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Showing 1 through 25 of 16,766 results

Climate Change Adaptation in Pacific Countries: Fostering Resilience and Improving the Quality of Life (Climate Change Management)

by Walter Leal Filho

This book showcases vital lessons learned from research, field projects and best practice examples with regard to climate change adaptation in countries throughout the Pacific region, a part of the planet that is particularly vulnerable to and affected by climate change. The book's primary goals are to document the wealth of experiences in the region available today, to encourage cross-sector interactions among the various stakeholders in the region, and to help transfer results to other countries and regions. Accordingly, it gathers a set of papers presented at a symposium on climate change adaptation held in Fiji in July 2016, focusing on "Fostering Resilience and Improving the Quality of Life". In these contributions, local and international experts present a variety of initiatives showing how Pacific countries are coping with the many problems associated with climate change, including initiatives in education and awareness work taking place across the region, operational aspects and their implications for policy-making, and challenges in urban and rural areas.

Advanced Visual Interfaces. Supporting Big Data Applications: AVI 2016 Workshop, AVI-BDA 2016, Bari, Italy, June 7–10, 2016, Revised Selected Papers (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #10084)

by Marco X. Bornschlegl Felix C. Engel Raymond Bond Matthias L. Hemmje

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the AVI 2016 Workshop on Road Mapping Infrastructures for Advanced Visual Interfaces Supporting Big Data Applications in Virtual Research Environments, AVI-BDA 2016, held in Bari, Italy, in June 2016. The 10 revised full papers in this volume present the elaborated outcome of the initial position papers capturing the results oft the roadmapping discussions in the workshop at which comments of several external reviewers for these full publications were also integrated.

Atlas of Endoscopic Neurosurgery of the Third Ventricle: Basic Principles for Ventricular Approaches and Essential Intraoperative Anatomy

by Roberto Alexandre Dezena

This book describes in practical terms the endoscopic neurosurgery of the third ventricle and surrounding structures, emphasizing aspects of intraoperative endoscopic anatomy and ventricular approaches for main diseases, complemented by CT / MRI images. It is divided in two parts: Part I describes the evolution of the description of the ventricular system and traditional ventricular anatomy, besides the endoscopic neurosurgery evolution and current concepts, with images and schematic drawings, while Part II presents a collection of intraoperative images of endoscopic procedures, focusing in anatomy and main pathologies, complemented by schemes of the surgical approaches and CT / MRI images. The Atlas of Endoscopic Neurosurgery of the Third Ventricle offers a revealing guide to the subject, addressing the needs of medical students, neuroscientists, neurologists and especially neurosurgeons.

Computability and Complexity: Essays Dedicated to Rodney G. Downey on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #10010)

by Noam Greenberg Adam Day Michael Fellows Bakhadyr Khoussainov Alexander Melnikov Frances Rosamond

This Festschrift is published in honor of Rodney G. Downey, eminent logician and computer scientist, surfer and Scottish country dancer, on the occasion of his 60th birthday. The Festschrift contains papers and laudations that showcase the broad and important scientific, leadership and mentoring contributions made by Rod during his distinguished career. The volume contains 42 papers presenting original unpublished research, or expository and survey results in Turing degrees, computably enumerable sets, computable algebra, computable model theory, algorithmic randomness, reverse mathematics, and parameterized complexity, all areas in which Rod Downey has had significant interests and influence. The volume contains several surveys that make the various areas accessible to non-specialists while also including some proofs that illustrate the flavor of the fields.

Africa and its Global Diaspora: The Policy and Politics of Emigration (African Histories and Modernities)

by Jack Mangala

The book presents a thorough study of the changing landscape of state-diaspora relations in Africa, as well as a robust analysis of diaspora engagement policies being pursued across the continent. As the Africa diaspora strengthens its socio-economic and political clout, countries of origin in Africa have sought to engage their citizens living abroad. Over the past decade, the role of diaspora in the homeland development has become a core tenet of national strategies and policies. Against the backdrop of expanding globalization and deepening regional integration, the book presents a thorough study of the changing landscape of state-diaspora relations in Africa, as well as a robust analysis of diaspora engagement policies being pursued across the continent as states seek to extend rights to and extract obligations from their global citizens.

