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We live in a complex and dynamically changing acoustic environment. To this end, the auditory cortex of humans has developed the ability to process a remarkable amount of diverse acoustic information with apparent ease. In fact, a phylogenetic comparison of auditory systems reveals that human auditory association cortex in particular has undergone extensive changes relative to that of other species, although our knowledge of this remains incomplete. In contrast to other senses, human auditory cortex receives input that is highly pre-processed in a number of sub-cortical structures; this suggests that even primary auditory cortex already performs quite complex analyses. At the same time, much of the functional role of the various sub-areas in human auditory cortex is still relatively unknown, and a more sophisticated understanding is only now emerging through the use of contemporary electrophysiological and neuroimaging techniques. The integration of results across the various techniques signify a new era in our knowledge of how human auditory cortex forms basis for auditory experience. This volume on human auditory cortex will have two major parts. In Part A, the principal methodologies currently used to investigate human auditory cortex will be discussed. Each chapter will first outline how the methodology is used in auditory neuroscience, highlighting the challenges of obtaining data from human auditory cortex; second, each methods chapter will provide two or (at most) three brief examples of how it has been used to generate a major result about auditory processing. In Part B, the central questions for auditory processing in human auditory cortex are covered. Each chapter can draw on all the methods introduced in Part A but will focus on a major computational challenge the system has to solve. This volume will constitute an important contemporary reference work on human auditory cortex. Arguably, this will be the first and most focused book on this critical neurological structure. The combination of different methodological and experimental approaches as well as a diverse range of aspects of human auditory perception ensures that this volume will inspire novel insights and spurn future research.
This volume will provide an important contemporary reference on hearing development and will lead to new ways of thinking about hearing in children and about remediation for children with hearing loss. Much of the material in this volume will document that a different model of hearing is needed to understand hearing during development. The book is expected to spur research in auditory development and in its application to pediatric audiology.
Human behavior is a subject so vast that it would seem to defy one's ability to comfortably and confidently grasp its varieties, nuances, shapes, and dynamics. But in this wide-ranging and comprehensive survey of the contexts of human behavior, Dennis Saleebey examines the different social science approaches to understanding the way humans react to and are affected by their environment.
Human Behavior and the Social Environment: Shifting Paradigms in Essential Knowledge for Social Work Practice (5th edition)by Joe M. Schriver
This textbook offers a comparative examination of competing paradigms in the study of human behavior and the social environment. The text focuses at each system level on the need for multiple perspectives that respect the diversity of persons and environments with whom social workers interact.
Human behavior forms the nucleus of military effectiveness. Humans operating in the complex military system must possess the knowledge, skills, abilities, aptitudes, and temperament to perform their roles effectively in a reliable and predictable manner, and effective military management requires understanding of how these qualities can be best provided and assessed. Scientific research in this area is critical to understanding leadership, training and other personnel issues, social interactions and organizational structures within the military. The U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (ARI) asked the National Research Council to provide an agenda for basic behavioral and social research focused on applications in both the short and long-term. The committee responded by recommending six areas of research on the basis of their relevance, potential impact, and timeliness for military needs: intercultural competence; teams in complex environments; technology-based training; nonverbal behavior; emotion; and behavioral neurophysiology. The committee suggests doubling the current budget for basic research for the behavioral and social sciences across U.S. military research agencies. The additional funds can support approximately 40 new projects per year across the committee's recommended research areas. Human Behavior in Military Contexts includes committee reports and papers that demonstrate areas of stimulating, ongoing research in the behavioral and social sciences that can enrich the military's ability to recruit, train, and enhance the performance of its personnel, both organizationally and in its many roles in other cultures.
This bestseller is ideal for use in either one-semester or year-long generalist human behavior courses. Why? Because the text is concise and easily used in a one-semester course. But the text also comes with a companion set of readings and five unique cases that encourage your students to "learn by doing" and to apply their knowledge of human behavior to best practices. Go to www.routledgesw.com/hbse to learn more. These additional resources easily allow you to use the text (and its related resources) in a two-semester sequence.
This book is an attempt to map the territory of human behavior. It is intended to introduce students in the human services to ideas and theories that are fundamental to understanding human behavior. Students in social work, nursing, education, home economics, child development, and other disciplines that provide human services require an acquaintance with a vast body of knowledge about the behavior of humans. Today it is impossible to present enough information in one book to accomplish this.In our teaching and in our students' learning, we found that we came nearest to accomplishing this task by writing this book and using it as a global map of human behavior. It designates the major levels of knowledge of human behavior and enables students to recognize the human systems that most concern them. It is designed to organize human behavior content into an understandable whole.
Thoroughly examining brain-behavior relationships in atypically developing children, this important volume integrates theories and data from multiple disciplines. Leading authorities present research on specific clinical problems, including autism, Williams syndrome, learning and language disabilities, ADHD, and issues facing infants of diabetic mothers. In addition, the effects of social stress and maltreatment on brain development and behavior are reviewed. Demonstrating the uses of cutting-edge methods from developmental neuroscience, developmental psychology, and cognitive science, the contributors emphasize the implications of their findings for real-world educational and clinical practices. Illustrations include eight pages in full color.
