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The term human dimensions covers a broad set of ideas and practices, including economic and social values, individual and group behavior, citizen involvement in planning and implementation of management, and communication.
This comprehensive sourcebook on human ecology combines 25 source articles published in the journal Human Ecology, enhanced with new research updates and thematic commentary. Intended as a follow up to Case Studies in Human Ecology, this volume includes an entirely new group of articles, with the same accessible, comprehensive coverage that made Case Studies so popular. Human Ecology: Research and Practice covers four important areas: Philosophy, Theory and Methods; Changing Subsistence Practices; Agricultural Intensification and Population Dynamics; and, Common Property Resources and Conservation. As a group, these articles represent the major contributions to the study of Human Ecology since the publication of the previous volume. Each article includes a concise introduction by the Editor, giving necessary and thoughtful context. The volume covers an overview of human ecology as a field within environmental studies, new directions in contemporary research, new methods and techniques, and cultural landscapes. Anyone studying human ecology, environmental studies, landscape studies, or population dynamics, particularly key issues such as conservation and globalization will find this comprehensive reader a valuable resource.
This book is a short introduction to Marxism that addresses its political, historical and ideological aspects of science and art.
At the time of its first publication, The Human Experience was a historic publishing event, the first of its kind: an anthology published simultaneously in the United States and the Soviet Union that brought together forty brilliant and celebrated contemporary writers--half of them Americans, half of them Russians--in deeply felt stories and poems which provided glimpses of the life, the work, the play, the textures and humors of the two countries, giving us insight into how we differed, what we had in common. Pieces by Soviet and American writers of the time are interspersed. The American contributors include Raymond Carver, Mary Gordon, Garrison Keillor, Adrienne Rich, John Updike, Alice Walker and Robert Penn Warren. Among the Soviet writers are Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Andrei Voznesensky, Bulat Okudzhava, Tatyana Tolstaya, Georgy Semyonov and Bella Akhmadulina. It was the hope of everyone concerned with this anthology at the time of its original publication that its attempt to make new connections between two peoples through storytelling and poetry would capture the imagination of readers in America, the Soviet Union and the world.
Advances in hardware and networking have made possible a wide use of augmented reality (AR) technologies. However, simply putting those hardware and technologies together does not make a "good" system for end users to use. New design principles and evaluation methods specific to this emerging area are urgently needed to keep up with the advance in technologies. Human Factors in Augmented Reality Environments is the first book on human factors in AR, addressing issues related to design, development, evaluation and application of AR systems. Topics include surveys, case studies, evaluation methods and metrics, HCI theories and design principles, human factors and lessons learned and experience obtained from developing, deploying or evaluating AR systems. The contributors for this cutting-edge volume are well-established researchers from diverse disciplines including psychologists, artists, engineers and scientists. Human Factors in Augmented Reality Environments is designed for a professional audience composed of practitioners and researchers working in the field of AR and human-computer interaction. Advanced-level students in computer science and engineering will also find this book useful as a secondary text or reference.
In recent years, the advancing science and increasing availability of assisted reproduction have given new hope to infertile couples. However, the use of IVF and ART has also led to marked increases in the number of multiple-infant live births. This poses a public health concern, as these neonates have a higher rate of pre-term delivery, compromising their survival chances and increasing their risk of lifelong disability. By optimizing the selection of gametes and embryos with high probabilities of implantation, it is possible to reduce the number of embryos transferred and, by extension, the number of high-risk multiple gestations, while maintaining or increasing pregnancy rates. Human Gametes and Preimplantation Embryos: Assessment and Diagnosis provides a broad yet concise overview of established and developing methodologies for assessment of gamete and embryo viability in assisted reproduction. This book elucidates the best practices for precisely selecting viable specimens based on morphology and cleavage rate and covers the spectrum of emerging adjunctive technologies for predicting reproductive potential. The authors present their extensive knowledge of "omics" approaches (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics), with unbiased delineation of the associated advantages and potential pitfalls. This valuable clinical resource is well suited to infertility specialists, Ob/Gyn physicians, IVF laboratory technicians, and researchers in the fields of embryology and reproductive medicine.
An excellent introductory text for undergraduates, especially those with "sciencephobia. " Slow-paced material incorporates information on genetics in the news, and features chapter outlines, real-life vignettes, technology timelines, key concepts, chapter glossaries, and review and applied questions, plus boxed readings on fun subjects like human werewolves, and color photos and diagrams. Includes sections on fundamentals, transmission genetics, DNA and chromosomes, population genetics, immunity and cancer, and the latest genetic technology. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc. , Portland, Or.
