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The amount and the complexity of the data gathered by current enterprises are increasing at an exponential rate. Consequently, the analysis of Big Data is nowadays a central challenge in Computer Science, especially for complex data. For example, given a satellite image database containing tens of Terabytes, how can we find regions aiming at identifying native rainforests, deforestation or reforestation? Can it be made automatically? Based on the work discussed in this book, the answers to both questions are a sound "yes", and the results can be obtained in just minutes. In fact, results that used to require days or weeks of hard work from human specialists can now be obtained in minutes with high precision. Data Mining in Large Sets of Complex Data discusses new algorithms that take steps forward from traditional data mining (especially for clustering) by considering large, complex datasets. Usually, other works focus in one aspect, either data size or complexity. This work considers both: it enables mining complex data from high impact applications, such as breast cancer diagnosis, region classification in satellite images, assistance to climate change forecast, recommendation systems for the Web and social networks; the data are large in the Terabyte-scale, not in Giga as usual; and very accurate results are found in just minutes. Thus, it provides a crucial and well timed contribution for allowing the creation of real time applications that deal with Big Data of high complexity in which mining on the fly can make an immeasurable difference, such as supporting cancer diagnosis or detecting deforestation.
Through the rapid development of proteomics methods and technologies, an enormous amount of data was created, leading to a wide-spread rethinking of strategy design and data interpretation. In Data Mining in Proteomics: From Standards to Applications, experts in the field present these new insights within the proteomics community, taking the historical evolution as well as the most important international standardization projects into account. Along with basic and sophisticated overviews of proteomics technologies, standard data formats, and databases, the volume features chapters on data interpretation strategies including statistics, spectra interpretation, and analysis environments as well as specialized tasks such as data annotation, peak picking, phosphoproteomics, spectrum libraries, LC/MS imaging, and splice isoforms. As a part of the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series, this work provides the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting optimal results. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Data Mining in Proteomics: From Standards to Applications is a well-balanced compendium for beginners and experts, offering a broad scope of data mining topics but always focusing on the current state-of-the-art and beyond.
Whereas getting exact data about living systems and sophisticated experimental procedures have primarily absorbed the minds of researchers previously, the development of high-throughput technologies has caused the weight to increasingly shift to the problem of interpreting accumulated data in terms of biological function and biomolecular mechanisms. In "Data Mining Techniques for the Life Sciences", experts in the field contribute valuable information about the sources of information and the techniques used for "mining" new insights out of databases. Beginning with a section covering the concepts and structures of important groups of databases for biomolecular mechanism research, the book then continues with sections on formal methods for analyzing biomolecular data and reviews of concepts for analyzing biomolecular sequence data in context with other experimental results that can be mapped onto genomes. As a volume of the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series, this work provides the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting optimal results. Authoritative and easy to reference, "Data Mining Techniques for the Life Sciences" seeks to aid students and researchers in the life sciences who wish to get a condensed introduction into the vital world of biological databases and their many applications.
Population genomics is a recently emerged discipline, which aims at understanding how evolutionary processes influence genetic variation across genomes. Today, in the era of cheaper next-generation sequencing, it is no longer as daunting to obtain whole genome data for any species of interest and population genomics is now conceivable in a wide range of fields, from medicine and pharmacology to ecology and evolutionary biology. However, because of the lack of reference genome and of enough a priori data on the polymorphism, population genomics analyses of populations will still involve higher constraints for researchers working on non-model organisms, as regards the choice of the genotyping/sequencing technique or that of the analysis methods. Therefore, Data Production and Analysis in Population Genomics purposely puts emphasis on protocols and methods that are applicable to species where genomic resources are still scarce. It is divided into three convenient sections, each one tackling one of the main challenges facing scientists setting up a population genomics study. The first section helps devising a sampling and/or experimental design suitable to address the biological question of interest. The second section addresses how to implement the best genotyping or sequencing method to obtain the required data given the time and cost constraints as well as the other genetic resources already available, Finally, the last section is about making the most of the (generally huge) dataset produced by using appropriate analysis methods in order to reach a biologically relevant conclusion. Written in the successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols, advice on methodology and implementation, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and easily accessible, Data Production and Analysis in Population Genomics serves a wide readership by providing guidelines to help choose and implement the best experimental or analytical strategy for a given purpose.
