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Includes the Aerial Warfare In Europe During World War II illustrations pack with over 200 maps, plans, and photos.David Moore Cook, or DMC to his friends and colleagues, was one of the valiant "Few" who flew and fought against the Luftwaffe in the summer and autumn of 1940 during the Battle of Britain. A native of Huddersfield, he joined 609 (West Riding) Squadron before the war, the squadron was posted to RAF Middle Wallop in Hampshire north of the vital ports of Southampton and Portsmouth, and was tasked with protection of the English coast. In this gripping account of the combats that raged in the skies above the British mainland, DMC is very modest of his own achievements, which had led by November 1940 to 6 confirmed victories. In recognition of his sterling record he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross and assigned to be a flying instructor in late 1940 to help train the pilots who would fill the depleted ranks of fighter command. Having survived the long odds of the Battle of Britain, Flight Lieutenant Crook did not survive the war, he was listed as missing in action during a routine reconnaissance mission off the coast of Scotland.
The wartime exploits of the 501st Parachute Infantry Regiment are told here in the most vivid and appropriate way; by one of the men who experienced their battles firsthand - Captain Laurence Critchell. The author fought with the men of the Screaming Eagles from the tough training at camp Toccoa, Georgia to their hellish night drop on D-Day and all the way to the capture of Hitler's mountain retreat at Berchtesgaden. During 1944-1945 the author and his comrades soldiers would be involved in some of the heaviest and bloodiest fighting in Europe, during the Operation Market Garden at Njimegen and the Battle of the Bulge at Bastogne. A gripping read of the Second World War as told by a decorated combat veteran."It is fitting that the story of the 501st Parachute Regiment of the famed 101st Airborne Division should be told by a parachute captain."--The New York Times"A personalized record, told in terms of the men of all ranks, of how they trained and fought and died... the story has an authentic ring."--U.S. Quarterly"The greatest airborne operation of this or any other war." --Lewis H. Brereton, Former Lt. General, First Allied Airborne Army, World War II
"THE GLORY AND SHAME OF WAR, VIVIDLY PORTRAYED IN A BOOK THAT IS 'ONE OF THE VERY BEST'"--F. Van Wyck MasonSuicide SquadRoss Carter was one of three men who survived the suicide stands of his platoon of paratroopers. They had a three-way destiny--to be wounded, killed, or captured. But bound together by deep comradeship and extraordinary daring, the twelve men in his unit set incredible records of heroism.Here are the unvarnished stories of ordinary men faced with the reality of death at any moment. They beef, get drunk, quarrel violently, take their women where they find them, and yet achieve an epic grandeur in their deeds."Every level of society had its representation among us. Senators' sons rubbed shoulders with ex-cowboys. Steel workers chummed up with tough guys from city slums. Farm boys, millionaires' spoiled brats, white-collar men, factory workers, ex-convicts, jailbirds, and hoboes joined for the thrill and adventure of parachute jumping. And so the army's largest collection of adventurous men congregated in the parachute troops."From their first jumps in Africa through the Battle of the Bulge, this is their story--a story filled with breathtaking suspense and inspiring gallantry.
Contains numerous maps.One of a series of monographs prepared by the Historical Division that deals with the activities of Marine Corps units in World War II, this monograph is the work of Captain Carleton. While on Okinawa he lived with the men of the Sixth Marine Division, watched them fight and listened to their accounts of the action. He was with the Twenty Ninth Marines on Motobu Peninsula, the Twenty Second Marines during the fight for Naha, and spent considerable time with the Sixth Reconnaissance Company.Most of the material in this monograph is the result of Captain Carleton's personal observations or was gained through his interviews with the officers and men who fought in the Okinawa battles.
