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In line with current government policy and related recommendations, and evidence-based clinical practice guidelines, mental health students will be increasingly required to either engage in, or be appropriately familiar with, the principles of cognitive behavioural interventions. This book guides the reader through the fundamental principles of the approach in its various mental health application contexts, enabling them to gain the confidence to engage in the supervised, safe and evidence-based application of these principles. It will be a useful guide for mental health students who are experiencing their 'novice' exposure to practice situations during their diploma or degree course.
An updated edition of the bestselling guide on reprogramming one's negative thoughts and behaviourOnce the province of mental health professionals, CBT (or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) has gained wide acceptance as the treatment of choice for anyone looking to overcome anxiety, manage anger, beat an addiction, lose weight or simply gain a new outlook on life. Written by two CBT therapists, this bestselling guide helps you apply the principles of CBT in your everyday life-allowing you to spot errors in your thinking; tackle toxic thoughts; refocus and retrain your awareness; and finally, stand up to and become free of the fear, depression, anger, and obsessions that have been plaguing you.Includes tips on establishing ten healthy attitudes for living as well as ten ways to lighten upHelps you chart a path by defining problems and setting goalsOffers advice on taking a fresh look at your past, overcoming any obstacles to progress as well as ways to maintain your CBT gainsIncludes new and refreshed content, including chapters on how to beat an addiction and overcome body image issuesWith indispensable advice on finding your way out of the debilitating maze of negative thoughts and actions, the book is brimming with invaluable suggestions that will have even a confirmed pessimist well armed for the journey forward.
"We all have aspects of ourselves that we would like to change, but many of us believe that a leopard can't change its spots - if that's you, stop there! Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Dummies will help identify unhealthy modes of thinking - such as "a leopard can't change it's spots"! - that have been holding you back from the changes you want. CBT can help whether you're seeking to overcome anxiety and depression, boost self-esteem, lose weight, beat addiction or simply improve your outlook in your professional and personal life. "
This second edition provides an accessible and thorough overview of the practice of CBT within mental health care. Updates and additions include: - Revised chapters on the therapeutic relationship and case formulation - New material on personality disorders and bipolar disorder - New material on working with diversity - Content on the multidisciplinary context of CBT, the service user perspective, CBT from a holistic perspective - Developments within the cognitive behavioural psychotherapies - Continous professional development for the CBT practitioner - Photocopiable worksheets linked to case studies. Already a tried-and-tested guide for trainee psychologists and psychotherapists, as well as clinicians in mental health services and private practices, this text is also of value to practitioners who need refresher courses in CBT.
A comprehensive guide to learning technologies that unlock thevalue in big data Cognitive Computing provides detailed guidance towardbuilding a new class of systems that learn from experience andderive insights to unlock the value of big data. This book helpstechnologists understand cognitive computing's underlyingtechnologies, from knowledge representation techniques and naturallanguage processing algorithms to dynamic learning approaches basedon accumulated evidence, rather than reprogramming. Detailed caseexamples from the financial, healthcare, and manufacturing walkreaders step-by-step through the design and testing of cognitivesystems, and expert perspectives from organizations such asCleveland Clinic, Memorial Sloan-Kettering, as well as commercialvendors that are creating solutions. These organizations provideinsight into the real-world implementation of cognitive computingsystems. The IBM Watson cognitive computing platform is describedin a detailed chapter because of its significance in helping todefine this emerging market. In addition, the book includesimplementations of emerging projects from Qualcomm, Hitachi, Googleand Amazon.Today's cognitive computing solutions build on establishedconcepts from artificial intelligence, natural language processing,ontologies, and leverage advances in big data management andanalytics. They foreshadow an intelligent infrastructure thatenables a new generation of customer and context-aware smartapplications in all industries.Cognitive Computing is a comprehensive guide to thesubject, providing both the theoretical and practical guidancetechnologists need.Discover how cognitive computing evolved from promise torealityLearn the elements that make up a cognitive computingsystemUnderstand the groundbreaking hardware and softwaretechnologies behind cognitive computingLearn to evaluate your own application portfolio to find thebest candidates for pilot projectsLeverage cognitive computing capabilities to transform theorganizationCognitive systems are rightly being hailed as the new era ofcomputing. Learn how these technologies enable emerging firms tocompete with entrenched giants, and forward-thinking establishedfirms to disrupt their industries. Professionals who currently workwith big data and analytics will see how cognitive computing buildson their foundation, and creates new opportunities. CognitiveComputing provides complete guidance to this new level ofhuman-machine interaction.
