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The complex intersecting of genetic, biological, and environmental factors can make intellectual impairments difficult for clinicians to assess and treat. When such comorbid conditions as substance abuse or bipolar disorder are part of the equation, so are increased risks for clinical uncertainties and therapeutic dead-ends. The Handbook of Psychopathology in Intellectual Disability reflects the diversity of its subject in prevalence and presentation, testing methods and treatment options. Besides focusing on specific pathologies as they affect the course of intellectual disability (ID), its coverage spans the field from in-depth analyses of psychosocial aspects of ID to promising new findings in genetics and the ongoing challenge of providing personalized care tailored to individual client needs. Expert contributors bridge gaps between the evidence base and best practices and improved policy for maximum utility. In addition, chapters are written to benefit the widest variety of professionals treating clients with ID across disciplines. Key areas featured in the Handbook include: General issues and assessment methods. Core etiological approaches, including neuroimaging. Comorbid psychopathology, including mood, anxiety, and personality disorders. Common clinical conditions, such as ADHD, autism, and behavior problems. Medical and psychological interventions as well as community and inpatient services. Future directions in research and evidence-based practices. The Handbook of Psychopathology in Intellectual Disability is an essential reference for researchers, professors, and graduate students as well as clinicians and other scientist-practitioners in clinical psychology, psychiatry, social work, rehabilitation medicine, public health, and neuropsychology.
Multicultural aspects of psychology have received some attention in the literature in the last decade. A number of texts currently address these significant concerns, for example, Counseling the Culturally Different (Sue & Sue, 2008); Handbook of Multicultural Counseling ( Poterotto et l. , 2009); and Handbook of Multicultural Counseling Competencies (Pope-Davis & Coleman, 2005). In their most recent editions, several of these books address more nuanced complexities of diversity, for example, the intersections of gender or social class with race-ethnicity. Meanwhile, other texts have addressed gender issues in psychology (Handbook of Counseling Women, Counseling Men), with some attention paid to racial-ethnic and other diversity concerns. Clearly the progression of scholarship in this field reflects the importance of incorporating multiple aspects of diversity within psychology. However, no book currently exists that fully addresses the complexities of race-ethnicity and gender together. Better understanding of the dual impact of race-ethnicity and gender on psychological functioning may lead to more effective conceptualizations of a number of mental health issues, such as domestic violence, addictions, health-related behaviors and achievement. Exploring the impact of race-ethnicity and gender also may provide a broader understanding of self-in-community, as this affects individuals, families and other social groups and work and career development. Topics of interest may include identity development, worldviews and belief systems, parenting styles, interventions for promoting resilience and persistence and strategies for enhancing more accurate diagnostic and treatment modalities. Today's world is comprised of multiple and intersecting communities that remain in need of psychological models and interventions that support and promote both individual and collective mental health. We believe that utilizing unidimensional conceptual models (e. g. focusing solely on race-ethnicity or gender) no longer adequately addresses psychological concerns that are dynamic, complex and multi-faceted. The proposed Handbook will focus on timely topics which historically have been under-addressed for a number of diverse populations.
Global Perspectives on Well-Being in Immigrant Families addresses how immigrant families and their children cope with the demands of a new country in relation to psychological well-being, adjustment, and cultural maintenance. The book identifies cultural and contextual factors that contribute to well-being during a family's migratory transition to ensure successful outcomes for children and youth. In addition, the findings presented in this book outline issues for future policy and practice including preventive practices that might allow for early intervention and increased cultural sensitivity among practitioners, school staff, and researchers.
