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Sociological Perspectives on Clerical Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Hierarchy: An Exploratory Structural Analysis of Social Disorganisation (SpringerBriefs in Religious Studies)

by Vivencio O. Ballano

This book, as an exploratory sociological analysis, broadly examines the major structural factors which contribute to the social disorganization of the Catholic hierarchy as a clerical community, facilitating the persistence of clerical sexual abuse in the Catholic Church. Using some tenets of the social disorganization theory on crime and deviance as the overall theoretical framework with some perspectives from social organization, social network, and social capital, and secondary literature and qualitative data to support the arguments, it examines the (1) diocesan clergy’s social interaction, mutual support, and social control system in the hierarchical community, (2) connection between mandated clerical celibacy and clerical sexual abuse, and (3) the implication of the laity’s lack of empowerment and ecclesiastical authority to monitor and sanction clerical behavior. The Catholic hierarchy prides itself as a unified community of clerics under the Pope who shares the one priesthood of Christ. But the current clerical sexual scandals and the inability of bishops to adequately manage clerical sexual abuse cases make one wonders whether the Catholic clergy is indeed a cohesive and socially organized community which inhibits clerical sexual abuse. This book invites Church authorities, theologians, scholars, and lay leaders to understand the persistent clerical sexual abuse empirically and to come up with structural reforms which enhance the social network and social control systems of the Catholic hierarchy against clerical sexual misconduct and support victims.

Smart Transportation Systems 2019 (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies #149)

by Lakhmi C. Jain Robert J. Howlett Xiaobo Qu Lu Zhen

The book gathers selected papers presented at the KES International Symposium on Smart Transportation Systems (KES-STS 2019). Modern transportation systems have undergone a rapid transformation in recent years. This has produced a range of vehicle technology innovations such as connected vehicles, self-driving cars, electric vehicles, Hyperloop, and even flying cars, and with them, fundamental changes in transport systems around the world. The book discusses current challenges, innovations and breakthroughs in Smart Transportation Systems, as well as transport infrastructure modeling, safety analysis, freeway operations, intersection analysis, and other related cutting-edge topics.

Laparoscopic Pelvic Anatomy in Females: Applied Surgical Principles

by Shailesh Puntambekar Sambit M. Nanda Kajal Parikh

This book offers a concise and easy-to-understand overview of facts and concepts in pelvic anatomy. Laparoscopy provides good vision in a limited field, which means that surgeons have to rely on their anatomical knowledge of what structures lie in the vicinity and which structures need to be preserved. Focusing on surgical anatomy, the book helps laparoscopic surgeons better understand the female pelvic structures so improve their surgical skills.

International Handbook of Elder Abuse and Mistreatment

by Mala Kapur Shankardass

This first-of-its-kind work on elder abuse and mistreatment provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the subject. Covering almost all regions of the world, it highlights different dimensions of elder abuse and mistreatment in terms of their prevalence, incidence, prevention, treatment, management and response from governments and civil society, academic and research communities, and society in general. Written by international specialists from various disciplinary and presenting the latest findings and data, the handbook includes sections on the Americas; the Caribbean; Europe; Central, West and South Asia; East Asia and Asia-Pacific; and Africa. The chapters offer clarity on the concept and forms of elder abuse and neglect, discuss research methodology, and provide policy options, legislative solutions and programmatic responses to give relief to older people as victims of abuse and neglect as well as to deal with the perpetrators. This book is intended for a wide range of students and researchers interested in aging, from sociology, to social work, community medicine, public health, clinical psychology, and human rights/law.

Queer at Work

by Sasmita Palo Kumar Kunal Jha

This book uses narratives collected over a period of four years, detailing the stereotypes and stigmas attached to LGBTQ employees at the workplace in India, and it allows their voices to be heard. Further, it explores the strategies used by individuals from the LGBTQ community to pass on or reveal information related to their non-normative sexual orientation and gender identity at their workplace, and the way these strategies differ for individuals who are formally or informally 'out' as compared to those who are still in the closet or have come out to only a few people at their organization. The book emphasizes the need to study the flow of information and stigma management strategies in the context of current technological advancements, and discusses the extent to which organizations succeed in providing 'safe spaces' for employees from the LGBTQ community in India. Also addressing the impact of the Supreme Court verdict on Section 377 of the IPC and the NALSA verdict on LGBTQ individuals at the workplace, the book not only provides tools to help organizations assess their workplace climate with regard to LGBTQ inclusion and diversity, but also outlines the criteria that would lead to queer-friendly and gender-neutral work environments.

