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Statistical Learning from a Regression Perspective

by Richard A. Berk

This textbook considers statistical learning applications when interest centers on the conditional distribution of the response variable, given a set of predictors, and when it is important to characterize how the predictors are related to the response. As a first approximation, this can be seen as an extension of nonparametric regression. This fully revised new edition includes important developments over the past 8 years. Consistent with modern data analytics, it emphasizes that a proper statistical learning data analysis derives from sound data collection, intelligent data management, appropriate statistical procedures, and an accessible interpretation of results. A continued emphasis on the implications for practice runs through the text. Among the statistical learning procedures examined are bagging, random forests, boosting, support vector machines and neural networks. Response variables may be quantitative or categorical. As in the first edition, a unifying theme is supervised learning that can be treated as a form of regression analysis. Key concepts and procedures are illustrated with real applications, especially those with practical implications. A principal instance is the need to explicitly take into account asymmetric costs in the fitting process. For example, in some situations false positives may be far less costly than false negatives. Also provided is helpful craft lore such as not automatically ceding data analysis decisions to a fitting algorithm. In many settings, subject-matter knowledge should trump formal fitting criteria. Yet another important message is to appreciate the limitation of one's data and not apply statistical learning procedures that require more than the data can provide. The material is written for upper undergraduate level and graduate students in the social and life sciences and for researchers who want to apply statistical learning procedures to scientific and policy problems. The author uses this book in a course on modern regression for the social, behavioral, and biological sciences. Intuitive explanations and visual representations are prominent. All of the analyses included are done in R with code routinely provided.

Epilepsy and Intellectual Disabilities

by Vee P. Prasher Mike Kerr

This second edition of a successful book provides updated clinical and research knowledge, including information on the licensing of new antiepileptic drugs. All chapters are updated to reflect present accepted practice. New chapters highlighting the importance of the genetic aspects of epilepsy, nonpharmacological treatments, and the impact of epilepsy on families and carers have been added. Ongoing developments in the general population, which will more likely than not become relevant to the intellectually disabled population, are discussed. The impact of epilepsy on the person themselves and their carers is acknowledged, and person-centred treatment programs with a multifaceted team approach are proposed. This book is aimed at physicians and residents in neurology and pediatrics, as well as other practitioners working with this population, such as neuropsychologists. Epilepsy and Intellectual Disabilities, Second Edition is recommended reading for all those caring for this important group of individuals.

Developing Bots with Microsoft Bots Framework

by Ritesh Modi Srikanth Machiraju

Develop Intelligent Bots using Microsoft Bot framework (C# and Node. js), Visual Studio Enterprise & Code, Microsoft Azure and Cognitive Services. This book shows you how to develop great Bots, publish to Azure and register with Bot portal so that customers can connect and communicate using famous communication channels like Skype, Slack, Web and Facebook. You'll also learn how to build intelligence into Bots using Azure Cognitive Services like LUIS, OCR, Speech to Text and Web Search. Bots are the new face of user experience. Conversational User Interface provides many options to make user experience richer, innovative and engaging with email, text, buttons or voice as the medium for communication. Modern line of business applications can be replaced or associated with intelligent Bots that can use data/history combined with Machine intelligence to make user experience inclusive and exciting. With Developing Bots with Microsoft Bots Framework, you'll see just how simple Bot building can be. What You'll Learn Build Bots using MS Bot framework on Windows and Non-Windows platforms Publish your Bot to the cloud in minutes Create rich communication platforms between your application and users Apply Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning to your applications Who This Book Is For Developers and Architects who design and build modern applications or communication platforms using MS stack or open source technologies. Business Analysts and UX Specialists interested in designing and building trendy user interfaces/platforms using Bots and Azure ML

Physically Based Shader Development for Unity 2017

by Claudia Doppioslash

Benefit from the latest rendering tech developments, currently covered only in papers and talks from Siggraph, in a way any developer or technical artist using Unity can take advantage of. This book starts by introducing how shader programming works in general, the common principles of different platforms (OpenGL, Vulkan, and DirectX), and the shading languages Unity uses: Cg, GLSL, and ShaderLab. Physically Based Shader Development for Unity 2017 discusses artistic choices, presenting various techniques (such as translucency and subsurface scattering) and BRDFs (Oren-Nayar, Cook-Torrance, and Ashikhmin-Shirley), and what they can be used for. Finally you'll cover the importance of optimizing your code by developing approximations, which achieve similar end results, but are computationally cheaper. By the end of your journey you'll be able to develop the look of your game or Unity-rendered animated short so that it looks both unique and impressively realistic, thanks to your own custom lighting system. What You Will Learn Master shader programming Gain all you need to know about physically based shading Take almost full control of the shader subsystem Discover what you can achieve with that control Implement a custom physically based lighting system and examine the logic behind every choice Who This Book Is For Most game developers (both indie and AA) that use Unity and technical artists who are responsible for the final look of a game.