Developing apps for Apple's broadening platform of devices is an exciting topic these days. Apple created the Swift programming language to build state-of-the-art apps using the latest Apple technologies. In this 200-page book, author Scott Gardner articulates the similarities and differences between traditional Objective-C based programming and Swift, revealing what you need to know from syntax changes to emerging best practices and paradigm shifts, to write powerful, expressive, and flexible code in Swift. Written at a brisk pace and in a methodical style, you'll learn how to apply your Objective-C skills to successfully transition to programming in Swift. In this book, you'll learn: - What is Swift and how does it compare to Objective-C- How to become proficient in Swift by leveraging your existing Objective-C skills- How to take advantage of new capabilities in Swift- What are the emerging best practices in Swift programmingTransitioning to Swift reaches out to all developers who are interested in creating state-of-the-art apps for Apple's broadening platform of devices for both consumers and enterprise. Apple's introduction of the new Swift programming language raises many questions. This book addresses those questions directly, and prepares developers for building the next generation of apps in Swift to surprise and delight users the world over.
Oracle Database Transactions and Locking Revealed provides much-needed information for building scalable, high-concurrency applications and deploy them against the Oracle Database. Read this short, 150-page book that is adapted from Expert Oracle Database Architecture to gain a solid and accurate understanding of how locking and concurrency are dealt with by Oracle Database. Also learn how the Oracle Database architecture accommodates user transactions, and how you can write code to mesh with how Oracle Database is designed to operate. Good transaction design is an important facet of highly-concurrent applications that are run by hundreds, even thousands of users who are all executing transactions at the same time. Transaction design in turn relies upon a good understanding of how the underlying database platform manages of the locking of resources so as to prevent access conflicts and data loss that might otherwise result from concurrent access to data in the database. Oracle Database Transactions and Locking Revealed covers in detail the various lock types, and also different locking schemes such as pessimistic and optimistic locking. Then you'll learn about transaction isolation and multiversion concurrency, and how the various lock types support Oracle Database's transactional features. You'll learn some good tips for transaction design, as well as some bad practices and habits to avoid. Coverage is also given to redo and undo, and their role in concurrency. This is an important book that anyone developing highly-concurrent applications will want to have handy on their shelf. What you'll learn Understand locks and their implication for concurrent applications Manage transaction isolation to meet business needs while not impeding concurrency Design effective transactions and choose the correct atomicity level for your needs Take advantage of features such as deferrable constraints and autonomous transactions Build multi-database applications with needed atomicity through distributed transactions Investigate and troubleshoot redo and undo problems that can impede concurrency Who this book is for Oracle Database Transactions and Locking Revealed is the definitive book on transactions and locking for Oracle Database developers and architects who are developing highly-concurrent applications. Readers should already have good understanding of SQL and PL/SQL. Experience in application development is also beneficial. Table of Contents 1. Building for Concurrency 2. Locking and Issues 3. Lock Types 4. Concurrency and Multiversioning 5. Transactions 6. Redo and Undo 7. Investigating Undo 8. Investigating Undo
This concise book walks you through how to get unit testing and test driven development done on Android, specifically using JUnit 4. You'll learn how to do agile development quickly and correctly, with a significant increase in development efficiency and a reduction in the number of defects. Up until now getting JUnit testing up and running in Android was not for the faint hearted. However, "now it's in Android Studio, there is no excuse," according to author Godfrey Nolan, president of RIIS LLC. Android developers are faced with their own set of problems such as tightly coupled code, fragmentation, and immature testing tools, all of which can be solved using existing agile tools and techniques that this short book will teach you. What you'll learn What is the Agile testing pyramid for Android What are the Android unit testing tools and how to use them, including those found in Android Studio What are and how to use third party tools like JUnit, Hamcrest, Roboletric, Jenkins and more What is and how to use mocking, including mocking frameworks like Mockito to mock out Web Services, Shared Preferences and SQLite databases How to do test driven development (TDD) in Android How to manage legacy code and applying TDD to existing projects Who this book is for Android developers and IT managers. Healthcare, financial, entertainment and government. Senior developers, software architects, lead developer, IT directors, CTOs, CISOs. Table of Contents Lesson 1: Introduction to Agile Learning objectives 1. 