On Christmas Day, 1943, blinded by the fury of an Arctic blizzard, encircled by enemy destroyers, the German battleship Scharnhorst fought for her life.The luck of the Scharnhorst had become a legend. In 1942 she had slipped unscathed through the Channel under the very bows of the British fleet to harry the Arctic convoy-routes. The British convoy which sailed for Murmansk on Christmas Eve, 1943, seemed a perfect target for another lightning raid. In fact it was a trap to lure the battleship into the open and then destroy her.This is the story of the Scharnhorst's dramatic sortie from her Norwegian lair.The story of a battle fought with outstanding courage against impossible odds until the most feared of all Hitler's battleships sank at last off North Cape.
An excellent, richly illustrated, account of the bloodiest phase of the Italian campaign.Here is a report--in pictures and in words--of exactly what happened to our men during the bitterest phases of the Italian campaign. This report is not based upon a hurried visit behind the lines; Margaret Bourke-White spent a full five months on the Italian front photographing, questioning, observing, and living in close association with our troops. She was not content to remain safely behind the combat area. She flew over the German lines and narrowly escaped being shot down. On the ground she came closer to the enemy lines than any woman has been before the most advanced American post around Cassino.
Includes more than 30 maps, plans and illustrationsThe fall of Singapore, the "Gibraltar of the East", struck by the Imperial Japanese troops during the lightning Malaya campaign of 1942 was a great shock to the Allied cause during the Second World War. No less a person than Prime Minister Winston Churchill assessed it as the "worst disaster" and the "largest capitulation" in British military history. 85,000 British, Indian and Australian troops were marched into the captivity with 50,000 others who had been captured already in the campaign, their fate was to be a barbaric fate in the hands of the Japanese. Their commanders were to be made scapegoats and pilloried for not stopping the disaster, but the true blame in large part lies elsewhere...Australian General Henry Gordon Bennett's account of the disaster is a gripping defence of his part in the campaign. Sent troops who were ill-equipped, with no experience, and little proper training; the Singapore command attempted to defend their position. Impregnable from seaborne assault, the walls, bastions and fixed positions were no help against the inland advance of the Japanese and with few antiquated fighters to protect them against the heavy air bombardment the Gordon Bennett and his men struggled against the odds. Starved of reinforcements, withheld in Australia and Great Britain, the men and their commanders had to do the best with what they had. In this fascinating book it would seem like the island fortress was doomed from the start in spite of the misguided high hopes of the high command.
Marshal Pietro Badolgio was involved in the highest levels of the Italian political hierarchy ever since his early successes in the First World War, for which he was promoted General. He was head of the Italian Armed Forces from 1925 to 1940, and did his best to raise the military to a level that might match the expansionist views of Mussolini. He presided over the brutal invasion of Ethiopia, but nationally he acted as a counter-balance to Mussolini's pre-World War II schemes. Unable to stop the inevitable disaster following the Italian-German Pact of Steel and the onset of war, he resigned as Chief Of Staff after the humiliating reverses of the Italian invasion of Greece. He was brought back into the political spotlight in 1943, after the fall of Mussolini, and was named Prime Minister of Italy during the turbulent months of their volte face change of sides. His position was unenviable, caught between the Italian people who cried out for peace and the Allied powers who pursued German defeat in Italy by armed force. In this fascinating book he recounts his memories and recollections of Italy during the Second World War, particularly focussed on his attempts to hold the country together in 1943 and 1944.
