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Cognitive load theory (CLT) is one of the most important theories in educational psychology, a highly effective guide for the design of multimedia and other learning materials. This edited volume brings together the most prolific researchers from around the world who study various aspects of cognitive load to discuss its current theoretical as well as practical issues. The book is divided into three parts. The first part describes the theoretical foundations and assumptions of CLT, the second discusses the empirical findings about the application of CLT to the design of learning environments, and the third part concludes the book with discussions and suggestions for new directions for future research. It aims to become the standard handbook in CLT for researchers and graduate students in psychology, education, and educational technology.
This updated new edition summarizes the latest developments in cognitive neuroscience related to rehabilitation, reviews the principles of successful interventions and synthesizes new findings about the rehabilitation of cognitive changes in a variety of populations. With greatly expanded sections on treatment and the role of imaging, it provides a comprehensive reference for those interested in the science, as well as including the most up-to-date information for the practicing clinician. It provides clear and practical guidance on cognitive rehabilitation's effectiveness, and the latest research and clinical directions.
Sternberg (Yale University) describes the main structures of the human brain, and the basic processes of human perception, learning, memory, language, problem solving, and creativity.
Anderson offers systematic and accessible presentation of the theoretical foundations of higher mental processes, with each important idea made concrete by specific examples and experiments. Focusing on knowledge representation as the central issue of cognition research, the book emphasizes an information processing approach to the field, but offers thorough coverage of the cognitive neuroscience approach as well (extensively updated for this edition). Reflecting the evolution of current research, the new Seventh Edition looks closely at the dramatic contributions of cognitive neuroscience to the understanding of cognitive functions. New coverage, new color insert, new pedagogy, and other content and format innovations, make this definitive new edition the most student-friendly yet.
Bruce Goldstein's COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY connects the study of cognition to your everyday life. This accessible book introduces you to landmark studies as well as the cutting-edge research that define this fascinating field. To help you further experiment with and understand the concepts in the text, you can use COGLAB 2. 0: THE ONLINE COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY LABORATORY. Available at www. iChapters. com, COGLAB contains dozens of classic experiments designed to help you learn about cognitive concepts and how the mind works.
The author presents a unified treatment of this highly interdisciplinary topic to help define the notion of cognitive radio. The book begins with addressing issues such as the fundamental system concept and basic mathematical tools such as spectrum sensing and machine learning, before moving on to more advanced concepts and discussions about the future of cognitive radio. From the fundamentals in spectrum sensing to the applications of cognitive algorithms to radio communications, and discussion of radio platforms and testbeds to show the applicability of the theory to practice, the author aims to provide an introduction to a fast moving topic for students and researchers seeking to develop a thorough understanding of cognitive radio networks.Examines basic mathematical tools before moving on to more advanced concepts and discussions about the future of cognitive radioDescribe the fundamentals of cognitive radio, providing a step by step treatment of the topics to enable progressive learningIncludes questions, exercises and suggestions for extra reading at the end of each chapterCompanion website hosting MATLAB codes, and supplementary material including exercisesTopics covered in the book include: Spectrum Sensing: Basic Techniques; Cooperative Spectrum Sensing Wideband Spectrum Sensing; Agile Transmission Techniques: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Multiple Input Multiple Output for Cognitive Radio; Convex Optimization for Cognitive Radio; Cognitive Core (I): Algorithms for Reasoning and Learning; Cognitive Core (II): Game Theory; Cognitive Radio Network IEEE 802.22: The First Cognitive Radio Wireless Regional Area Network Standard, and Radio Platforms and Testbeds.