1 Understand the benefits of using an Agile approach to Android development 1. 2 Understand common defects in Android Applications 1. 3 Explore the Agile Testing Pyramid for Android Lesson 2: Android Unit Testing Tools Learning objectives 2. 1 Create Hello World Unit Test in Android 2. 2 Run Unit Tests from the command line 2. 3 Explore Android Assertions 2. 4 Test for common defects in Android Applications 2. 5 Setup and Teardown 2. 6 Grouping tests 2. 7 Adding unit tests to a Twitter client 2. 8 Explore more Android Assertions 2. 9 Run your tests using Gradle Lesson 3: Third Party Tools Learning objectives 3. 1: Understand the difference between jUnit3 and jUnit4 3. 2: Create jUnit4 Unit Test in Android Studio 3. 3: Run code coverage tools in Android 3. 4: Test activities on multiple devices using Spoon 3. 5: Create an Android project in Github Lesson 4: Mocking Learning objectives 4. 1 Stubs vs test double vs mocking frameworks 4. 2 Using a stub to mock out a SQLite database 4. 3 Using a test double to mock out a SQLite database 4. 4 Using EasyMock to mock out a SQLite database Lesson 5: Dependency Injection Learning objectives 5. 1 Understanding Compile Time Dependency Injection 5. 2 Create an Android unit test using Dagger 5. 3 Using Dagger to mock a SQLite databases Lesson 7: Test Driven Development Learning objectives 7. 1 Understanding Test Driven Development 7. 2 Writing Testable Code 7. 3 Refactoring code 7. 4 Writing a Twitter client using TDD Lesson 8: Dealing with Legacy Code Learning objectives 8. 1 Applying TDD to an Existing Project 8. 2 Ring Fence Existing Project 8. 3 Refactoring Existing Code to increase Code Coverage
This book is a first attempt to combine insights from the two perspectives with regard to the question of meaning by examining a collection of theoretical and empirical works This volume therefore is destined to become an important addition to psychological literature: both from the viewpoint of the history of ideas (again this would be one of the first times that positive and existentialist psychologies meet) and from the viewpoint of theoretical and empirical research into the meaning concept in psychology.
This practical research text provides an invaluable resource for all animal and veterinary scientists designing, analyzing and interpreting results from nutrition and feed experiments in pigs and poultry. The emphasis throughout is on practical aspects of designing nutrition experiments. The book builds on the basics and proceeds to describe the limitations of experiment design involving different ingredients. It then characterizes experimental diets including ingredient selection, composition and the minimum proximate analysis required. The text details measurements and the tools available for understanding diverse data sets, data analysis and the eventual publication of the research. This fully balanced and extensively referenced, yet practical, text is an invaluable resource to all animal, veterinary and biomedical scientists involved in the designing of nutrition experiments in pigs and poultry, and the publication of their research.
Comprehensive, intensely practical, and extensively illustrated, this unique book consolidates years of practical knowledge of dealing with injured birds of prey. Written by a practicing veterinarian, it: * concisely covers helpful, day-to-day advice through hints, tips and clinical insights * provides an emphasis on practical procedures * includes numerous illustrations for easy recognition of symptoms and replication of techniques. Outlining everything from handling and the intake examination through to practical procedures and the treatment of a comprehensive range of conditions and injuries, the book also advises readers on housing, rehabilitation and eventual release. With numerous rapid reference charts, this book is the one text that any avian or general veterinarian needs by the bench for the treatment of raptors and birds of prey.
The development of successful value chains to revive demand for traditional cereals such as millets plays an important role in ensuring health and nutrition security in India. Millets Value Chain for Nutritional Security: A Replicable Success Model from India demonstrates value addition to millets from production to consumption, covering chapters on nutritional evaluation, on-farm cultivation, intervention in food processing, entrepreneurship development, commercialization and popularization and policy sensitization. This book outlines practical interventions to revive the demand for millets as a convenient and nutritive option for consumers, while presenting a reliable model that can be adapted for the development of other commodities.