High-Entropy Materials: A Brief Introduction

by Yong Zhang

This book draws on the latest research to discuss the history and development of high-entropy alloys and ceramics in bulk, film, and fiber form. High-entropy materials have recently been developed using the entropy of mixing and entropy of configuration of materials, and have proven to exhibit unique properties superior to those of conventional materials. The field of high-entropy alloys was born in 2004, and has since been developed for both scientific and engineering applications. Although there is extensive literature, this field is rapidly transforming. This book highlights the cutting edge of high-entropy materials, including their fundamentals and applications. Above all, it reflects two major milestones in their development: the equi-atomic ratio single-phase high-entropy alloys; and the non-equi-atomic ratio dual-phase high-entropy alloys.

Updates on Myopia: A Clinical Perspective

by Marcus Ang Tien Y. Wong

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.This open access book discusses basic clinical concepts of myopia, prevention of progression and surgical treatments for myopia and pathological myopia. It also summarises the latest evidence and best practices for managing myopia, high myopia and its complications. Written by leading experts, the book addresses clinical diagnosis and interpretation of imaging modalities, and various complications of myopia such as glaucoma, choroidal neovascularization, retinal degeneration and cataracts. It is a valuable comprehensive resource for general and sub-specialist ophthalmologists as well as residents and ophthalmologists in training.

Calculus for Scientists and Engineers (Industrial and Applied Mathematics)

by Martin Brokate Abul Hasan Siddiqi Pammy Manchanda

This book presents the basic concepts of calculus and its relevance to real-world problems, covering the standard topics in their conventional order. By focusing on applications, it allows readers to view mathematics in a practical and relevant setting. Organized into 12 chapters, this book includes numerous interesting, relevant and up-to date applications that are drawn from the fields of business, economics, social and behavioural sciences, life sciences, physical sciences, and other fields of general interest. It also features MATLAB, which is used to solve a number of problems. The book is ideal as a first course in calculus for mathematics and engineering students. It is also useful for students of other sciences who are interested in learning calculus.

Glaucoma: Basic And Clinical Perspectives (Current Practices in Ophthalmology)

by Parul Ichhpujani

This book covers all the latest aspects of what’s happening in all the micro-fields of glaucoma. The chapters cover pathogenesis, structural and functional tests, and medical, laser and surgical therapies. An entire chapter is devoted to the future of glaucoma management. All the chapters are supported with illustrations to enhance understanding of the developments.A lot of innovations are happening in the field of basic research, pharmacology, surgical devices and imaging equipment for glaucoma.As part of the series “Current Practices in Ophthalmology” this volume is meant for residents, fellows-in-training, generalist ophthalmologists and specialists alike.

The Sound inside the Silence: Travels in the Sonic Imagination (Palgrave Studies in Sound)

by Seán Street

In this poetic exploration of the auditory imagination, the third in his series on sonic aesthetics, Seán Street peoples silence with sound, travelling through time and space to the distant past, the infinite future and the shadow lands of the inner psyche. Our mind is a canvas on which the colours of the sound world leave permanent impressions. It is the root of all listening.

Ethnography and Education Policy: A Critical Analysis of Normalcy and Difference in Schools (Education Policy & Social Inequality #3)

by Claudia Matus

This book addresses the relationship between the production of social problems in educational policy, the research practices required to inform policy, and the daily production of normalcies and differences in school contexts. It reports on the opportunities and consequences for policy, research, and practice when normalcy is stigmatized at the same level as difference. The book employs a critical analysis combining queer, feminist, and post-representational theories to understand the implications of dominant ways of understanding the division between normal and different subjectivities and how they reiterate structures of inequality in schools.