This book describes a communication paradigm that could shape the future of wireless communication networks, Opportunistic Spectrum Access (OSA) in Cognitive Radio Networks (CRN). While several theoretical OSA approaches have been proposed, they are challenged by the practical limitations of cognitive radios: the key enabling technology of OSA. This book presents an unprecedented formulation of the OSA problem in CNR that takes into account the practical limitations encountered due to existing technologies. Based on such a problem formulation, this book presents a framework and protocol details implementing the analytically-optimized solution of this problem. Unlike the state-of-the-art of CRN implementations that typically target software define radios which are not suitable for real systems, this book describes the implementation of distributed OSA, using practical radio transceiver technologies. It provides a thorough characterization of the gains available to theoretical OSA approaches if the practical limitations are taken into consideration. Tackles the cognitive radio networks performance optimization problem, taking into account the practical limitations of today's technologies; Provides thorough performance evaluation in arbitrary, large-scale networks, as well as microscopic, small-scale performance evaluation, using realistic hardware implementation;Presents an empirical study of the gains available over existing techniques by adopting practical approaches; Tackles the cognitive radio networks performance optimization problem, taking into account the practical limitations of today's technologies; Provides thorough performance evaluation in arbitrary, large-scale networks, as well as microscopic, small-scale performance evaluation, using realistic hardware implementation;Presents an empirical study of the gains available over existing techniques by adopting practical approaches;
The purpose of this book is to teach psychologists with a neuropsychology background about cognitive remediation, the evidence in the research literature, and how to develop and conduct a treatment plan and evaluate the effectiveness of the interventions. The approach is illustrated using the computer-assisted cognitive remediation program developed by the author (NeurXercise). Twenty-nine different cases are presented in depth, following the outline presented in the earlier portions of the book. Treatment planning emphasizes Luria's concepts of alternate functional systems and double dissociation. Pre- and post-treatment neuropsychological testing results are presented along with ecological validity and generalization to daily functioning. The cases are presented by etiology and each section concludes with what can be learned about that etiologic process from the cognitive remediation results. This section includes blast injuries, which are still being characterized in the literature, as well as effective treatment of patients with head injury, stroke, post-neurosurgical sequelae, co-morbid disorders, subcortical disorders, attention deficit disorder, and learning disabilities. The book identifies the most commonly used neuropsychological test instruments for evaluating cognitive deficits, discusses their input and output characteristics, and does the same for the NeurXercise computer-based exercises so that the connection between testing and treatment is easy to see and develop. In addition to discussing this in the appropriate sections of the book, these are summarized in the appendixes as a reference for correlating test findings and appropriate exercises for remediating deficits.
This exciting textbook introduces students to the dynamic vibrant area of Cognitive Science - the scientific study of the mind and cognition. Cognitive Science draws upon many academic disciplines, including Psychology, Computer Science, Philosophy, Linguistics and Neuroscience. This is the first textbook to present a unified view of Cognitive Science as a discipline in its own right, with a distinctive approach to studying the mind. Students are introduced to the cognitive scientist's 'toolkit' - the vast range of techniques and tools that cognitive scientists can use to study the mind. The book presents the main theoretical models that cognitive scientists are currently using, and shows how those models are being applied to unlock the mysteries of the human mind. Cognitive Science is replete with examples, illustrations, and applications, and draws on cutting-edge research and new developments to explore both the achievements that cognitive scientists have made, and the challenges that lie ahead.
The author of the breakout hit Here Comes Everybody reveals how new technology is changing us for the better. In his bestselling Here Comes Everybody, Internet guru Clay Shirky provided readers with a much-needed primer for the digital age. Now, with Cognitive Surplus, he reveals how new digital technology is unleashing a torrent of creative production that will transform our world. For the first time, people are embracing new media that allow them to pool their efforts at vanishingly low cost. The results of this aggregated effort range from mind-expanding reference tools like Wikipedia to life-saving Web sites like Ushahidi.com, which allows Kenyans to report acts of violence in real time. Cognitive Surplus explores what's possible when people unite to use their intellect, energy, and time for the greater good.
Offers an overview of the broad range of cognitive therapeutic approaches, including state-of-the-art innovations. The authors present extensive case examples to demonstrate how to apply these therapy models to a range of clients, including those suffering from psychoses and personality disorders.
