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A helpful review guide for the 300,000 Texas high school freshmen who annually need to pass the exam in order to graduate Relevant to all Texas high school students needing to take the Biology end-of-course exam, this Quick Review includes practice problems and chapter-level reviews of topics comprising the State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness (STAAR) End-of-Course Biology exam. Applying the proven Quick Review methodology to the STAAR EOC Biology, each chapter targets one of the five Reporting Categories that comprise the exam:Cell Structure and FunctionMechanisms of GeneticsBiological Evolution and ClassificationBiological Processes and StructuresInterdependence within Environmental SystemsTwo practice tests with answers and explanations to every test question round out this book.
Inside the Book: Nouns - Verbs - Pronouns - Modifiers - Connecting Words and Phrases - Clauses, Phrases, and Sentences - Common Sentence Errors - Periods, Question Marks, and Exclamation Marks - Commas, Semicolons, and Colons - Dashes, Parentheses, and Quotation Marks - Idioms, Clichés, Jargon, and Wordiness - How to Begin a Writing Assignment - How to Research and Organize Your Writing - Revising and Editing - Review Questions - Resource Center - Glossary - Frequently Confused Words Why CliffsNotes? Go with the name you know and trust - Get the information you need--fast! CliffsNotes Quick Review guides give you a clear, concise, easy-to-use review of the basics. Introducing each topic, defining key terms, and carefully walking you through sample problems, this guide helps you grasp and understand the important concepts needed to succeed. Master the Basics-Fast Complete coverage of core concepts Easy topic-by-topic organization Access hundreds of practice problems at CliffsNotes.com
Your complete guide to a higher score on the CSET: Social Science. Why Cliffs TestPrep Guides? Go with the name you know and trust.Get the information you need--fast! Written by test-prep specialists. Contents include the format and content of the exam, proven test-taking strategies and tips, approaches for answering both multiple-choice and constructed-response questions. Subject Area Review entails focused reviews of all subjects tested: world history, U.S. history, geography, civics, economics, and California history and practice questions to aid in subject review and test preparation.Two Full-Length Practice Examinations. Structured like the actual exam. Complete with answers and explanations. References for Additional Study. Test-Prep Essentials from the Experts at CliffsNotes
CliffsTestPrep Foreign Service Officer Exam: Preparation for the Written Exam and the Oral Assessmentby American BookWorks Corporation
Your guide to passing the Foreign Service Officer Exam. Why Cliffs Test Prep Guides? Go with the name you know and trust. Get the information you need--fast! Written by test prep specialists. Introduction * Review of how the exam is organized, along with answers to frequently asked questions. Part I: Written Exam: The Job Knowledge Test * Descriptions of the five general career track knowledge areas--management, consular, economic, political, and public diplomacy * Question-and-answer subject review chapters for the eight job topic areas, along with mini-tests after each subject review * A sample Job Knowledge test with complete answers and explanations Part II: Written Exam: The English Expression Test * Grammar and usage review * Two sample English Expression tests with complete answers and explanations Part III: Written Exam: The Biographic Information Questionnaire * General information on this section of the exam, plus helpful sample questions Part IV: Written Exam: Written Essay* Overview of the Written Essay portion of the exam, plus sample essay topics for practice * Direction on how to effectively prewrite, outline, organize, edit, and revise your essayPart V: Oral Assessment * Overview of the Oral Assessment portion of the exam and the categories in which you'll be assessed. Test Prep Essentials from the Experts at CliffsNotes?An American BookWorks Corporation. Project Contributors: Deborah Barrett, PhD; Elaine Bender, MA; Phillip Gay, PhD; Freddy Lee, PhD; Val Limburg, PhD; Tandy McConnell, PhD; Edward Miller, PhD; Deborah Grayson Riegel, MA; Sharon Saronson, MFA, MA; Brice Sloan, BA; Jonathan Weber, BA; Mark Weinfeld, MA
Part I Introduction: *Action plan for doing your best *How to get the most out of your study time *Format of the new GED Examination *Answers to your questions about the testPart II Working Toward Success: *Successful strategies for every test area *Analysis of every question type *Special section on how to understand charts, graphs, maps, cartoons, and diagrams *Math formulas analyzed and explained Part III How to Start Reviewing: *Effective methods for reviewing language skills, math, science, and social studies *Common English errors to recognize *Essay topics with evaluation charts *Practices to focus your social studies and science readings * Math review tests for arithmetic, algebra, and geometry Part IV Two Full-Length Practice Examinations with Answers and Explanations: *Analysis charts *Score approximators