China’s Achilles’ Heel: The Belt and Road Initiative and Its Indian Discontents

by Srikanth Thaliyakkattil

This book analyses Chinese discourse on Indian attitudes towards the Belt & Road Initiative (BRI), and argues that the Indian discourse is becoming one of the biggest hurdles to China creating its own narrative about China’s rise in Asia and beyond. In doing so, it spans across the themes of the power struggle between China and US, China and India, the Chinese perception of India, China-South Asia relations, the China-US- India strategic triangle and the success and failures of BRI. The first part of the book focuses on the Chinese thinking behind the launch of the BRI and addresses questions related to the purpose of this initiative and ways in which it will facilitate China’s rise as a superpower. Subsequently the book addresses how effective or ineffective India’s challenge is and how it is negatively affecting China’s BRI.

Profiling Humans from their Voice

by Rita Singh

This book is about recent research in the area of profiling humans from their voice, which seeks to deduce and describe the speaker's entire persona and their surroundings from voice alone. It covers several key aspects of this technology, describing how the human voice is unique in its ability to both capture and influence the human persona -- how, in some ways, voice is more potent and valuable then DNA and fingerprints as a metric, since it not only carries information about the speaker, but also about their current state and their surroundings at the time of speaking. It provides a comprehensive review of advances made in multiple scientific fields that now contribute to its foundations. It describes how artificial intelligence enables mechanisms of discovery that were not possible before in this context, driving the field forward in unprecedented ways. It also touches upon related and relevant challenges posed by voice disguise and other mechanisms of voice manipulation. The book acts as a good resource for academic researchers, and for professional agencies in many areas such as law enforcement, healthcare, social services, entertainment etc.

RITA 2018: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Robot Intelligence Technology and Applications (Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering)

by Junmo Kim Zahari Taha Mohd Hasnun Hassan Anwar P. P. Abdul Majeed Jessnor Arif Mat-Jizat Han Lim Choi

This book gathers the Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Robot Intelligence Technology and Applications (RITA 2018). Reflecting the conference’s main theme, “Robotics and Machine Intelligence: Building Blocks for Industry 4.0,” it features relevant and current research investigations into various aspects of these building blocks. The areas covered include: Instrumentation and Control, Automation, Autonomous Systems, Biomechatronics and Rehabilitation Engineering, Intelligent Systems, Machine Learning, Robotics, Sensors and Actuators, and Machine Vision, as well as Signal and Image Processing. A valuable asset, the book offers researchers and practitioners a timely overview of the latest advances in robot intelligence technology and its applications.

Indian Economy: Essays in Honour of Manoj Kumar Sanyal (India Studies in Business and Economics)

by Pradip Kumar Biswas Panchanan Das

The book presents a comprehensive study of the impact of policy reforms on output, employment, and productivity growth across sectors of India since 1991. It showcases varied responses from different sectors as they faced different degrees of policy interventions, and challenges or opportunities as regards markets, technology, and availability of skills and other complementary resources. The book also discusses the contributions of the service sector on India’s GDP and employment. The book throws light on the phenomena of rising inequality and persistent poverty which continues to shadow and be a hallmark of post-reform India, despite high economic growth. It underlines the failure of these reforms to bring about major change in social and economic organizations and institutions. The book’s contents stress on the criticality of addressing these issues as they have a serious potential of jeopardizing the country’s ability to maintain high growth momentum. With these pertinent topics, the book would be of interest not only to the research community, but also to policy makers and practitioners of various sectors addressed here.

Smart Education and e-Learning 2019 (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies #144)

by Lakhmi C. Jain Robert J. Howlett Vladimir L. Uskov

This book contains the contributions presented at the 6th international KES conference on Smart Education and e-Learning (KES SEEL-2019), which took place at St. Julian’s, Malta, June 17–19, 2019. It contains fifty-five high-quality peer-reviewed papers that are grouped into several interconnected parts: Part 1 – Smart Education, Part 2 – Smart e-Learning, Part 3 – Smart Pedagogy, Part 4 – Smart Education: Systems and Technology, Part 5 – Smart Education: Case Studies and Research, Part 6 – Students with Disabilities and Smart Education/University, and Part 7 – Mathematical Modelling of Smart Education and Economics of Smart University. Smart education and smart e-learning are emerging and rapidly growing areas with the potential to transform existing teaching strategies, learning environments, and educational activities and technology in the classroom. Smart education and smart e-learning focus on enabling instructors to develop new ways of achieving excellence in teaching in highly technological smart classrooms, and providing students with new opportunities to maximize their success and select the best options for their education, location and learning style, as well as the mode of content delivery. This book serves as a useful source of research data and valuable information on current research projects, best practices and case studies for faculty, scholars, Ph.D. students, administrators, and practitioners – all those who are interested in smart education and smart e-learning.