The memoirs of Franz von Papen offer a fascinating view of the German Hierarchy from the reign of the last Kaiser to the reign of terror of Adolf Hitler. Although there is an element of self-justification, Conservative von Papen lays bare the machinations of the German politicians that led to Hitler to supreme power in Germany.Born into a wealthy, but not aristocratic, family in 1879 von Papen he started his career in the Imperial German Army rising to the General Staff and a diplomatic posting in America by 1914. He was involved in some very murky dealings as an intriguer behind the scenes in America, Canada before he was sent back to Germany, setting a precedent for later backroom dealings.After the close of the First World War he entered politics, as a Conservative Monarchist member of the Centre party, in the political chaos of the period he advanced swiftly owing to shrewd interparty dealings. He was eventually appointed Chancellor in 1932 mainly due to political friendships rather than his own political acumen; beset by huge political problems he sought to appease the vocal right wing parties. Without serious support in the Reichstag, von Papen governed by decree undermining Democracy, starting a process mastered later by Hitler himself. Outmaneuvered by Hitler and the Nazis he was forced from power, and by his foolish machinations set Hitler set up as Chancellor. Cast out of power von Papen was a broken reed, but as a still high-ranking observer to the Second World his memoirs are of vital importance in understanding Hitler's war-mongering advances into Austria, Poland and France. He was captured by U.S. forces in 1945, he was put on trial for war crimes but was acquitted.
Carl Goerdeler was for a long time more than anyone else at the centre of the conspiracy against tyranny; he was in immediate personal contact with almost all of the groups and parties--and not only as a tirelessly active director and recruiting officer for the movement, but at the same time as its most productive mind when it came to working out comprehensive and mature plans dealing with both foreign and domestic problems. The German Resistance movement in its entirety can be surveyed very clearly from the vantage point of his biography. And conversely his biography is of historical significance only in the framework of this general setting. His work can be correctly estimated only when it is constantly compared with that of his colleagues. The history of the German resistance movement has hitherto been written predominantly in the form of a justification and defence against its critics, accusers, and apostates. Not infrequently it has acquired something of the flavour of a gallery of heroes or even of the lives of saints.We are here attempting something else; namely, to attain, by a critical and sober study, a grasp of the historical truth, and beyond this to search our own hearts with a new understanding. For this purpose it was indispensable to depict the German Resistance movement against the background of international politics, so far as relevant sources are now available. Likewise, the development of the movement's ideals of freedom and plans for reform had to be traced back into the time of the Weimar Republic. And finally, its development and the political attitude of its leaders needed to be appreciated in terms of the internal and external history of Hitler's Reich.
This record of the personal experiences and first-hand knowledge of the early days of the war in the Philippines; the tragic defense of Bataan; the horrors of the Death March; the sadistically planned and executed inhuman sufferings forced upon the valiant survivors of the operations of war, doomed to a life or death existence as so-called prisoners of war, is vividly portrayed in these pages called "Horror Trek."The author, Robert W. Levering, through love of country and inherent natural instincts of character and principle, elected to follow his comrades in arms to the field of battle rather than accept the comparative safety offered to civilian internees in "Santo Tomas."
Even before the outbreak of the Second World War Colonel Lyle S. Powell had practiced as a surgeon all over the globe, Tibet, India, Afghanistan, and in the remote regions of China. In this book he recounts his adventures with the Chinese Army who had fought against the invading Japanese army for many years. Poorly equipped but brave, the Chinese side of the war is an often forgotten about but the author records the battles he saw and the casualties that he treated fighting side by side with them.
Early on the morning of November 8th, 1942, Allied invasion forces struck simultaneously at half a dozen places in North Africa. From that moment news of the campaign poured out from innumerable points up and down the coast.Obviously no one person could be everywhere at once, or could hope to tell the complete story. This could only be done by the collaboration of several of those who were there.Springboard to Berlin is the work of four correspondents of the United Press.John A. Parris, Jr. in the London office was in an excellent position to give us a glimpse of what went on before those convoys finally slipped through the Straits of Gibraltar (Part I). He also covers Oran (Part V), having gone in with the troops at Arzu. His familiarity with the whole picture has enabled him to also provide a portion on Casablanca (Part IV) and later a chapter on the Casablanca Conference (Part VII).Leo Disher had the unique experience of actually sailing on H.M.S. Walney, which was sent to break the boom at Oran harbor (Part II).Ned Russell covers Operations at Algiers (Part III), and the November-December dash for Bizerte and Tunis (Part VI). Attached to the British First Army, he went up the coast from Bône. He also witnessed the final knockout at Bizerte and Tunis (Part IX, sent to London). John Parris and Phil Ault, then in London, also contributed to the section and got it into the hands of a naval officer bound for New York. Finally, Ned Russell continued across the Mediterranean with the invasion forces (Part X), analyzing the breakdown of the Axis African army and describing the conquest of Lampedusa and most of Sicily.Phil Ault was in the thick of the fighting at Kasserine Pass, El Guettar in Tunisia, and the other famous battles. In Part VIII he tells how the Americans won their spurs there.