Beck describes both theory and therapeutic techniques for anxiety neuroses, depressions, obsessions, phobias, and psychosomatic disorders and demonstrates the wide range of applicability of the cognitive approach
An innovative new approach to addiction treatment that pairs cognitive behavioural therapy with cognitive neuroscience, to directly target the core mechanisms of addiction.Offers a focus on addiction that is lacking in existing cognitive therapy accountsUtilizes various approaches, including mindfulness, 12-step facilitation, cognitive bias modification, motivational enhancement and goal-setting and, to combat common road blocks on the road to addiction recoveryUses neuroscientific findings to explain how willpower becomes compromised-and how it can be effectively utilized in the clinical arena
This groundbreaking book addresses what to do when a patient is not making progress in cognitive-behavioral therapy. Provided is practical, step-by-step guidance on conceptualizing and solving frequently encountered problems, whether in developing and maintaining the therapeutic alliance or in accomplishing specific therapeutic tasks. While the framework presented is applicable to a range of challenging clinical situations, particular attention is given to modifying the longstanding distorted beliefs and dysfunctional behavioral strategies of people with personality disorders. Helpful appendices include a reproducible assessment tool, the Personality Belief Questionnaire.
Seminars by Professor Windy Dryden. See the man live and in action. To find out more and to book your place go to www. cityminds. com ________________________________________ `Size-wise, these books span an open palm and have a very handy flap on the back and front as an integral feature of the cover which can be used as a bookmark. They are concise, yet thorough, providing introductions to the key elements of the theory and practice underpinning major therapeutic approaches... [An] ideal 'intro'... I would recommend these books because, 'in a nutshell', they work' - Therapy Today Cognitive therapy is one of the most widely used approaches within counselling and psychotherapy today. As such, there is a wealth of literature on offer to the newcomer, which can sometimes be overwhelming for those seeking an initial understanding of the approach. Cognitive Therapy in a Nutshell solves this problem by providing the key elements of cognitive therapy theory and practice in a very concise and accessible way. Cognitive therapy teaches clients that there is always more than one way of seeing events, and therefore that their viewpoint is largely a matter of choice. Helping clients to develop and maintain more helpful viewpoints in tackling their problems is the focus of the therapy. Cognitive Therapy in a Nutshell offers clear explanations of the fundamental models used to treat clients including the information-processing model, and the three cognitive levels examined during therapy - automatic thoughts, underlying assumptions/rules, and core beliefs (schemas). The authors also provide a valuable case study of a client with a social phobia to demonstrate how cognitive therapy works in action. Cognitive Therapy in a Nutshell also explores the techniques involved in: o eliciting and examining negative automatic thoughts; o uncovering and examining underlying assumptions, rules and core beliefs; o maintaining gains from therapy. This book will be invaluable to those coming to cognitive therapy for the first time, and who want to gain a full understanding of the basics of the approach. Windy Dryden currently works at Goldsmiths College where he is Professor of Psychotherapeutic Studies as well as being the Programme Co-ordinator of the MSc in Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy and the Diploma in Cognitive Approaches to Counselling and Psychotherapy. Michael Neenan works for the Centre for Stress Management, Blackheath.
Updating and reformulating Aaron T. Beck's pioneering cognitive model of anxiety disorders, this book is both authoritative and highly practical. The authors synthesize the latest thinking and empirical data on anxiety treatment and offer step-by-step instruction in cognitive assessment, case formulation, cognitive restructuring, and behavioral intervention. They provide evidence-based mini-manuals for treating the five most common anxiety disorders panic disorder, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. User-friendly features include vivid case examples, concise "Clinician Guidelines" that reinforce key points, and over three dozen reproducible handouts and forms.
Classic in psychology. Discusses the cognitive behavioral perspectives of treating depression.
This widely used practitioner resource and training tool is the definitive work on understanding and treating personality disorders from a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) perspective. The prominent editors and contributors explain the nature of personality disorders and why they are so challenging to treat. Chapters addressing 12 specific disorders are organized around vivid, instructive clinical examples. The book provides up-to-date scientific knowledge about each disorder and describes effective strategies for differential diagnosis, case conceptualization, implementing individualized CBT interventions, and overcoming roadblocks. New to This Edition *Incorporates cutting-edge clinical approaches and research; expands the cognitive theory of personality disorder. *Chapters on neural mechanisms, cultural diversity issues, and depressive personality disorder. *Chapters on co-occurring disorders and management of clinical challenges. *Disorder-specific chapters now include sections on key treatment goals, progress and termination, and clinician self-care. *Discusses DSM-5 concepts and diagnostic criteria. *Reviews advances in assessing personality beliefs.