Tropical Ecosystems: Structure, Functions and Challenges in the Face of Global Change

by Satish Chandra Garkoti Skip J. Van Bloem Peter Z. Fulé Rajeev L. Semwal

The book brings together research topics having a broad focus on human and climate change impacts on the terrestrial ecosystems in the tropics in general and more specifically from the most significant and vulnerable Himalayan ecosystem. A total of 16 contributions included in the book cover a diverse range of global change themes such as the impacts of changing temperature and precipitation on soil ecosystems, forest degradation, extent and impacts of invasive species, plant responses to pollution, climate change impacts on biodiversity and tree phenology, environmental changes associated with land use, importance of traditional knowledge in climate change adaptation, timberline ecosystems, and role of integrated landscape modeling for sustainable management of natural resources. The book is a collective endeavour of an international multidisciplinary group of scientists focused on improving our understanding of the impacts of global change on the structure and functioning of tropical ecosystems and addressing the challenges of their future sustainable management. We hope that the book will help researchers working in the areas of ecology and environmental science to update their knowledge. We also expect that natural resource managers and policy planners will find explanations for some of their observations and hypotheses on multiple global change factors impacting tropical ecosystems and especially Himalayan ecosystems.

Advances in Computational Intelligence: Proceedings of Second International Conference on Computational Intelligence 2018 (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing #988)

by Sudip Kumar Sahana Vandana Bhattacharjee

This book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Intelligence 2018 (ICCI 2018). It brings together work by leading scientists, researchers and research scholars from around the globe on all aspects of computational intelligence. The work is mainly composed of the original and unpublished results of conceptual, constructive, empirical, experimental, or theoretical work in all areas of computational intelligence. Specifically, the major topics covered include classical computational intelligence models and artificial intelligence, neural networks and deep learning, evolutionary swarm and particle algorithms, hybrid systems optimization, constraint programming, human–machine interaction, computational intelligence for web analytics, robotics, computational neurosciences, neurodynamics, bioinspired and biomorphic algorithms, cross-disciplinary topics and applications.

Children and Materialities: The Force of the More-than-human in Children’s Classroom Lives (Children: Global Posthumanist Perspectives and Materialist Theories)

by Casey Y. Myers

This book makes the case for young children as both keenly materially aware of and highly dependent on sets of interrelated material-discursive circumstances. It argues that long-term engagement with children around the topic of meaning-matter relations upends many taken-for-granted notions of consumption, self-regulation, knowledge production, and what constitutes quality of life within a school setting.The book provides complex accounts of agency on multiple scales - the capability of children to shape and share research, the force of objects, stuff, and things to impact the "social" workings of a classroom, and the impact of nonhuman animals on the trajectory of the ways in which children relate to each other.This work makes a significant contribution to both theoretical conceptions and practical enactments of childhoods, productively addressing the many contradictions inherent in a posthuman and participatory approach to researching with young children. It also offers insights into how the everyday materialities of children’s classrooms (and their complex representations) are capable of disrupting the common-sense order of things.

Industry 4.0: Developments towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology)

by J. Paulo Davim Kaushik Kumar Divya Zindani

This book provides an overview of the burgeoning next generation of industry- Industry 4.0, which promises to increase flexibility in manufacturing in tandem with mass communication, improved productivity and better quality. This volume provides a comprehensive and holistic overview of intelligent manufacturing, process planning, assessment of product development opportunities, aspects of risk management, education and qualification requirements, socio-technical considerations and the sustainability of business models. This volume will be of interest to engineers, entrepreneurs, academics and students working in these fields.