We in Japan have a saying, "A brother is the beginning of a stranger," because on the father's death the oldest brother acquires such absolute authority as the head of the family that the younger ones and he cannot easily be friends. After our father died, my eldest brother assumed the dictatorial authority of father, as sanctioned by Japanese law and custom. I wanted to live my own life, and I did; but I had to fight for it against the old Japanese tradition that superiors must benevolently govern their inferiors, and inferiors gratefully obey. I have experienced both bitter sorrows and bursting joys. May the young people of a new Japan obtain the happiness of my wife and myself without the struggle we have been through.--A Word From the Author, Toru Matsumoto
A fascinating view of the Pacific War by the victorious commander of the US Sixth Army, who led his men through the islands and jungles against the Imperial Japanese Army to final victory in recapturing the Philippines."ALTHOUGH NEARLY EIGHT YEARS have passed since the end of the war with Japan, the story of the conspicuous part Sixth Army played in it remains to be told. Instead of publishing my personal reminiscences of the events in which I participated, I decided to write the story of Sixth Army. I felt that I owed this to all who served under me there--in particular to the many thousands who laid down their lives.The result is an unadorned narrative of the long trek of Sixth Army "from Down Under to Nippon"; of much bitter fighting; of hardships and shortcomings, as well as outstanding performances; of luck and of victory. The story is based upon my own official reports and those from my subordinate units, and upon my own notes and recollections. It stresses the bold and brilliant strategic plans of our Commander in Chief, General Douglas MacArthur, which charted our course to victory in the Southwest Pacific and which were effectively carried out by his Army-Navy-Air Forces team, of which Sixth Army formed an essential part."--From author's Foreword"History has not given him due credit for his greatness. I do not believe that the annals of American history have shown his superior as an Army commander. Swift and sure in the attack, tenacious and determined in defense, modest and restrained in victory--I do not know what he would have been in defeat, because he was never defeated."--General MacArthur
Find out how war smells, looks, and feels to fighting men--and how courage grows from their desperate will to live.In five true stories of World War II--* Survival* The Battle of the River* Nine Men on a Four-Man Raft* Borie's Last Battle* Front Seats at Sea War--a famous war correspondent takes you aboard John F. Kennedy's doomed PT-109...into the horror of Guadalcanal...onto a death raft in the Southwest Pacific.