Your guide to a higher score on the PCAT. Why CliffsTestPrep Guides?Go with the name you know and trust. Get the information you need--fast!Written by test prep specialists. About the contents:Introduction* A detailed description of the test so you know what to expect* How to answer multiple-choice questions* The Critical Thinking Essay and how to approach it, including basic writing techniques* 5 sample topics for both argumentative and problem-solving essay topics* How to get the most out of the practice tests5 Full-Length Practice Tests with Answers and Explanations* Tests simulate the question/answer sections of the actual exam* Each practice test covers the 5 subject areas tested: verbal ability, biology, reading comprehension, quantitative ability, and chemistry* Each test also gives you the opportunity to practice writing a Critical Thinking Essay* Answers and explanations help you gauge your results and pinpoint areas to reviewTest Prep Essentials from the Experts at CliffsNotesAn American BookWorks Corporation ProjectContributors: Elaine Bender, MA; Richard Bleil, PhD; Tracy Halward, PhD; Barbara Laurain, MS; and Mark Weinfeld, MA
Studies warn that global warming and sea level rise will create hundreds of millions of environmental refugees. While climate change will undoubtedly affect future migration patterns and behavior, the potential outcomes are more complex than the environmental refugee scenario suggests. This book provides a comprehensive review of how physical and human processes interact to shape migration, using simple diagrams and models to guide the researcher, policy maker and advanced student through the climate-migration process. The book applies standard concepts and theories used in climate and migration scholarship to explain how events such as Hurricane Katrina, the Dust Bowl, African droughts, and floods in Bangladesh and China have triggered migrations that haven't always fit the environmental refugee storyline. Lessons from past migrations are used to predict how future migration patterns will unfold in the face of sea level rise, food insecurity, political instability, and to review options for policy makers.
Climate change is profoundly altering our world in ways that pose major risks to human societies and natural systems. We have entered the Climate Casino and are rolling the global-warming dice, warns economist William Nordhaus. But there is still time to turn around and walk back out of the casino, and in this essential book the author explains how. Bringing together all the important issues surrounding the climate debate, Nordhaus describes the science, economics, and politics involved--and the steps necessary to reduce the perils of global warming. Using language accessible to any concerned citizen and taking care to present different points of view fairly, he discusses the problem from start to finish: from the beginning, where warming originates in our personal energy use, to the end, where societies employ regulations or taxes or subsidies to slow the emissions of gases responsible for climate change. Nordhaus offers a new analysis of why earlier policies, such as the Kyoto Protocol, failed to slow carbon dioxide emissions, how new approaches can succeed, and which policy tools will most effectively reduce emissions. In short, he clarifies a defining problem of our times and lays out the next critical steps for slowing the trajectory of global warming.
This book reconstructs climatic changes in deserts and their margins at a variety of scales in space and time. It draws upon evidence from land and sea, including desert dunes, wind-blown dust, river and lake sediments, glacial moraines, plant and animal fossils, isotope geochemistry, speleothems, soils, and prehistoric archaeology. The book summarises the Cenozoic evolution of the major deserts of the Americas, Eurasia, Africa and Australia and the causes of historic floods and droughts. The book then considers the causes and consequences of desertification and proposes four key conditions for achieving ecologically sustainable use of natural resources in arid and semi-arid areas. Climate Change in Deserts is an invaluable reference for researchers and advanced students interested in the climate and geomorphology of deserts: geographers, geologists, ecologists, archaeologists, soil scientists, hydrologists, climatologists and natural resource managers.
Public and media interest in the climate change issue has increased exponentially in recent years. Climate change, or "global warming," is a complex problem with far-reaching social and economic impacts. Climate Change in the 21st Century brings together all the major aspects of global warming to give a state of the art description of our collective understanding of this phenomenon and what can be done to counteract it on both the local and global scale. Stewart Cohen and Melissa Waddell explain and clarify the different ways of approaching the study of climate change and the fundamental ideas behind them. From a history of climate change research to current attempts to mitigate its impact such as the Kyoto Protocol and carbon trading, they explore key ideas from many fields of study, outlining the environmental and human dimensions of global warming. Climate Change in the 21st Century goes beyond climate modeling to investigate interdisciplinary attempts to measure and forecast the complex impacts of future climate change on communities, how we assess their vulnerability, and how we plan to adapt our society. The book explores the impact of climate change on different ecosystems as well as what the social and economic understanding of this phenomenon can tell us; it also links discussions of climate change with the global discourse of sustainable development. Climate Change in the 21st Century provides a comprehensive, understandable, but academically informed introduction to the world's biggest challenge for both students and concerned citizens.