Organisations now face much stiffer penalties for breaching the Data Protection Act, which makes this pocket guide more valuable than ever!Your company holds personal information about your customers in electronic form. Almost certainly, you will also keep records on your staff in your computer system. In the digital age, managing personal information has become a key organisational challenge. For legal reasons, everyone has to understand the proper way to handle this personal data. ComplianceYour business needs to operate in compliance with the Data Protection Act. This means your company has to take the right steps towards secure management of personal digital information. Under the Data Protection Act, some faults are treated as criminal offences. Where failure to comply is the fault of a manager, the manager can be prosecuted along with the company. A tougher regulatory environmentKnowingly, or recklessly, obtaining or disclosing personal data is an offence under Section 55 of the Data Protection Act. In 2009, the Coroners and Justice Act amended the DPA to give the Information Commissioner the power to carry out compulsory assessments of government departments. This year, the government has further tightened the enforcement regime for the DPA. On 6 April 2010, tougher penalties came into effect, including custodial sentences for deliberate or careless disclosure of personal data. Deliberate, or reckless, disclosure of personal data by your staff will also put you in the firing line as their employer. The Information Commissioner''s Office has acquired new powers to fine companies up to £500,000 for serious contraventions of the Data Protection Act. This pocket guide gives you a clear description of the Data Protection Act, outlining its terms and explaining its requirements. It is essential reading if you have a responsibility for the security of personal data, especially if you are a director, a manager or an IT professional. The pocket guide includes handy good practice tips for staff. The easy-to-follow checklist tells you the practical steps you should be taking in order to comply with the Data Protection Act. Benefits to business include: * Avoid expensive litigation Failure to comply with the Data Protection Act can lead to a heavy fine, as well as complaints and reputational damage. Use this book to help your company avoid embarrassing disputes and costly litigation. * Avoid illegal monitoring and interception There are good reasons why you might want to listen to customer calls (monitoring) or to record them (interception). Use this book to ensure that you monitor and intercept calls and e-mails in a way that is legal. * Understand transfer of data overseas To improve customer service or streamline operations, your company may wish to transfer personal digital information overseas (offshoring). This book advises you on when it is legal to do this. It offers you guidance on transfer of data outside the European Economic Area, and on the US-EU Safe Harbor Agreement. * Handle electronic marketing properly You need to understand the special rules that concern e-mail marketing. Use this book to make sure that your online marketing campaigns are being run in a way that is legal. Data Protection Compliance in the UK has been published as an inexpensive and easily read introduction for any employee required to support compliance with the DPA. It: * Outlines UK and EU data protection regulations; * Describes the rights of individuals; * Explains the security obligations of organizations; * Addresses topics including o IT monitoring and interception, o enforcement provisions and o penalties for non-compliance. Reputational risksA survey conducted by IT Governance has shown that only around half of those employees who handle personal information have been trained in their Data Protection Act responsibilities. And yet failure to comply with the Data Protection Act can have damaging consequences. The scandal at T-Mobile has highlighted the need for businesses to tighten up their data securi...
The Freedom of Information Act (FOI) was a milestone in UK legislation and, for the first time, the lid was legally lifted on a lot of what the UK government was doing in the name of the citizens of the country. While the FOI applies only to public sector organisations, it covers a wide range of information. The Data Protection Act, which applies equally in both the public and private sector, had already given individuals the right to find out what information was being held about them, and to insist on having that information kept accurate and up to date. Of course, the Data Protection Act also placed an obligation on organisations to protect the personal data of those people about whom they collected this information and to ensure that this data was not disclosed, either deliberately or accidentally, to anyone not entitled to see it. Clear and practical guidance for data governance professionalsInevitably, information that could and should be disclosed pursuant to a freedom of information enquiry could quite conceivably also contain information that the data controller must protect and herein lies a challenge for those in the public sector. Data management frameworks must be designed with two apparently contradictory objectives in mind: ensuring that information that might have to be disclosed pursuant to an FOI enquiry can quickly be found and provided, while simultaneously ensuring that personal data that has to be protected remains protected. This is a key data governance issue and, until now, there has been little useful guidance on how to tackle this issue for those charged with designing processes and infrastructure that meets these two sets of legal requirements. This pocket guide focuses on and addresses this critical issue, providing clear and practical guidance for data governance professionals on how to resolve this conundrum.
