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Immigration enforcement is carried out by a complex legal and administrative system, operating under frequently changing legislative mandates and policy guidance, with authority and funding spread across several agencies in two executive departments and the courts. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is responsible for conducting immigration enforcement both at the border and in the United States; the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) is responsible for conducting immigration removal procedures and criminal trials and for prosecuting people charged with immigration-related crimes. DOJ confronts at least five technical challenges to modeling its resource needs for immigration enforcement that are specific to the immigration enforcement system. Despite the inherent limitations, budgeting for immigration enforcement can be improved by changing the method for budgeting. Budgeting for Immigration Enforcement addresses how to improve budgeting for the federal immigration enforcement system, specifically focusing on the parts of that system that are operated and funded by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). The report recommends that DOJ establish policy-level procedures to plan and coordinate policy planning and implementation to improve performance of the immigration enforcement system. The report also recommends that DOJ and DHS accelerate their design of an integrated capacity to track cases and project immigration enforcement activity. Policy makers and others who are interested in how the nation's immigration enforcement system is organized and operates also will find it useful.
Research in the Life Sciences with Dual Use Potential: An International Faculty Development Project on Education About the Responsible Conduct of Scienceby Committee on Developing a Framework for an International Faculty Development Project on Education about Research in the Life Sciences Dual Use Potential
In many countries, colleges and universities are where the majority of innovative research is done; in all cases, they are where future scientists receive both their initial training and their initial introduction to the norms of scientific conduct regardless of their eventual career paths. Thus, institutions of higher education are particularly relevant to the tasks of education on research with dual use potential, whether for faculty, postdoctoral researchers, graduate and undergraduate students, or technical staff. Research in the Life Sciences with Dual Use Potential describes the outcomes of the planning meeting for a two-year project to develop a network of faculty who will be able to teach the challenges of research in the life sciences with dual use potential. Faculty will be able to incorporate such concepts into their teaching and research through exposure to the tenets of responsible conduct of research in active learning teaching methods. This report is intended to provide guidelines for that effort and to be applicable to any country wishing to adopt this educational model that combines principles of active learning and training with attention to norms of responsible science. The potential audiences include a broad array of current and future scientists and the policymakers who develop laws and regulations around issues of dual use.
Advances in biomedical research have increased our understanding of the complex nature of disease and the interaction of multiple molecular pathways involved in cancer. Combining investigational products early in their development is thought to be a promising strategy for identifying effective therapies. The IOM's National Cancer Policy Forum held a workshop to discuss challenges and identify potential solutions to improve collaboration and advance the development of combination investigational cancer therapies.
The demand for health care is growing as the nation ages and seeks to provide coverage for the millions of Americans who lack health insurance. At the same time, escalating costs have led to a variety of initiatives to make the delivery of health care more effective and efficient. The allied health workforce is critical to the success of these efforts. The IOM held a workshop May 9-10, 2011, to examine the current allied health care workforce and consider how it can contribute to improving health care access, quality, and effectiveness.
The initial sequencing of the human genome, carried out by an international group of experts, took 13 years and $2.7 billion to complete. In the decade since that achievement, sequencing technology has evolved at such a rapid pace that today a consumer can have his or her entire genome sequenced by a single company in a matter of days for less than $10,000, though the addition of interpretation may extend this timeframe. Given the rapid technological advances, the potential effect on the lives of patients, and the increasing use of genomic information in clinical care, it is important to address how genomics data can be integrated into the clinical setting. Genetic tests are already used to assess the risk of breast and ovarian cancers, to diagnose recessive diseases such as cystic fibrosis, to determine drug dosages based on individual patient metabolism, and to identify therapeutic options for treating lung and breast tumors, melanoma, and leukemia. With these issues in mind and considering the potential impact that genomics information can have on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, the Roundtable on Translating Genomic-Based Research for Health hosted a workshop on July 19, 2011, to highlight and identify the challenges and opportunities in integrating large-scale genomic information into clinical practice. Integrating Large-Scale Genomic Information into Clinical Practice summarizes the speaker presentations and the discussions that followed them. This report focuses on several key topics, including the analysis, interpretation, and delivery of genomic information plus workforce, ethical, and legal issues.
Implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 will result in significant changes to the U.S. health care system. Among its many provisions, the ACA will extend access to health care coverage to millions of Americans who have been previously uninsured. Many of the newly eligible health insurance consumers will be individuals of low health literacy, some speakers of English and others more comfortable using languages other than English. Health insurance terms such as "deductible," "co-insurance," and "out-of-pocket limit" are difficult to communicate even to those with moderate-to-high levels of health literacy and so health exchanges will face challenges as they attempt to communicate to the broader community. In addition to having to convey some of these basic, and yet complex, principles of insurance, state exchanges will be attempting to adapt to the many changes to enrollment and eligibility brought about by ACA. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) convened the Roundtable on Health Literacy that brings together leaders from the federal government, foundations, health plans, associations, and private companies to discuss challenges facing health literacy practice and research and to identify approaches to promote health literacy in both the public and private sectors. The roundtable sponsored a workshop in Washington, DC, on July 19, 2011, that focused on ways in which health literacy can facilitate state health insurance exchange communication with potential enrollees. The roundtable's workshop focused on four topics: (1) lessons learned from existing state insurance exchanges; (2) the impact of state insurance exchanges on consumers; (3) the relevance of health literacy to health insurance exchanges; and (4) current best practices in developing materials and communicating with consumers. Facilitating State Health Exchange Communication Through the Use of Health Literate Practices summarizes the presentations and discussion that occurred during the workshop. The report provides an overview of health insurance exchanges, presents evidence on the extent to which consumers understand underlying health insurance concepts, and describes the relevancy of health literacy to health insurance reform and how health literacy interventions can facilitate the implementation of health insurance reforms. The report also provides a review of best practices in developing materials and communicating with consumers, and concludes with reflections on the workshop presentations and discussions by members of the roundtable and its chair. Further information is provided in the appendixes, the workshop agenda (Appendix A), workshop speaker biosketches (Appendix B), and testimony provided by the organization America's Health Insurance Plans (AHIP) (Appendix C).
Measuring the social and economic costs of violence can be difficult, and most estimates only consider direct economic effects, such as productivity loss or the use of health care services. Communities and societies feel the effects of violence through loss of social cohesion, financial divestment, and the increased burden on the healthcare and justice systems. Initial estimates show that early violence prevention intervention has economic benefits. The IOM Forum on Global Violence Prevention held a workshop to examine the successes and challenges of calculating direct and indirect costs of violence, as well as the potential cost-effectiveness of intervention.
An estimated 8.8 million people fell ill with tuberculosis (TB) in 2010 and 1.4 million died from the disease. Although antibiotics to treat TB were developed in the 1950s and are effective against a majority of TB cases, resistance to these antibiotics has emerged over the years, resulting in the growing spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB. Due to challenges in timely and accurate diagnosis of drug-resistant TB, length and tolerability of treatment regimens, and expense of second-line anti-TB drugs, effectively controlling the disease requires complex public health interventions. The IOM Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation held three international workshops to gather information from local experts around the world on the threat of drug resistant TB and how the challenges it presents can be met. Workshops were held in South Africa and Russia in 2010. The third workshop was held April 18-19, 2011, in New Delhi, India, in collaboration with the Indian National Science Academy and the Indian Council of Medical Research. The aim of the workshop was to highlight key challenges to controlling the spread of drug-resistant strains of TB in India and to discuss strategies for advancing and integrating local and international efforts to prevent and treat drug-resistant TB. This document summarizes the workshop.
Early childhood care and education (ECCE) settings offer an opportunity to provide children with a solid beginning in all areas of their development. The quality and efficacy of these settings depend largely on the individuals within the ECCE workforce. Policy makers need a complete picture of ECCE teachers and caregivers in order to tackle the persistent challenges facing this workforce. The IOM and the National Research Council hosted a workshop to describe the ECCE workforce and outline its parameters. Speakers explored issues in defining and describing the workforce, the marketplace of ECCE, the effects of the workforce on children, the contextual factors that shape the workforce, and opportunities for strengthening ECCE as a profession.