Programming PIC Microcontrollers with XC8

by Armstrong Subero

Learn how to use microcontrollers without all the frills and math. This book uses a practical approach to show you how to develop embedded systems with 8 bit PIC microcontrollers using the XC8 compiler. It's your complete guide to understanding modern PIC microcontrollers. Are you tired of copying and pasting code into your embedded projects? Do you want to write your own code from scratch for microcontrollers and understand what your code is doing? Do you want to move beyond the Arduino? Then Programming PIC Microcontrollers with XC8 is for you! Written for those who want more than an Arduino, but less than the more complex microcontrollers on the market, PIC microcontrollers are the next logical step in your journey. You'll also see the advantage that MPLAB X offers by running on Windows, MAC and Linux environments. You don't need to be a command line expert to work with PIC microcontrollers, so you can focus less on setting up your environment and more on your application. What You'll Learn Set up the MPLAB X and XC8 compilers for microcontroller development Use GPIO and PPS Review EUSART and Software UART communications Use the eXtreme Low Power (XLP) options of PIC microcontrollers Explore wireless communications with WiFi and Bluetooth Who This Book Is For Those with some basic electronic device and some electronic equipment and knowledge. This book assumes knowledge of the C programming language and basic knowledge of digital electronics though a basic overview is given for both. A complete newcomer can follow along, but this book is heavy on code, schematics and images and focuses less on the theoretical aspects of using microcontrollers. This book is also targeted to students wanting a practical overview of microcontrollers outside of the classroom.

Introduction to Python for Engineers and Scientists

by Sandeep Nagar

Familiarize yourself with the basics of Python for engineering and scientific computations using this concise, practical tutorial that is focused on writing code to learn concepts. Introduction to Python is useful for industry engineers, researchers, and students who are looking for open-source solutions for numerical computation. In this book you will learn by doing, avoiding technical jargon, which makes the concepts easy to learn. First you'll see how to run basic calculations, absorbing technical complexities incrementally as you progress toward advanced topics. Throughout, the language is kept simple to ensure that readers at all levels can grasp the concepts. What You'll Learn Understand the fundamentals of the Python programming language Apply Python to numerical computational programming projects in engineering and science Discover the Pythonic way of life Apply data types, operators, and arrays Carry out plotting for visualization Work with functions and loops Who This Book Is For Engineers, scientists, researchers, and students who are new to Python. Some prior programming experience would be helpful but not required.

Java EE Web Application Primer

by Dave Wolf A. J. Henley

Build an online messaging app using Java Servlets, JSP, Expression Language, JSTL, JPQL, Sessions/Cookies, HTML/CSS/JavaScript, and the Bootstrap framework. This book explains Java EE, along with its associated technologies making it perfect for those with at least basic programming experience in Java or C. Java EE Web Application Primer teaches you how to develop complete web applications using Oracle as the database. By the end of the book you will have developed an online messaging app like Twitter. From there you can create other applications such as an online survey tool. What You'll Learn Build a Twitter-like web application called Bullhorn using Java, Oracle, and more Create web applications using Eclipse Design web pages with HTML forms, tables, and more Use SQL along with Java and Oracle for database accessibility Connect to a database using the Java Persistence APIs Create dynamic web pages with JavaScript, JSP, and the tag libraries Get web pages to stand out with Bootstrap, jQuery, and CSS Who This Book Is For Those with at least basic programming experience in Java or C.

Pro Deep Learning with TensorFlow

by Santanu Pattanayak

Deploy deep learning solutions in production with ease using TensorFlow. You'll also develop the mathematical understanding and intuition required to invent new deep learning architectures and solutions on your own. Pro Deep Learning with TensorFlow provides practical, hands-on expertise so you can learn deep learning from scratch and deploy meaningful deep learning solutions. This book will allow you to get up to speed quickly using TensorFlow and to optimize different deep learning architectures. All of the practical aspects of deep learning that are relevant in any industry are emphasized in this book. You will be able to use the prototypes demonstrated to build new deep learning applications. The code presented in the book is available in the form of iPython notebooks and scripts which allow you to try out examples and extend them in interesting ways. You will be equipped with the mathematical foundation and scientific knowledge to pursue research in this field and give back to the community. What You'll Learn Understand full stack deep learning using TensorFlow and gain a solid mathematical foundation for deep learning Deploy complex deep learning solutions in production using TensorFlow Carry out research on deep learning and perform experiments using TensorFlow Who This Book Is For Data scientists and machine learning professionals, software developers, graduate students, and open source enthusiasts

