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Designing Embedded Systems with Arduino

by Yi Zhu Tianhong Pan

In this DIY guide, you will learn how to use Arduino - the open-source hardware board for makers, hobbyists, and inventors. You will learn how to develop your own projects, create prototypes, and produce professional-quality embedded systems. A simple step-by-step demonstration system accompanies you from vision to reality - and just like riding a bike, you'll get better at it, the more you do it. Featuring a wealth of detailed diagrams and more than 50 fully functional examples, this book will help you get the most out of this versatile tool and bring your electronic inventions to life.

Patient Involvement in Health Technology Assessment

by Ann N.V. Single Helle Ploug Hansen Karen M. Facey

This is the first book to offer a comprehensive guide to involving patients in health technology assessment (HTA). Defining patient involvement as patient participation in the HTA process and research into patient aspects, this book includes detailed explanations of approaches to participation and research, as well as case studies. Patient Involvement in HTA enables researchers, postgraduate students, HTA professionals and experts in the HTA community to study these complementary ways of taking account of patients' knowledge, experiences, needs and preferences. Part I includes chapters discussing the ethical rationale, terminology, patient-based evidence, participation and patient input. Part II sets out methodology including: Qualitative Evidence Synthesis, Discrete Choice Experiments, Analytical Hierarchy Processes, Ethnographic Fieldwork, Deliberative Methods, Social Media Analysis, Patient-Reported Outcome Measures, patients as collaborative research partners and evaluation. Part III contains 15 case studies setting out current activities by HTA bodies on five continents, health technology developers and patient organisations. Each part includes discussion chapters from leading experts in patient involvement. A final chapter reflects on the need to clearly define the goals for patient involvement within the context of the HTA to identify the optimal approach. With cohesive contributions from more than 80 authors from a variety of disciplines around the globe, it is hoped this book will serve as a catalyst for collaboration to further develop patient involvement to improve HTA. "If you're not involving patients, you're not doing HTA!" - Dr. Brian O'Rourke, President and CEO of CADTH, Chair of INAHTA

Hurricane Monitoring With Spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar

by Xiaofeng Li

This book discusses in detail the science and morphology of powerful hurricane detection systems. It broadly addresses new approaches to monitoring hazards using freely available images from the European Space Agency's (ESA's) Sentinel-1 SAR satellite and benchmarks a new interdisciplinary field at the interface between oceanography, meteorology and remote sensing. Following the launch of the first European Space Agency (ESA) operational synthetic aperture radar satellite, Sentinel-1, in 2014, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data has been freely available on the Internet hub in real-time. This advance allows weather forecasters to view hurricanes in fine detail for the first time. As a result, the number of synthetic aperture radar research scientists working in this field is set to grow exponentially in the next decade; the book is a valuable resource for this large and budding audience.

Silica Aerogel Composites

by Mahesh Sachithanadam Sunil Chandrakant Joshi

This book explores the improvement in thermal insulation properties of protein-based silica aerogel composites fabricated by a novel, inexpensive and feasiblemethod. The resulting material exhibits polymeric foam behavior including high compressibility, super-hydrophobic qualities and excellent strain recovery in addition to low thermal conductivity. The fabrication methodologies are explained in great detail and represented in flowcharts for easy reference and understanding. This monograph gives readers a new perspective on composite fabrication using methods other than the traditional ones and explores the endless ways of altering the composition to modify the properties of the silica aerogel composites. Applications for this novel composite are diverse and range from those in the pharmaceutical and aerospace industries to the oil and gas industries.

Design of Video Quality Metrics with Multi-Way Data Analysis

by Christian Keimel

This book proposes a data-driven methodology using multi-way data analysis for the design of video-quality metrics. It also enables video- quality metrics to be created using arbitrary features. This data- driven design approach not only requires no detailed knowledge of the human visual system, but also allows a proper consideration of the temporal nature of video using a three-way prediction model, corresponding to the three-way structure of video. Using two simple example metrics, the author demonstrates not only that this purely data- driven approach outperforms state-of-the-art video-quality metrics, which are often optimized for specific properties of the human visual system, but also that multi-way data analysis methods outperform the combination of two-way data analysis methods and temporal pooling.