The current frenzy over global warming has galvanized the public and cost taxpayers billons of dollars in federal expenditures for climate research. It has spawned Hollywood blockbusters and inspired major political movements. It has given a higher calling to celebrities and built a lucrative industry for scores of eager scientists. In short, ending climate change has become a national crusade.And yet, despite this dominant and sprawling campaign, the facts behind global warming remain as confounding as ever.In Climate Confusion, distinguished climatologist Dr. Roy Spencer observes that our obsession with global warming has only clouded the issue. Forsaking blindingly technical statistics and doomsday scenarios, Dr. Spencer explains in simple terms how the climate system really works, why man's role in global warming is more myth than science, and how the global warming hype has corrupted Washington and the scientific community.The reasons, Spencer explains, are numerous: biases in governmental funding of scientific research, our misconceptions about science and basic economics, even our religious beliefs and worldviews. From Al Gore to Leonardo DiCaprio, the climate change industry has given a platform to leading figures from all walks of life, as pandering politicians, demagogues and biased scientists forge a self-interested movement whose proposed policy initiatives could ultimately devastate the economies of those developing countries they purport to aid.
Every day brings new headlines about climate change as politicians debate how to respond, scientists offer new data, and skeptics critique the validity of the research. To step outside these scientific and political debates, Timothy Leduc engages with various Inuit understandings of northern climate change. What he learns is that today's climate changes are not only affecting our environments, but also our cultures. By focusing on the changes currently occurring in the north, he highlights the challenges being posed to Western climate research, Canadian politics and traditional Inuit knowledge. Climate, Culture, Change sheds light on the cultural challenges posed by northern warming and proposes an intercultural response that is demonstrated by the blending of Inuit and Western perspectives.
In The Climate Fix, Roger Pielke, Jr., a political scientist and a world-renowned expert on he intersection of politics and science, dissects the climate debate and diagnoses what has gone wrong and who's to blame for the mess. His answers will surprise you--it is the people who are best positioned to see clearly why we need to respond to climate change who are, more often than not, the people who get in the way of anything being accomplished. How is that possible? Quite simply, it's because most supporters of action on climate change, whether scientists, politicians, or activists, have gotten caught up in a vicious cycle. It begins with the belief that there is insufficient political will for action. Fixing this, it is assumed, requires that everyone agree on all aspects of climate change--both the dangers and the remedies. Accomplishing that means scaring people in the hope that fear will accomplish what reason has not. Fear often requires politicizing science, shaping its presentation in an effort to motivate a specific political outcome. But rather than making action more likely the posturing reinforces a state of inaction. Thus the cycle continues, and its malign influence can be felt in all quarters, from the halls of government and academia to the newspaper and your favorite dog. Pielke lays these problems bare for all to see. But he does more than just wag his finger. The Climate Fix presents first steps on a better path, one that returns to what really matters in the climate debate: expanding energy access (including for the 1.3 billion people worldwide who have none) and increasing energy security while lowering costs through technological innovation. Without those goals, Pielke argues, well never wean ourselves off carbon-heavy energy, whatever the hard-core environmentalists say. With them, we can not only help save our own lives but also improve everyone's, and turn a vicious cycle into a virtuous one. It is time to do something about climate change. We can keep trying to do it the old way, or we can try something new, something offensive to neither our livelihoods nor our common sense. The choice, even after years of muddy debate, should be clear. Which will you choose?
When meteorologist Alvin Brook invents a means of controlling the weather, he imagines it will lead to his becoming a world benefactor, with riches for him and his family. Instead, Brook and his wife are murdered, and his invention stolen and misused by industrialist Marcus Denham. Denham creates the mighty empire of Climate Incorporated, controlling the world's weather and holding nations to ransom...but he does not anticipate that outraged Nature - and Brook's son - will take their revenge.
The Climate of Rebellion in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire explores the serious and far-reaching impacts of Little Ice Age climate fluctuations in Ottoman lands. This study demonstrates how imperial systems of provisioning and settlement that defined Ottoman power in the 1500s came unraveled in the face of ecological pressures and extreme cold and drought, leading to the outbreak of the destructive Celali Rebellion (1595-1610). This rebellion marked a turning point in Ottoman fortunes, as a combination of ongoing Little Ice Age climate events, nomad incursions and rural disorder postponed Ottoman recovery over the following century, with enduring impacts on the region's population, land use and economy.
