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In Defence of Theatre: Aesthetic Practices and Social Interventions

by Kathleen Gallagher Barry Freeman

Why theatre now? Reflecting on the mix of challenges and opportunities that face theatre in communities that are necessarily becoming global in scope and technologically driven, In Defence of Theatre offers a range of passionate reflections on this important question.Kathleen Gallagher and Barry Freeman bring together nineteen playwrights, actors, directors, scholars, and educators who discuss the role that theatre can - and must - play in professional, community, and educational venues. Stepping back from their daily work, they offer scholarly research, artists' reflections, interviews, and creative texts that argue for theatre as a response to the political and cultural challenges emerging in the twenty-first century. Contributors address theatre's contribution to local and global politics of place, its power as an antidote to various modern social ailments, and its pursuit of equality. Of equal concern are the systematic and practical challenges that confront those involved in realizing theatre's full potential.

Implementing and Working with the Youth Criminal Justice Act across Canada

by Marc Alain Susan Reid Raymond R. Corrado

Since its implementation in 2003, the Youth Criminal Justice Act has been the subject of intense political and scholarly debate. A complicated mixture of provisions intended to provide harsher punishments for serious violent crimes while encouraging positive, non-punitive interventions in less serious cases, its impact on the youth justice system remains controversial.Implementing and Working with the Youth Criminal Justice Act across Canada provides the first comprehensive, province-by-province analysis of how each Canadian jurisdiction has implemented the Act in accordance with its own history, traditions, and institutional arrangements. Drawing on in-depth interviews with probation officers, counselors, educators, and social workers, the contributors use the experiences of practitioners to offer a new analytical perspective on a complicated and contentious aspect of the Canadian justice system. Their conclusions provide vital policy and program information for researchers, practitioners, and policy makers concerned with Canada's youth justice systems.

From Recognition to Reconciliation: Essays on the Constitutional Entrenchment of Aboriginal and Treaty Rights

by Patrick Macklem Douglas Sanderson

More than thirty years ago, section 35 of the Constitution Act recognized and affirmed "the existing aboriginal and treaty rights of the aboriginal peoples of Canada." Hailed at the time as a watershed moment in the legal and political relationship between Indigenous peoples and settler societies in Canada, the constitutional entrenchment of Aboriginal and treaty rights has proven to be only the beginning of the long and complicated process of giving meaning to that constitutional recognition.In From Recognition to Reconciliation, twenty leading scholars reflect on the continuing transformation of the constitutional relationship between Indigenous peoples and the Canadian state. The book features essays on themes such as the role of sovereignty in constitutional jurisprudence, the diversity of methodologies at play in these legal and political questions, and connections between the Canadian constitutional experience and developments elsewhere in the world.

Food Matters: Alonso Quijano's Diet and the Discourse of Food in Early Modern Spain

by Carolyn A. Nadeau

In the second sentence of Don Quixote, Cervantes describes the diet of the protagonist, Alonso Quijano: "A stew made of more beef than mutton, cold salad on most nights, abstinence eggs on Saturdays, lentils on Fridays, and an additional squab on Sundays."Through an inventive and original engagement with this text, Carolyn A. Nadeau explores the shifts in Spain's cultural and gastronomic history. Using cooking manuals, novels, poems, dietary treatises, and other texts, she brings to light the figurative significance of foodstuffs and culinary practices in early modern Spain. Drawing on the work of Pierre Bourdieu and Stephen Mennell, Food Matters reveals patterns of interdependence as observed, for example, in how Muslim and Jewish aversion to pork fired Spain's passion for ham, what happened when New World foodstuffs entered into Old World kitchens, and how food and sexual urges that so often came together, regardless of class, ethnicity, or gender, construct moments of communal celebration.This mouth-watering tour of the discourses of food in early modern Spain is complemented by an appendix that features forty-seven recipes drawn from contemporary sources.

Print Culture Histories Beyond the Metropolis

by Frank Felsenstein James J. Connolly Patrick Collier Robert Hall Kenneth R. Hall

Bringing together leading scholars of literature, history, library studies, and communications, Print Culture Histories Beyond the Metropolis rejects the idea that print culture necessarily spreads outwards from capitals and cosmopolitan cities and focuses attention to how the residents of smaller cities, provincial districts, rural settings, and colonial outposts have produced, disseminated, and read print materials.Too often print media has been represented as an engine of metropolitan modernity. Rather than being the passive recipients of print culture generated in city centres, the inhabitants of provinces and colonies have acted independently, as jobbing printers in provincial Britain, black newspaper proprietors in the West Indies, and library patrons in "Middletown," Indiana, to mention a few examples. This important new book gives us a sophisticated account of how printed materials circulated, a more precise sense of their impact, and a fuller of understanding of how local contexts shaped reading experiences.