Dyslipidemia in chronic kidney disease is a common clinical problem and growing in prevalence. With the recent publication of clinical practice guidelines on the management of lipid related disorders in patients affected by chronic kidney disease, an up-to-date and comprehensive resource of evidence-based literature is needed. Dyslipidemias in Kidney Disease captures the growing body of information on this subject matter. This book presents the latest clinical evidence and management guidance for patients of various demographics and stages of chronic kidney disease. Written for the nephrologist community, as well as cardiologists and general practitioners, this guide will provide practical knowledge and fill a much needed void in the literature.
This practical handbook offers quick and sound advice on the many issues faced when dialyzing the older patient. It is authored by well-known international experts who have covered the full range of end stage renal disorders including treatment options, patient management and maximization of quality of life. Accessible and easy-to-read, Dialysis in Older Adults serves as the go-to reference for clinicians and members of their team as they treat this challenging patient population.
Today, computers fulfil a dazzling array of roles, a flexibility resulting from the great range of programs that can be run on them. A Science of Operations examines the history of what we now call programming, defined not simply as computer programming, but more broadly as the definition of the steps involved in computations and other information-processing activities. This unique perspective highlights how the history of programming is distinct from the history of the computer, despite the close relationship between the two in the 20th century. The book also discusses how the development of programming languages is related to disparate fields which attempted to give a mechanical account of language on the one hand, and a linguistic account of machines on the other. Topics and features: Covers the early development of automatic computing, including Babbage's "mechanical calculating engines" and the applications of punched-card technology, examines the theoretical work of mathematical logicians such as Kleene, Church, Post and Turing, and the machines built by Zuse and Aiken in the 1930s and 1940s, discusses the role that logic played in the development of the stored program computer, describes the "standard model" of machine-code programming popularised by Maurice Wilkes, presents the complete table for the universal Turing machine in the Appendices, investigates the rise of the initiatives aimed at developing higher-level programming notations, and how these came to be thought of as 'languages' that could be studied independently of a machine, examines the importance of the Algol 60 language, and the framework it provided for studying the design of programming languages and the process of software development and explores the early development of object-oriented languages, with a focus on the Smalltalk project. This fascinating text offers a new viewpoint for historians of science and technology, as well as for the general reader. The historical narrative builds the story in a clear and logical fashion, roughly following chronological order.
Gamma-Glutamyl Transpeptidases (γ-GTs) are members of the N-terminal nucleophile hydrolase superfamily, enzymes that cleave the γ-glutamyl amide bond of glutathione to liberate cysteinylglycine. The released γ-glutamyl group can be transferred to water (hydrolysis) or to amino acids or short peptides (transpeptidation). γ-GT plays a key role in the gamma glutamyl cycle by regulating the cellular levels of the antioxidant glutathione, hence it is a critical enzyme in maintaining cellular redox homeostasis.γ-GT is upregulated during inflammation and in several human tumors, and it is involved in many physiological disorders related to oxidative stress, such as Parkinson's disease and diabetes. Furthermore, this enzyme is used as a marker of liver disease and cancer. This book covers current knowledge about the structure-function relationship of γ-GTs and gives information about applications of γ-GTs in different fields ranging from clinical biochemistry to biotechnology and biomedicine.
Because diagnosing orofacial pain can be a challenge, the book describes the appropriate history-taking methods, detailed examinations, and relevant tests that will help clinicians to work through the differential diagnosis. Effective medical, surgical, and behavioral approaches are presented, and the importance of a multimodal approach is consistently emphasized throughout the book. The target audience includes pain physicians, anesthesiologists, dentists, neurologists, nurse practitioners, and physician's assistants.
