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Chicana Feminisms: A Critical Reader

by Patricia Zavella Gabriela F. Arredondo Aída Hurtado Norma Klahn Olga Nájera-Ramírez

Chicana Feminisms presents new essays on Chicana feminist thought by scholars, creative writers, and artists. This volume moves the field of Chicana feminist theory forward by examining feminist creative expression, the politics of representation, and the realities of Chicana life. Drawing on anthropology, folklore, history, literature, and psychology, the distinguished contributors combine scholarly analysis, personal observations, interviews, letters, visual art, and poetry. The collection is structured as a series of dynamic dialogues: each of the main pieces is followed by an essay responding to or elaborating on its claims. The broad range of perspectives included here highlights the diversity of Chicana experience, particularly the ways it is made more complex by differences in class, age, sexual orientation, language, and region. Together the essayists enact the contentious, passionate conversations that define Chicana feminisms. The contributors contemplate a number of facets of Chicana experience: life on the Mexico-U. S. border, bilingualism, the problems posed by a culture of repressive sexuality, the ranchera song, and domesticana artistic production. They also look at Chicana feminism in the 1960s and 1970s, the history of Chicanas in the larger Chicano movement, autobiographical writing, and the interplay between gender and ethnicity in the movie Lone Star. Some of the essays are expansive; others--such as Norma Cant's discussion of the writing of her fictionalized memoir Cancula--are intimate. All are committed to the transformative powers of critical inquiry and feminist theory. Contributors. Norma Alarcn, Gabriela F. Arredondo, Ruth Behar, Maylei Blackwell, Norma E. Cant, Sergio de la Mora, Ann duCille, Michelle Fine, Rosa Linda Fregoso, Rebecca M. Gmez, Jennifer Gonzlez, Ellie Hernndez, Ada Hurtado, Claire Joysmith, Norma Klahn, Amalia Mesa-Bains, Olga Njera-Ramrez, Anna Nieto Gomez, Renato Rosaldo, Elba Rosario Snchez, Marcia Stephenson, Jose Manuel Valenzuela, Patricia Zavella

The Chicana/o Cultural Studies Forum

by Angie Chabram-Dernersesian

The Chicana/o Cultural Studies Forum brings together a diverse group of scholars whose work spans the interdisciplinary fields of Chicana/o studies and cultural studies. Editor Angie Chabram-Dernersesian provides an overview of current debates, locating Chicana/o cultural criticism at the intersections of these fields. She then acts as moderator of a virtual roundtable of critics, including Frances Aparicio, Lisa Lowe, George Lipsitz, Wahneema Lubiano, Renato Rosaldo, José David Saldívar, and Sonia Saldívar-Hull. This highly collaborative and deeply interdisciplinary project addresses the questions: What is the relationship between Chicana/o studies and cultural studies? How do we do cultural studies from within Chicana/o cultural studies? How do Chicana/o cultural studies formations (hemispheric, borderland, and feminist) intermingle? The lively conversations documented here attest to the vitality and spirit of Chicana/o cultural studies today and track the movements between disciplines that share an interest in the study of culture, power relations, identity, and representation. This book offers a unique resource for understanding not just the development of Chicana/o cultural studies, but how new social movements and epistemologies travel and affiliate with progressive forms of social inquiry in the global era.

Chicano

by Richard Vasquez

A bestseller when it was published in 1970 at the height of the Mexican-American civil rights movement, Chicano unfolds the fates and fortunes of the Sandoval family, who flee the chaos and poverty of the Mexican Revolution and begin life anew in the United States. Patriarch Hector Sandoval works the fields and struggles to provide for his family even as he faces discrimination and injustice. Of his children, only Pete Sandoval is able to create a brighter existence, at least for a time. But when Pete's daughter Mariana falls in love with David, an Anglo student, it sets in motion a clash of cultures. David refuses to marry Mariana, fearing the reaction of his family and friends. Mariana, pregnant with David's child, is trapped between two worlds and shunned by both because of the man she loves. The complications of their relationship speak volumes -- even today -- about the shifting sands of racial politics in America. In his foreword, award-winning author Rubén Martínez reflects on the historical significance of Chicano's initial publication and explores how cultural perceptions have changed since the story of the Sandoval family first appeared in print.