This volume brings together leading authorities from multiple disciplines to examine the relationship between brain development and behavior in typically developing children. Presented are innovative cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that shed light on brain-behavior connections in infancy and toddlerhood through adolescence. Chapters explore the complex interplay of neurobiological and environmental influences in the development of memory, language, reading, inhibitory control, and other core aspects of cognitive, emotional, and social functioning. Throughout, the volume gives particular attention to what the research reveals about ways to support learning and healthy development in all children. Illustrations include four pages in full color.
In this innovative, wide-ranging synthesis of anthropology and biogeography, Alexander Harcourt tells how and why our species came to be distributed around the world. He explains our current understanding of human origins, tells how climate determined our spread, and describes the barriers that delayed and directed migrating peoples. He explores the rich and complex ways in which our anatomy, physiology, cultural diversity, and population density vary from region to region in the areas we inhabit. The book closes with chapters on how human cultures have affected each other's geographic distributions, how non-human species have influenced human distribution, and how humans have reduced the ranges of many other species while increasing the ranges of others. Throughout, Harcourt compares what we understand of human biogeography to non-human primate biogeography.
Presenting core concepts in a relevant context, Starr and McMillan's HUMAN BIOLOGY gives you a clear understanding of how the human body works and helps you make well-informed choices as a consumer and voter. Each chapter opens with a human biology-related issue currently in the news that highlights the relevance of the topic. You then learn the basic concepts which help you think critically about these issues.
In this edition, as in previous editions, each chapter presents the topic clearly and distinctly so that students will feel capable of achieving an adult level of understanding. Detailed, high-level scientific data and terminology are not included because Dr. Mader believes that true knowledge consists of working concepts rather than technical facility.
Award-winning teacher Michael D. Johnson catches your interest immediately by connecting basic biology concepts to real-world issues that are relevant to your life. Through a storytelling approach and extensive online support, Human Biology: Concepts and Current Issues, 6th Edition not only demystifies how the human body works but helps you to become a better consumer of health and science information. Each chapter now opens with Johnson's popular "Current Issue" essays, and inside each chapter are entries from the author's own, frequently updated blog. Expanded online resources are now available and conveniently referenced in chapter sections with icons and URLs. The 6th Edition also offers you stronger self-assessment tools, with new and expanded critical-thinking questions throughout each chapter and in the end-of-chapter reviews.
Alan Dean Foster's brilliant new novel is a near-future thriller that has all the dark humor and edgy morality of an Elmore Leonard mystery, in addition to the masterly world-building and quirky but believable characters readers expect from Foster. This gripping adventure reveals a place where criminals are punished through genetic engineering and bodily manipulation--which poses profound questions about what it means to be human.Given his name because radical surgery and implants have reduced him to preternatural thinness, Whispr is a thug. His partner in crime, Jiminy Cricket, has also been physically altered with nanocarbonic prosthetic legs and high-strength fast-twitch muscle fibers that give him great jumping abilities. In a dark alley in Savannah, Whispr and Jiminy murder what they take to be a random tourist in order to amputate and then fence his sophisticated artificial hand. But the hapless victim also happens to be carrying an unusual silver thread that appears to be some kind of storage medium. Ever quick to scent potential profit, Whispr and Jiminy grab the thread as well.Chance later deposits a wounded Whispr at the clinic of Dr. Ingrid Seastrom. Things have not gone smoothly for Whispr since he acquired the mysterious thread. Powerful forces are searching for him, and Jiminy has vanished. All Whispr wants to do is sell the thread as quickly as he can. When he offers to split the profits with Ingrid in exchange for her medical services, she makes an astonishing discovery.So begins a unique partnership. Unlike Whispr, Ingrid is a natural, with no genetic or bodily alteration. She is also a Harvard-educated physician, while Whispr's smarts are strictly of the street variety. Yet together they make a formidable team--as long as they can elude the enhanced assassins that are tracking them.From the Hardcover edition.
The Human Body in Health and Illness, 4th Edition makes it fun to learn anatomy & physiology. Clear, step-by-step explanations provide all the information you need to know, so concepts are easy to understand even if you have a limited background in the sciences. Written by well-known educator Barbara Herlihy, the book begins with a basic discussion of the human body and cellular structure and moves toward genetics and the greater complexity of the human organism. It breaks down complex concepts and processes into digestible chunks, and new features such as Re-Think and Go Figure! help you apply what you've learned to common problems in patient care. Unique! Original, colorful cartoons use humor to reinforce content, making it more accessible and user-friendly. Original, full-color illustrations complement the text and simplify both fundamental and complex concepts. Key terms are listed in chapter openers and defined in the glossary. A summary outline at the end of each chapter provides a useful study tool. Review Your Knowledge questions at the end of each chapter include multiple-choice and matching Unique! Do You Know boxes discuss pathophysiology issues or provide a historical connection to A&P. Unique! Disorders of the System tables summarize specific disorders related to individual body systems for easy reference. Sum It Up! reinforces and summarizes key topics. As You Age boxes describe how aging affects human anatomy and physiology. An updated Evolve companion website provides access to post-tests, animations, an audio glossary, and additional Do You Know vignettes. Re-Think sections ask you to review concepts and apply what you've learned. Unique! Ramp It Up! boxes connect material in the text to the clinical setting and your future career. Unique! Build-a-Word boxes help you learn and build upon new medical terminology. Unique! Go Figure! features ask you to reexamine diagrams, reinforcing the key points of each one. Unique! Bridges to Nursing Assessment Labs on the companion Evolve website bridge the gap between A&P theory and clinical application.