This volume provides an overview of recent research on the nature, causes, and consequences of cognitive consistency. In 21 chapters, leading scholars address the pivotal role of consistency principles at various levels of social information processing, ranging from micro-level to macro-level processes. The book's scope encompasses mental representation, processing fluency and motivational fit, implicit social cognition, thinking and reasoning, decision making and choice, and interpersonal processes. Key findings, emerging themes, and current directions in the field are explored, and important questions for future research identified.
'Dr. Joel Cooper has been at the very forefront of research on dissonance theory for decades now. In this book, he provides a brilliant and engagingly-written review of the 50-year history of dissonance research and a masterful account of the ensuing developments in the theory. The book will be an outstanding resource for readers familiar with dissonance research and an enlightening introduction for those who are not' - Professor Russell H. Fazio, Ohio State University Why is it that people who smoke continue to do so knowing how bad it is for them? What drives people to committing adultery even though they inherently believe this is wrong? What's the outcome of this contradiction in the mind? Cognitive dissonance has been an important and influential theory since Leon Festinger published his classic work in 1957. It is known by every social psychologist, most psychologists of any stripe, and the lay public, making its way into such mainstream publications as The New York Times with increasing frequency and accuracy. Ultimately, dissonance has become one of the most popularly known expressions of social psychological insights, making its way into the literature in consumer, health and economic behavior, and has become a frequently used explanation of political behavior in the popular press and magazines. In marking the 50th anniversary of the theory's inception, Joel Cooper - arguably the scholar most associated with dissonance research in the past few decades - has presented a beautiful, modern and comprehensive analysis of the state of dissonance theory. This book charts the progress of dissonance theory, assessing its impact not only within our understanding of psychology but in everyday experiences as well. It should be important reading for students in social psychology, either undergraduate or graduate, but equally relevant to a host of other readers who need to understand or share the same passions for appreciating the significance of cognitive dissonance in the human psyche.
The idea that a specific brain circuit constitutes the emotional brain (and itscorollary, that cognition resides elsewhere) shaped thinking about emotion and the brain for manyyears. Recent behavioral, neuropsychological, neuroanatomy, and neuroimaging research, however,suggests that emotion interacts with cognition in the brain. In this book, Luiz Pessoa moves beyondthe debate over functional specialization, describing the many ways that emotion and cognitioninteract and are integrated in the brain. The amygdala is often viewed as thequintessential emotional region of the brain, but Pessoa reviews findings revealing that many of itsfunctions contribute to attention and decision making, critical components of cognitive functions. He counters the idea of a subcortical pathway to the amygdala for affective visual stimuli with analternate framework, the multiple waves model. Citing research on reward andmotivation, Pessoa also proposes the dual competition model, which explainsemotional and motivational processing in terms of their influence on competition processes at bothperceptual and executive function levels. He considers the broader issue of structure-functionmappings, and examines anatomical features of several regions often associated with emotionalprocessing, highlighting their connectivity properties. As new theoretical frameworks of distributedprocessing evolve, Pessoa concludes, a truly dynamic network view of the brain will emerge, in which"emotion" and "cognition" may be used as labels in the context of certain behaviors, but will notmap cleanly into compartmentalized pieces of the brain.
A description of cane travel instruction from the structured discovery methodology.