The Chicano Generation

by Mario T. García

In The Chicano Generation, veteran Chicano civil rights scholar Mario T. García provides a rare look inside the struggles of the 1960s and 1970s as they unfolded in Los Angeles. Based on in-depth interviews conducted with three key activists, this book illuminates the lives of Raul Ruiz, Gloria Arellanes, and Rosalio Muñoz--their family histories and widely divergent backgrounds; the events surrounding their growing consciousness as Chicanos; the sexism encountered by Arellanes; and the aftermath of their political histories. In his substantial introduction, García situates the Chicano movement in Los Angeles and contextualizes activism within the largest civil rights and empowerment struggle by Mexican Americans in US history--a struggle that featured César Chávez and the farm workers, the student movement highlighted by the 1968 LA school blowouts, the Chicano antiwar movement, the organization of La Raza Unida Party, the Chicana feminist movement, the organizing of undocumented workers, and the Chicano Renaissance. Weaving this revolution against a backdrop of historic Mexican American activism from the 1930s to the 1960s and the contemporary black power and black civil rights movements, García gives readers the best representations of the Chicano generation in Los Angeles.

Chicano Poetry: A Response to Chaos

by Bruce-Novoa

Alurista. Gary Soto. Bernice Zamora. José Montoya. These names, luminous to some, remain unknown to those who have not yet discovered the rich variety of late twentieth century Chicano poetry. With the flowering of the Chicano Movement in the mid-1960s came not only increased political awareness for many Mexican Americans but also a body of fine creative writing. Now the major voices of Chicano literature have begun to reach the wider audience they deserve. Bruce-Novoa's Chicano Poetry: A Response to Chaos-the first booklength critical study of Chicano poetry-examines the most significant works of a body of literature that has grown dramatically in size and importance in less than two decades. Here are insightful new readings of the major writings of Abelardo Delgado, Sergio Elizondo, Rodolfo Gonzales, Miguel Méndez, J. L. Navarro, Raúl Salinas, Ricardo Sánchez, and Tino Villanueva, as well as Alurista, Soto, Zamora, and Montoya. Close textual analyses of such important works as I Am Joaquín, Restless Serpents, and Floricanto en Aztlán enrich and deepen our understanding of their imagery, themes, structure, and meaning. Bruce-Novoa argues that Chicano poetry responds to the threat of loss, whether of hero, barrio, family, or tradition. Thus José Montoya elegizes a dead Pachuco in "El Louie," and Raúl Salinas laments the disappearance of a barrio in "A Trip through the Mind Jail. " But this elegy at the heart of Chicano poetry is both lament and celebration, for it expresses the group's continuing vitality and strength. Common to twentieth-century poetry is the preoccupation with time, death, and alienation, and the work of Chicano poets-sometimes seen as outside the traditions of world literature-shares these concerns. Bruce-Novoa brilliantly defines both the unique and the universal in Chicano poetry.

Chicano Politics and Society in the Late Twentieth Century

by David Montejano

The various protest movements that together constituted the Chicano Movement of the 1960s and 1970s urged a "politics of inclusion" to bring Mexican Americans into the mainstream of United States political and social life. This volume of ten specially commissioned essays assesses the post-movement years, asking "what went wrong? what went right? and where are we now?" Collectively, the essays offer a wide-ranging portrayal of the complex situation of Mexican Americans as the twenty-first century begins. The essays are grouped into community, institutional, and general studies, with an introduction by editor Montejano. Geographically, they point to the importance of "Hispanic" politics in the Southwest, as well as in Chicago wards and in the U. S. Congress, with ramifications in Mexico and Central America. Thematically, they discuss "non-traditional" politics stemming from gender identity, environmental issues, theatre production, labor organizing, university policymaking, along with the more traditional politics revolving around state and city government, the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, and various advocacy organizations.