The novel, Mister Roberts, was an instant hit after being published in 1946 and was quickly adapted for the stage and screen. The title character, a Lieutenant Junior Grade naval officer, defends his crew against the petty tyranny of the ship's commanding officer during World War II. Nearly all action takes place on a backwater cargo ship, the USS Reluctant, that sails, as written in the play, "from apathy to tedium with occasional side trips to monotony and ennui." This irreverent, often hilarious story about the crew of the Reluctant has enjoyed wide and enduring popularity. Heggen based his novel on his experiences aboard the USS Virgo in the South Pacific during World War II, and began as a collection of short stories. It was subsequently adapted as a play, a feature film, a television series, and a television movie. The film version with Henry Fonda, James Cagney and Jack Lemmon is one of the most well-known movies of WWII.-Print ed."This book is vivid, unimpeachable narrative, with no holds barred. But elders with a distaste for the frankness of the sea and profanity should keep out."--ATLANTIC MONTHLY"The remarkable thing is that such an honest, behind-the-scenes portrayal of the Navy as it usually is--in dungarees rather than dress blues--has never been attempted."--BOOK WEEK"Mr. Heggen has written a little classic. It invites reading aloud; it stirs vivid memories."--THE NEW YORK TIMES
What happened to Japan's submarines and what sort of fight did they put up?As far as Japan was concerned, the recent war was waged according to a rigid strategy. There was no detailed operational planning. It was a fight in which science had been ignored. In such circumstances the submarine, always highly vulnerable unless used intelligently, was inevitably sacrificed. Throughout the war the whole submarine fleet was in reality a special attack force in which, in the absence of scientific weapons, the crews were just so much human ammunition. Today we hear much about rearmament. If money is to be spent on armaments, it should be used for scientific development. Never again must we go to war with only a bamboo lance.The Japanese Submarine Fleet was entirely wiped out, but the martial spirits of its sailors are still with us on the far-flung oceans. In the Pacific, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic we remember the multitude of resentful sleeping warriors; in our ears we hear the whisper of the "voice from the bottom of the sea."Thus, as one of the few submarine captains to survive, I have taken up my pen to try to record something of the unknown hardships and successes of our submarines."Despite the gloomy conditions under which they worked, our submarines fought well, and the grim story of Japanese submarine units has been well recorded by former Lieutenant Commander Hashimoto."It is certainly valuable material, and I wish to recommend it as an excellent history."--S. Toyoda, Former C.-in-C., Combined Fleet, IJN
Hellions Of Hirohito: A Factual Story Of An American Youth’s Torture And Imprisonment By The Japaneseby Phillip Harman
This is a factual story of a young American civilian imprisoned and tortured by the Japanese when they conquered Hong Kong. In a foreword by General Russell Hearn, who was instrumental in organizing the quasi-military Flying Tigers, there is an interesting personal reaction to the events described in the book in which he states for the record that "I believe there is no race of people on this earth quite as treacherous as the Japanese. Theirs is a treachery veiled by soft words and cunning smiles." Harman's account mostly mirrors this sentiment. The book itself dwells on the inadequacy of the Allied defense in Hong Kong, the brave efforts of the volunteers and civilians to hold the city, and the brutal acts committed by the victorious enemy against British and American civilians. Harman found himself stranded when the city fell, having worked for several years in the East on behalf of the United China Relief agency. Reporting on the beatings, the inadequate food, even the wanton incidents of Japanese soldiers raping women, he tells a story told before, including bouts of dysentery and afflictions of beri-beri while in captivity. Eventually, Harman describes his return to safety in America when he was exchanged for a Japanese national stranded in the United States.--Great Stories of World War II
As the eyes and ears of the fleet, the Destroyers perform a vital role to any naval force; often given the dirtiest jobs of any task force, the Destroyer is the workhorse ship. In this fascinating volume, written by Commander Holloway H. Frost USN in 1935, the author describes how to best handle a flush deck destroyer in a variety of situations. Richly illustrated with diagrams Commander Holloway offers sage advice and reveals the secrets of the seaborne Destroyer, from formation cruising to handling the ship in heavy weather.
