ChineseChina has become a major influence in the world today, and Mandarin Chinese is the world's most widely spoken language. Not only is China full of opportunities in business and politics, but Chinese culture, continues to make its way into the western world. With an updated CD including real-life conversations, Chinese For Dummies expands grammar, verb conjugations, and pronunciations--and includes a refreshed mini-dictionary complete with even more essential vocabulary. Basic vocabularyEveryday conversations, including phone dialogue and small talkSpeaking in perfect pitch and toneEasy-to-understand grammar rulesGetting around in a Chinese-speaking countryCultural references like maintaining face, dining etiquette, and social moresAlso included is an audio CD that features actual Chinese conversations by native Chinese speakers, which allows you to hear how Chinese is really spoken. Written by a leading Chinese language teacher in the United States, Chinese for Dummies introduces an often-daunting language to you in a fun-and-easy For Dummies manner.CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of the e-book file, but are available for download after purchase.

Arabic: An Essential Grammar

by Faruk Abu-Chacra

Arabic: An Essential Grammar is an up-to-date and practical reference guide to the most important aspects of the language. Suitable for beginners, as well as intermediate students, this book offers a strong foundation for learning the fundamental grammar and structure of Arabic. The complexities of the language are set out in short, readable sections, and exercises and examples are provided throughout. The book is ideal for independent learners as well as for classroom study. Features of this book include: coverage of the Arabic script and alphabet a chapter on Arabic handwriting a guide to pronunciation full examples throughout.

Cross-Word Modeling for Arabic Speech Recognition (SpringerBriefs in Speech Technology)

by Dia Abuzeina Moustafa Elshafei

Cross-Word Modeling for Arabic Speech Recognition utilizes phonological rules in order to model the cross-word problem, a merging of adjacent words in speech caused by continuous speech, to enhance the performance of continuous speech recognition systems. The author aims to provide an understanding of the cross-word problem and how it can be avoided, specifically focusing on Arabic phonology using an HHM-based classifier.

I Love Saturdays y Domingos

by Alma Flor Ada

A girl discuses the differences between her father's American parents and her mother's Mexican parents. Discuses de una muchacha las diferencias entre los padres americanos de su padre y los padres mexicanos de su madre.

Guía para padres y maestros de niños bilingües

by Alma Flor Ada Colin Baker

This is a practical introduction to bilingualism answering the questions most frequently asked by parents and teachers on raising and educating bilingual children. Both authors draw on their academic expertise and ample field experience to provide straightforward answers, which contemplate multiple types of bilingual families and diverse societal conditions.

The Meaning of Tingo

by Adam Jacot de Boinod

Did you know that people in Indonesia have a word that means 'to take off your clothes in order to dance'? Or how many words the Albanians have for eyebrows and moustaches? Or that the Dutch word for skimming stones is plimpplamppletteren? Drawing on the collective wisdom of over 154 languages, this intriguing book is arranged by theme so you can compare attitudes all over the world to such subjects as food, the human body and the battle of the sexes. Here you can find not only those words for which there is no direct counterpart in English (such as the Japanese age-otori which means looking less attractive after a haircut), but also a frank discussion of exactly how many 'Eskimo' terms there are for snow, and a vast array of information exploring the wonderful and often downright strange world of words. Oh, and tingo means 'to take all the objects one desires from the house of a friend, one at a time, by asking to borrow them'.

Good Son is Sad If He Hears the Name of His Father: The Tabooing of Names in China as a Way of Implementing Social Values (Monumenta Serica Monograph Ser.)