Chicano Rap

by Pancho Mcfarland

Powered by a driving beat, clever lyrics, and assertive attitudes, rap music and hip hop culture have engrossed American youth since the mid-1980s. Although the first rappers were African Americans, rap and hip hop culture quickly spread to other ethnic groups who have added their own cultural elements to the music. Chicano Rap offers the first in-depth look at how Chicano/a youth have adopted and adapted rap music and hip hop culture to express their views on gender and violence, as well as on how Chicano/a youth fit into a globalizing world. Pancho McFarland examines over five hundred songs and seventy rap artists from all the major Chicano rap regions--San Diego, San Francisco and Northern California, Texas, and Chicago and the Midwest. He discusses the cultural, political, historical, and economic contexts in which Chicano rap has emerged and how these have shaped the violence and misogyny often expressed in Chicano rap and hip hop. In particular, he argues that the misogyny and violence of Chicano rap are direct outcomes of the "patriarchal dominance paradigm" that governs human relations in the United States. McFarland also explains how globalization, economic restructuring, and the conservative shift in national politics have affected Chicano/a youth and Chicano rap. He concludes with a look at how Xicana feminists, some Chicano rappers, and other cultural workers are striving to reach Chicano/a youth with a democratic, peaceful, empowering, and liberating message.

Chicano Renaissance: Contemporary Cultural Trends

by David R. Maciel Isidro D. Ortiz María Herrera-Sobek

Among the lasting legacies of the Chicano Movement is the cultural flowering that it inspired--one that has steadily grown from the 1960s to the present. It encompassed all of the arts and continues to earn acclaim both nationally and internationally. Although this Chicano artistic renaissance received extensive scholarly attention in its initial phase, the post-Movimiento years after the late 1970s have been largely overlooked. This book meets that need, demonstrating that, despite the changes that have taken place in all areas of Chicana/o arts, a commitment to community revitalization continues to underlie artistic expression. This collection examines changes across a broad range of cultural forms--art, literature, music, cinema and television, radio, and theater--with an emphasis on the last two decades. Original articles by both established and emerging scholars review such subjects as the growth of Tejano music and the rise of Selena, how films and television have affected the Chicana/o experience, the evolution of Chicana/o art over the last twenty years, and postmodern literary trends. In all of the essays, the contributors emphasize that, contrary to the popular notion that Chicanas/os have succumbed to a victim mentality, they continue to actively struggle to shape the conditions of their lives and to influence the direction of American society through their arts and social struggle. Despite decades usually associated with self-interest in the larger society, the spirit of commitment and empowerment has continued to infuse Chicana/o cultural expression and points toward a vibrant future. CONTENTS All Over the Map: La Onda Tejana and the Making of Selena, Roberto R. Calderón Outside Inside-The Immigrant Workers: Creating Popular Myths, Cultural Expressions, and Personal Politics in Borderlands Southern California, Juan Gómez-Quiñones "Yo soy chicano": The Turbulent and Heroic Life of Chicanas/os in Cinema and Television, David R. Maciel and Susan Racho The Politics of Chicano Representation in the Media, Virginia Escalante Chicana/o and Latina/o Gazing: Audiences of the Mass Media, Diana I. Ríos An Historical Overview/Update on the State of Chicano Art, George Vargas Contemporary Chicano Theater, Arturo Ramírez Breaking the Silence: Developments in the Publication and Politics of Chicana Creative Writing, 1973-1998, Edwina Barvosa-Carter Trends and Themes in Chicana/o Writings in Postmodern Times, Francisco A. Lomelí, Teresa Márquez, and María Herrera-Sobek

Chicano Students and the Courts

by Richard R. Valencia

In 1925 Adolfo 'Babe' Romo, a Mexican American rancher in Tempe, Arizona, filed suit against his school district on behalf of his four young children, who were forced to attend a markedly low-quality segregated school, and won. But Romo v. Laird was just the beginning. Some sources rank Mexican Americans as one of the most poorly educated ethnic groups in the United States. Chicano Students and the Courts is a comprehensive look at this community's long-standing legal struggle for better schools and educational equality. Through the lens of critical race theory, Valencia details why and how Mexican American parents and their children have been forced to resort to legal action.Chicano Students and the Courts engages the many areas that have spurred Mexican Americans to legal battle, including school segregation, financing, special education, bilingual education, school closures, undocumented students, higher education financing, and high-stakes testing, ultimately situating these legal efforts in the broader scope of the Mexican American community's overall struggle for the right to an equal education. Extensively researched, and written by an author with firsthand experience in the courtroom as an expert witness in Mexican American education cases, this volume is the first to provide an in-depth understanding of the intersection of litigation and education vis-à-vis Mexican Americans.