Leadership

by James Macgregor Burns

Pulitzer Prize-winning historian James MacGregor Burns's definitive look at the power of transformational leadership, from Moses to Machiavelli to Martin Luther King Jr.Historian and political scientist James MacGregor Burns has spent much of his career documenting the use and misuse of power by leaders throughout history. In this groundbreaking study, Burns examines the qualities that make certain leaders--in America and elsewhere--succeed as transformative figures. Through insightful anecdotes and historical analysis, Burns scrutinizes the charisma, vision, and persuasive power of individuals able to imbue followers with a common sense of purpose, from the founding fathers to FDR, Ghandi to Napoleon. Since its original publication in 1970, Leadership has set the standard for scholarship in the field.

Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom (1940-1945)

by James Macgregor Burns

The second entry in James Macgregor Burns's definitive two-volume biography of Roosevelt begins with the president's precedent-breaking third term election in 1940, just as Americans were beginning to face the likelihood of war. Here, Burns examines Roosevelt's skillful wartime leadership as well as his vision for post-war peace. Hailed by William Shirer as "the definitive book on Roosevelt in the war years," and by bestselling author Barbara Tuchman as "engrossing, informative, endlessly readable," The Soldier of Freedom is a moving profile of a leader gifted with rare political talent in an era of extraordinary challenges, sacrifices, heroism, and hardship. <P><P> Winner of the Pulitzer Prize<P> Winner of the National Book Award

Roosevelt

by James Macgregor Burns

This first of Burns's definitive and award-winning two-volume biography of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, mapping the personal and professional development of one of America's most brilliant politicians Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the longest serving president in US history, reshaping the country during the crises of the Depression and World War II. But before his unprecedented run as president, there were decades of steady consolidation of power. Here, renowned historian James MacGregor Burns traces Roosevelt's rise and the peculiar blend of strength and cunning that helped make him such a uniquely transformative politician. Weaving together lively narrative and impressive scholarship, The Lion and the Fox is among the first--and most acclaimed--studies of Roosevelt's time, his talents, and his flaws.

The Demon

by Hubert Selby Jr.

A womanizer's struggle for self-control spirals into crime, madness, and murderHarry White grew up in blue-collar Brooklyn, but the young man's charm, smarts, and good looks have helped him earn a place as an uptown junior executive. White's gifts have also made his love life easy, and he takes special pleasure in seducing married women. But when "Harry the Lover" is ready to grow up and leave his womanizing behind, White finds that suppressing his libido has dangerous consequences. His attempts at restraint awaken something sinister, causing White to seek excitement in a new form of violence and depravity. Shocking and enthralling, The Demon is an unflinching meditation on male vanity by one of the most acclaimed and original writers of the twentieth century. This ebook features an illustrated biography of Hubert Selby Jr. including rare photos from the author's estate.

Incredible Victory

by Walter Lord

Outgunned and outmanned on the Pacific Ocean, a small American fleet defied the odds and turned the tide of World War IIOn the morning of June 4, 1942, doom sailed on Midway. Hoping to put itself within striking distance of Hawaii and California, the Japanese navy planned an ambush that would obliterate the remnants of the American Pacific fleet. On paper, the Americans had no chance of winning. They had fewer ships, slower fighters, and almost no battle experience. But because their codebreakers knew what was coming, the American navy was able to prepare an ambush of its own. Over two days of savage battle, American sailors and pilots broke the spine of the Japanese war machine. The United States prevailed against momentous odds; never again did Japan advance. In stunning detail, Walter Lord tells the story of one of the greatest upsets in naval history.

A Sea of Words

by Dean King John B. Hattendorf

From ablation to Zelenka--a comprehensive guide to seafaring during the Napoleonic ageWhat is a sand-grouse, and where does it live? What are the medical properties of lignum vitae, and how did Stephen Maturin use it to repair his viola? Who is Admiral Lord Keith, and why is his wife so friendly with Captain Jack Aubrey? More than any other contemporary author, Patrick O'Brian knew the past. His twenty Aubrey-Maturin novels, beginning with 1969's Master and Commander, are distinguished by deep characterization, heart-stopping naval combat, and an attention to detail that enriches and enlivens his stories. In this revised edition of A Sea of Words, Dean King and his collaborators dive into Jack Aubrey's world. In addition to their invaluable glossary, the authors provide essays on the age's politics, naval medicine, and the many ships that Jack Aubrey sailed, sighted, and fought against. For both the curious fan and the O'Brian aficionado, A Sea of Words is an invaluable tome on the British Royal Navy.

