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Showing 51 through 75 of 15,893 results

Advances in Visual Computing: 11th International Symposium, ISVC 2015, Las Vegas, NV, USA, December 14-16, 2015, Proceedings, Part II (Lecture Notes in Computer Science #9475)

by Tim Mcgraw George Bebis Richard Boyle Bahram Parvin Darko Koracin Ioannis Pavlidis Rogerio Feris Mark Elendt Regis Kopper Eric Ragan Zhao Ye Gunther Weber

The two volume set LNCS 9474 and LNCS 9475 constitutesthe refereed proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on VisualComputing, ISVC 2015, held in Las Vegas, NV, USA in December 2015. The 115 revised full papers and 35 poster paperspresented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 260submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections: Part I (LNCS 9474)comprises computational bioimaging; computer graphics; motion and tracking;segmentation; recognition; visualization; mapping; modeling and surfacereconstruction; advancing autonomy for aerial robotics; medical imaging;virtual reality; observing humans; spectral imaging and processing; intelligenttransportation systems; visual perception and robotic systems. Part II (LNCS9475): applications; 3D computer vision; computer graphics; segmentation;biometrics; pattern recognition; recognition; and virtual reality.

Congenital Cataract: A Concise Guide to Diagnosis and Management

by Ian Christopher Lloyd Scott R. Lambert

This book aims to assist ophthalmologists in providing the best possible care for children with congenital cataracts. The entire patient pathway is covered, from preoperative assessment through application of the various surgical techniques to postoperative care and management of complications. Among the topics discussed are new developments in molecular genetics relevant to patient evaluation, intraocular lens power formulas, and the findings of the Infant Aphakia Treatment Study. The surgical section describes anterior capsulotomy, lensectomy, selection of intraocular lens (IOL) power, IOL implantation in the capsular bag, posterior capsulotomy techniques, the use of secondary IOLs and iris-fixated IOLs in children, and surgical management in developing countries. Visual outcomes after surgery are also fully addressed, with chapters on the occurrence of strabismus, nystagmus, and poor stereopsis.

Command Transitions in Public Administration: A Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis of Proactive Strategies (SpringerBriefs in Criminology)

by James C. Brown Raymond L. Philo Anthony Callisto Jr. Polly J. Smith

This Brief provides a quantitative and qualitative analysis of proactive strategies for management transitions in criminal justice and other public administration civic service agencies. These organizations have a unique need for managing transitions effectively. Compared to private organizations: they have a relatively high frequency of management transitions due to the terms of elected and appointed officials, and these new managers more often come from outside the organization. Through an mixed-methods study of criminal justice command level staff in New York state, researchers found a number of key components to successful transitions. Based on their study, the researchers prepared a set of guidelines called the Command Transition Matrix. This tool is aimed at police and public administration leadership. The methodology used to develop it will be of interest to researchers in Criminal Justice Administration, Public Policy, and Management Science.

Advanced Calculus of a Single Variable

by Tunc Geveci

This advanced undergraduate textbook is based on a one-semester course on single variable calculus that the author has been teaching at San Diego State University for many years. The aim of this classroom-tested book is to deliver a rigorous discussion of the concepts and theorems that are dealt with informally in the first two semesters of a beginning calculus course. As such, students are expected to gain a deeper understanding of the fundamental concepts of calculus, such as limits (with an emphasis on ε-δ definitions), continuity (including an appreciation of the difference between mere pointwise and uniform continuity), the derivative (with rigorous proofs of various versions of L'Hôpital's rule) and the Riemann integral (discussing improper integrals in-depth, including the comparison and Dirichlet tests). Success in this course is expected to prepare students for more advanced courses in real and complex analysis and this book will help to accomplish this. The first semester of advanced calculus can be followed by a rigorous course in multivariable calculus and an introductory real analysis course that treats the Lebesgue integral and metric spaces, with special emphasis on Banach and Hilbert spaces.