The effectiveness of Education for Sustainable Development depends on the ability of schools and teachers to embrace pedagogies that reduce the gap between the rhetoric of education for the environment and the reality of classroom practices. This book responds to the need to better understand the nature of the relationships between agency and structure that contribute to the development of educational rhetoric-reality gaps in order to inform processes that most effectively facilitate pedagogical change. This book explores the issues of pedagogical change through the experiences of Australian primary school teachers faced with the challenge of implementing an environmental education program in which young students were positioned as active participants in the social processes from which environmentally sustainable practices could be developed. These teachers were required to adopt pedagogies that often represented the antithesis of their well-established teacher-directed approaches. Through the use of Anthony Giddens' Theory of Structuration this book provides unique perspectives of the teacher mediated manner in which certain elements of structure and agency interrelate to enable and constrain classroom practices--essential understandings for school principals and educational policy developers who aim to effectively implement pedagogical change. This book also demonstrates that the Theory of Structuration provides a valuable ontological research framework, and provides social researchers with practical guidance for how to relate this theory to specific research issues.
Recreational drug policies and regulations are complex issues with many dimensions. This book attempts to answer several questions raised in current drug policy debates. Developing cost-effective drug programs and policies require a sound knowledge of drug users and their characteristics and the relationship across drugs. Who are the drug users? Can demographic factors help towards predicting drug usage? What sub-population groups should be targeted for drug campaigns and educational programs? Can a drug policy aimed at discouraging the use of one drug likely to affect the use of other drugs which are its economic substitutes or complements? What are the implications of drug use? Policymakers and researchers in the area of health and social development would find this book very useful.
The Pfandbrief, a mostly triple-A rated German bank debenture, has become the blueprint of many covered bond models in Europe and beyond. The Pfandbrief is collateralized by long-term assets such as property mortgages or public sector loans as stipulated in the Pfandbrief Act. With a history that goes back to the 18th century and a high market share in today's covered bond markets, the German Pfandbrief is the most established covered bond. Until today, no single Pfandbrief has ever defaulted. Even though Pfandbriefe have survived the financial crisis comparably unharmed, investors have become more sensitive regarding the creditworthiness of the corresponding issuer and sovereign, the strength of the legal (or contractual) framework and the quality of the cover pool serving as collateral. This monograph provides a structured in-depth analysis of the legal framework and the risks inherent in a Pfandbrief, taking into consideration recent market developments. Starting from the legal framework, the German Pfandbrief is introduced without requiring prior knowledge. Covered bond related risks are explained in detail and their relevance to the Pfandbrief is thoroughly discussed with focus on the two most common Pfandbrief types, mortgage and public Pfandbriefe. In addition to that, the monograph comes with an extensive collection of Pfandbrief-related literature and a glossary explaining the main technical terms.
At the center of this book is the complex and perplexing question of how to design professional preparation programs, organizational management practices, public policy systems and robust professional associations committed to and capable of, maintaining confidence, trust and the other hallmarks of responsible professionalism. To do this, we need to rebuild our understanding of professional responsibility from the ground up. We describe how individuals might be prepared to engage in responsible professional service delivery, examine promising options for the reform of professional service systems and finally, outline a reform strategy for improving practice in education and medicine - two essential public services. The nexus of the reform problem in professionalism is establishing a more robust and effective working relationship between teachers and their students; between health care professionals and their patients and between educators and health professionals. Professionalism means acceptance of professional responsibility for student and patient outcomes -- not just acceptance of responsibility for technical expertise, but commitment to the social norms of the profession, including trustworthiness and responsibility for client wellbeing. In the past, it may have been sufficient to assume that adequate knowledge can be shaped into standards of professional practice. Today, it is clear that we must take careful account of the ways in which practicing professionals develop, internalize and sustain professionalism during their training, along with the ways in which this commitment to professionalism may be undermined by the regulatory, fiscal, technological, political and emotional incentive systems that impinge on professional workplaces and professional employment systems.