Digital Storytelling

by Tricia Jenkins Mark Dunford

This edited collection brings together academics and practitioners to explore the uses of Digital Storytelling, which places the greatest possible emphasis on the voice of the storyteller. Case studies are used as a platform to investigate questions of concept, theory and practice, and to shine an interrogative light on this emergent form of participatory media. The collection examines the creative and academic roots of Digital Storytelling before drawing on a range of international examples to consider the way in which the practice has established itself and evolved in different settings across the world.

The Precarious Diasporas of Sikh and Ahmadiyya Generations

by Michael Nijhawan

This book examines the long-term effects of violence on the everyday cultural and religious practices of a younger generation of Ahmadis and Sikhs in Frankfurt, Germany and Toronto, Canada. Comparative in scope and the first to discuss contemporary articulations of Sikh and Ahmadiyya identities within a single frame of reference, the book assembles a significant range of empirical data gathered over ten years of ethnographic fieldwork. In its focus on precarious sites of identity formation, the volume engages with cutting-edge theories in the fields of critical diaspora studies, migration and refugee studies, religion, secularism, and politics. It presents a novel approach to the reading of Ahmadi and Sikh subjectivities in the current climate of anti-immigrant movements and suspicion against religious others. Michael Nijhawan also offers new insights into what animates emerging movements of the youth and their attempts to reclaim forms of the spiritual and political.

White Collar Crime and Risk

by Nic Ryder

This edited collection provides an innovative and detailed analysis of the relationship between the financial crisis, risk and corruption. A large majority of the published research has concentrated on identifying the traditional factors that contributed towards the largest financial crisis since the Wall Street Crash and subsequent Great Depression. This original volume contests this, and provides the alternative view that white collar crime was also an underappreciated, and important factor. Divided into five parts: bribery and corruption; financial crime; market manipulation; technology and white collar crime; and the financial crisis, and based on contributions by a wide range of experts in the field, this book will be of great interest to policy makers and practitioners, researchers and students alike.

24-Hour Knitting Projects

by Rita Weiss

Even if you have only one hour a day to devote to knitting, you can make any one of these chic patterns in less than a month! Twenty-four quick and easy projects for knitters at all skill levels include shawls, hats, sweaters, afghans, and other items. The simple instructions will appeal to beginners, and advanced knitters will appreciate the chance to whip up a variety of keepsakes and gift items.Full-color photographs of the finished products illustrate the complete, easy-to-follow instructions, and a helpful "Refresher Course" covers everything from casting on to weaving in ends. Stylish and practical projects include Snazzy Scarves, Boudoir Afghan, Yummy Throw, Pocket Shawl, Snappy Scrappy Purse, plus an exciting variety of sporty caps and cozy tops.

24-Hour Quilting Projects

by Rita Weiss

It doesn't have to take months or years to make a quilt - believe it or not, these patterns require only 24 hours or less! Whether you're an absolute beginner or an experienced quilter, these simple instructions for 20 projects offer everything you need to know from start to finish. You'll discover innovative, time-saving techniques that make fast work of cutting and sewing heirloom-quality quilts.Full-color photos illustrate directions for pinwheel layouts, zig zag arrangements, patchwork designs, and appliqué motifs. Create wall hangings, decorative throws, and traditional quilts of all sizes that will add charm to any room. This wealth of projects -- many of which can be finished in just six hours--offers designs that look as if they took months to stitch. In addition to their keepsake value, the quilts make wonderful gifts for all occasions.

The Big Brain Puzzle Book

by Terry Stickels

Give your brain a series of workouts that'll make it bigger and better! This colossal collection of more than 200 puzzles simultaneously provides a relaxing atmosphere for mental play and stimulates brain activity. Created by an internationally renowned puzzle-maker, the challenges involve creative thinking, mathematics, logic, language and wordplay, visuals, and general knowledge.Kick start your neurons at Level 1 with puzzles involving hidden words, math calculations, and logical conundrums. At Level 2, fire up your synapses with cryptograms, scrambled sentences, and visual challenges. And activate your brain at Level 3 with fill-in-the-blanks, search-a-words, magic squares, and much more. If you get stumped, an answer key with complete solutions appears at the end.