The Necromancers no longer need Valkyrie to be their Death Bringer, and that's a Good Thing, there's just one catch. There's a reason the Necromancers don't need her any more - because they've found their Death Bringer already, the person who will dissolve the doors between life and death. And that's a very, very Bad Thing. . .
In a magical realm, three teenage girls-Jade, Opal, and Amber-are chosen to fulfill an ancient prophecy. Although they meet as strangers, they must learn to trust one another with their lives as they embark on an epic journey, armed only with magical stones and one another. On the day of their fourteenth birthday, they set out on a quest that will require them to overcome heinous enemies-like the ferocious raptors, birds of prey that feast on fear; and the torturous Ghibduls, who inflict pain for sport and theater-in an effort to save an enchanted yet threatened land called Fairytale. Along the way, they encounter miraculous horses that have the gift of reading their riders' thoughts; the brave Adrien of Rivebel, who captures the heart of one of the girls; and Oonagh, the girls' childlike guide, living in the remote crystalline grotto, who will advise them on their course. At the same time, in a parallel world, a young girl named Joa fights for her life in a hospital bed in Paris. While she is dreaming, her thoughts transport her to an unknown realm where three young heroines fight a spectacular battle. Their success or failure will determine the fate of Fairytale.
Graham, the extraordinary creative force who ranks with Picasso and Stravinsky, broke traditional molds and ultimately changed the way we look at the world. Blood Memory invites readers to explore her phenomenal life and highlights the unforgettable images that encompass her work. 100 photographs.
The greatest of all state secrets is how leaders make and implement decisions affecting millions of lives. This book explains the foreign policy-making process of the U. S. Government, particularly the State Department. It vividly describes the colorful personalities who have held the highest posts and the battles that have pitted agencies, individuals, and ideologies against each other. The book probes the reasons for the relative decline of the State Department and the rise of the National Security Council staff and White House advisors. It shows how each president organizes the foreign policy system in his own way and why,in the aftermath of the policy-making revolution spawned by Henry Kissinger, the structure has increasingly broken down or interfered with successful decision making. Tracing the development of the diplomatic apparatus throughout American history, Secrets of State demonstrates how foreign policy rose from a neglected corner to become the primary preoccupation of U. S. leaders faced with the growing complexities of international crises. Much of the book concentrates on the present, including the types of people involved in the glamorous foreign policy process, how the system shapes them, why some people succeed, and why many more of them fail. Included is a detailed analysis of why the Carter and Reagan administrations, despite their sharp political differences, made many of the same mistakes in such crisis areas as Central America and the Middle East. About the Author: Barry Rubin is a Council on Foreign Affairs Fellow and a Senior Fellow at the Georgetown University Center for Strategic and International Studies. He is the author of Paved with Good Intentions: The American Experience and Iran.
Master the basics of the English language with BASIC GRAMMAR AND USAGE! Covering the important rules of grammar, usage, and syntax, this developmental English book provides you with clear explanations and numerous examples to help you succeed. Exercises help you strengthen your grammar and the book-specific website has grammar reviews that ensure that you master the material.
During the Depression, a young Memphis boy trains his pet duck to do tricks in the fountain of a grand hotel and ends up becoming the Duck Master of the Peabody Hotel.
Presents the original play with a modern adaptation on facing pages. This line-by-line translation helps students transition from the adaptation to the original text. Parallel Text.
Well-grounded in the history of the field, Motivation combines classic studies with current research, while promoting the idea that motivation stems from physiological states, psychological motives, and environmental incentives and goals. Motivation provides an overarching organizational scheme of how motivation (the inducement of action, feelings, and thought) leads to behavior from physiological, psychological, and environmental sources. The material draws on topics that are familiar to students while maintaining a conversational tone to sustain student interest.