The Chick and the Duckling

by V. Suteyev Mirra Ginsburg

Hatched at the same time, the chick is successful at imitating the duck until the latter goes for a swim.

The Chick Bowdrie Short Stories Bundle

by Louis L'Amour

Lawman, manhunter, peacemaker--it takes a hard breed of man to survive on the frontier, but Chick Bowdrie stands head and shoulders above the rest. This outlaw turned Texas Ranger was one of the favorite protagonists of master storyteller Louis L'Amour, appearing in a total of nineteen short stories bursting with unforgettable heroics and harrowing action. They're all here in this eBook bundle, together forming an epic portrait of a man standing at the crossroads between good and evil: McNelly Knows a Ranger * A Job for a Ranger * Bowdrie Rides a Coyote Trail * A Trail to the West * The Outlaws of Poplar Creek * Bowdrie Follows a Cold Trail * More Brains Than Bullets * The Road to Casa Piedras * Bowdrie Passes Through * Where Buzzards Fly * South of Deadwood * Too Tough to Brand * Case Closed--No Prisoners * The Killer from the Pecos * A Ranger Rides to Town * Rain on the Mountain Fork * Down Sonora Way * Strange Pursuit * Strawhouse Trail The name is Bowdrie. It was a name that caused the most hardened gunmen to break out in a cold sweat. Chick Bowdrie. He could have ridden the outlaw trail, but the Texas Rangers recruited him because they didn't want to have to fight against him. Pursuing the most wanted men in the Southwest, he knew all too well the dusty trails, the bitter cattle feuds, the desperate killers, and the quiet, weather-beaten, wind-blasted towns that could explode into action with the wrong word. He had sworn to carry out the law, but there were times when he had to apply justice with his fists and his guns. They called in the Rangers to handle the tough ones, and there was never a Ranger tougher or smarter than Bowdrie.

Chick Challenge (Animal Ark Pets #6)

by Ben M. Baglio

When Mandy's new friend, Libby, needs help cheering up her pet hen, the two girls make a plan to give the hen something to care for - baby chicks.

Chick Chat

by Kristi Holl

What girl doesn't like a nice cozy chat with a friend-especially a friend who understands everything about her? In Chick Chat, you'll learn how to build that heart-to-heart connection with the One who loves you best. Each devotion brings the Bible right into your world and offers lots to learn and think about-from the values that will be good for a lifetime to the things you can do to survive every day. Faithgirlz!"--Inner Beauty, Outward Faith Through imaginative and innovative products, Zonderkidz is feeding young souls.

A Chick in the Cockpit: My Life Up in the Air

by Erika Armstrong

"Ladies and gentlemen, welcome aboard your flight. As you step onto my aircraft, take a quick glance into the cockpit. Yep, that's me sitting in the captains' seat, and that's my first officer laughing about how he accidentally locked himself out of his hotel room. Naked. Again. <P><P> We're both a little ripe from flying for the last five days, but we're still smiling because we have spent years and thousands of hours training and living an uncommon lifestyle to be up here for you. <P> For the next few hours, you have to turn your life over to us. It's hard to trust others, and there are moments when you don't have a choice about being in control. During those moments, you'll just have to tighten your seatbelt and trust that others will get you through the storm. <P> Our route today will take you through a segment of my life up in the air, and you will see things you could never imagine. Since I have been locked in the cockpit with men for several thousands of hours over the years, I have been given a perspective few get to experience. To help you see a different perspective, too, I am giving you a checklist to use as we move along our route. It will take you from gate to gate, and when we're done, we will have both learned a little more about what it takes to fly. <P> Now...just sit back and relax. It's going to be a bumpy ride."