Competence Assessment in Education: Research, Models and Instruments (Methodology of Educational Measurement and Assessment)

by Eckhard Klieme Detlev Leutner Jens Fleischer Juliane Grünkorn

This book addresses challenges in the theoretically and empirically adequate assessment of competencies in educational settings. It presents the scientific projects of the priority program "Competence Models for Assessing Individual Learning Outcomes and Evaluating Educational Processes," which focused on competence assessment across disciplines in Germany. The six-year program coordinated 30 research projects involving experts from the fields of psychology, educational science, and subject-specific didactics. The main reference point for all projects is the concept of "competencies," which are defined as "context-specific cognitive dispositions that are acquired and needed to successfully cope with certain situations or tasks in specific domains" (Koeppen et al. , 2008, p. 62). The projects investigate different aspects of competence assessment: The primary focus lies on the development of cognitive models of competencies, complemented by the construction of psychometric models based on these theoretical models. In turn, the psychometric models constitute the basis for the construction of instruments for effectively measuring competencies. The assessment of competencies plays a key role in optimizing educational processes and improving the effectiveness of educational systems. This book contributes to this challenging endeavor by meeting the need for more integrative, interdisciplinary research on the structure, levels, and development of competencies.

Canadian Music and American Culture: Get Away From Me (Pop Music, Culture and Identity)

by Tristanne Connolly Tomoyuki Iino

This collection explores Canadian music's commentaries on American culture. 'American Woman, get away from me!' - one of the most resonant musical statements to come out of Canada - is a cry of love and hate for its neighbour. Canada's close, inescapable entanglement with the superpower to the south provides a unique yet representative case study of the benefits and detriments of the global American culture machine. Literature scholars apply textual and cultural analysis to a selection of Anglo-Canadian music - from Joni Mitchell to Peaches, via such artists as Neil Young, Rush, and the Tragically Hip - to explore the generic borrowings and social criticism, the desires and failures of Canada's musical relationship with the USA. This innovative volume will appeal to those interested in Music, Canadian Studies, and American Studies.

Astronomy Adventures and Vacations: How to Get the Most Out of Astronomy in Your Leisure Time (The Patrick Moore Practical Astronomy Series)

by Timothy Treadwell

This astronomy travel guide exposes the many wonderful opportunities for experiencing the observing hobby farther afield. Amateur astronomy is often consigned to observing from home or from a local park, yet it can be much more. Treadwell explores all the possibilities of astronomical and space-related activities that are available on day trips and longer vacations. These activities range from observatory visits and other simple ways to build an astronomy event into a holiday, to full blown specialized astronomy travel. There are a wide variety of activities offered for all budgets, often at popular holiday destinations. Many trips give the opportunity to visit the world's famous attractions. On most vacations it can be a matter of just taking a day (or night) out of your schedule to fit in an astronomy event, but larger, dedicated pilgrimages are also possible. How to make the most of astronomy potential on a holiday, whether observing on the beach in Hawaii with the Telescope Guy or visiting the summit of Mauna Kea, is covered in detail. There are a wide variety of activities for all budgets, covering many popular travel destinations. The Star Party scene is also explored, with practical advice on how to get the most out of these events and the National Parks and Dark Sky Parks events. Additionally, there are now numerous opportunities with various conventions and specialist events to meet an astronaut. Information is also given about the numerous ways of enjoying the Northern Lights, including aurora flights and one-off events such as eclipses and desert skies. For the more adventurous, there are visits to Star City in Russia for cosmonaut training or even witnessing a launch or landing at the Baikonur Centre in Kazakhstan. Amateur astronomers of all levels will find the right match for their travel and star gazing bug in these pages.