Rising to the Challenge of Transforming Higher Education

by Alan Bain Lucia Zundans-Fraser

Creating a successful and distinctive approach to learning and teaching at scale is a challenge facing all universities. This brief presents the Self-Organizing University (SOU), a transformational whole-of-organization solution for the design, delivery, and evaluation of learning and teaching in all its forms. It describes the elements of the SOU approach along with the implementation process and expected outcomes. It also explains the rationale and research base for each element of the model and how they are connected to create a university-wide model of learning and teaching. It includes guidance for anyone responsible for institutional improvement in the learning and teaching space.

Elements of Plasma Technology

by Chiow San Wong Rattachat Mongkolnavin

This book presents some fundamental aspects of plasma technologythat are important for beginners interested to start research in the area ofplasma technology. These include the properties of plasma, methods of plasmageneration and basic plasma diagnostic techniques. It also discusses severallow cost plasma devices, including pulsed plasma sources such as plasma focus,pulsed capillary discharge, vacuum spark and exploding wire; as well as lowtemperature plasmas such as glow discharge and dielectric barrier dischargewhich the authors believe may have potential applications in industry. Thetreatments are experimental rather than theoretical, although some theoreticalbackground is provided where appropriate. The principles of operation of thesedevices are also reviewed and discussed.

Organisational Justice and Citizenship Behaviour in Malaysia

by Hooi Lai Wan

This book presents the current state of knowledge concerning developments in organisational behaviour and human capital management in the new millennium. It features an in-depth study among managerial staff in the manufacturing sector in Malaysia to reflect employee perceptions of organisational justice, organisational citizenship behaviour, job satisfaction and manager-employee exchanges. Specifically, it seeks to establish the relationships between these constructs to better manage human capital. With globalisation and the increased career mobility of young talents, organisational citizenship behaviour is of paramount importance in order to retain these workers. The study's greatest contribution is its identification of key indicators that influence organisational citizenship behaviour. Knowing which type of organisational justice is salient for each construct allows the management to proactively improve conditions at the workplace. In essence, this book is intended to draw attention to those aspects of managing human capital that ought to receive the most attention, but are often overlooked in practice. In light of ongoing global challenges, it seeks to improve governance at the workplace. It offers a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners alike, as well as graduate students writing their dissertations.

Differential Equations with Involutions

by Alberto Cabada F. Adrián F. Tojo

This monograph covers the existing results regarding Green's functions for differential equations with involutions (DEI). The first part of the book is devoted to the study of the most useful aspects of involutions from an analytical point of view and the associated algebras of differential operators. The work combines the state of the art regarding the existence and uniqueness results for DEI and new theorems describing how to obtain Green's functions, proving that the theory can be extended to operators (not necessarily involutions) of a similar nature, such as the Hilbert transform or projections, due to their analogous algebraic properties. Obtaining a Green's function for these operators leads to new results on the qualitative properties of the solutions, in particular maximum and antimaximum principles.

Thermomechanics of Composite Structures under High Temperatures

by Yu. I. Dimitrienko

Thispioneering book presents new models for the thermomechanical behavior ofcomposite materials and structures taking into account internalphysico-chemical transformations such as thermodecomposition, sublimation andmelting at high temperatures (up to 3000 K). It is of great importance forthe design of new thermostable materials and for the investigation ofreliability and fire safety of composite structures. It also supports theinvestigation of interaction of composites with laser irradiation and thedesign of heat-shield systems. Structural methods are presented for calculating the effective mechanical andthermal properties of matrices, fibres and unidirectional, reinforced bydispersed particles and textile composites, in terms of properties of their constituentphases. Useful calculation methods are developed for characteristics such asthe rate of thermomechanical erosion of composites under high-speed flow andthe heat deformation of composites with account of chemical shrinkage. The author expansively compares modeling results with experimental data, andreaders will find unique experimental results on mechanical and thermalproperties of composites under temperatures up to 3000 K. Chapters show how thebehavior of composite shells under high temperatures is simulated by thefinite-element method and so cylindrical and axisymmetric composite shells andcomposite plates are investigated under local high-temperature heating.

Proceedings of the International Conference on Soft Computing Systems

by Bijaya Ketan Panigrahi L Padma Suresh

The book is a collection of high-quality peer-reviewed research papers presented in International Conference on Soft Computing Systems (ICSCS 2015) held at Noorul Islam Centre for Higher Education, Chennai, India. These research papers provide the latest developments in the emerging areas of Soft Computing in Engineering and Technology. The book is organized in two volumes and discusses a wide variety of industrial, engineering and scientific applications of the emerging techniques. It presents invited papers from the inventors/originators of new applications and advanced technologies.