Trick or Treat

by Richie Tankersley Cusick

A young girl is tormented by her new house's terrible pastMartha wants to be happy for her father. She likes his new wife--even if she's a terrible cook--but she doesn't understand why they had to leave Chicago and move to this horrible house in the country. It's big, broken-down, and miles from anywhere, alone in the woods with nothing on the property but an overgrown cemetery. But at night it doesn't feel empty. Conor--her new, weird stepbrother--chose Martha's new room for her. It's dark and drafty, and no matter how she tries to fix it up, she can't sleep easily there. At night, whispers come from the closet, filling Martha with a sense that something terrible happened here. She's right. Not long ago, the house was the site of a gruesome murder. When Conor and Martha's parents leave town on their honeymoon, the two teens will find out why the dead don't rest easy at the old Bedford house. This ebook features an illustrated biography of Richie Tankersley Cusick including rare photos and never-before-seen documents from the author's personal collection.

In the Balance (Miss Silver #4)

by Patricia Wentworth

Miss Silver attempts to save a young girl from her murderous husband Maud Silver, demure private eye, hardly has time to finish one adventure before another demands her attention. She is making her way back to London when, with a terrible jerk, her train thrusts a young woman into her compartment--a beautiful woman in a state of shock. She is Lisle Jerningham, a newlywed with money--which may be about to get her killed. Lisle fled her home in a hurry when she overheard a sinister conversation through the bushes. Her new husband's first wife died of an accident, and the resultant infusion of cash saved his family home. Now broke again, he may be trying to engineer a second convenient mishap. Lisle has already survived one attempt on her life, but only Miss Silver can help her make it through the next.

Slipping into Darkness

by Peter Blauner

When a twenty-year-old murder case comes back to life, a detective must race against his failing sight to unravel the mysteryWhen Allison Wallis was beaten to death, Detective Francis X. Loughlin found the killer--Julian Vega, a teenager with a crush on the murdered girl. Using his natural sense of empathy, he cozied up to young Julian, convincing him to give a confession that would put him away until he was thirty-six. Twenty years later, Julian is finally out of jail, attempting to remember how to live in a world without bars, and Detective Loughlin is still on the job, his sight fading, though his instincts are still sharp. But when Allison's blood appears at a new crime scene, everything he thought he knew about that long-ago murder is called into question. Was it really Allison they buried? Was Julian actually the killer? And if he wasn't, who else is in danger now? This ebook features an illustrated biography of Peter Blauner including rare photos and never-before-seen documents from the author's personal collection.

Shrouded in Silence

by Robert Wise

Determined to find an answer, Jack and Michelle Townsend set out on a quest to find the original ending to the Gospel of Mark.Following ancient clues, they head for Rome, but what starts out as a scholarly search turns violent as two separate groups strive to stop the Townsends, plunging their quiet research into chaos.After a bomb destroys their office, the Townsends are pushed to the limits of their determination and commitment to God's will. Can faith in God's purposes endure in a swirl of conspiracy and espionage that brings the couple to the brink of death?""This is a story of well-hidden biblical secrets that have endured throughout the ages and of a couple's devotion to finding the truth. It's a story fraught with death, danger, and deception--of never knowing who to trust, and with a twist of an ending I didn't see coming. Great read "" --Sharon Sala, author of The Searcher's Trilogy: Blood Stains, Blood Ties, Blood Trails