Active Particles, Volume 1: Advances in Theory, Models, and Applications (Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology)

by Nicola Bellomo Pierre Degond Eitan Tadmor

This volume collects ten surveys on the modeling, simulation, and applications of active particles using methods ranging from mathematical kinetic theory to nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. The contributing authors are leading experts working in this challenging field, and each of their chapters provides a review of the most recent results in their areas and looks ahead to future research directions. The approaches to studying active matter are presented here from many different perspectives, such as individual-based models, evolutionary games, Brownian motion, and continuum theories, as well as various combinations of these. Applications covered include biological network formation and network theory; opinion formation and social systems; control theory of sparse systems; theory and applications of mean field games; population learning; dynamics of flocking systems; vehicular traffic flow; and stochastic particles and mean field approximation. Mathematicians and other members of the scientific community interested in active matter and its many applications will find this volume to be a timely, authoritative, and valuable resource.

Applied and Computational Matrix Analysis: MAT-TRIAD, Coimbra, Portugal, September 2015 Selected, Revised Contributions (Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics #192)

by Natália Bebiano

This volume presents recent advances in the field of matrix analysis based on contributions at the MAT-TRIAD 2015 conference. Topics covered include interval linear algebra and computational complexity, Birkhoff polynomial basis, tensors, graphs, linear pencils, K-theory and statistic inference, showing the ubiquity of matrices in different mathematical areas. With a particular focus on matrix and operator theory, statistical models and computation, the International Conference on Matrix Analysis and its Applications 2015, held in Coimbra, Portugal, was the sixth in a series of conferences. Applied and Computational Matrix Analysis will appeal to graduate students and researchers in theoretical and applied mathematics, physics and engineering who are seeking an overview of recent problems and methods in matrix analysis.

Computational Neurology and Psychiatry (Springer Series in Bio-/Neuroinformatics #6)

by Péter Érdi Basabdatta Sen Bhattacharya Amy L. Cochran

This book presents the latest research in computational methods for modeling and simulating brain disorders. In particular, it shows how mathematical models can be used to study the relationship between a given disorder and the specific brain structure associated with that disorder. It also describes the emerging field of computational psychiatry, including the study of pathological behavior due to impaired functional connectivity, pathophysiological activity, and/or aberrant decision-making. Further, it discusses the data analysis techniques that will be required to analyze the increasing amount of data being generated about the brain. Lastly, the book offers some tips on the application of computational models in the field of quantitative systems pharmacology. Mainly written for computational scientists eager to discover new application fields for their model, this book also benefits neurologists and psychiatrists wanting to learn about new methods.

Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: ICA3PP 2016 Collocated Workshops: SCDT, TAPEMS, BigTrust, UCER, DLMCS, Granada, Spain, December 14-16, 2016, Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #10049)

by José Gracia Josef Weidendorfer Jesus Carretero Javier Garcia-Blas Victor Gergel Vladimir Voevodin Iosif Meyerov Juan A. Rico-Gallego Juan C. Díaz-Martín Pedro Alonso Juan Durillo José Daniel Garcia Sánchez Alexey L. Lastovetsky Fabrizio Marozzo Qin Liu Zakirul Alam Bhuiyan Karl Fürlinger

This book constitutes the refereed workshop proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing, ICA3PP 2016, held in Granada, Spain, in December 2016. The 30 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 58 submissions. They cover many dimensions of parallel algorithms and architectures, encompassing fundamental theoretical approaches, practical experimental projects, and commercial components and systems trying to push beyond the limits of existing technologies, including experimental efforts, innovative systems, and investigations that identify weaknesses in existing parallel processing technology.

Advances in Through-life Engineering Services (Decision Engineering)

by Louis Redding Rajkumar Roy Andy Shaw

This edited book offers further advances, new perspectives, and developments from world leaders in the field of through-life engineering services (TES). It builds up on the earlier book by the same authors entitled: "Through-life Engineering Services: Motivation, Theory and Practice. " This compendium introduces and discusses further, the developments in workshop-based and 'in situ' maintenance and support of high-value engineering products, as well as the application of drone technology for autonomous and self-healing product support. The links between 'integrated planning' and planned obsolescence, risk and cost modelling are also examined. The role of data, information, and knowledge management relative to component and system degradation and failure is also presented. This is supported by consideration of the effects upon the maintenance and support decision by the presence of 'No Fault Found' error signals within system data. Further to this the role of diagnostics and prognostics is also discussed. In addition, this text presents the fundamental information required to deliver an effective TES solution/strategy and identification of core technologies. The book contains reference and discussion relative to automotive. rail, and several other industrial case studies to highlight the potential of TES to redefine the product creation and development process. Additionally the role of warranty and service data in the product creation and delivery system is also introduced. ​This book offers a valuable reference resource for academics, practitioners and students of TES and the associated supporting technologies and business models that underpin whole-life product creation and delivery systems through the harvesting and application of condition and use based data.