El valle de los leones (Grandes Exitos Ser. #Vol. 98)

by Ken Follett

Ken Follett, con su habitual maestría narrativa, ha conseguido una de sus novelas más impactantes. Rodeado de montañas salvajes, el Valle de los Leones es un lugar legendario de Afganistán donde las costumbres y las personas apenas han cambiado con el paso de los siglos. Un escenario muy apropiado para un relato de espionaje e intriga protagonizado por una joven inglesa, un médico francés y un trotamundos norteamericano, que transcurre en la etapa más terrible de la guerra contra los invasores soviéticos.

Graph Theory with Applications to Engineering and Computer Science

by Narsingh Deo

This outstanding introductory treatment of graph theory and its applications has had a long life in the instruction of advanced undergraduates and graduate students in all areas that require knowledge of this subject. The first nine chapters constitute an excellent overall introduction, requiring only some knowledge of set theory and matrix algebra. Topics include paths and circuits, trees and fundamental circuits, planar and dual graphs, vector and matrix representation of graphs, and related subjects.The remaining six chapters are more advanced, covering graph theory algorithms and computer programs, graphs in switching and coding theory, electrical network analysis by graph theory, graph theory in operations research, and more. Instructors may combine these chapters with the preceding material for courses in a variety of fields, including electrical engineering, computer science, operations research, and applied mathematics.

Data-Driven Numerical Modelling in Geodynamics: Methods and Applications (SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences)

by Alik Ismail-Zadeh Alexander Korotkii Igor Tsepelev

This book describes the methods and numerical approaches for data assimilation in geodynamical models and presents several applications of the described methodology in relevant case studies. The book starts with a brief overview of the basic principles in data-driven geodynamic modelling, inverse problems, and data assimilation methods, which is then followed by methodological chapters on backward advection, variational (or adjoint), and quasi-reversibility methods. The chapters are accompanied by case studies presenting the applicability of the methods for solving geodynamic problems; namely, mantle plume evolution; lithosphere dynamics in and beneath two distinct geological domains - the south-eastern Carpathian Mountains and the Japanese Islands; salt diapirism in sedimentary basins; and volcanic lava flow. Applications of data-driven modelling are of interest to the industry and to experts dealing with geohazards and risk mitigation. Explanation of the sedimentary basin evolution complicated by deformations due to salt tectonics can help in oil and gas exploration; better understanding of the stress-strain evolution in the past and stress localization in the present can provide an insight into large earthquake preparation processes; volcanic lava flow assessments can advise on risk mitigation in the populated areas. The book is an essential tool for advanced courses on data assimilation and numerical modelling in geodynamics.

Crime Prevention in the 21st Century: Insightful Approaches for Crime Prevention Initiatives

by Benoit Leclerc Ernesto U. Savona

This volume brings together a series of original contributions made by international experts dedicated to guiding efforts in preventing crime. The collection is divided into seven sections that cover cutting edge approaches to crime prevention: 1) the offenders' perspective on crime prevention 2) crime script analysis 3) crime mapping and spatial analysis 4) social network analysis 5) agent-based modelling 6) crime-proofing legislations 7) technologies of crime prevention Each section includes one theoretical chapter to introduce the research approach followed by a series of empirical/applied contributions. The theoretical chapter aims to introduce and explain the approach of interest and discusses under which circumstances this strategy could best assist crime prevention. The objective of empirical/applied contributions is simply to showcase how these approaches can be apply. This collection can be seen as the end result of the convergence of novel ideas and analytical skills in the area of crime and crime prevention worldwide. It will be of interest to researchers in Criminology and Criminal Justice, as well as related fields like Sociology and Psychology, Security, Urban Planning, and Public Policy.