Genetic Manipulation in Plants for Mitigation of Climate Change

by Pawan Kumar Jaiwal Rana Pratap Singh Om Parkash Dhankher

This book presents a detailed overview and critical evaluation of the state of the art and latest approaches in genetic manipulation studies on plants to mitigate the impact of climate change on growth and productivity. Each chapter has been written by experts in plant-stress biology and highlights the involvement of a variety of genes/pathways and their regulation in abiotic stress, recent advances in molecular breeding (identification of tightly liked markers, QTLs/genes), transgenesis (introduction of exogenous genes or changing the expression of endogenous stress- responsive genes) and genomics approaches that have made it easier to identify and isolate several key genes involved in abiotic stress such as drought, water lodging/flooding, extreme temperatures, salinity and heavy-metal toxicity. Food and nutritional security has emerged as a major global challenge due to expanding populations, and cultivated areas becoming less productive as a result of extreme climatic changes adversely affecting the quantity and quality of plants. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop crop varieties resilient to abiotic stress to ensure food security and combat increased input costs, low yields and the marginalization of land. The role of GM crops in poverty alleviation, nutrition and health in developing countries and their feasibility in times of climate change are also discussed. Recent advances in gene technologies have shown t he potential for faster, more targeted crop improvements by transferring genes across the sexual barriers. The book is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, students, planners and industrialists working in the area of biotechnology, plant agriculture, agronomy, horticulture, plant physiology, molecular biology, plant sciences and environmental sciences.

Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems

by Nak-Young Chong Young-Jo Cho

This volume of proceedings includes 32 original contributions presented at the 12th International Symposium on Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems (DARS 2014), held in November 2014. The selected papers in this volume are authored by leading researchers from Asia, Australia, Europe, and the Americas, thereby providing a broad coverage and perspective of the state-of-the-art technologies, algorithms, system architectures, and applications in distributed robotic systems.

Heat Shock Factor

by Akira Nakai

This book presents a large amount of information related to the heat shock response and heat shock factor (HSF), describes core observations about molecular mechanisms and pathophysiological roles, and provides fundamental concepts on the basis of information from diverse aspects. This adaptive response to high temperature or protein misfolding is a fundamental mechanism to maintain the capacity of protein homeostasis, or proteostasis, and is evolutionally conserved among all living organisms, including bacteria and humans, on the earth. Furthermore, physiological and pathological roles of HSF have been extensively studied in fruit fly, worm, and mouse models. It has been revealed that HSF plays roles in development of the brain, reproductive and sensory organs, and in ageing, inflammation, and circadian rhythm. Analysis of the mechanisms have uncovered that HSF exerts a wide range of effects on gene expression and epigenetic status on the whole genome. Moreover, loss or gain of HSF function is also closely related to protein-misfolding diseases including neurodegenerative diseases, psychiatric diseases, heart diseases, and cancers. Therefore, HSF is now thought to be a promising therapeutic target for treatment of these refractory diseases. For undergraduate students, this is a highly understandable source of information on heart shock response and HSF, covering the basis of HSF biology, the physiological role of HSF, and disease associated with HSF function. This book not only serves as a guide to the heat shock response and HSF for students and young researchers in other fields, but also is a cornerstone for future work in the field related to the heat shock response and HSF.

Radiological Issues for Fukushima's Revitalized Future

by Tomoyuki Takahashi

This book overviews environmental issues 4 years after the Fukushima nuclear accident, covering a wide range of areas related to radiation and radioactivity. The topics discussed are necessary to make clear the relationship between the results of research and Fukushima's revitalized future. The chapters are divided into four parts: Part 1 presents the identification of radionuclides in soil and migration of radionuclides in the terrestrial environment; Part 2 describes the safety decontamination system and treatment of radioactive waste; Part 3 explains the development of the system of measurement of environmental radiation and evaluation of external exposure; and Part 4 discusses the identification of radionuclides in farm products, control of root uptake, identification of decreasing radionuclides by food processing, and evaluation of internal exposure. Since the accident at the Tokyo Electric Power Company's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station in 2011, gradual steps have been taken toward environmental recovery in the area. However, there are still many issues that need to be tackled in order to achieve the full revitalization of Fukushima. These issues encompass many different disciplines such as economics, psychology, and sociology. In this kind of situation, the role of science in relation to radiation and radioactivity is especially important. This book aims to contribute to planning countermeasures against nuclear disasters in the future. It will be of particular interest to governmental officials who are engaged with the Fukushima nuclear accident; researchers, including those in international sectors, who are interested in radiological issues; and those who need comprehensive and reliable information about the Fukushima accident.