Climate change experts Lara Hansen and Jennifer Hoffman consider the implications of climate change for key resource management issues of our time--invasive species, corridors and connectivity, ecological restoration, pollution, and many others. How will strategies need to change to facilitate adaptation to a new climate regime? What steps can we take to promote resilience? Climate Savvy offers a wide-ranging exploration of how scientists, managers, and policymakers can use the challenge of climate change as an opportunity to build a more holistic and effective philosophy. Based on collaboration with a wide range of scientists, conservation leaders, and practitioners, the authors present general ideas as well as practical steps and strategies that can help cope with this new reality.
If you had a 10 percent chance of having a fatal car accident, you'd take necessary precautions. If your finances had a 10 percent chance of suffering a severe loss, you'd reevaluate your assets. So if we know the world is warming and there's a 10 percent chance this might eventually lead to a catastrophe beyond anything we could imagine, why aren't we doing more about climate change right now? We insure our lives against an uncertain future--why not our planet?In Climate Shock, Gernot Wagner and Martin Weitzman explore in lively, clear terms the likely repercussions of a hotter planet, drawing on and expanding from work previously unavailable to general audiences. They show that the longer we wait to act, the more likely an extreme event will happen. A city might go underwater. A rogue nation might shoot particles into the Earth's atmosphere, geoengineering cooler temperatures. Zeroing in on the unknown extreme risks that may yet dwarf all else, the authors look at how economic forces that make sensible climate policies difficult to enact, make radical would-be fixes like geoengineering all the more probable. What we know about climate change is alarming enough. What we don't know about the extreme risks could be far more dangerous. Wagner and Weitzman help readers understand that we need to think about climate change in the same way that we think about insurance--as a risk management problem, only here on a global scale.Demonstrating that climate change can and should be dealt with--and what could happen if we don't do so--Climate Shock tackles the defining environmental and public policy issue of our time.
Dwindling resources. Massive population shifts. Natural disasters. Any of the expected consequences of climate change could - as Gwynne Dyer argues in this galvanizing book - tip the world towards chaos and conflict. Based on exhaustive research and interviews with international experts, Climate Wars is an essential guide to the future of the planet.
Leah stared down at what just a few minutes ago had been a beautiful white dot flying along the shore. Now the body of the graceful seagull had been twisted and torn almost past recognition, and as Leah conquered her revulsion to kneel in the darkness and see if life still remained, she wondered with stunned horror what kind of creature could have performed this savage act. Then, out of nowhere, she felt hands, immensely powerful hands, gripping her shoulders, pulling her backward against a hard male body. She felt breath hot in her ear, heard a low guttural sound coming from an unseen throat. And she knew the hands that had maimed that bird and those that were now upon her were the same ... and she screamed as she struggled in vain ...
A collection of poems for children.
Rob Hall and Scott Fischer both assemble teams of enthusiastic climbers who want to try their luck at climbing Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world (above sea level). This book is an account of what happened during the climb, as the climbers face both defeat and failure, drawing heavily on the viewpoint of Anatoli Boukreev, one of the guides employed by the Fischer expedition.
There is almost no limit to what we can accomplish--except perhaps in our own minds. Mark Wellman's relentless struggle to survive a disabling accident to become a park ranger and an accomplished wheelchair athlete, and ultimately to climb the sheer granite faces of Yosemite's El Capitan and Half Dome challenges all of us to continue to strive toward loftier goals. Foreword by Senator Robert Dole.
This book introduces scouts to the adventure of climbing and rappelling. It covers equipment, safety, techniques, etc.
A brilliant book celebrating improbability as the engine that drives life, by the acclaimed author of The Selfish Gene and The Blind Watchmaker. The human eye is so complex and works so precisely that surely, one might believe, its current shape and function must be the product of design. How could such an intricate object have come about by chance? Tackling this subject--in writing that the New York Times called "a masterpiece"--Richard Dawkins builds a carefully reasoned and lovingly illustrated argument for evolutionary adaptation as the mechanism for life on earth. The metaphor of Mount Improbable represents the combination of perfection and improbability that is epitomized in the seemingly "designed" complexity of living things. Dawkins skillfully guides the reader on a breathtaking journey through the mountain's passes and up its many peaks to demonstrate that following the improbable path to perfection takes time. Evocative illustrations accompany Dawkins's eloquent descriptions of extraordinary adaptations such as the teeming populations of figs, the intricate silken world of spiders, and the evolution of wings on the bodies of flightless animals. And through it all runs the thread of DNA, the molecule of life, responsible for its own destiny on an unending pilgrimage through time. Climbing Mount Improbable is a book of great impact and skill, written by the most prominent Darwinian of our age.