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (The Mycota #III)

by Dirk Hoffmeister

This new edition provides a comprehensive look at themolecular genetics and biochemical basis of fungal biology, covering importantmodel organisms such as Aspergilli while also integrating advances made with zygomycetes and basidiomycetes. This book groups a total of 15 chapters authored by expert scholars in theirrespective fields into four sections. Five chapters cover various aspects ofgene expression regulation. These range from regulation in organismalinteractions between parasitic fungi and their host plant, heavy metal stressand global control of natural product genes to conidiation and regulationthrough RNA interference. Two chapters are dedicated to signal transduction,highlighting MAP-kinase-dependent signaling and heterotrimeric G-proteins. Fungal carbohydrates are the subject of the third section, which addresses bothpolymeric cell wall carbohydrates and trehalose as an important, low molecularweight carbohydrate. The fourth section emphasizes the metabolism of majorelements (carbon, nitrogen, sulfur) and critical cellular pathways for primaryand secondary products.

Belief, Evidence, and Uncertainty: Problems of Epistemic Inference (SpringerBriefs in Philosophy #0)

by Prasanta S. Bandyopadhyay Gordon Brittan Jr. Mark L. Taper

This work breaks new ground by carefully distinguishing the concepts of belief, confirmation, and evidence and then integrating them into a better understanding of personal and scientific epistemologies. It outlines a probabilistic framework in which subjective features of personal knowledge and objective features of public knowledge have their true place. It also discusses the bearings of some statistical theorems on both formal and traditional epistemologies while showing how some of the existing paradoxes in both can be resolved with the help of this framework. This book has two central aims: First, to make precise a distinction between the concepts of confirmation and evidence and to argue that failure to recognize this distinction is the source of certain otherwise intractable epistemological problems. The second goal is to demonstrate to philosophers the fundamental importance of statistical and probabilistic methods, at stake in the uncertain conditions in which for the most part we lead our lives, not simply to inferential practice in science, where they are now standard, but to epistemic inference in other contexts as well. Although the argument is rigorous, it is also accessible. No technical knowledge beyond the rudiments of probability theory, arithmetic, and algebra is presupposed, otherwise unfamiliar terms are always defined and a number of concrete examples are given. At the same time, fresh analyses are offered with a discussion of statistical and epistemic reasoning by philosophers. This book will also be of interest to scientists and statisticians looking for a larger view of their own inferential techniques. The book concludes with a technical appendix which introduces an evidential approach to multi-model inference as an alternative to Bayesian model averaging.

Big Data Concepts, Theories, and Applications

by Shui Yu Song Guo

Thisbook covers three major parts of Big Data: concepts, theories andapplications. Written by world-renowned leaders in Big Data, this book exploresthe problems, possible solutions and directions for Big Data in research andpractice. It also focuses on high level concepts such as definitionsof Big Data from different angles; surveys in research and applications; andexisting tools, mechanisms, and systems in practice. Each chapter is independentfrom the other chapters, allowing users to read any chapter directly. After examining the practical sideof Big Data, this book presents theoretical perspectives. The theoreticalresearch ranges from Big Data representation, modeling and topology todistribution and dimension reducing. Chapters also investigate the manydisciplines that involve Big Data, such as statistics, data mining, machinelearning, networking, algorithms, security and differential geometry. The lastsection of this book introduces Big Data applications from differentcommunities, such as business, engineering and science. Big Data Concepts, Theories and Applications is designed as a reference for researchersand advanced level students in computer science, electrical engineering andmathematics. Practitioners who focus on information systems, big data, datamining, business analysis and other related fields will also find thismaterial valuable.

