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Scientific Peer Reviewing

by Peter Spyns María-Esther Vidal

This booklet provides a practical introduction to the practice of peer reviewing. Although it mainly focuses on paper reviewing for scientific events in computer science and business informatics, many of the principles, tips, tricks and examples can also be applied to journal reviewing and other scientific domains. Some can also be used when reviewing proposals for research projects or grants. In addition, many aspects of the book will benefit authors of scientific papers, who will gain deeper insights into how papers are reviewed and hence what to pay attention to when writing their own papers. The book is divided into three chapters, the first of which presents a brief overview of why peer reviewing is considered to be an important quality control instrument for scientific papers. In turn, the second chapter elaborates on the main principles a good reviewer should adhere to, including the most important aspects of personal attitude s/he should pay attention to when writing his/her review. Lastly, the third chapter features a series of (anonymized) real life examples of actual reviewing practice, thus illustrating practical tips and tricks regarding the most common "do's" and "don'ts" of peer reviewing. The book offers a structured introduction and practical reference guide, including good and bad examples, for junior researchers in computer science and business informatics in particular, as well as for anyone interested in peer reviewing in general.

Scientific Photography and Applied Imaging

by Sidney Ray

WINNER OF THE 2001 KRASZNA-KRAUSZ PHOTOGRAPHY BOOK AWARD (Technical Photography category)The only definitive book to fully encompass the use of photography and imaging as tools in science, technology and medicine. It describes in one single volume the basic theory, techniques, materials, special equipment and applications for a wide variety of uses of photography, including: close up photography and photomacrography to spectral recording, surveillance systems, radiography and micro-imaging. This extensively illustrated photography 'bible' contains all the information you need, whether you are a scientist wishing to use photography for a specialist application, a professional needing to extend technical expertise, or a student wanting to broaden your knowledge of the applications of photography.The contents are arranged in three sections:· General Section, detailing the elements of the image capture process· Major Applications, describing the major applications of imaging · Specialist Applications, presenting an eclectic selection of more specialised but increasingly important applicationsEach subject is introduced with an outline of its development and contemporary importance, followed by explanations of essential theory and an overview of techniques and equipment. Mathematics is only used where necessary. Numerous applications and case studies are described. Comprehensive bibliographies and references are provided for further study.

Scientific Realism in Studies of Reading

by Alan D. Flurkey, Eric J. Paulson and Kenneth S. Goodman

This book provides research-based insights that deepen and broaden current understandings of the nature of reading. Informed by psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic views of reading-as-meaning-construction, the studies build on principles of scientific realism – an approach to inquiry that incorporates and values a wide variety of methods of observation to find the most inclusive, ecologically valid description of the reading process as it is observed in a variety of contexts from a wide range of perspectives. Focusing on how facts are discovered, developed, and used in the construction of knowledge about reading – a data-driven and theory-driven construction that results from observing the reading process with a variety of tools, methods, disciplines, and conceptual frameworks – scientific realism goes beyond rationalism and experimentation to include studies of events and experiences, but still satisfies even the most narrow definitions of what state and national lawmakers refer to as "reliable and replicable research on reading." Each study in this volume breaks ground for a new line of reading research underpinned by the theory of reading based in scientific realism. Scientific Realism in Studies of Reading is directed to reading researchers, teacher educators, reading specialists, special educators, graduate students, and related education professionals in the disciplines of applied psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics, and is appropriate as a text for advanced courses in these areas.

Scientific Reasoning and Argumentation: The Roles of Domain-Specific and Domain-General Knowledge

by Frank Fischer Jonathan Osborne Clark A. Chinn Katharina Engelmann

Competence in scientific reasoning is one of the most valued outcomes of secondary and higher education. However, there is a need for a deeper understanding of and further research into the roles of domain-general and domain-specific knowledge in such reasoning. This book explores the functions and limitations of domain-general conceptions of reasoning and argumentation, the substantial differences that exist between the disciplines, and the role of domain-specific knowledge and epistemologies. Featuring chapters and commentaries by widely cited experts in the learning sciences, educational psychology, science education, history education, and cognitive science, Scientific Reasoning and Argumentation presents new perspectives on a decades-long debate about the role of domain-specific knowledge and its contribution to the development of more general reasoning abilities.