If you're a developer looking to supplement your own data tools and services, this concise ebook covers the most useful sources of public data available today. You'll find useful information on APIs that offer broad coverage, tie their data to the outside world, and are either accessible online or feature downloadable bulk data. You'll also find code and helpful links. This guide organizes APIs by the subjects they cover--such as websites, people, or places--so you can quickly locate the best resources for augmenting the data you handle in your own service. Categories include: Website tools such as WHOIS, bit.ly, and Compete Services that use email addresses as search terms, including Github Finding information from just a name, with APIs such as WhitePages Services, such as Klout, for locating people with Facebook and Twitter accounts Search APIs, including BOSS and Wikipedia Geographical data sources, including SimpleGeo and U.S. Census Company information APIs, such as CrunchBase and ZoomInfo APIs that list IP addresses, such as MaxMind Services that list books, films, music, and products
C# programmers: no more translating data structures from C++ or Java to use in your programs! Mike McMillan provides a tutorial on how to use data structures and algorithms plus the first comprehensive reference for C# implementation of data structures and algorithms found in the . NET Framework library, as well as those developed by the programmer. The approach is very practical, using timing tests rather than Big O notation to analyze the efficiency of an approach. Coverage includes arrays and array lists, linked lists, hash tables, dictionaries, trees, graphs, and sorting and searching algorithms, as well as more advanced algorithms such as probabilistic algorithms and dynamic programming. This is the perfect resource for C# professionals and students alike.
<p>What makes this book different from others on database design? Many resources on design practice do little to explain the underlying theory, and books on design theory are aimed primarily at theoreticians. In this book, renowned expert Chris Date bridges the gap by introducing design theory in ways practitioners can understand—drawing on lessons learned over four decades of experience to demonstrate why proper database design is so critical in the first place.</p>
This book sheds light on the principles behind the relational model, which is fundamental to all database-backed applications--and, consequently, most of the work that goes on in the computing world today. Database in Depth: The Relational Model for Practitioners goes beyond the hype and gets to the heart of how relational databases actually work. Ideal for experienced database developers and designers, this concise guide gives you a clear view of the technology--a view that's not influenced by any vendor or product. Featuring an extensive set of exercises, it will help you: understand why and how the relational model is still directly relevant to modern database technology (and will remain so for the foreseeable future) see why and how the SQL standard is seriously deficient use the best current theoretical knowledge in the design of their databases and database applications make informed decisions in their daily database professional activities Database in Depth will appeal not only to database developers and designers, but also to a diverse field of professionals and academics, including database administrators (DBAs), information modelers, database consultants, and more. Virtually everyone who deals with relational databases should have at least a passing understanding of the fundamentals of working with relational models. Author C.J. Date has been involved with the relational model from its earliest days. An exceptionally clear-thinking writer, Date lays out principle and theory in a manner that is easily understood. Few others can speak as authoritatively the topic of relational databases as Date can.
Fifty years ago, in 1984, George Orwell imagined a future in which privacy was demolished by a totalitarian state that used spies, video surveillance, historical revisionism, and control over the media to maintain its power. Those who worry about personal privacy and identity--especially in this day of technologies that encroach upon these rights--still use Orwell's "Big Brother" language to discuss privacy issues. But the reality is that the age of a monolithic Big Brother is over. And yet the threats are perhaps even more likely to destroy the rights we've assumed were ours. Database Nation: The Death of Privacy in the 21st Century shows how, in these early years of the 21st century, advances in technology endanger our privacy in ways never before imagined. Direct marketers and retailers track our every purchase; surveillance cameras observe our movements; mobile phones will soon report our location to those who want to track us; government eavesdroppers listen in on private communications; misused medical records turn our bodies and our histories against us; and linked databases assemble detailed consumer profiles used to predict and influence our behavior. Privacy--the most basic of our civil rights--is in grave peril. Simson Garfinkel--journalist, entrepreneur, and international authority on computer security--has devoted his career to testing new technologies and warning about their implications. This newly revised update of the popular hardcover edition of Database Nation is his compelling account of how invasive technologies will affect our lives in the coming years. It's a timely, far-reaching, entertaining, and thought-provoking look at the serious threats to privacy facing us today. The book poses a disturbing question: how can we protect our basic rights to privacy, identity, and autonomy when technology is making invasion and control easier than ever before? Garfinkel's captivating blend of journalism, storytelling, and futurism is a call to arms. It will frighten, entertain, and ultimately convince us that we must take action now to protect our privacy and identity before it's too late.
Discusses the many ways in which individual privacy has been and is being eroded, as personal information is gathered and stored without your knowledge.
Information on Database Needs for Modeling and Simulation of Plasma Processing
Database of Piano Chords: An Engineering View of Harmony includes a unique database of piano chords developed exclusively for music research purposes, and outlines the key advantages to using this dataset to further one's research. The book also describes the physical bases of the occidental music chords and the influence used in the detection and transcription of the music, enabling researchers to intimately understand the construction of each occidental chord. The online database contains more than 275,000 chords with different degrees of polyphony and with different playing styles. Together, the database and the book are an invaluable tool for researchers in this field.