The Many Faces of Christology surveys the landscape of traditional and contemporary thought about Jesus. Inbody first grounds his survey in a concise discussion of research into Jesus as a historical person and explores the implications and relevance of that research for contemporary christological thought. In chapter two he outlines classical christology and trinitarian thought and then provides a preliminary sketch of a contemporary trinitarian christology that emphasizes relationship more than understanding the exact nature of God. In chapters three, four, and five, Inbody surveys the basic positions and contributions of evangelical, liberal/process and postliberal (including liberationist), and feminist/womanist christologies. In his final three chapters, Inbody uses christology to answer three key questions: -- Is atonment theology nothing more than "divinely sanctioned abuse?" -- What is the relationship of Christianity to Judaism? -- Is Christianity the one true path? This critical, mainstream survey provides pastors and seminarians an authoritative and comprehensive volume on the subject.
The story of the African Americans who were abducted in the Amistad rebellion and jailed in New Haven,as a sequence of poems told in the voice of their interpreter that talks about captivity,hopes and fight for freedom.
Clinical trials provide essential information needed to turn basic medical research findings into patient treatments. New treatments must be studied in large numbers of humans to find out whether they are effective and to assess any harm that may arise from treatment. There is growing recognition among many stakeholders that the U.S. clinical trials enterprise is unable to keep pace with the national demand for research results. The IOM, along with the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, held a workshop June 27-28, 2011, to engage stakeholders and experts in a discussion about possible solutions to improve public engagement in clinical trials.
Praxis takes the rich history of rhetoric and applies it to everyday writing situations students encounter in the university, work, home, and beyond. It informs students of the language of historical rhetoric, including terms such as kairos, ethos, pathos, and logos. Then, it applies this useful vocabulary to modern day issues such as airline travelers being stranded on runways, the rights of smokers and non-smokers, and global warming.
Scoreboost For The 2014 GED Test includes an extended response item that requires you to read a passage and respond to a prompt about the passage. The Social Studies Test includes one extended response item. And the Science Test includes short answer items that requires you to type brief responses to reading passages or graphic stimuli.
Discover all that Adobe Dreamweaver CS6 has to offer! Whether you're looking for a thorough introduction to Dreamweaver or a reliable reference for your web design and development work, this proven resource is an ideal choice. ADOBE DREAMWEAVER CS6 REVEALED combines vibrant, full-color illustrations and clear, step-by-step tutorials to help you master the industry-standard web development software. In addition to detailed information on the current Dreamweaver interface, features, and functionality, the guide includes hands-on projects and real-world case studies to help you hone your skills and appreciate their professional relevance. The book highlights features new to CS6 and explores cutting-edge web standards and design trends, including CSS3 best practices, HTML5 layouts, multiscreen preview, and media queries for mobile devices. Additional online tools and content including HTML5, Flash, and video files enable you to apply what you learn by developing actual web content. The author, an experienced design professional and award-winning educator, also emphasizes fundamental web design principles, helping you develop knowledge and skills that go beyond a specific software package and can serve you well throughout your career. The Data Files used to complete the projects found in the book are now available online. For access information please refer to the directions available in the preface of the book.
Presents a trip to the prehistoric caves of France, the pyramids of Egypt, the Maya temples of Mexico, and other ancient wonders of the world.
The global scientific and policy community now unequivocally accepts that human activities cause global climate change. Although information on climate change is readily available, the nation still seems unprepared or unwilling to respond effectively to climate change, due partly to a general lack of public understanding of climate change issues and opportunities for effective responses. The reality of global climate change lends increasing urgency to the need for effective education on earth system science, as well as on the human and behavioral dimensions of climate change, from broad societal action to smart energy choices at the household level. The public's limited understanding of climate change is partly the result of four critical challenges that have slowed development and delivery of effective climate change education. As one response to these challenges, Congress, in its 2009 and 2010 appropriation process, requested that the National Science Foundation (NSF) create a program in climate change education to provide funding to external grantees to improve climate change education in the United States. To support and strengthen these education initiatives, the Board on Science Education of the National Research Council (NRC) created the Climate Change Education Roundtable. The Roundtable convened two workshops. Climate Change Education Goals, Audiences, and Strategies is a summary of the discussions and presentations from the first workshop, held October 21 and 22, 2010. This report focuses on two primary topics: public understanding and decision maker support. It should be viewed as an initial step in examining the research on climate change and applying it in specific policy circumstances.
- Embossed Braille - Use Bookshare’s DAISY Text or BRF formats to generate embossed braille.