Drawing on the authors' decades of influential work in the field, this highly practical volume presents an evidence-based cognitive therapy approach for clients with schizophrenia. Guidelines are provided for collaborative assessment and case formulation that enable the clinician to build a strong therapeutic relationship, establish reasonable goals, and tailor treatment to each client's needs. Described in thorough, step-by-step detail are effective techniques for working with delusional beliefs, voices, visions, thought disorders, and negative symptoms; integrating cognitive therapy with other forms of treatment; reducing relapse risks; and enhancing client motivation. Special features include reproducible client handouts and assessment tools.
Cognitive therapy offers a well-documented and cost-effective psychosocial treatment model for working with substance abuse disorders. Comprehensive and accessible, this volume clearly details the cognitive model of addiction, the specifics of case formulation, management of the therapeutic relationship, and the structure of the therapy sessions. It discusses how to educate patients in the treatment model and procedures and manage their cravings and urges for drugs and alcohol. Specific cognitive and behavioral strategies and techniques are described in detail, as are methods for understanding and working with patients who present concomitant problems of depression, anxiety, low frustration tolerance, anger, and personality disorders. Also addressed are such significant issues as crisis management and relapse prevention. Enhancing the utility of the volume are appendices featuring sample client inventories and checklists. These forms are designed to help the clinician identify targets for intervention, track progress over time, and develop an individualized relapse prevention plan for each client.
Providing a wealth of practical interventions and activities--all organized within a state-of-the-art modular framework--this invaluable book helps child clinicians expand their intervention toolkits. Building on the bestselling Clinical Practice of Cognitive Therapy with Children and Adolescents, which addresses the basics of treatment, Friedberg et. al., in their latest volume, provide additional effective ways for engaging hard-to-reach clients, addressing challenging problems, and targeting particular cognitive and behavioral skills. Fun and productive games, crafts, and other activities are described in step-by-step detail. Special features include over 30 reproducible forms and handouts, which book buyers can also download and print from Guilford's website.
Presenting cutting-edge research conducted with children, adolescents, and their caregivers, this e-book examines cognitive factors in the development of psychopathology. Investigators at the forefront of the field discuss different types of cognitive vulnerability and their links to depression, anxiety, and externalizing symptoms. Also addressed is how cognitive vulnerability itself develops, including the role of child-parent interactions, maternal depression, and physiological processes. Innovative assessment approaches are described. This material was originally published as a special section of the International Journal of Cognitive Therapy (Vol. 5, No. 3, 2012), editor, John H. Riskind, PhD.
This book is an essay on how people make sense of each other and the world they live in. Making sense is the activity of fitting something puzzling into a coherent pattern of mental representations that include concepts, beliefs, goals, and actions. Paul Thagard proposes a general theory of coherence as the satisfaction of multiple interacting constraints, and discusses the theory's numerous psychological and philosophical applications. Much of human cognition can be understood in terms of coherence as constraint satisfaction, and many of the central problems of philosophy can be given coherence-based solutions. Thagard shows how coherence can help to unify psychology and philosophy, particularly when addressing questions of epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, politics, and aesthetics. He also shows how coherence can integrate cognition and emotion.
Dimension three is an important test-bed for hypotheses in higher category theory and occupies something of a unique position in the categorical landscape. At the heart of matters is the coherence theorem, of which this book provides a definitive treatment, as well as covering related results. Along the way the author treats such material as the Gray tensor product and gives a construction of the fundamental 3-groupoid of a space. The book serves as a comprehensive introduction, covering essential material for any student of coherence and assuming only a basic understanding of higher category theory. It is also a reference point for many key concepts in the field and therefore a vital resource for researchers wishing to apply higher categories or coherence results in fields such as algebraic topology or theoretical computer science.
This book is about places which expand the meanings of "home," "neighborhood," and "community." We wrote it to share the inspiration we found in these places with others who have also dreamed of a home that not only provides shelter, but is also part of a community. We hope that this book will inspire people to take a more active role in creating the home and neighborhood they want to live in.
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