Puccini: A Listener's Guide

by John Bell Young

Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924) began his career at the end of the Romantic period and his death signaled the end of the last major age of Italian opera. During his lifetime and in posterity, the composer's popularity surpassed that of his peers, and three of his works -- La bohéme, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly -- rank among the twenty-first century's ten most-performed operas. With their enchanting melodies, exotic subjects, and realistic plots, Puccini's operas continue to speak to the minds and hearts of listeners. This comprehensive exploration of Puccini's most beloved operas presents concise and entertaining overviews of the composer's works. In addition to exploring the poignant stories that inspired the operas, the guide elaborates on their musical and dramatic content. Part musical analysis and part interpretation, this book is above all a personal appreciation. In addition to offering an ideal companion for opera devotees, the accessible treatment forms an excellent introduction for novices.

Japan Sinks

by Michael Gallagher Sakyo Komatsu

"A chillingly realistic work of science fiction." - The New York Times.After dropping anchor for the night near a small island to the south of Japan, a crew of fishermen awaken to find that the island has vanished without a trace. An investigating scientist theorizes that the tiny island has succumbed to the same force that divided the Japanese archipelago from the mainland - and that the disastrous shifting of a fault in the Japan Trench has placed the entire country in danger of being swallowed by the sea.Based on rigorous scientific speculation, Japan Sinks recounts a completely credible series of geological events. The story unfolds from multiple points of view, offering fascinating perspectives on the catastrophe's political, social, and psychological effects. Winner of the Mystery Writers of Japan Award and the Seiun Award, this prescient 1973 science-fiction novel foreshadowed the consequences of the 1995 Osaka-Kobe earthquake and the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami.

Chicago Stories

by James Daley

America's Second City abounds in literary talent, and this anthology spotlights writers associated with Chicago as well as tales that take the Midwestern metropolis as their setting. Contributors include Richard Wright, Saul Bellow, James T. Farrell, Edna Ferber, Zane Grey, and many others. George Ade's "The Judge's Son" offers a brief character sketch in which two down-and-outers find solace in their shared suffering; "From A to Z," by Susan Glaspell, recounts an idealistic young woman's pursuit of a glamorous publishing job on Michigan Avenue; Will J. Cuppy's "The Extra Major" profiles a struggling freshman at the University of Chicago; and "Reform in the First" presents Brand Whitlock's study of Chicago politics. Additional stories include Nelson Algren's "A Bottle of Milk for Mother"; "The Fall of Edward Barnard" by W. Somerset Maugham; Stuart Dybek's "Chopin in Winter"; and other moving and thought-provoking tales.

Elasticity and Plasticity: The Mathematical Theory of Elasticity and The Mathematical Theory of Plasticity

by J. N. Goodier P. G. Hodge Jr.

This volume comprises two classic essays on the mathematical theories of elasticity and plasticity by authorities in this area of engineering science. Undergraduate and graduate students in engineering as well as professional engineers will find these works excellent texts and references. The Mathematical Theory of Elasticity covers plane stress and plane strain in the isotropic medium, holes and fillets of assignable shapes, approximate conformal mapping, reinforcement of holes, mixed boundary value problems, the third fundamental problem in two dimensions, eigensolutions for plane and axisymmetric states, anisotropic elasticity, thermal stress, elastic waves induced by thermal shock, three-dimensional contact problems, wave propagation, traveling loads and sources of disturbance, diffraction, and pulse propagation. The Mathematical Theory of Plasticity explores the theory of perfectly plastic solids, the theory of strain-hardening plastic solids, piecewise linear plasticity, minimum principles of plasticity, bending of a circular plate, and other problems.

Numbers: Histories, Mysteries, Theories

by John J. Watkins Albrecht Beutelspacher Andrea Bruder Andrea Easterday

Posing the question "What exactly is a number?" a distinguished German mathematician presents this intriguing and accessible survey. Albrecht Beutelspacher ― founder of the renowned interactive mathematics museum, Mathematikum ― characterizes the wealth of experiences that numbers have to offer. In addition, he considers the many things that can be described by numbers and discusses which numbers possess special fascinations and pose lasting mysteries. Starting with natural numbers, the book examines representations of numbers, rational and irrational numbers, transcendental numbers, and imaginary and complex numbers. Readers will explore the history of numbers from Pythagoras to Fermat and discover such practical applications as cryptography and barcodes. A thoughtful and enlightening introduction to the past, present, and future of numbers, this volume will captivate mathematicians and nonmathematicians alike.