Chemical Rocket Propulsion: A Comprehensive Survey of Energetic Materials (Springer Aerospace Technology)

by Luigi T. Deluca Toru Shimada Valery P. Sinditskii Max Calabro

Developed and expanded from the work presented at the NewEnergetic Materials and Propulsion Techniques for Space Exploration workshop inJune 2014, this book contains new scientific results, up-to-date reviews, andinspiring perspectives in a number of areas related to the energetic aspects ofchemical rocket propulsion. This collection covers the entire life of energeticmaterials from their conceptual formulation to practical manufacturing; itincludes coverage of theoretical and experimental ballistics, performanceproperties, as well as laboratory-scale and full system-scale, handling,hazards, environment, ageing, and disposal. Chemical Rocket Propulsion is a unique work, where aselection of accomplished experts from the pioneering era of space propulsionand current technologists from the most advanced international laboratoriesdiscuss the future of chemical rocket propulsion for access to, and explorationof, space. It will be of interest to both postgraduate and final-yearundergraduate students in aerospace engineering, and practicing aeronauticalengineers and designers, especially those with an interest in propulsion, aswell as researchers in energetic materials.

Beyond Lean: A Revised Framework of Leadership and Continuous Improvement

by Peter Béndek

This book by Peter Béndek presents a strong case against the current practice of business operations improvement, based on numerous studies from the business world as well as insights from the most prestigious authors of the last fifty years. The author contests the applicability and indeed the relevance of the Toyota Production System and its spin-offs to the Western context, claiming that a revised approach is much better suited to taking our specific cultural conditions into account, while also combining increased transparency, speed, and sustainability of change with a robust value-creating capability. Dr. Béndek argues that this approach can have a far-reaching impact on corporate cultures by offering an all-encompassing learning system, one that provides a more coherent and actionable continuous improvement strategy than conventional approaches. The book offers an important guide to rethinking operations management, both in academia and business practice.

Atypical Elements in Drug Design (Topics in Medicinal Chemistry #17)

by Jacob Schwarz

Medicinal chemistry is both science and art. The science of medicinal chemistry offers mankind one of its best hopes for improving the quality of life. The art of medicinal chemistry continues to challenge its practitioners with the need for both intuition and experience to discover new drugs. Hence sharing the experience of drug research is uniquely beneficial to the field of medicinal chemistry. Drug research requires interdisciplinary team-work at the interface between chemistry, biology and medicine. Therefore, the topic-related series Topics in Medicinal Chemistry covers all relevant aspects of drug research, e. g. pathobiochemistry of diseases, identification and validation of (emerging) drug targets, structural biology, drugability of targets, drug design approaches, chemogenomics, synthetic chemistry including combinatorial methods, bioorganic chemistry, natural compounds, high-throughput screening, pharmacological in vitro and in vivo investigations, drug-receptor interactions on the molecular level, structure-activity relationships, drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, toxicology and pharmacogenomics. In general, special volumes are edited by well known guest editors.

Aluminum Matrix Composites Reinforced with Alumina Nanoparticles (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology)

by Riccardo Casati

This book describes the latest efforts to develop aluminumnanocomposites with enhanced damping and mechanical properties and goodworkability. The nanocomposites exhibited high strength, improved dampingbehavior and good ductility, makingthem suitable for use as wires. Since the production of metal matrixnanocomposites by conventional melting processes is considered extremely problematic (because of the poor wettability ofthe nanoparticles), different powder metallurgy routes were investigated,including high-energy ball milling and unconventional compaction methods. Special attention was paidto the structuralcharacterization at the micro- and nanoscale, as uniform nanoparticle dispersion in metal matrixis of prime importance. The aluminum nanocomposites displayed an ultrafine microstructurereinforced with alumina nanoparticles produced in situ or added ex situ. Thephysical, mechanical and functional characteristics of the materials produced were evaluated using different mechanical testsand microstructure investigation techniques. The book presents and discusses the experimental results indetail, and offers suggestions for future research directions.