A Chick in the Cockpit: My Life Up in the Air

by Erika Armstrong

"Ladies and gentlemen, welcome aboard your flight. As you step onto my aircraft, take a quick glance into the cockpit. Yep, that's me sitting in the captains' seat, and that's my first officer laughing about how he accidentally locked himself out of his hotel room. Naked. Again.We're both a little ripe from flying for the last five days, but we're still smiling because we have spent years and thousands of hours training and living an uncommon lifestyle to be up here for you.For the next few hours, you have to turn your life over to us. It's hard to trust others, and there are moments when you don't have a choice about being in control. During those moments, you'll just have to tighten your seatbelt and trust that others will get you through the storm.Our route today will take you through a segment of my life up in the air, and you will see things you could never imagine. Since I have been locked in the cockpit with men for several thousands of hours over the years, I have been given a perspective few get to experience. To help you see a different perspective, too, I am giving you a checklist to use as we move along our route. It will take you from gate to gate, and when we're done, we will have both learned a little more about what it takes to fly.Now...just sit back and relax. It's going to be a bumpy ride."Erika Armstrong has worked every aspect of aviation in her twenty-five years in the industry, including an international corporate airline captain. She is an award-winning staff writer for Colorado Serenity Magazine and is a professional pilot columnist for Disciples of Flight, NYC Aviation, Contrails, Flying, LinkedIn, and Business Insider and is the owner of Leading Edge Aviation Consulting.

Chick Life Cycle (Science Vocabulary Readers)

by Elizabeth Bennett

Learn more about how an egg becomes a chicken.

Chick with a Charm

by Thompson Vicki Lewis

View our feature on Vicki Lewis Thompson's Chick with a Charm. From the New York Times bestselling author of Blonde with a Wand--another charming tale of love and witchcraft Lily Revere is free-spirited and fun-loving-two dangerous qualities in a witch. Lily needs a date for her sister Anica's engagement party, and she's determined to bring hot Griffin Taylor. But the jaded divorce lawyer claims his job has warned him off romance. Slipping a love elixir into Griffin's drink may not be the noble thing to do-but it sure works! There's just one problem: Are Griffin's feelings the result of some truly good witchcraft-or could he really be in love? .

Chick with a Charm (Babes on Brooms #2)

by Vicki Lewis Thompson

Ignoring a witch is never wise. Lily Revere is free-spirited and fun-loving--two dangerous qualities in a witch. Especially one who is planning her sister's engagement party--and who needs a date! She's determined to bring hot Griffin Taylor, but he's a divorce lawyer who claims his job has warned him off romance. He may pretend he's just not into her, but she knows better--he needs only a nudge in the right direction. Slipping a love elixir into Griffin's drink may not be the noble thing to do, but it sure works! Lily's dreamboat drops all his defenses, and the two discover they're perfectly matched in every way. There's just one problem: Are Griffin's feelings the result of some truly good witchcraft, or is he really in love?

Chicka Chicka 1, 2, 3

by Lois Ehlert Michael Sampson Bill Martin Jr.

1 told 2 and 2 told 3, "I'll race you to the top of the apple tree." One hundred and one numbers climb the apple tree in this bright, rollicking, joyous book for young children. As the numerals pile up and bumblebees threaten, what's the number that saves the day? (Hint: It rhymes with "hero.") Read and count and play and laugh to learn the surprising answer.

Chicka Chicka 1, 2, 3

by Bill Martin Michael Sampson

"18, 19, one more's 20. Numbers, numbers, there are plenty." Other books by these authors are available in this library.

Chickadee

by Louise Erdrich

Winner of the Scott O'Dell Award for Historical Fiction, Chickadee is the first novel of a new arc in the critically acclaimed Birchbark House series by New York Times bestselling author Louise Erdrich. Twin brothers Chickadee and Makoons have done everything together since they were born--until the unthinkable happens and the brothers are separated. Desperate to reunite, both Chickadee and his family must travel across new territories, forge unlikely friendships, and experience both unexpected moments of unbearable heartache as well as pure happiness. And through it all, Chickadee has the strength of his namesake, the chickadee, to carry him on. Chickadee continues the story of one Ojibwe family's journey through one hundred years in America. School Library Journal, in a starred review, proclaimed, "Readers will be more than happy to welcome little Chickadee into their hearts."