ReactJS by Example - Building Modern Web Applications with React

by Vipul A M Prathamesh Sonpatki

Get up and running with ReactJS by developing five cutting-edge and responsive projects About This Book * Create pragmatic real-world applications while learning React and its modern developer tools * Build sustainable user interfaces by transforming data into components of UI * Learn how to generate reusable ReactJS components effectively Who This Book Is For If you are a web developer and wish to learn ReactJS from scratch, then this book is tailor-made for you. Good understanding of Javascript, HTML, and CSS is expected. What You Will Learn * Create, reuse, and compose React components using JSX * Share data between various React components and techniques for data flow within a React app * Handle user interactions with the help of event handlers and dynamic components * Set up and use various next generation ES2015/ES6 features with React * Understand the performance and immutability features of React using React add-ons * Learn the techniques of Animation in React * Use data stores to store model-related data and information * Create a flux-based React application by using Reflux library In Detail ReactJS is an open-source JavaScript library that brings the power of reactive programming to web applications and sites. It aims to address the challenges encountered in developing single-page applications, and is intended to help developers build large, easily scalable and changing web apps. Starting with a project on Open Library API, you will be introduced to React and JSX before moving on to learning about the life cycle of a React component. In the second project, building a multi-step wizard form, you will learn about composite dynamic components and perform DOM actions. You will also learn about building a fast search engine by exploring server-side rendering in the third project on a search engine application. Next, you will build a simple frontpage for an e-commerce app in the fourth project by using data models and React add-ons. In the final project you will develop a complete social media tracker by using the flux way of defining React apps and know about the best practices and use cases with the help of ES6 and redux. By the end of this book, you will not only have a good understanding of ReactJS but will also have built your very own responsive frontend applications from scratch. Style and approach An easy-to-follow program to learn ReactJS with the help of real world projects. Each topic is explained within the context of a project and provides plenty of tips and tricks for using ReactJS.

OpenStack Networking Essentials

by James Denton

Build and manage networks in OpenStack using Neutron About This Book * Deploy an all-in-one cloud based on OpenStack Liberty (2015.2) using RDO * Learn the fundamentals of the Neutron API including networks, subnets, and ports, and how to manage these resources in the cloud * Build simple virtual network infrastructures in the cloud Who This Book Is For The book is for those who are new to OpenStack and Neutron who want to learn the cloud networking fundamentals and get started with OpenStack networking. Prior networking experience along with a virtual or physical server is recommended to follow along with the concepts demonstrated in the book. What You Will Learn * Install the latest Liberty (2015.2) release of OpenStack using RDO in VirtualBox * Discover the basics of the Neutron API, including networks, subnets, and ports * Interact with Neutron using the CLI and Horizon dashboard * Create networks and subnets that provide connectivity to instances * Implement software routers that connect networks and provide network address translation * Secure instances using Neutron's security group functionality In Detail The OpenStack Networking API offers users the ability to create and manage both basic and complex network architectures that blend the virtual and physical network infrastructure. This book kicks off by describing various components of Openstack Neutron and installing Ubuntu OpenStack based on Canonical's process. Further on, you will use various methods to interface with Neutron to create and manage network resources. You will also get to grips with the relationship between ports, networks, and subnets through diagrams and explanations, and see how the logical components are implemented via plugins and agents. Moving forward, you will learn how virtual switches are implemented and how to build Neutron routers. You will also configure networks, subnets, and routers to provide connectivity to instances using simple examples. At the end, you will configure and manage security groups, and will observe how these rules translate to iptables rules on the host machines. By the end of the book, you will be able to build basic network architectures using Neutron networks and routers in no time. Style and approach An easy-to-follow guide that covers the networking features of OpenStack and the core Neutron API components providing a solid foundation to deploy networks and instances.

Learning Embedded Linux Using the Yocto Project

by Alexandru Vaduva

If you are a Yocto and Linux enthusiast who wants to build embedded Linux systems but do not have the knowledge to do it, this is the book for you. It will also help those of you who have a bit of knowledge about Linux and the embedded world and are keen on learning more about the technology. This book will provide you with the skills needed to successfully interact with the Yocto Project components regardless of the fact that you are new to embedded development or an expert.

Implementing Microsoft Dynamics NAV - Third Edition

by Alex Chow

Explore the capabilities of Dynamics NAV 2016 and discover all you need to implement it About This Book * Learn the key roles of your Dynamics NAV partner and the roles within your customer's organization * Create configuration packages and perform data migration on your own * Find out how to troubleshoot your problems effectively with your Dynamics NAV partner Who This Book Is For This book is for Dynamics NAV partners and end users who want to know everything about Dynamics NAV implementations. It is aimed at those who want to be project managers or get involved with Dynamics NAV, but do not have the expertise to write code themselves. What You Will Learn * Study the roles within a Dynamics NAV partner and within a customer's company * Create reusable data migration packages * Work with the debugger to pinpoint error messages * Get to grips with the key tables used in data reporting and analysis * Successfully upgrade your installation to the latest version * Manage and expand your existing installation with additional functionalities * Explore the free third-party add-ons that can leverage your existing installation In Detail Microsoft Dynamics NAV 2013 is an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) application used in all kinds of organizations around the world. It provides a great variety of functionality out-of-the-box in different topics such as accounting, sales, purchase processing, logistics, or manufacturing. It also allows companies to grow the application by customizing the solution to meet specific requirements. This book is a hands-on tutorial on working with a real Dynamics NAV implementation. You will learn about the team from your Microsoft Dynamics NAV partner as well as the team within the customer's company. This book provides an insight into the different tools available to migrate data from the client's legacy system into Microsoft Dynamics NAV. If you are already live with Microsoft Dynamics NAV, this books talks about upgrades and what to expect from them. We'll also show you how to implement additional or expanding functionalities within your existing Microsoft Dynamics NAV installation, perform data analysis, debug error messages, and implement free third-party add-ons to your existing installation. This book will empower you with all the skills and knowledge you need for a successful implementation. Style and approach This book is step-by-step guide to implementing Dynamics NAV from start to finish.