Causal Nets, Interventionism, and Mechanisms: Philosophical Foundations and Applications (Synthese Library #381)

by Alexander Gebharter

This monograph looks at causal nets from a philosophical point of view. The author shows that one can build a general philosophical theory of causation on the basis of the causal nets framework that can be fruitfully used to shed new light on philosophical issues. Coverage includes both a theoretical as well as application-oriented approach to the subject. The author first counters David Hume's challenge about whether causation is something ontologically real. The idea behind this is that good metaphysical concepts should behave analogously to good theoretical concepts in scientific theories. In the process, the author offers support for the theory of causal nets as indeed being a correct theory of causation. Next, the book offers an application-oriented approach to the subject. The author shows that causal nets can investigate philosophical issues related to causation. He does this by means of two exemplary applications. The first consists of an evaluation of Jim Woodward's interventionist theory of causation. The second offers a contribution to the new mechanist debate. Introductory chapters outline all the formal basics required. This helps make the book useful for those who are not familiar with causal nets, but interested in causation or in tools for the investigation of philosophical issues related to causation.

A Study of Professional Skepticism (SpringerBriefs in Accounting)

by Carmen Olsen

This book describes how auditors exercise different levels of professional skepticism and how they are exposed to different types of affective information on clients' behavior. Based on the author's empirical study of 56 auditors, it shows that auditors' skepticism and affective reactions towards a client interact to influence their appraisal of valuation problems. It also suggests that the effects of auditors' affective reactions on their skeptical judgments depend on the level of risk in the audit engagement.

Coastline Changes of the Baltic Sea from South to East: Past and Future Projection (Coastal Research Library #19)

by Hans Von Storch Jan Harff Kazimierz Furmańczyk

The book discusses sea-level and coastline changes which are becoming increasingly important topics for the population living along the edge of the world's oceans and seas. These topics are of special importance where eustatic sea-level rise is superimposed by isostatic subsidence and storm induced coastal erosion. This is the case at the southern and eastern Baltic Sea coast: In the South, where glacio-isostatic subsidence enhances the effect of climate induced sea-level rise and strong storm effects cause a continuous retreat of the coast. At the eastern coast the glacio-isostatic uplift compensates eustatic sea-level rise, but storm induced waves cause permanent morphodynamic changes of the coastline. There is an increasing need for concepts for protection, for defense but also for the economic use of the different types of coastal zones. The elaboration of those management concepts can be facilitated through models that generate future projections of coastal developments in front of the modern climate change. The proposed anthology comprises results of the research project "Coastline Changes of the southern Baltic Sea - Past and future projection (CoPaF)" which was ran by a team of Estonian, German, and Polish geoscientists and coastal engineers from 2010 to 2013. As the southern and eastern Baltic serves as a natural laboratory for the investigation of coastal processes - the achievements of the project shall contribute not only to the solution of regional problems in Baltic coastal research and engineering, but, shall be regarded as a contributions to general foci of description, modelling and parameterization of coastal processes and morphodynamics.