Over the last 25 years, cognitive load theory has become one of the world's leading theories of instructional design. It is heavily researched by many educational and psychological researchers and is familiar to most practicing instructional designers, especially designers using computer and related technologies. The theory can be divided into two aspects that closely inter-relate and influence each other: human cognitive architecture and the instructional designs and prescriptions that flow from that architecture. The cognitive architecture is based on biological evolution. The resulting description of human cognitive architecture is novel and accordingly, the instructional designs that flow from the architecture also are novel. All instructional procedures are routinely tested using randomized, controlled experiments. Roughly 1/3 of the book will be devoted to cognitive architecture and its evolutionary base with 2/3 devoted to the instructional implications that follow, including technology-based instruction. Researchers, teachers and instructional designers need the book because of the explosion of interest in cognitive load theory over the last few years. The theory is represented in countless journal articles but a detailed, modern overview presenting the theory and its implications in one location is not available.
This updated new edition summarizes the latest developments in cognitive neuroscience related to rehabilitation, reviews the principles of successful interventions and synthesizes new findings about the rehabilitation of cognitive changes in a variety of populations. With greatly expanded sections on treatment and the role of imaging, it provides a comprehensive reference for those interested in the science, as well as including the most up-to-date information for the practicing clinician. It provides clear and practical guidance on cognitive rehabilitation's effectiveness, and the latest research and clinical directions.
This clear and accessible textbook introduces students to the brain's remarkable capacity for memory.
This accessible text addresses the core knowledge domain of cognitive psychology, with focused coverage of the central concepts, research and debates in this key area. The engaging text provides detailed information on thinking and reasoning, learning and memory, language, perception, attention, and consciousness. A final chapter examines cognitive neuropsychology. There is an emphasis on the way the properties of cognition relate to our everyday lives. Learning features including case studies, research summaries, short review questions and assignment topics, are provided throughout to aid students' understanding and promote a critical approach. In addition extended critical thinking and skill builder activities develop the reader's higher level skills.
This coherent overview of cognitive psychology is organized in terms of themes that cut across topic areas. Written by well-known researchers, the book is completely current in describing ongoing controversies in research; it provides summaries of key experiments that distinguish between them; and it encourages the reader to think critically about current research and theories. The focus on the importance of physical and computational constraints on cognition is preserved throughout the book.
Sternberg (Yale University) describes the main structures of the human brain, and the basic processes of human perception, learning, memory, language, problem solving, and creativity.
Anderson offers systematic and accessible presentation of the theoretical foundations of higher mental processes, with each important idea made concrete by specific examples and experiments. Focusing on knowledge representation as the central issue of cognition research, the book emphasizes an information processing approach to the field, but offers thorough coverage of the cognitive neuroscience approach as well (extensively updated for this edition). Reflecting the evolution of current research, the new Seventh Edition looks closely at the dramatic contributions of cognitive neuroscience to the understanding of cognitive functions. New coverage, new color insert, new pedagogy, and other content and format innovations, make this definitive new edition the most student-friendly yet.
Bruce Goldstein's COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY connects the study of cognition to your everyday life. This accessible book introduces you to landmark studies as well as the cutting-edge research that define this fascinating field. To help you further experiment with and understand the concepts in the text, you can use COGLAB 2. 0: THE ONLINE COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY LABORATORY. Available at www. iChapters. com, COGLAB contains dozens of classic experiments designed to help you learn about cognitive concepts and how the mind works.
This textbook is the first to incorporate neuroscience seamlessly into the study of cognitive psychology. The study of cognition has progressed enormously over the past decade, but no currently available book summarizes and makes accessible the key findings and theories. This book takes a fresh look at the field, and presents it as it actually is today. By integrating findings about the brain into the usual fare for this topic, it provides the foundation for readers to study current research in the field. How the Brain Gives Rise to the Mind; Perception; Attention; Representation and Knowledge in Long-Term Memory; Encoding and Retrieval from Long-Term Memory; Working Memory; Executive Processes; Emotion and Cognition; Decision Making; Problem Solving and Reasoning; Planning and Motor Cognition; and Language. For those practicing in the field of cognitive psychology.