Specialized Discourses and Their Readerships (The M.A.K. Halliday Library Functional Linguistics Series)

by David Banks Emilia Di Martino

This volume studies the relationship between the writers of specialized text and their readers in a broad range of settings, including research, popularization and education. It offers younger researchers an insight into the targeting process, helping them consider the impact their work can have, and showing them how to achieve greater exposure. Further, it offers an invaluable reflective instrument for beginning and experienced researchers, drawing on a veritable treasure trove of their colleagues’ experience. As such, it represents a way for researchers and students in linguistics and related disciplines to access issues from a different, insider perspective.Reader targeting has become a very sophisticated process, with authors often addressing their potential readers even in video. Compared to other forms of writing, academic writing stands out because authors are, in the majority of cases, also consumers of the same type of products, which makes them excellent “targeters.”

Data Protection Law: A Comparative Analysis of Asia-Pacific and European Approaches

by Robert Walters Leon Trakman Bruno Zeller

This book provides a comparison and practical guide for academics, students, and the business community of the current data protection laws in selected Asia Pacific countries (Australia, India, Indonesia, Japan Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand) and the European Union.The book shows how over the past three decades the range of economic, political, and social activities that have moved to the internet has increased significantly. This technological transformation has resulted in the collection of personal data, its use and storage across international boundaries at a rate that governments have been unable to keep pace. The book highlights challenges and potential solutions related to data protection issues arising from cross-border problems in which personal data is being considered as intellectual property, within transnational contracts and in anti-trust law. The book also discusses the emerging challenges in protecting personal data and promoting cyber security. The book provides a deeper understanding of the legal risks and frameworks associated with data protection law for local, regional and global academics, students, businesses, industries, legal profession and individuals.

One-Step Generation of a Drug-Releasing Microarray for High-Throughput Small-Volume Bioassays (Springer Theses)

by Seo Woo Song

This thesis demonstrates a technology that enables pipetting-free high-throughput screening (HTS) on a miniaturized platform, eliminating the need for thousands of one-by-one pipetting and conventional liquid handling systems. This platform enhances accessibility to HTS and enables HTS to be used in small-to-medium scale laboratories. In addition, it allows large-scale combinatorial screening with a small number of valuable cells, such as patients’ primary cancer cells. This technique will have a high impact for widespread use of HTS in the era of personalized medicine. In this thesis, the author firstly describes the need and concept of ‘partipetting’ for pipetting-free HTS platform. It is realized by the one-step pipetting and self-assembly of encoded drug-laden microparticles (DLPs) on the microwells. Next, the technical implementations required for the platform demonstration are described. It includes preparation of encoded DLPs, plastic chip fabrication, and realization of automated system. Lastly, screening of sequential drug combinations using this platform is demonstrated. This shows the potential of the proposed technology for various applications.

Societal Development in Rural China

by Wenrong Qian

This book provides a broad survey of Chinese rural households, examining ongoing changes in Chinese society and economy through the lens of the situation of rural families in China. Based on data from Zhejiang University’s China Rural Household Panel Survey (CRHPS) in 2015 on rural households, which analyses all aspects of grass-roots rural households in China, this volume offers a scientific analysis of social development in rural China, exploring notably the basic structure, employment situation, income and expenditure, social security, and education situation of Chinese rural households, as well as the governance and public services of rural communities.

Entering the Global Arena: Emerging States, Soft Power Strategies and Sports Mega-Events (Mega Event Planning)

by Jonathan Grix Paul Michael Brannagan Donna Lee

Set against a backdrop of concerns about the potential break-up or radical change to the global world order, this volume sets out to investigate the use of sports mega-events by a number of emerging states.Sports mega-events, it is argued, can be understood as a key component in states’ ‘soft power’ strategies, that is, their attempts to showcase their nations on the international stage, increase their power relative to others via non-coercive means and to increase trade and tourism. Many studies on soft power simply cite the concept’s founder (Joseph Nye) and make little attempt at unpicking the mechanisms behind its creation. This volume does this by shining a light on emerging economies and by putting forward a soft power ‘ideal type’ to aid researchers in understanding the strategies employed by states in advancing their interests.

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