Scientific Research In Education

by Committee on Scientific Principles for Education Research

Researchers, historians, and philosophers of science have debated the nature of scientific research in education for more than 100 years. Recent enthusiasm for 'evidence-based' policy and practice in education—now codified in the federal law that authorizes the bulk of elementary and secondary education programs—have brought a new sense of urgency to understanding the ways in which the basic tenets of science manifest in the study of teaching, learning, and schooling. Scientific Research in Education describes the similarities and differences between scientific inquiry in education and scientific inquiry in other fields and disciplines and provides a number of examples to illustrate these ideas. Its main argument is that all scientific endeavors share a common set of principles, and that each field—including education research—develops a specialization that accounts for the particulars of what is being studied. The book also provides suggestions for how the federal government can best support high-quality scientific research in education.

Scientific Sources and Teaching Contexts Throughout History: Problems and Perspectives

by Christine Proust Alain Bernard

This book examines the textual, social, cultural, practical and institutional environments to which the expression "teaching and learning contexts" refers. It reflects on the extent to which studying such environments helps us to better understand ancient or modern sources, and how notions of "teaching" and "learning" are to be understood. Tackling two problems: the first, is that of certain sources of scientific knowledge being studied without taking into account the various "contexts" of transmission that gave this knowledge a long-lasting meaning. The second is that other sources are related to teaching and learning activities, but without being too precise and demonstrative about the existence and nature of this "teaching context". In other words, this book makes clear what is meant by "context" and highlights the complexity of the practice hidden by the words "teaching" and "learning". Divided into three parts, the book makes accessible teaching and learning situations, presents comparatist approaches, and emphasizes the notion of teaching as projects embedded in coherent treatises or productions.

Scientific Teaching

by Sarah Miller Jo Handelsman Christine Pfund

Seasoned classroom veterans, pre-tenured faculty, and neophyte teaching assistants alike will find this book invaluable. <p><p> HHMI Professor Jo Handelsman and her colleagues at the Wisconsin Program for Scientific Teaching (WPST) have distilled key findings from education, learning, and cognitive psychology and translated them into six chapters of digestible research points and practical classroom examples. The recommendations have been tried and tested in the National Academies Summer Institute on Undergraduate Education in Biology and through the WPST. Scientific Teaching is not a prescription for better teaching. Rather, it encourages the reader to approach teaching in a way that captures the spirit and rigor of scientific research and to contribute to transforming how students learn science.

Scientific Thinking in Speech and Language Therapy

by Carmel Lum

Speech and language pathologists, like all professionals who claim to be scientific in their practice, make a public commitment to operate on the basis of knowledge derived in accordance with sound scientific standards. Yet students in communication disorders are given relatively little grounding in the fundamentals of science; indeed, they often receive implicit encouragement to rely on clinical wisdom. This pathbreaking text introduces the principles of critical scientific thinking as they relate to assessing communication problems, deciding about alternative approaches to intervention, and evaluating outcomes. The author provides many illustrative examples to help readers contextualize the ideas. Her clear presentation will help not only undergraduate and graduate students but also established professionals reason more effectively about what they are doing and why. Though the examples come from speech and language pathology, this illuminating and readable book constitutes a valuable resource for all clinical practitioners.