Offering a student-friendly writing style, this text presents a body systems approach with a strong emphasis on vocabulary and basic anatomy and physiology concepts, as well as the basic mechanisms of disease and pathologic conditions associated with each body system. This comprehensive text is dominated by two unifying themes: the complementarity of structure and function and homeostasis. The integrating principle of homeostasis is used to show how normal structure and function is achieved and maintained. Failures of homeostasis are shown as basic mechanisms of disease. The reader is drawn into the subject by superior illustrations, including cadaver dissections, and other student-friendly features. Boxed Essays throughout each chapter contain information ranging from clinical applications to sidelights on recent research or topics related to exercise and fitness. Clinical Applications at the end of each chapter offer short case studies with questions that tie theory to practice, and encourage students to apply their knowledge to specific, practical problems. Answers are in the back of the book. Readability and coverage are at the appropriate level for students approaching the study of anatomy and physiology for the first time, with interesting analogies and examples along with the factual information. Superior art program, with over 450 full-color illustrations, complements text material. Chapter Outlines introduce each chapter and preview the content. Objectives contain measurable objectives for students to identify key goals and master information. Detailed Outline Summaries at the end of each chapter provide an excellent recap of important chapter content. New and important vocabulary terms are listed at the end of each chapter, and a comprehensive Glossary provides the full definition for each term. All vocabulary terms in each chapter are provided in bold print. Student self-evaluation activities at the end of each chapter measure their mastery of content. The Chapter Test (answers in back of book), Review Questions and Critical Thinking (answers in Instructors Manual) provide objective and subjective questions and encourage use of critical thinking skills. Pathologic Conditions appendix provides tables summarizing specific pathological conditions by characteristic. Medical Terminology appendix provides a list of word parts commonly used in terms related to medicine and pathology, along with tips on dissecting complex terms to determine their meanings. Clinical Laboratory Values appendix provides commonly observed values for human body content and physiological conditions, along with their normal ranges. New Chemistry of Life chapter discusses basic chemistry concepts needed for understanding basic anatomy and physiology. The Panorama of Anatomy and Physiology/Body Spectrum: Mosbys Electronic Anatomy Coloring Book are included in each textbook. A two-in-one CD-ROM featuring two of popular interactive programs, it simplifies the way students learn anatomy and medical terminology by offering 80 detailed anatomy illustrations that can be colored online or printed out to color and study offline. It also features quizzes, movie clips, fun facts, and information on careers in the field of A&P. New Science Applications boxes are added to each chapter, highlighting the contributions of trailblazing scientists to the field of anatomy and physiology. Study Tips with collaborative learning activities are now listed at the end of each chapter to assist students in how best to study the chapter materials, making this text more student friendly than ever before. New Evolve website provides students access to web links created especially for this text along with online study activities and study tips. It also includes continually updated content, study through the Internet, and
This updated third edition includes outstanding coverage of basic anatomy and physiology, plus the mechanisms of disease and pathological conditions associated with each body system. Two unifying themes are integrated in this comprehensive text: the complementary nature of structure and function, and homeostasis. Homeostasis is used to show how "normal" structure and function are maintained, whereas failures of homeostasis are shown as basic mechanisms of disease. The reader is drawn into the subject by a clear, straightforward style, superior illustrations, and student-friendly features.
This third edition includes outstanding coverage of basic anatomy and physiology, plus the mechanisms of disease and pathologic conditions associated with each body system. Two unifying themes are integrated in this comprehensive text: the complementary nature of structure and function, and homeostasis. Homeostasis is used to show how "normal" structure and function are maintained, whereas failures of homeostasis are shown as basic mechanisms of disease. The reader is drawn into the subject by a clear, straightforward style, superior illustrations, and student-friendly features.
What would you see if you removed the skull from the human brain and then slowly worked your way deeper and deeper into the brain, to the level of an individual neuron? With renowned brain researcher Susan Greenfield as your guide, here is your chance to gain a bird's eye view of the human brain-and to learn more about what the brain is, how it works, what happens when one part of the brain is made dysfunctional through stroke or accident, how brain mood-modifying drugs find their targets. In a particularly fascinating chapter, Greenfield surveys for us how a brain is built and then takes us on a tour of the developing brain from the moment of conception. Throughout Greenfield poses the larger questions all readers want to consider, including: At what stage does individuality creep into the developing brain? How does the collection of circuits of neurons give rise not just to an individual brain but an individual consciousness? What might a fetus be conscious of?
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