Complications of Female Incontinence and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery (Current Clinical Urology)

by Howard B. Goldman

The second edition of this text reviews the prevention, evaluation and management of complications arising from female pelvic surgery. As the field has advanced and now become its own recognized subspeciality offering Board Certification there is even more interest in this area. This edition provides more specific detail of potential complications of robotic female pelvic surgery, different categories of midurethral slings and specific transvaginal apical procedures. There are unique complications based on the specific mode of sling placement or apical repair and they are further subdivided in this text. Potential complications of both routine and specialized vaginal procedures such as transvaginal slings, cystocele and rectocele repairs, urethral diverticulectomy, and transvaginal mesh repairs are reviewed. The chapters are divided by procedure allowing the reader to easily find what they are looking for. Images and diagrams of methods of evaluation and repair of these complications are included. The second edition of Complications of Female Incontinence and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery should serve as a reference allowing the surgeon quick and ready access to information about the complications of female pelvic surgery procedures - including detail on how to prevent, identify and manage them.

Craft Beverages and Tourism, Volume 1: The Rise of Breweries and Distilleries in the United States

by Carol Kline Susan L. Slocum Christina T. Cavaliere

This two-volume set examines the strong connection between craft beverages and tourism, presenting cutting-edge research in partnership with breweries, distilleries, and cideries. While wine, food, and culinary tourism have traditionally dominated destination markets, interest in craft beverages has gained momentum across the US and overseas with local markets quickly recognizing the growing craft beverage movement. Through the eyes of tourism scholars, brewers, and travelers, these two volumes explore the landscape of craft beer opportunities in non-traditional settings, and recognize the potential for future economic, socio-cultural, and environmental sustainability. Craft Beverages and Tourism, Volume 1: The Rise of Breweries and Distilleries in the United States is an inclusive and overarching examination of the US craft beverage phenomenon within a larger context of international beverage tourism. It outlines the current practice and research scope of craft beer, cider, and spirits as well as the sustainable development of destinations revolving around craft beverage. Through literature reviews, case studies, and general exploration, this volume advances marketing, hospitality, and leisure studies research for academics, industry experts, and emerging entrepreneurs.

Atlas of Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography

by Zofia Michalewska Jerzy Nawrocki

This atlas presents an overview of Swept Source Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and its implications on diagnostics of vitreous, retina and choroid. As the sensitivity of OCT imaging devices has increased, updated technologies have become available for engineers, scientists and medical specialists to adopt, and recent developments have led to the creation of a new generation of devices. The aim of this resource is to explain this new technology and its advantages over previous imaging devices and to illustrate how it may be used in to define eye diseases, aid in their treatment and facilitate treatment options.

Atlas of Trace Fossils in Well Core: Appearance, Taxonomy and Interpretation

by Dirk Knaust

This book provides the reader with a well-balanced blend of high-quality photographs, figures and accompanied text for the identification of trace fossils both in core and in outcrop. Ichnological data become more and more crucial in sedimentological and paleoenvironmental interpretations, not only in the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons but also in the characterization of aquifers and in scientific drilling. After an introduction to the study of trace fossils in core and an outlining of ichnological basics, principles and concepts, the book continues with a detailed description and interpretation of 39 trace fossils (ichnogenera) and associated features (such as bioturbate texture, plant roots and their traces, borings and pseudo-trace fossils) commonly encountered in well cores and in outcrop. The trace fossils are highlighted by their expression in well core, nicely illustrated with carefully prepared eye-catching core photographs. This unique information is complemented with examples of trace fossils in outcrop, as well as relevant key figures from the literature. Each description is presented in a consistent manner, stating the ichnogenus name and author in the title, followed by sections about morphology and size, ichnotaxonomy, substrate, appearance in core, similar trace fossils, producers, ethology, depositional environment, ichnofacies, age as well as reservoir quality. The book is rounded off with an extensive list of references for further reading. The material for the book originates from the author's continuous work with trace fossils in core over the last two decades.