Principles of Topology

by Fred H. Croom

Topology is a natural, geometric, and intuitively appealing branch of mathematics that can be understood and appreciated by students as they begin their study of advanced mathematical topics. Designed for a one-semester introduction to topology at the undergraduate and beginning graduate levels, this text is accessible to students familiar with multivariable calculus. Rigorous but not abstract, the treatment emphasizes the geometric nature of the subject and the applications of topological ideas to geometry and mathematical analysis.Customary topics of point-set topology include metric spaces, general topological spaces, continuity, topological equivalence, basis, subbasis, connectedness, compactness, separation properties, metrization, subspaces, product spaces, and quotient spaces. In addition, the text introduces geometric, differential, and algebraic topology. Each chapter includes historical notes to put important developments into their historical framework. Exercises of varying degrees of difficulty form an essential part of the text.

Algebraic Logic

by Paul R. Halmos

Beginning with an introduction to the concepts of algebraic logic, this concise volume features ten articles by a prominent mathematician that originally appeared in journals from 1954 to 1959. Covering monadic and polyadic algebras, these articles are essentially self-contained and accessible to a general mathematical audience, requiring no specialized knowledge of algebra or logic.Part One addresses monadic algebras, with articles on general theory, representation, and freedom. Part Two explores polyadic algebras, progressing from general theory and terms to equality. Part Three offers three items on polyadic Boolean algebras, including a survey of predicates, terms, operations, and equality. The book concludes with an additional bibliography and index.

The Theory and Practice of Conformal Geometry

by Steven G. Krantz

In this original text, prolific mathematics author Steven G. Krantz addresses conformal geometry, a subject that has occupied him for four decades and for which he helped to develop some of the modern theory. This book takes readers with a basic grounding in complex variable theory to the forefront of some of the current approaches to the topic. "Along the way," the author notes in his Preface, "the reader will be exposed to some beautiful function theory and also some of the rudiments of geometry and analysis that make this subject so vibrant and lively."More up-to-date and accessible to advanced undergraduates than most of the other books available in this specific field, the treatment discusses the history of this active and popular branch of mathematics as well as recent developments. Topics include the Riemann mapping theorem, invariant metrics, normal families, automorphism groups, the Schwarz lemma, harmonic measure, extremal length, analytic capacity, and invariant geometry. A helpful Bibliography and Index complete the text.

The Story of American Railroads: From the Iron Horse to the Diesel Locomotive

by Stewart H. Holbrook

This richly comprehensive history by a self-proclaimed "low-brow" historian features more than 100 photographs and contemporary prints of America's railway system. Stewart H. Holbrook presents a dramatic, highly readable chronicle of the development of the backbone of the country's commerce and industry. Abounding in episodes of ingenuity and achievement, the growth of the railway system required constant improvements in techniques, devices, and machines, from the first wood burner that traveled on wooden rails to modern streamliners and diesel-powered giants. In addition to technological innovations, the colossal enterprise required courage and resolve to battle challenges posed by nature as well as by political maneuvering and corruption. This fascinating survey draws upon many hitherto unknown original sources and new data, in addition to firsthand accounts from hundreds of brakemen, conductors, engineers, and other railroad employees. Sound and authoritative, it constitutes a definitive history of America's railroads.

Early Poems

by Ezra Pound

American poet Ezra Pound (1885-1972) was among the most influential literary figures of the twentieth century. As a poet, he founded the Imagist movement (c. 1909-17), which advocated the use of precise, concrete images in a free-verse setting. As an editor, he fostered the careers of William Butler Yeats, T. S. Eliot, and Robert Frost. As a force in the literary world, he championed James Joyce and Wyndham Lewis. Pound also helped to create a modern movement in poetry in which, in T. S. Eliot's words, "English and American poets collaborated, knew each other's works, and influenced each other."Long an expatriate, Pound's questionable political activities during World War II distracted many from the value of his literary work. Nevertheless, his status as a major American poet has never been in doubt, as this choice collection of fifty-seven early poems amply proves. Here are poems -- including a number not found in other anthologies -- from Personae (1909), Exultations (1909), Ripostes (1912), and Cathay (1915) as well as selections from his major sequence "Hugh Selwyn Mauberley" (1920).

Classical Ornament

by C. Thierry

This rare collection, originally published in Germany during the 1860s, presents a wealth of designs from temples and other buildings of ancient Greece and Rome. The seventy-one black-and-white plates include mythological creatures, floral borders, engraved columns and capitals, and many other decorative motifs, all rendered with the delicacy and precision characteristic of classical ornament.A valuable source of royalty-free illustrations, this compilation abounds in images that will provide a touch of authenticity to any graphic project related to ancient Greece or Rome. Fine art aficionados, crafters and designers, and collectors of classical art will rejoice in this inexpensive volume and its hard-to-find artwork.

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