A Scientific Way of War: Antebellum Military Science, West Point, and the Origins of American Military Thought (Studies in War, Society, and the Military)

by Ian C. Hope

While faith in the Enlightenment was waning elsewhere by 1850, at the United States Military Academy at West Point and in the minds of academy graduates serving throughout the country Enlightenment thinking persisted, asserting that war was governable by a grand theory accessible through the study of military science. Officers of the regular army and instructors at the military academy and their political superiors all believed strongly in the possibility of acquiring a perfect knowledge of war through the proper curriculum. A Scientific Way of War analyzes how the doctrine of military science evolved from teaching specific Napoleonic applications to embracing subjects that were useful for war in North America. Drawing from a wide array of materials, Ian C. Hope refutes earlier charges of a lack of professionalization in the antebellum American army and an overreliance on the teachings of Swiss military theorist Antoine de Jomini. Instead, Hope shows that inculcation in West Point’s American military curriculum eventually came to provide the army with an officer corps that shared a common doctrine and common skill in military problem solving. The proliferation of military science ensured that on the eve of the Civil War there existed a distinctly American, and scientific, way of war.

Scientifically Thinking: How to Liberate Your Mind, Solve the World's Problems, and Embrace the Beauty of Science

by Stanley A. Rice

Shows the many advantages of thinking like a scientist and argues that today's problems require a scientific approach.You don't have to be a scientist to think like a scientist. Anyone can do it and everyone should. This book will show you how. The advantages are many: from detecting bias to avoiding error and appreciating the richness of the world. Author Stanley Rice, himself a scientist, explains that science is essentially organized common sense. While the brain is hardwired for common sense, unfortunately, it also relies on a number of misleading tendencies. Instead of reasoning objectively it tends to rationalize. Often it sees what it wants to see rather than what is really there. And it is adept at both self-deception and deceiving others. Rice notes that these tendencies were useful in the past as the human race evolved in an often-hostile environment. But today bias and delusions put us at risk of worldwide catastrophe.The author invites readers to participate in the adventure of scientific discovery. He provides many interesting and humorous examples of how science works. He shows how hypothesis testing can be used to tackle everyday problems like car trouble or seeing through the specious appeal of a fad diet. Beyond practical applications, science meets the basic human need to satisfy curiosity: it tells verifiable stories about the universe, providing humans with fascinating narratives supported by testable facts. The author also explores some of science's biggest ideas, including natural selection (creating order out of randomness) and interconnectedness (Earth's systems are intricately intertwined). Read this book and learn to think like a scientist. It will guard you against being manipulated by politicians, corporations, and religious leaders, and equip you to deal with the world's most pressing problems. And you will have a lot of fun doing it.

The Scientist's Guide to Writing: How to Write More Easily and Effectively throughout Your Scientific Career

by Stephen B. Heard

The ability to write clearly is critical to any scientific career. The Scientist's Guide to Writing provides practical advice to help scientists become more effective writers so that their ideas have the greatest possible impact.Drawing on his own experience as a scientist, graduate adviser, and editor, Stephen Heard emphasizes that the goal of all scientific writing should be absolute clarity; that good writing takes deliberate practice; and that what many scientists need are not long lists of prescriptive rules but rather direct engagement with their behaviors and attitudes when they write. He combines advice on such topics as how to generate and maintain writing momentum with practical tips on structuring a scientific paper, revising a first draft, handling citations, responding to peer reviews, managing coauthorships, and more.In an accessible, informal tone, The Scientist's Guide to Writing explains essential techniques that students, postdoctoral researchers, and early-career scientists need to write more clearly, efficiently, and easily.Emphasizes writing as a process, not just a productEncourages habits that improve motivation and productivityExplains the structure of the scientific paper and the function of each partProvides detailed guidance on submission, review, revision, and publicationAddresses issues related to coauthorship, English as a second language, and more

Scooter Trouble (Pocoyo)

by Random House Christy Webster

Uh-oh! Pocoyo and Pato have broken Elly's favorite scooter. How will they ever make it up to her? Girls and boys ages 2-5 will love learning to read with this Step 1 Step into Reading leveled reader based on an episode of the popularPocoyo TV series.