Advances of Basic Science for Second Generation Bioethanol from Sugarcane: Bioethanol From Sugarcane And Their Impact On Technology

by Marcos S. Buckeridge Amanda P. De Souza

This book focuses on the basic science recently produced in Brazil for the improvement of sugarcane as a bioenergy crop and as a raw material for 2nd generation bioethanol production. Part I details the development of some of the most important basic scientific tools needed for 2nd generation technologies of sugarcane in the domains of plant physiology and agricultural sciences and the domains of chemistry and biochemistry of plants and microorganisms. These include issues such as plant cell wall structure and architecture, physical characteristics of sugarcane biomass that are to be used for hydrolysis and fermentation in 2nd generation processes. Part II focuses on the development of the more applied sciences necessary to advance technological processes of pretreatment and hydrolysis of biomass and fermentation of the free sugars released from it. Some aspects of enzyme engineering are approached in this session and ends with a proposition of the assembly of an enzymatic cocktail based on the discoveries made by INCT-Bioethanol researchers after discovery of new enzymes among the Brazilian biodiversity of microorganisms. Part III examines the issue of how some key elements of basic science (Part I) have be applied to develop technologies for 2nd generation bioethanol (Part II). The translation from basic to applied sciences is highlighted as key for innovation using examples based on recent case studies in the area. In Part IV, a discussion about how policies that interconnect the scientific communities among scientists and the society in general of countries can help to accelerate or decelerate technological development depending on how efficient is communication among scientists, policy makers and industry.

Credit Risk Management: Pricing, Measurement, and Modeling

by Jiří Witzany

This book introduces to basic and advanced methods for credit risk management. It covers classical debt instruments and modern financial markets products. The author describes not only standard rating and scoring methods like Classification Trees or Logistic Regression, but also less known models that are subject of ongoing research, like e. g. Support Vector Machines, Neural Networks, or Fuzzy Inference Systems. The book also illustrates financial and commodity markets and analyzes the principles of advanced credit risk modeling techniques and credit derivatives pricing methods. Particular attention is given to the challenges of counterparty risk management, Credit Valuation Adjustment (CVA) and the related regulatory Basel III requirements. As a conclusion, the book provides the reader with all the essential aspects of classical and modern credit risk management and modeling.

Algorithms and Models for the Web Graph: 13th International Workshop, WAW 2016, Montreal, QC, Canada, December 14–15, 2016, Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #10088)

by Anthony Bonato Fan Chung Graham Paweł Prałat

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 13th International Workshop on Algorithms and Models for the Web Graph, WAW 2016, held in Montreal, QC, Canada, in December 2016. The workshop gathered the researchers who are working on graph- theoretic and algorithmic aspects of related complex networks, including social networks, citation networks, biological networks, molecular networks, and other networks arising from the Internet.

Contemporary Issues in African Society: Historical Analysis and Perspective (African Histories and Modernities)

by George Klay Kieh

This book examines the twin critical processes of state-building and nation-building in Africa and explores the confluence of major domestic and global issues that shape them. In the domestic realm, some of the major issues that are examined in this book include the expansive role of non-governmental organizations amid some African states' abdication of their responsibility to provide "public goods" for their citizens (E. g. health care, education), the growing role and influence of charismatic Pentecostal churches against the backdrop of the poor state of human development, ethnic conflicts in East Africa, the failure of the African Union's peacemaking and peacekeeping efforts in Sudan's Darfur region, and the broader travails of resolving Africa's civil conflicts. In the international sphere, this book discusses Africa's growing relations with the European Union, as evidenced by the extension of their relationship to the security domain.

Apeiron: Anaximander on Generation and Destruction (SpringerBriefs in Philosophy)

by Dirk L. Couprie Radim Kočandrle

This book offers an innovative analysis of the Greek philosopher Anaximander's work. In particular, it presents a completely new interpretation of the key word Apeiron, or boundless, offering readers a deeper understanding of his seminal cosmology and, with it, his unique conception of the origin of the universe. Anaximander traditionally applied Apeiron to designate the origin of everything. The authors' investigation of the extant sources shows, however, that this common view misses the mark. They argue that instead of reading Apeiron as a noun, it should be considered an adjective, with reference to the term phusis (nature), and that the phrase phusis apeiros may express the boundless power of nature, responsible for all creation and growth. The authors also offer an interpretation of Anaximander's cosmogony from a biological perspective: each further step in the differentiation of the phenomenal world is a continuation of the original separation of a fertile seed. This new reading of the first written account of cosmology stresses the central role of the boundless power of nature. It provides philosophers, researchers, and students with a thought-provoking explanation of this early thinker's conception of generation and destruction in the universe.

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