The purpose of this book is to teach psychologists with a neuropsychology background about cognitive remediation, the evidence in the research literature, and how to develop and conduct a treatment plan and evaluate the effectiveness of the interventions. The approach is illustrated using the computer-assisted cognitive remediation program developed by the author (NeurXercise). Twenty-nine different cases are presented in depth, following the outline presented in the earlier portions of the book. Treatment planning emphasizes Luria's concepts of alternate functional systems and double dissociation. Pre- and post-treatment neuropsychological testing results are presented along with ecological validity and generalization to daily functioning. The cases are presented by etiology and each section concludes with what can be learned about that etiologic process from the cognitive remediation results. This section includes blast injuries, which are still being characterized in the literature, as well as effective treatment of patients with head injury, stroke, post-neurosurgical sequelae, co-morbid disorders, subcortical disorders, attention deficit disorder, and learning disabilities. The book identifies the most commonly used neuropsychological test instruments for evaluating cognitive deficits, discusses their input and output characteristics, and does the same for the NeurXercise computer-based exercises so that the connection between testing and treatment is easy to see and develop. In addition to discussing this in the appropriate sections of the book, these are summarized in the appendixes as a reference for correlating test findings and appropriate exercises for remediating deficits.
Cognitive Screening Instruments: A Practical Approach provides a practical and structured overview of some of the most commonly used and easily available cognitive screening instruments applicable in the outpatient clinic and bedside setting. Dementia and cognitive disorders are now recognised as an increasing public health problem, both in terms of patient numbers and cost, as populations age throughout the world. Despite this, many patients with dementia never receive a formal diagnosis, with implications for their appropriate care and management. Diagnostic tests which identify cases of dementia therefore have an important role. Expert authors from around the world equip the reader of Cognitive Screening Instruments: A Practical Approach with clear instructions on the usage of each screening instrument, its strengths and weaknesses, the time required for administration, and rules on scoring, such as how to correct for variations in the patient's age or education, and suggested cut-off scores. Cognitive Screening Instruments: A Practical Approach is a handy, illustrated guide and a valuable diagnostic aid for practitioners working closely with patients with dementia and mild cognitive impairment. This volume will be of use both to clinicians and to professionals in disciplines allied to medicine who are called upon to assess patients with possible cognitive disorders, including neurologists, old age psychiatrists, neuropsychologists, primary care physicians, dementia support workers, and members of memory assessment teams.
Beck describes both theory and therapeutic techniques for anxiety neuroses, depressions, obsessions, phobias, and psychosomatic disorders and demonstrates the wide range of applicability of the cognitive approach
An innovative new approach to addiction treatment that pairs cognitive behavioural therapy with cognitive neuroscience, to directly target the core mechanisms of addiction.Offers a focus on addiction that is lacking in existing cognitive therapy accountsUtilizes various approaches, including mindfulness, 12-step facilitation, cognitive bias modification, motivational enhancement and goal-setting and, to combat common road blocks on the road to addiction recoveryUses neuroscientific findings to explain how willpower becomes compromised-and how it can be effectively utilized in the clinical arena
Updating and reformulating Aaron T. Beck's pioneering cognitive model of anxiety disorders, this book is both authoritative and highly practical. The authors synthesize the latest thinking and empirical data on anxiety treatment and offer step-by-step instruction in cognitive assessment, case formulation, cognitive restructuring, and behavioral intervention. They provide evidence-based mini-manuals for treating the five most common anxiety disorders panic disorder, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. User-friendly features include vivid case examples, concise "Clinician Guidelines" that reinforce key points, and over three dozen reproducible handouts and forms.
Cognitive therapies are based on the idea that behavior and emotions result largely from an individual's appraisal of a situation, and are therefore influenced by that individual's beliefs, assumptions and images. This book is a comprehensive guide to cognitive therapy of anxiety disorders.
Classic in psychology. Discusses the cognitive behavioral perspectives of treating depression.
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