RSpec Essentials

by Mani Tadayon

Develop testable, modular, and maintainable Ruby software for the real world using RSpec About This Book * Explore the concept of testability and how to implement tests that deliver the most value * Maximize the quality of your Ruby code through a wide variety of tests * Master the real-world tradeoffs of testing through detailed examples supported by in-depth discussion Who This Book Is For This book is aimed at the software engineer who wants to make their code more reliable and their development process easier. It is also aimed at test engineers who need to automate the testing of complex systems. Knowledge of Ruby is helpful, but even someone new to the language should find it easy to follow the code and tests. What You Will Learn * Identify a unit of software for the purposes of testing * Manage test states with hooks, fixtures, and mocks * Handle external web services in tests using various techniques * Configure RSpec flexibly and cleanly using support code and environment variables * Interact with rich web apps in tests using Capybara * Build the right feature with behavior-driven development * Customize matchers and failure messages * Verify correct development and production environments In Detail This book will teach you how to use RSpec to write high-value tests for real-world code. We start with the key concepts of the unit and testability, followed by hands-on exploration of key features. From the beginning, we learn how to integrate tests into the overall development process to help create high-quality code, avoiding the dangers of testing for its own sake. We build up sample applications and their corresponding tests step by step, from simple beginnings to more sophisticated versions that include databases and external web services. We devote three chapters to web applications with rich JavaScript user interfaces, building one from the ground up using behavior-driven development (BDD) and test-driven development (TDD). The code examples are detailed enough to be realistic while simple enough to be easily understood. Testing concepts, development methodologies, and engineering tradeoffs are discussed in detail as they arise. This approach is designed to foster the reader's ability to make well-informed decisions on their own. Style and approach This comprehensive tutorial is packed with real-world examples of testing with RSpec. The most important features of RSpec are introduced in the early chapters and are used in examples of growing complexity in the following chapters. Concepts and methodologies are discussed in detail.

Mastering Git

by Jakub Narebski

Attain expert-level proficiency with Git for enhanced productivity and efficient collaboration by mastering advanced distributed version control features About This Book * Set up Git for solo and collaborative development * Harness the full power of Git version control system to customize Git behavior, manipulate history, integrate external tools and explore platform shortcuts * A detailed guide, which explains how to apply advanced Git techniques and workflows and ways to handle submodules Who This Book Is For If you are a Git user with reasonable knowledge of Git and familiarity with basic concepts such as branching, merging, staging, and workflows, this is the book for you. Basic knowledge of installing Git and software configuration management concepts is essential. What You Will Learn * Explore project history, find revisions using different criteria, and filter and format how history looks * Manage your working directory and staging area for commits and interactively create new revisions and amend them * Set up repositories and branches for collaboration * Submit your own contributions and integrate contributions from other developers via merging or rebasing * Customize Git behavior system-wide, on a per-user, per-repository, and per-file basis * Take up the administration and set up of Git repositories, configure access, find and recover from repository errors, and perform repository maintenance * Chose a workflow and configure and set up support for the chosen workflow In Detail Git is one of the most popular types of Source Code Management (SCM) and Distributed Version Control System (DVCS). Despite the powerful and versatile nature of the tool enveloping strong support for nonlinear development and the ability to handle large projects efficiently, it is a complex tool and often regarded as "user-unfriendly". Getting to know the ideas and concepts behind the architecture of Git will help you make full use of its power and understand its behavior. Learning the best practices and recommended workflows should help you to avoid problems and ensure trouble-free development. The book scope is meticulously designed to help you gain deeper insights into Git's architecture, its underlying concepts, behavior, and best practices. Mastering Git starts with a quick implementation example of using Git for a collaborative development of a sample project to establish the foundation knowledge of Git operational tasks and concepts. Furthermore, as you progress through the book, the tutorials provide detailed descriptions of various areas of usage: from archaeology, through managing your own work, to working with other developers. This book also helps augment your understanding to examine and explore project history, create and manage your contributions, set up repositories and branches for collaboration in centralized and distributed version control, integrate work from other developers, customize and extend Git, and recover from repository errors. By exploring advanced Git practices, you will attain a deeper understanding of Git's behavior, allowing you to customize and extend existing recipes and write your own. Style and approach Step-by-step instructions and useful information make this book the ultimate guide to understanding and mastering Git. This book will show road to mastery example by example, while explaining mental model of Git. The Introduction section covers the 'Essentials' just for refreshing the basics. The main highlight is that the concepts are based on HOW the technology/framework works and not just practical 'WHAT to do'.