Score One for the Sloths

by Helen Lester

The sloths at Sleepy Valley Sloth School were content in their slothfulness. Once in a while the teacher would awake and command them all to yawn or snore, but most of the time, the class just slept. One day, a new sloth arrives. She isn’t much like a sloth at all. She is a go-getter, a mover and a shaker—which is to say she actually moves. By mid-morning she’s driven the other sloths crazy. They think she’s a pest, and she thinks they’re nothing but a bunch of bores, that is until a real boar arrives—an official representative of S. O. S. (Society for Organizing Sameness) sent to close the school because of their low academic scores. Something has to be done, and all eyes turn to Sparky. Even with all of her energy though, Sparky can’t save the school alone. Readers are sure to enjoy this humorous tale that celebrates the value of both individuality and being true to oneself.

Score Reporting Research and Applications

by Diego Zapata-Rivera

Score reporting research is no longer limited to the psychometric properties of scores and subscores. Today, it encompasses design and evaluation for particular audiences, appropriate use of assessment outcomes, the utility and cognitive affordances of graphical representations, interactive report systems, and more. By studying how audiences understand the intended messages conveyed by score reports, researchers and industry professionals can develop more effective mechanisms for interpreting and using assessment data. Score Reporting Research and Applications brings together experts who design and evaluate score reports in both K-12 and higher education contexts and who conduct foundational research in related areas. The first section covers foundational validity issues in the use and interpretation of test scores; design principles drawn from related areas including cognitive science, human-computer interaction, and data visualization; and research on presenting specific types of assessment information to various audiences. The second section presents real-world applications of score report design and evaluation and of the presentation of assessment information. Across ten chapters, this volume offers a comprehensive overview of new techniques and possibilities in score reporting.

Scoreboost® for TABE Language, Level E (11&12)

by New Readers Press

Standard English Conventions Vocabulary Write Different Text Types

Scoreboost for TABE Language, Level M

by New Readers Press

Standard English Conventions Vocabulary Write Different Text Types

Scoreboost for TABE Reading, Level E

by New Readers Press

Word Recognition Main Ideas and Details Definitions, Features, Purpose, and Point of View Illustrations and Evidence

Scored

by Lauren Mclaughlin

Set in the future when teenagers are monitored via camera and their recorded actions and confessions plugged into a computer program that determines their ability to succeed. All kids given a "score" that determines their future potential. This score has the ability to get kids into colleges, grant scholarships, or destroy all hope for the above. Scored's reluctant heroine is Imani, a girl whose high score is brought down when her best friend's score plummets. Where do you draw the line between doing what feels morally right and what can mean your future? Friendship, romance, loyalty, family, human connection and human value: all are questioned in this fresh and compelling dystopian novel set in the scarily forseeable future.From the Hardcover edition.

Scoring Rubrics in the Classroom: Using Performance Criteria for Assessing and Improving Student Performance

by Jay Mctighe Judith A. Arter

This book offers a practical approach to assessing challenging but necessary performance tasks like creative writing, "real-world" research projects, and cooperative group activities.

Scotland School for Veterans' Children: An Enduring Legacy (Campus History)

by Sarah Bair

Beginning as a school for Civil War orphans, the Scotland School for Veterans' Children became a unique center for education in the heart of Pennsylvania. The school aimed to develop disciplined, patriotic and productive citizens. As the nation became engulfed in the wars of the twentieth century, the Scotland School became even more vital, with a focus on educating the children and orphans of military veterans. Though it was closed by the state in 2009, memories of the school and its community of alumni remain vibrant. Author Sarah Bair charts the history of a place where thousands of children of our nation’s finest found more than just a school—they found a home.

Scott Foresman Reading: Imagine That! (Reading Level 3.1)

by Candy Dawson Boyd Camille Blachowicz Wendy Cheyney Connie Juel Donald Leu Jeanne Paratore Sam Sebesta Karen Kring Wixson Peter Afflerbach James Beers Dolores Gaunty-Porter Deborad Diffily

Quality literature, built-in skill instruction, and test preparation help every child become a successful reader who is prepared for state and national tests. The Grade 1 On-Level Readers provide six weeks of review for the skills previously covered in kindergarten.