Chickahominy Fever : a Civil War mystery

by Ann Mcmillan

Confederate nurse Narcissa Powers is trying to help a woman locate the body of her soldier son, while free black herbalist Judah Daniel is searching for the mother of a black infant found abandoned.

Chickamauga

by Shelby Foote

Shelby Foote's monumental historical trilogy, "The Civil War: A Narrative," is our window into the day-by-day unfolding of our nation's defining event. Now Foote reveals the deeper human truth behind the battles and speeches through the fiction he has chosen for this vivid, moving collection.These ten stories of the Civil War give us the experience of joining a coachload of whores left on a siding during a battle in Virginia . . .marching into an old man's house to tell him it's about to be burned down . . .or seeing a childhood friend shot down at Chickamauga.The result is history that lives again in our imagination, as the creative vision of these great writers touches our emotions and makes us witness to the human tragedy of this war, fought so bravely by those in blue and gray.From the Trade Paperback edition.

Chickamauga (The Civil War Battle Series, Book 7)

by James Reasoner

[From the back cover] The irregular thudding of bullets into flesh echoed all along the Confederate line, sounding like badly timed ax blows against tree trunks. From the corner of his eye, Cory saw men falling around him, blood gouting from their wounds. One of them toppled forward, his lower jaw and the bottom half of his face blown off, but he crawled forward despite the horrible wound and tried to raise his rifle for one more shot. Not far away, a headless body writhed and gushed blood, the head taken off cleanly by a cannonball. Some of the bodies seemed barely touched with only a small stain on their chests to show where a bullet had drilled a deadly path. Cory's eyes saw all those horrific sights, but his brain refused to recognize them. Instead he focused his attention on the line of blue a couple of hundred yards away. Forward progress was slow but inexorable. He fired, reloaded, fired again. Forrest, on horseback now, galloped past and shouted something. Cory didn't understand the words. He stood up and reached for his ammunition pouch as he shuffled forward. A moment later, having reached the end of the line, the general wheeled his mount and rode back. As he neared Cory's position, the young man saw the horse's front legs fold up underneath it. Forrest was thrown from the saddle as the horse fell heavily. The sight of the general's being unhorsed broke through the haze of battle madness that had descended over Cory's brain. He sprang forward and leaned over to grasp Forrest's arm. "General! General, are you hit?" Forrest came to his feet with Cory's help, his long coat flapping like a cape. "I need another horse!" he shouted. "Somebody get me a horse!"

Chickasaw, a Mississippi Scout for the Union

by Thomas D. Cockrell Michael B. Ballard

A well-to-do planter and slave owner in Chickasaw County, Mississippi, Levi Holloway Naron was an unlikely supporter of the Union. And yet, at the outbreak of war in 1861, his agitation against the Confederacy so outraged his fellow Mississippians that they drove him from his home. Bent on retaliation, Naron headed North, contacted the Union army, and was ushered into the presence of General William T. Sherman, who quickly saw the possibilities for employing such a man. Thus began Levi Naron's career as "Chickasaw," Federal scout, spy, and raider.Dictated in 1865, when his memory of events was still fresh -- as was his passion -- Naron's memoir offers a rare and remarkably vivid firsthand account of a southerner loyal to the Union, operating behind Confederate lines. Active primarily in northern Mississippi and western Tennessee, Naron proved invaluable to Federal commanders in the West, not only Sherman but William Rosecrans, John Pope, Grenville Dodge, Benjamin Grierson, and others -- leaders whose official testimony to that effect is included in an appendix here. Naron stood before Rebel commanders as well -- Sterling Price, James Chalmers, and John C. Breckinridge -- having bedeviled their security forces and intelligence agents. In these pages, he tells how he maneuvered under their noses, burning bridges and railcars full of supplies intended for Nathan Bedford Forrest and John Bell Hood, recruiting for the Union while clad in a Confederate uniform, chasing down Union deserters and Rebel spies, and, for diversion, suppressing guerrillas and bushwhackers.This long-forgotten historical document, newly edited and annotated, provides indispensable information about Confederate as well as Union espionage and counter-espionage activity. Naron's adventures illuminate this clandestine war in the West while allowing readers to experience with startling immediacy the agony, frustrations, and convictions of a pro-Union southerner trapped inside the Confederate States.

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