by Piotr Adamek

When in 1775 the scholar Wang Xihou compiled a dictionary called Ziguan , he wrote, for illustrative purposes, the personal names of Confucius and the three emperors Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong in the introduction. In oversight, he recorded their complete names. This accidental writing of a few names was condemned by Emperor Qianlong as an unprecedented crime, rebellion and high treason. Wang Xihou was executed, his property confiscated and his books were burnt. His family was arrested and his sons and grandsons were killed or sent as slaves to Heilongjiang. It is surprising what an enormous impact the tabooing of names (bihui ) had on Chinese culture. The names of sovereigns, ancestors, officials, teachers, and even friends were all considered taboo, in other words it was prohibited to pronounce them or to record them in writing. In numerous cases characters identical or similar in writing or pronunciation were often avoided as well. The tabooing of names was observed in the family and on the street, in the office and in the emperor's palace. The practice of bihui had serious consequences for the daily lives of the Chinese and for Chinese historiography. People even avoided certain places and things, and refused to accept offices. They were punished and sometimes even killed in connection with the tabooing of names. The bihui custom existed as an important element of Chinese culture and was perceived as significant by Chinese and foreigners alike. It was crucial for implementing social values and demonstrating the political hierarchy. The present work A Good Son Is Sad if He Hears the Name of His Father is a systematic study of Chinese name-tabooing customs, which until now have been relatively little explored in Western-language Sinological studies. It attempts to provide a long-term perspective on the changing dynamics of tabooing and elucidates various aspects related to the fascinating topic of tabooing of names.

Social Variation and the Latin Language

by J. N. Adams

Languages show variations according to the social class of speakers and Latin was no exception, as readers of Petronius are aware. The Romance languages have traditionally been regarded as developing out of a 'language of the common people' (Vulgar Latin), but studies of modern languages demonstrate that linguistic change does not merely come, in the social sense, 'from below'. There is change from above, as prestige usages work their way down the social scale, and change may also occur across the social classes. This book is a history of many of the developments undergone by the Latin language as it changed into Romance, demonstrating the varying social levels at which change was initiated. About thirty topics are dealt with, many of them more systematically than ever before. Discussions often start in the early Republic with Plautus, and the book is as much about the literary language as about informal varieties.

Early and Late Latin

by James Adams Nigel Vincent Valerie Knight

This book addresses the question of whether there are continuities in Latin spanning the period from the early Republic through to the Romance languages. It is often maintained that various usages admitted by early comedy were rejected later by the literary language but continued in speech, to resurface centuries later in the written record (and in Romance). Are certain similarities between early and late Latin all that they seem, or might they be superficial, reflecting different phenomena at different periods? Most of the chapters, on numerous syntactic and other topics and using different methodologies, have a long chronological range. All attempt to identify patterns of change that might undermine any theory of submerged continuity. The patterns found are summarised in a concluding chapter. The volume addresses classicists with an interest in any of the different periods of Latin, and Romance linguists.

An Anthology of Informal Latin, 200 BC – AD 900

by Adams J.  n.

This book contains over fifty passages of Latin from 200 BC to AD 900, each with translation and linguistic commentary. It is not intended as an elementary reader (though suitable for university courses), but as an illustrative history of Latin covering more than a millennium, with almost every century represented. Conventional histories cite constructions out of context, whereas this work gives a sense of the period, genre, stylistic aims and idiosyncrasies of specific passages. 'Informal' texts, particularly if they portray talk, reflect linguistic variety and change better than texts adhering to classicising norms. Some of the texts are recent discoveries or little known. Writing tablets are well represented, as are literary and technical texts down to the early medieval period, when striking changes appear. The commentaries identify innovations, discontinuities and phenomena of long duration. Readers will learn much about the diversity and development of Latin.

Dirty Hungarian

by Mark Adamsbaum Réka Lengyel

GET D!RTY!Next time you're in Hungary or just chattin' in Hungarian with your friends, drop the textbook formality and bust out with expressions they never teach you in school, including:* cool slang* funny insults* explicit sex terms* raw swear wordsDirty Hungarian teaches the casual expressions heard every day on the streets of Hungary:What's up? Mi a helyzet? Your boyfriend is hot shit. Állat jó pasi a barátod. Dude, I'm so wasted. Öcsém, ugy betintáztam.I gotta take a dump. Mennem kell szarni. Go fuck yourself! Menj a halál faszára! Can I get a blowey? Lecidázol? I'd love to hit that. Szeretném megdöngölni.

French Grammar You Really Need To Know: Teach Yourself

by Robin Adamson

Comprehensive and clear explanations of key grammar patterns and structures are reinforced and contextualized through authentic materials. You will not only learn how to construct grammar correctly, but when and where to use it so you sound natural and appropriate. French Grammar You Really Need to Know will help you gain the intuition you need to become a confident communicator in your new language.

Refine Search

Showing 1 through 25 of 2,537 results