Getting Started with Windows VDI

by Andrew Fryer

This comprehensive, example-based guide on VDI with its practical and easy to follow approach will serve as a reference that you will want to come back to again and again for guidance. If you are an IT professional working on desktop deployment or server management with some exposure to Windows or Windows Server, this book is for you. VDI requires a lot of infrastructure, so some core knowledge is required, for example, the basics of Active Directory, Group Policy, DNS, and DHCP.

PrestaShop 1.5 Beginner’s Guide

by John Horton Jose A. Tizon

This book is written in a friendly voice with lots of tips, tricks, and screenshots to help you set up, extend, and personalize your own online shop. If you want to start your own e-commerce business, then this book will help you do that.This book is for people who are interested in creating an online shop. Basic HTML and CSS skills would be beneficial but are not required as we will provide you with all the code and know-how you need.

Success and Luck: Good Fortune and the Myth of Meritocracy

by Robert H. Frank

How important is luck in economic success? No question more reliably divides conservatives from liberals. As conservatives correctly observe, people who amass great fortunes are almost always talented and hardworking. But liberals are also correct to note that countless others have those same qualities yet never earn much. In recent years, social scientists have discovered that chance plays a much larger role in important life outcomes than most people imagine. In Success and Luck, bestselling author and New York Times economics columnist Robert Frank explores the surprising implications of those findings to show why the rich underestimate the importance of luck in success--and why that hurts everyone, even the wealthy.Frank describes how, in a world increasingly dominated by winner-take-all markets, chance opportunities and trivial initial advantages often translate into much larger ones--and enormous income differences--over time; how false beliefs about luck persist, despite compelling evidence against them; and how myths about personal success and luck shape individual and political choices in harmful ways.But, Frank argues, we could decrease the inequality driven by sheer luck by adopting simple, unintrusive policies that would free up trillions of dollars each year--more than enough to fix our crumbling infrastructure, expand healthcare coverage, fight global warming, and reduce poverty, all without requiring painful sacrifices from anyone. If this sounds implausible, you'll be surprised to discover that the solution requires only a few, noncontroversial steps.Compellingly readable, Success and Luck shows how a more accurate understanding of the role of chance in life could lead to better, richer, and fairer economies and societies.

Interaction Ritual Chains

by Randall Collins

Sex, smoking, and social stratification are three very different social phenomena. And yet, argues sociologist Randall Collins, they and much else in our social lives are driven by a common force: interaction rituals. Interaction Ritual Chains is a major work of sociological theory that attempts to develop a "radical microsociology." It proposes that successful rituals create symbols of group membership and pump up individuals with emotional energy, while failed rituals drain emotional energy. Each person flows from situation to situation, drawn to those interactions where their cultural capital gives them the best emotional energy payoff. Thinking, too, can be explained by the internalization of conversations within the flow of situations; individual selves are thoroughly and continually social, constructed from the outside in. The first half of Interaction Ritual Chains is based on the classic analyses of Durkheim, Mead, and Goffman and draws on micro-sociological research on conversation, bodily rhythms, emotions, and intellectual creativity. The second half discusses how such activities as sex, smoking, and social stratification are shaped by interaction ritual chains. For example, the book addresses the emotional and symbolic nature of sexual exchanges of all sorts--from hand-holding to masturbation to sexual relationships with prostitutes--while describing the interaction rituals they involve. This book will appeal not only to psychologists, sociologists, and anthropologists, but to those in fields as diverse as human sexuality, religious studies, and literary theory.

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