An excellent introductory text for undergraduates, especially those with "sciencephobia." Slow-paced material incorporates information on genetics in the news, and features chapter outlines, real-life vignettes, technology timelines, key concepts, chapter glossaries, and review and applied questions, plus boxed readings on fun subjects like human werewolves, and color photos and diagrams. Includes sections on fundamentals, transmission genetics, DNA and chromosomes, population genetics, immunity and cancer, and the latest genetic technology. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
Human Genetics: Concepts and Applications, ninth edition, is a non-science major's human genetics text that clearly explains what genes are, how they function, how they interact with the environment, and how our understanding of genetics has changed since completion of the human genome project. Meticulously updated, focused on concepts, and rich with personal stories from people whose lives are dramatically affected by the principles being discussed,Human Genetics is a textbook that will prepare the next generation of citizens for the decisions that lie ahead.
The new fifth edition enhances coverage in the field by enabling economists and political geographers to work online with GIS maps, spreadsheets, simulations, and animated graphs. The book has been updated to use maps of traditional foods and vernacular phrases for soft drinks to illustrate culture regions. Expanded discussions of migration include a look at international immigration. New material is also presented on the local food movement and the breakdown in negotiations for agricultural trade agreements at the Doha trade summit. In addition, economists and political geographers will find key terms throughout the chapters such as creative class, outsourcing, substitution of capital for labor, and transit-oriented development.
To introduce its users to the scope and excitement of geography and its relevance to their daily lives and roles as informed citizens.
Human Geography: Culture, Society and Space challenges students to think geographically across scale and across a wide range of geographical phenomena and global issues. The authors engage the students throughout the text by posing geographical questions that encourage students to think critically about their own locality, region, nation, and world. In the Eighth Edition, the authors reformat the text to 14 chapters, provide a clear outline of key questions for each chapter, integrate their own field experiences, and rewrite the text to guide students through answers to geographic questions. The Eighth Edition includes three new chapters: 'Identity: Race, Ethnicity and Gender,' 'Local Culture, Popular Culture, and Cultural Landscapes,' and 'Geographic Networks. ' The concepts of globalization, identity, development, sense of place, and construction of scale are infused throughout the text. The author team draws from studies in geography and across disciplines to bring a broad and up-to-date perspective on the kinds of research geographers have done and are currently doing on a wide range of human geography topics. In the Eighth Edition, de Blij and Murphy welcome new coauthor Erin Hogan Fouberg (South Dakota State University), who brings her expertise in geography education and political geography. The author team created a new pedagogy and writing style for the Eighth Edition that make the book more accessible to students and faculty.
A world history textbook chronicling the rise of Western and Eastern civilizations.
Human Impacts on Amazonia: The Role of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in Conservation and Developmentby Darrell Addison Posey Michael J. Balick
Featuring contributions by environmental scientists, botanists, anthropologists, and others, this volume explores historic and contemporary visions of Amazonia and the effects of human development in the region. The collection reveals the long history of cultural and biological destruction in the Amazonian ecosystem, particularly by outsiders. Standing in stark contrast to the environmental exploitation practiced by these interests, native Amazonians have successfully utilized and conserved the land around them, from the pre-Columbian era to the present. The unmistakable imprint of these indigenous inhabitants is reflected in the forests, savannas, hills, and streams of the Amazon Basin, which for them serve as homes, gardens, and hunting reserves, as well as spiritual and sacred spaces. Therefore collaboration with native Amazonians is critical to avoiding further ruin of this unique part of the world's biological and cultural heritage. Human Impacts on Amazonia is a fascinating and important book for anyone concerned with the history, development, conservation, and protection of the Amazon Valley.
This book is a comprehensive survey of our scientific knowledge about human intelligence, written by a researcher who has spent more than 30 years studying the field, receiving a Lifetime Contribution award from the International Society for Intelligence. Human Intelligence takes a non-ideological view of a topic in which, too often, writings are dominated by a single theory or social viewpoint. The book discusses the conceptual status of intelligence as a collection of cognitive skills that include, but also go beyond, those skills evaluated by conventional tests; intelligence tests and their analysis; contemporary theories of intelligence; biological and social causes of intelligence; the importance of intelligence in social, industrial, and educational spheres; the role of intelligence in determining success in life, both inside and outside educational settings; and the nature and causes of variations in intelligence across age, gender, and racial and ethnic groups.
There's little doubt that people are growing smarter. This effect is so strong that IQ tests must be renormed periodically to prevent classifying an overabundance of people as geniuses. The question is why is this collective rise in IQ - known as the Flynn effect -occurring? Possible theories to explain the Flynn effect have ranged from better parenting to faster evolution. Bringing a bold new voice to the debate, Human Intelligence and Medical Illness sets out a simple definition of intelligence that is appropriate for assessing intelligence at the population level. The definition is then used to probe the relationship between population intelligence and public health. This volume uses the latest medical and behavioral science research to argue that declines in serious disease and illness-causing conditions (e.g., lead paint in buildings) correlate strongly with continued cognitive gains in both developed and developing countries. Current political realities explain why the Flynn effect should be approached as a public policy as well as a public health issue. This provocative volume: Reviews the most widely held hypotheses accounting for the Flynn effect. Examines the relationship between intelligence and public health. Assesses the extent to which public health improvements can potentially account for the Flynn effect. Details how treatment of common medical problems may result in a substantial rise in IQ. Explores the possibility of continued IQ gains in the United States and worldwide. Reframes the Flynn effect in the contexts of public health, early childhood education, and social justice. With its groundbreaking findings on the causes of cognitive impairment and the possibility of cognitive improvement, Human Intelligence and Medical Illness is must-reading for researchers, professors, and graduate students in developmental psychology, education, public health, psychiatry, neuroscience, social work, and related fields.