Corporate Carbon and Climate Accounting

by Stefan Schaltegger Dimitar Zvezdov Igor Alvarez Etxeberria Maria Csutora Edeltraud Günther

This volume is devoted to management accounting approaches for analyzing business benefits and costs of climate change. It discusses future directions on carbon accounting, performance measurement and reporting as well as links between climate accounting and business processes, product and service development, supply chain innovation, economic successes and stakeholder relations. Companies are increasingly called on to contribute to combatting climate change and also face the challenges presented by climate-change related costs, risks and benefits. Risks can result from unpredictable weather conditions and government regulations, such as the EU emission trading system and new building codes. Climate change also offers numerous opportunities, such as energy efficiency innovations and carbon neutral products and production. Good management requires that carbon emissions are tracked and climate-related costs, risks and benefits are identified, measured and assessed. As such, research addressing corporate accounting frameworks and tools is of increasing importance when it comes to managing these carbon and climate-related issues.

The Laminar Boundary Layer Equations (Dover Books on Physics)

by N. Curle

A thorough introduction to the study of boundary layer problems in physics and fluid mechanics, this treatment assumes some knowledge of classical inviscid fluid dynamics. The ordered and logical presentation is accessible to undergraduates, and professionals will benefit from the careful expositions of the limitations and accuracy of various methods.An extensive introduction explains the boundary-layer concept and demonstrates its simplification of equations of viscous flow. Successive chapters address various aspects of solution in incompressible flow, starting with analytic solutions of the velocity field and advancing to discussions of high-accuracy numerical solutions, practical methods of calculation, and an analysis of factors that might govern the choice of a method. Several chapters on the compressible laminar boundary layer include examinations of pressure gradient and heat transfer, followed by a brief exploration of some aspects of the problem of the interaction between shock waves and laminar boundary layers. Complete references and a helpful Index conclude the text.

Pricing Credit Products

by Robert L. Phillips

In the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, it became apparent that pricing loans in a way that is profitable for lenders and sensitive to risk is anything but simple. Increasingly, lenders are following the lead of other retailers by segmenting their market and more precisely targeting customers. To do this successfully, lenders must engage analytic approaches, such as machine learning and optimization, in setting prices for each segment. Robert L. Phillips worked with major banks and financial services companies for more than a decade to help them improve their pricing capabilities. This book draws on his experience, as well as the latest academic research, to demonstrate how lenders can apply the proven techniques of price optimization to responsibly improve the profitability of their loans. It is a go-to resource for academics and professionals alike, particularly lenders who are looking for ways to do better business in an increasingly competitive (and regulated) market.

Cosmetic Breast Cases: Results of Online Discussions

by Melvin A. Shiffman Michael J. Higgs

This well-illustrated book presents one hundred and eighty cases that have been consulted on by an international breast group (organized and run by Dr. Michael Higgs) that comprises experts in breast surgery and is dedicated to the solution of problems associated with aesthetic breast surgery. The focus of the book is accordingly on actual pre- and postsurgical problems in breast surgery. Each case study includes the history of the breast problem, photos, questions, recommendations for treatment, and discussions of relevant subjects from a variety of specialists. Outcomes of the selected treatments are also presented. The book is unique in covering the multitude of complications that can arise with breast surgery from the perspective of international experts. It will enable readers to identify appropriate methods of handling specific problems and to implement the recommendations in their practice.

Cancer and Fertility (Current Clinical Urology #0)

by Edmund S. Sabanegh

This unique textbook is designed to provide a summary of state of the art developments in both male and female fertility and its association with cancer for both new and experienced practitioners. Clear, concise and readable, the text allows the reader to obtain rapid answers to this challenging medical issue. Special emphasis is placed on diagnostic and treatment algorithms. Topics covered include demographics of cancer in the reproductive age male, fertility conditions which predispose to cancer development, the role of assisted reproduction for fertility management, as well as fertility preservation strategies for the male and female cancer patients. Cancer and Fertility will be of great value to general urologists, uro-oncologists, gynecologists, medical oncologists, obstetricians, primary care providers, allied health providers.

Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies: 8th International Joint Conference, BIOSTEC 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, January 12-15, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (Communications in Computer and Information Science #574)

by Ana Fred Hugo Gamboa Dirk Elias

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereedpost-conference proceedings of the 8th International Joint Conference onBiomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies, BIOSTEC 2015, held in Lisbon,Portugal, in January 2015. The 27 revised full papers presented together with aninvited paper were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 375submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics and are organized in fourgeneral topical sections on biomedical electronics and devices;bioimaging; bioinformatics models,methods and algorithms; bio-inspired systems and signalprocessing; health informatics.

Risikoadaptierte Prävention

by Matthias Braun Friedhelm Meier Anke Harney Kerstin Rhiem Anja Neumann Silke Neusser Jürgen Wasem Rita Schmutzler Stefan Huster Peter Dabrock

Die vorliegende Studie empfiehlt, Leistungsansprüche für Personen mit interventionsfordernden (Brustkrebs-)Risiken anhand einer neuen Rechtskategorie, der ‚risikoadaptieren Prävention‘, abzubilden. Spätestens seit dem bioinformatischen Innovationsschub (Big Data) kann eine risikoadaptierte Anwendung von prophylaktischen Maßnahmen umfassend gewährleistet werden. Jedoch können die gegebenen Rechtskategorien (primäre Prävention, Vorsorge, Krankenbehandlung) das medizinische Anwendungsfeld nicht adäquat steuern.Die Autoren Friedhelm Meier, Anke Harney, Kerstin Rhiem, Anja Neumann, Silke Neusser, Matthias Braun, Jürgen Wasem, Rita Schmutzler, Stefan Huster und Peter Dabrock haben zusammen im BMBF geförderten Projekt SYSKON. Re-Konfiguration von Gesundheit und Krankheit. Ethische, psychosoziale, rechtliche und gesundheitsökonomische Herausforderungen der Systemmedizin die vorliegende Governance Perspective erarbeitet.

Computer Assisted Assessment. Research into E-Assessment: 18th International Conference, CAA 2015, Zeist, The Netherlands, June 22–23, 2015. Proceedings (Communications in Computer and Information Science #571)

by Desirée Joosten-ten Brinke Eric Ras

Thisbook constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 18th International Conferenceon Computer Assisted Assessment, CAA 2015, held in Zeist, The Netherlands, inJune 2015. The 15 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed andselected from numerous submissions. The papers present current developments intechnology-enhanced assessment. Topics covered include: automatic item generation, computeradapted testing, the use of multimedia in assessment, e-assessment policies.

Complex Dynamical Systems in Education: Concepts, Methods and Applications

by Matthijs Koopmans Dimitrios Stamovlasis

This book capitalizes on the developments in dynamical systems and education by presenting some of the most recent advances in this area in seventeen non-overlapping chapters. The first half of the book discusses the conceptual framework of complex dynamical systems and its applicability to educational processes. The second half presents a set of empirical studies that that illustrate the use of various research methodologies to investigate complex dynamical processes in education, and help the reader appreciate what we learn about dynamical processes in education from using these approaches.

Control and Prediction of Solid-State of Pharmaceuticals: Experimental and Computational Approaches (Springer Theses)

by Rajni M. Bhardwaj

This thesis investigates a range of experimental and computational approaches for the discovery of solid forms. Furthermore, we gain, as readers, a better understanding of the key factors underpinning solid-structure and diversity. A major part of this thesis highlights experimental work carried out on two structurally very similar compounds. Another important section involves looking at the influence of small changes in structure and substituents on solid-structure and diversity using computational tools including crystal structure prediction, PIXEL calculations, Xpac, Mercury and statistical modeling tools. In addition, the author presents a fast validated method for solid-state form screening using Raman microscopy on multi-well plates to explore the experimental crystallization space. This thesis illustrates an inexpensive, practical and accurate way to predict the crystallizability of organic compounds based on molecular structure alone, and additionally highlights the molecular factors that inhibit or promote crystallization.

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