"Fosburgh writes of the air as many of our greatest writers have written of the sea with love and fear..."--BOSTON HERALDIn the darkness, the ten men stood together near the nose of the Upstairs Maid. She was factory-new. They had named her, and they had paid thirty dollars to a sergeant for the fine naked blond painted on her nose. She was the best B-24 bomber in the business, she was their plane and they were proud of her. And each one of them had wondered, privately, whether someday she would fly them back to the States, or whether somewhere out there in the Pacific, she would be their tomb..."...the perilous mission which takes the Upstairs Maid into a storm, over the target, then home wounded, on two engines and a prayer, is the most authentic flying time ever logged by an American writer."--THE NEW YORK TIMES
THE beginnings of Coastal Command are obscure. It is held by some that, in embryo, it consisted of five officers and four Bleriot monoplanes that were detached from Netheravon in August 1914 for coastal reconnaissance duties. At this time, however, there was a flourishing Naval Air Service which had its being up and down our coasts and which could properly be regarded as a coastal air force...In 1918 the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service were amalgamated into the Royal Air Force. By this time there were many aircraft of all sorts employed on coast-watching, convoy protection and the attack of submarines, and very effectively they carried out their duties.After the war this coastal organization was much reduced in size, being composed of a few flying-boat squadrons and one or two torpedo-carrying units. In addition, the disembarked squadrons of the carrier-borne air force were controlled and administered by what was then known as the Coastal Area. When, however, under the menace of Hitlerism, the expansion of the Royal Air Force took place, Coastal Area, by that time renamed Coastal Command, took its share. Working in close co-operation with the Royal Navy, the Command developed the activities which are so well described in this book.Coastal Command has always been a rather independent part of the Royal Air Force. Its operations have an element of mystery about them which is a trifle aggravating to the rest of the Service. It has a jealous spirit of its own which makes its personnel, when they are posted away, hanker to come back and strive and contrive to that end unceasingly. It is immensely proud of its job and of the way it does it. In fact, it has all the attributes of a first-class team. Long may it flourish as such.
With the war in the Pacific well into its new, offensive phase, the best carrier story of the war can now be told. It is the story of the Enterprise, one of the Navy's greatest fighting ships, the first carrier to receive the rarely awarded Presidential Citation. Of the seven first-line U. S. carriers when war began, four were sunk in the first year of war, another saw action in non-Pacific waters during the period involved, and another was out of action at the decisive moment. Then there was one--the Enterprise. Virtually alone, it held the long, thin Pacific line against overwhelming odds. It was part of the too little which was not, luckily for us, too late.Then There Was One is a story of men--like Admiral "Bill" Halsey, who rode the Big E as his flagship; Air Group Cmdr. McClusky who, in what was officially termed "the most important decision of the entire action, helped win the Battle of Midway; Cmdr. Turner Caldwell whose decision to take eleven Enterprise planes to Guadalcanal helped determine the fate of the Solomons; young Lt. "Birney" Strong who fulfilled a life's ambition and scratched one Jap flattop; Ensign Neal Scott whose dying letter to his parents is one of the most moving documents of the war--of these men and many others.It is a story of battles--from that first Sunday morning when the Enterprise was returning to Pearl Harbor as the Japs were attacking it, right down through every major carrier action, save one, with the Big E writing one of the grandest record-breaking pages in naval history: 29 Jap ships sunk and 185 Jap planes destroyed. It is a story of courage and heroism in the face of two of the heaviest air attacks ever launched against any American ship by the enemy.This is the carrier story long awaited by those who have followed our progress in the Pacific. For those who have not, it will be an exciting and inspiring eye-opener. This is it--the grand, glorious, and victorious first year of the U.S.S. Enterprise.
A collection of picturesque and observant stories about the hard-fighting Fifth Marine Regiment in France by a writer who has been called the Kipling of the Marines Corps.During his 27 years as a Marine officer, John W. Thomason also became one of America s foremost illustrators and by virtue of his singular combination of talents, Thomason immortalized the Marines who served in World War I.These stories follow their grim daily lives with ironic humor, acute observation and sympathy from Belleau Wood to the march to the Rhine.-- Print Ed.
Unique in his own age and a phenomenon in any, Charles-Maurice, Prince de Talleyrand, was a statesman of outstanding ability and extraordinary contradictions. He was a world-class rogue who held high office in five successive regimes. A well-known opportunist and a notorious bribe taker, Talleyrand's gifts to France arguably outvalued the vast personal fortune he amassed in her service. Once a supporter of the Revolution, after the fall of the monarchy, he fled to England and then to the United States. Talleyrand returned to France two years later and served under Napoleon, and represented France at the Congress of Vienna. Duff Cooper's classic biography contains all the vigor, elegance, and intellect of its remarkable subject.--Print ed.
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