Modern Methodology and Applications in Spatial-Temporal Modeling

by Gareth William Peters Tomoko Matsui

​This book provides a modern introductory tutorial on specialized methodological and applied aspects of spatial and temporal modeling. The areas covered involve a range of topics which reflect the diversity of this domain of research across a number of quantitative disciplines. For instance, the first chapter deals with non-parametric Bayesian inference via a recently developed framework known as kernel mean embedding which has had a significant influence in machine learning disciplines. The second chapter takes up non-parametric statistical methods for spatial field reconstruction and exceedance probability estimation based on Gaussian process-based models in the context of wireless sensor network data. The third chapter presents signal-processing methods applied to acoustic mood analysis based on music signal analysis. The fourth chapter covers models that are applicable to time series modeling in the domain of speech and language processing. This includes aspects of factor analysis, independent component analysis in an unsupervised learning setting. The chapter moves on to include more advanced topics on generalized latent variable topic models based on hierarchical Dirichlet processes which recently have been developed in non-parametric Bayesian literature. The final chapter discusses aspects of dependence modeling, primarily focusing on the role of extreme tail-dependence modeling, copulas, and their role in wireless communications system models.

Theoretical Aspects of Spatial-Temporal Modeling

by Gareth William Peters Tomoko Matsui

This book provides a modern introductory tutorial on specialized theoretical aspects of spatial and temporal modeling. The areas covered involve a range of topics which reflect the diversity of this domain of research across a number of quantitative disciplines. For instance, the first chapter provides up-to-date coverage of particle association measures that underpin the theoretical properties of recently developed random set methods in space and time otherwise known as the class of probability hypothesis density framework (PHD filters). The second chapter gives an overview of recent advances in Monte Carlo methods for Bayesian filtering in high-dimensional spaces. In particular, the chapter explains how one may extend classical sequential Monte Carlo methods for filtering and static inference problems to high dimensions and big-data applications. The third chapter presents an overview of generalized families of processes that extend the class of Gaussian process models to heavy-tailed families known as alpha-stable processes. In particular, it covers aspects of characterization via the spectral measure of heavy-tailed distributions and then provides an overview of their applications in wireless communications channel modeling. The final chapter concludes with an overview of analysis for probabilistic spatial percolation methods that are relevant in the modeling of graphical networks and connectivity applications in sensor networks, which also incorporate stochastic geometry features.

Indexation and Causation of Financial Markets

by Yoko Tanokura Genshiro Kitagawa

​This book presents a new statistical method of constructing a price index of a financial asset where the price distributions are skewed and heavy-tailed and investigates the effectiveness of the method. In order to fully reflect the movements of prices or returns on a financial asset, the index should reflect their distributions. However, they are often heavy-tailed and possibly skewed, and identifying them directly is not easy. This book first develops an index construction method depending on the price distributions, by using nonstationary time series analysis. Firstly, the long-term trend of the distributions of the optimal Box-Cox transformed prices is estimated by fitting a trend model with time-varying observation noises. By applying state space modeling, the estimation is performed and missing observations are automatically interpolated. Finally, the index is defined by taking the inverse Box-Cox transformation of the optimal long-term trend. This book applies the method to various financial data. For example, applying it to the sovereign credit default swap market where the number of observations varies over time due to the immaturity, the spillover effects of the financial crisis are detected by using the power contribution analysis measuring the information flows between indices. The investigations show that applying this method to the markets with insufficient information such as fast-growing or immature markets can be effective.

Modern Classical Economics and Reality

by Theodore Mariolis Lefteris Tsoulfidis

This book presents an in-depth, novel, and mathematically rigorous treatment of the modern classical theory of value based on the spectral analysis of the price-profit-wage rate system. The classical theory is also subjected to empirical testing to show its logical consistency and explanatory content with respect to observed phenomena and key economic policy issues related to various multiplier processes. In this context, there is an examination of the trajectories of relative prices when the distributive variables change, both theoretically and empirically, using actual input-output data from a number of quite divers e economies. It is suggested that the actual economies do not behave like the parable of a one-commodity world of the traditional neoclassical theory, which theorizes the relative scarcities of "goods and production factors" as the fundamental determinants of relative prices and their movement. By contrast, the results of the empirical analysis are fully consistent with the modern classical theory, which makes the intersectoral structure of production and the way in which net output is distributed amongst its claimants the fundamental determinants of price magnitudes. At the same time, however, these results indicate that only a few vertically integrated industries ("industry core" or "hyper-basic industries") are enough to shape the behaviour of the entire economy in the case of a disturbance. This fact is reduced to the skew distribution of the eigenvalues of the matrices of vertically integrated technical coefficients and reveals that, across countries and over time, the effective dimensions of actual economies are surprisingly low. Normal 0 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE />

Cluster-based Localization and Tracking in Ubiquitous Computing Systems

by Anibal Ollero Arturo Torres-González Alberto de San Bernabé-Clemente José Ramiro Martínez-de Dios

Localization and tracking are key functionalities in ubiquitous computing systems and techniques. In recent years a very high variety of approaches, sensors and techniques for indoor and GPS-denied environments have been developed. This book briefly summarizes the current state of the art in localization and tracking in ubiquitous computing systems focusing on cluster-based schemes. Additionally, existing techniques for measurement integration, node inclusion/exclusion and cluster head selection are also described in this book.

Web and Internet Economics

by Evangelos Markakis Guido Schäfer

This bookconstitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 11th InternationalConference on Web and Internet Economics, WINE 2015, held in Amsterdam, TheNetherlands, in December 2015. The 30 regular papers presented together with 8abstracts were carefully reviewed and selected from 142 submissions and coverresults on incentives and computation in theoretical computer science,artificial intelligence, and microeconomics.

Functional Genomics and Biotechnology in Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae Crops

by Hiroshi Ezura Tohru Ariizumi Jordi Garcia-Mas Jocelyn Rose

This volume summarizes recent technological advances in the design and engineering of Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae crops. It begins with contributions on the tomato and melon genome sequence, databases for Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae research, DNA markers in the breeding of the two families, and mutant resources and TILLING platforms in tomato research. Subsequent chapters address the use of molecular techniques for the modification of important breeding traits, such as tomato fruit set, growth, ripening, and sugar accumulation, as well as disease and insect resistance in melons. The volume closes with chapters on genome editing using artificial nucleases as a future breeding tool, and on the development of an in silico crop design system. It offers a valuable resource for plant breeders, molecular biologists, and agronomists.

Management of Knee Osteoarthritis in the Younger, Active Patient

by David A. Parker

This book is a rich source of practical guidance on the management of relatively young patients with osteoarthritis of the knee that will assist physicians and allied health professionals in enabling patients to remain active and sustain their quality of life. It provides up-to-date knowledge on the available treatment options, describes the evidence base for each option, and identifies the appropriate timing and indications. The book opens by considering the basic science behind osteoarthritis, which is critical to management. The many nonsurgical treatment modalities are then discussed, with particular focus on the importance of a multidisciplinary approach. Subsequent chapters address the role of surgical management, covering both techniques that attempt to preserve and possibly restore the native knee joint, such as meniscal and chondral surgery, arthroscopic debridement, and osteotomy for realignment of the joint, and those that involve joint replacement. The arthroplasty component of the text encompasses all areas of prosthetic resurfacing, including localized resurfacing, unicompartmental replacement, and total knee replacement. The book has been produced in cooperation with ISAKOS and the authors constitute an international faculty who provide a truly global perspective on the subject.

The Quintessence of Supply Chain Management

by Rolf G. Poluha

This book describes the fundamentals of Supply Chain Management in clear and concise terms. It explains why in the near future real competition is going to be between supply chains and what the consequences will be. Managers and decision-makers will be able to build on their business's competitive advantage with the essentials provided in this work. The focus here is upon what you really need to know in order to optimally manage your processes in procurement, manufacturing, warehousing and logistics. In addition to a wealth of illustrations and examples, valuable suggestions for further expansive reading are included. Essential insights are provided into how to analyse and evaluate the supply chain, based upon key aspects from research and practice, which helps readers to initiate their own optimisation processes.

Business Project Management and Marketing

by Michael Kleinaltenkamp Wulff Plinke Ingmar Geiger

Marketing and implementing large-volume orders and major projects calls for specific types of expertise. This textbook deals with all of the management tasks involved: order management, inquiry evaluation and proposal preparation, pricing and revenue planning, order financing and financial engineering, contract management, negotiation management, project management, and finally project cooperation. Adopting a cross-sector perspective, it examines both traditional manufacturing industries and business-to-business services. All contributions are presented in an accessible style, making the book well-suited as both a managerial textbook and valuable practical guide.

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