English in Europe is not one but many, and substantial differences in the way people from different countries communicate using it may cause misunderstandings. This book shows that, through research into the pragmatic behaviour of non-native speakers of English from across Europe, it is possible to uncover the core-the shared strategies. This common pragmatic linguistic behaviour is proposed as the basis for a reference guide for those who wish to successfully communicate in English in Europe. The study reported on in this book is based on the analysis of the speech act of apologizing as realized by 466 respondents from 8 European countries, all proficient users of English involved in teacher-training programmes. The results Provide a basis for practical teaching and in-class research.
This book investigates the potential contribution that a strategic design approach can make to stimulating and supporting the societal embedding of sustainable PSSs (product-service systems). A new strategic design role thus emerges; a role in which the ideation and development of sustainable PSS concepts is coupled with the designing of appropriate transition paths (sequence of socio-technical experiments) to gradually incubate, introduce and diffuse these concepts. The book also outlines the new design approach and capabilities needed by strategic designers, project managers and consultants to operate at such a strategic level. On a more operational point of view, the work presents a practical "how to do" design process and associated guidelines to support practitioners in designing and managing the societal embedding process of sustainable PSS innovations.
Since the peak of the world financial crisis in 2008, compliance management has gained more and more interest from practice and research. In particular the financial service industry is strongly regulated and has to follow specific laws, standards and guidelines. Considering the steadily increasing number of legal requirements in the design of information systems is a challenge to financial service providers. This book investigates the challenges of compliance management in financial industries and provides solutions for a compliant design of information models. From a business process perspective, an approach is presented that enables the automatic checking of business process models. From a supervisory reporting perspective a modeling technique is presented that allows for modeling regulatory data warehouse requirements as well as its analysis. Besides these two perspectives the author provides insights into the perceived relationship of Information Systems and Law.
This book offers an analysis of the current trends and developments in Nordic civil litigation and is divided into four main parts. In the first part a picture of the current civil litigation landscape is provided by focusing on whether there is a truly Nordic form of civil litigation, the current state of Nordic civil litigation, the recent major reforms of civil procedure legislation and the effects of Europeanization. In the second part, the way rules on court-connected mediation have been implemented and practiced in the Nordic countries is discussed. The authors offer their insights on why court-connected mediation has not been fully embraced by Nordic lawyers and the Nordic approach to this type of mediation is contrasted with the Austrian and German approaches. In the third part, recent developments affecting access to justice in the Nordic countries are discussed. Among the topics are changes in legal aid schemes, the impact of recent civil procedure law reforms, hindrances for larger companies to use litigation as a method of dispute resolution and differences in costs and delays. Additionally, Alternative Dispute Resolution and Class or Group Actions are explored as methods to enhance access to justice. The potential adverse effects of Alternative Dispute Resolution and Group Actions are also examined, both in a Nordic and European context. In the final part, conclusions are drawn from both historical and future-oriented perspectives.
This Springer Brief examines the tools based on attack graphs that help reveal network hardening threats. Existing tools detail all possible attack paths leading to critical network resources. Though no current tool provides a direct solution to remove the threats, they are a more efficient means of network defense than relying solely on the experience and skills of a human analyst. Key background information on attack graphs and network hardening helps readers understand the complexities of these tools and techniques. A common network hardening technique generates hardening solutions comprised of initially satisfied conditions, thereby making the solution more enforceable. Following a discussion of the complexity issues in this technique, the authors provide an improved technique that considers the dependencies between hardening options and employs a near-optimal approximation algorithm to scale linearly with the size of the inputs. Also included are automated solutions for hardening a network against sophisticated multi-step intrusions. Network Hardening: An Automated Approach to Improving Network Security is a valuable resource for researchers and professionals working in network security. It is also a useful tool for advanced-level students focused on security in computer science and electrical engineering.
The highly successful Reviews of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology continue to offer high-quality, in-depth reviews covering the full range of modern physiology, biochemistry and pharmacology. Leading researchers are specially invited to provide a complete understanding of the key topics in these archetypal multidisciplinary fields. In a form immediately useful to scientists, this periodical aims to filter, highlight and review the latest developments in these rapidly advancing fields.
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