Medical research involving human subjects has contributed to considerable advancements in our knowledge, and to medical benefits. At the same time the development of new technologies as well as further globalisation of medical research raises questions that require the attention of researchers from a range of disciplines. This book gathers the contributions of researchers from nine different countries, who analyse recent developments in medical research from ethical, historical, legal and socio-cultural perspectives. In addition to reflections on innovations in science such as genetic databases and the concept of "targeted therapy" the book also includes analyses regarding the ethico-legal regulation of new technologies such as human tissue banking or the handling of genetic information potentially relevant for participants in medical research. Country and culture-specific aspects that are relevant to human medical research from a global perspective also play a part. The value of multi- and interdisciplinary analysis that includes the perspectives of scholars from normative and empirical disciplines is a shared premise of each contribution.
Carrying forward the legacy of original author Terry Jordan-Bychkov, coauthors Mona Domosh, Roderick Neumann and Patricia Price have again provided a thoroughly up-to-date new edition of the classic text,The Human Mosaic. The new edition offers a compelling guided tour of contemporary geography that updates the original's unique Five Theme approach while captivating students with the ways today's geographers interpret our ever more globalized, interdependent world.
In Human Nature and Conduct, the philosopher John Dewey looks at the connection between human nature and morality. While some people believe that we are naturally good, others believe that we are naturally evil. Likewise, while some people believe that morality is all relative, others believe that moral laws are as universal as laws of nature. In these twenty-six succinct chapters Dewey argues that morality is not so simple. He claims that morality depends on both individual people and societies, on both nature and nurture, and on a complex interaction between biological impulses, social customs, and human intelligence. He argues against those who believe morality depends on the will of the majority, those who believe it depends on the will of God and, most of all, those who believe the purpose of morality is to protect us from our own instincts. In Human Nature and Conduct Dewey gives us a new perspective on morality.
A provocative new study of birds, humans, and the deepest prejudices of Western science--developed from six years of independent research by a behavioral scientist. In the spirit of the New York Times bestseller The Hidden Life of Dogs. Color photos.
Ever since the recognition of the Neanderthals as an archaic form of human in the mid-nineteenth century, the fossilized bones of extinct humans have been used by paleoanthropologists to explore human origins. These bones tell the story of how the earliest humans first emerged in Africa some 6 to 7 million years ago. The bones also reveal that as humans became anatomically and behaviorally more modern, they swept out of Africa in waves into Asia, Europe, and finally into the New World. Even as paleoanthropologists continued to make important discoveries, experts in genetics were looking at the human species from a very different angle. In 1953 James Watson and Francis Crick first envisioned the double helix structure of DNA, the basic building block of all life. In the 1970s it was shown that humans share 98.7 percent of their genes with the great apes--that in fact genetically we are more closely related to chimpanzees than chimpanzees are to gorillas. And most recently the entire human genome has been mapped--we now know where each of the genes are located on the DNA strands that make up our chromosomes. In Human Origins: What Bones and Genomes Tell Us about Ourselves, two of the worlds foremost scientists, geneticist Rob DeSalle and paleoanthropologist Ian Tattersall, show how research into the human genome confirms what fossil bones have told us about human origins. This unprecedented integration of the fossil and genomic records provides the most complete understanding possible of humanity's place in nature, its emergence from the rest of the living world, and the evolutionary processes that have molded human populations to be what they are today.
Pain is a subject of increasing scientific and clinical interest. Studies of non-primate animal models have contributed greatly to our knowledge of pain. Nonetheless, investigators often refer to basic neuroscientific and behavioral studies of humans and non-human pain. Likewise, the interpretation of human pain studies and clinical observations relies upon understanding the relevant anatomy and physiology as gleaned from animal, and especially primate, research. Here, Lenz, Casey, Jones, and pain in humans, to provide a firm basis for understanding the mechanisms of normal and pathological human pain. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in pain research. Book jacket.
This book is a practical and comprehensive guide to the diagnosis and treatment of human papilloma virus (HPV)-related diseases from a urological perspective. It reviews new diagnostic methods for virus detection and typing, management of penile and urethral lesions, new treatment modalities including an overview of the use of lasers, the link between HPV and cancer, and new prevention methods with an update on HPV vaccines.
Textbook on humans, from 6 million years ago to early civilizations.
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