Scott Foresman Reading Street: Common Core, Grade 2. 2

by Scott Foresman Company

Reading StreetTM Common Core inspires you, guides you, and prepares you to teach. Every lesson is finely tuned to teach the Common Core State Standards (CSSS).

Scott, Terano, Slee, Husbands, Wilkins. Policy Transfer and Educational Change.

by David Scott Roger Slee Mayumi Terano Chris Husbands Raphael Wilkins

Improving education through policy learning is an important notion for countries in need of educational reform. However, identifying a successful set of practices and transferring them from one national setting to another is a complex exercise. Drawing from their extensive experience, the authors explore a single case study of policy transfer in India, demonstrating how and under what conditions educational reforms can be put into practice successfully and sustainably. Coverage includes: . Policy Learning . Inclusive Practices . School Autonomy and School Leadership . India and its system of education This book offers a unique, international perspective on educational reform and is a useful resource for teachers, policy makers and postgraduate level students. "

Scottish Set Text Guide: The Cone-Gatherers for National 5 and Higher English (Scottish Set Text Guides)

by Donna Gray

Exam Board: SQALevel: National 5 and HigherSubject: EnglishFirst teaching: September 2017 (N5) / September 2018 (Higher)First exams: Summer 2018 (N5) / Summer 2019 (Higher)Understand, analyse and evaluate The Cone-Gatherers with this study and revision guide, written by experts who know how to prepare students for success in the National 5 and Higher English Critical Reading papers.Fully up to date with SQA's latest exam requirements, this guide:- Develops understanding of plot, structure, characterisation, themes and language through clear explanations and detailed commentary, supported by definitions of key terms and unfamiliar words- Builds critical and analytical skills as students are encouraged to think more deeply about the text and consider the writer's ideas, choices and techniques- Provides advice on how to tackle the different question types in the Scottish Texts section of the exam, with sample questions, model answers and examiner-style commentary, plus additional practice questions for students- Explains the requirements for the Critical Essay section of the exam, with tips and examples for planning, structuring and writing a top-grade essay, plus practice essay questions for students to answer- Highlights key quotations that students can use to enhance their exam responses and make comparisons between different parts of the text- Checks whether students have remembered the key points by including quick 'Review your learning' questions at the end of each chapter

Scottish Set Text Guide: Poetry of Carol Ann Duffy for National 5 and Higher English (Scottish Set Text Guides)

by Carolyn Cunningham

Exam Board: SQALevel: National 5 and HigherSubject: EnglishFirst teaching: September 2017 (N5) / September 2018 (Higher)First exams: Summer 2018 (N5) / Summer 2019 (Higher)Understand, analyse and evaluate the poetry of Carol Ann Duffy with this study and revision guide, written by experts who know how to prepare students for success in the National 5 and Higher English Critical Reading papers.Fully up to date with SQA's latest exam requirements, this guide:- Develops understanding of the language, structure and themes in Carol Ann Duffy's poetry through clear explanations and detailed commentary, supported by definitions of key terms and unfamiliar words- Builds critical and analytical skills as students are encouraged to think more deeply about the text and consider the writer's ideas, choices and techniques- Provides advice on how to tackle the different question types in the Scottish Texts section of the exam, with sample questions, model answers and examiner-style commentary, plus additional practice questions for students- Explains the requirements for the Critical Essay section of the exam, with tips and examples for planning, structuring and writing a top-grade essay, plus practice essay questions for students to answer- Highlights key quotations that students can use to enhance their exam responses and make comparisons between different parts of the text- Checks whether students have remembered the key points by including quick 'Review your learning' questions at the end of each chapter

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Showing 40,701 through 40,725 of 51,196 results