Java and databases make a powerful combination. Getting the two sides to work together, however, takes some effort--largely because Java deals in objects while most databases do not. This book describes the standard Java interfaces that make portable object-oriented access to relational databases possible and offers a robust model for writing applications that are easy to maintain. It introduces the JDBC and RMI packages and uses them to develop three-tier applications (applications divided into a user interface, an object-oriented logic component, and an information store). The book begins with a quick overview of SQL for developers who may be asked to handle a database for the first time. It then explains how to issue database queries and updates through SQL and JDBC. It also covers the use of stored procedures and other measures to improve efficiency, where these are available. But the book's key contribution is a set of patterns that let developers isolate critical tasks like object creation, information storage and retrieval, and the committing or aborting of transactions. The second edition includes more basics of JDBC and SQL, with more examples, and a deeper discussion about the architecture of a robust, maintainable database application. The second edition also explains the relationship between JDBC and Enterprise JavaBeans.
This book describes the standard Java interfaces that make portable object-oriented access to relational databases possible, and offers a robust model for writing applications that are easy to maintain. The second edition has been completely updated for JDBC 2.0, and includes reference listings for JDBC and the most important RMI classes. The book begins with a quick overview of SQL for developers who may be asked to handle a database for the first time, and goes on to explain how to issue database queries
Hartley, a graduate of the U. S. Army Interrogation School and former professional interrogator for both the CIA and Navy SEALS, shares many of his questioning tactics so that women can really know--not guess--what the men in their lives are thinking.
Justine Bennett is cursing her life. She's the Guardian of the Goblet of Eternal Youth, she hasn't left the house in ages, and it's been over 200 years since she's had sex. Oh, and the Goblet has shape-shifted into an espresso machine named Mona. Not exactly the stuff grand destiny is made of... Derek LaValle is worried. Due to a family curse, he'll be dead in the space of a week unless he finds the Guardian of the Goblet of Eternal Youth and beheads her. Which wouldn't be a problem if she weren't so sexy, smart... and ready to behead him right back.
Neil Clark Warren, founder of the EHarmony dating service, believes that there is a way to find your soul mate within 2 dates or less. Using scientific data, common sense, and a game plan for dating, readers can avoid many of the pitfalls that are known to lead to unhappy marriages. So get ready to find the love of your life... your soul mate.
Looking for Love in All the Wrong Places? Here's How to End the Search!Are you stuck in a revolving door of bad dates? Or maybe you've given up on finding a meaningful relationship altogether. According to dating experts David Coleman and Richard Doyle, it doesn't have to be that way. You can have that happy, healthy relationship you've been looking for. With eye-opening exercises, quizzes, and other self-assessment tools, the authors show you how to pinpoint specific aspects of your personality that have caused you to pick poorly, remain in bad relationships, or sabotage good ones. Once you understand the reasons why you choose a certain type of person, you can focus on how to choose and attract the right person for you. Inside, you'll learn how to avoid: Bad Picks ·The Girdle--strives to control you ·The Dog Catcher--flees at the first sign of commitment ·The Ferrari--requires high maintenance Bad Kissers ·The Hoover--sucks out fillings, tongue--anything ·Niagara Falls--produces enough liquid for a regatta ·The Puppy--licks you all over your face Bad Break-ups ·The Western Union--ends relationship by letter, note, or e-mail ·The Freezer--turns from warm and caring to cold and callous ·The Fade Away--lets the relationship fade by avoiding conflict "Insightful and enjoyable. You'll never approach your relationships the same way again."--Lynn Miller (aka Meg Lacey), President of Parke Media and novelist for Harlequin BooksFrom the Trade Paperback edition.
There's the date from hell-the guy in a bad suit and toupee-and the hot date from hell.These men are waaay too tempting. One wicked, sexy grin and, well-who can resist! Certainly not these three women....A spy should know better, but this spy gets stuck on a blind-date assignment with the ex-partner who broke her heart. A lot of making up can get done between scaling rooftops and dodging bullets.A hostess discovers what it's like to really crash and burn on her first date with the undercover cop who's been casing her restaurant....And if that isn't hot enough, what about a date from hell...literally. Satan at his seductive best! It's getting hot in here....
Surgeon, boss...prince?With his chocolate eyes sparkling above his surgical mask, hot-shot surgeon Gaz makes Nurse Marni's first surgery unforgettable! And when he whisks her off for a magical date on the red desert sand dunes of Ablezia his sizzling kiss leaves her wanting so much more....Gaz didn't think he'd fall so fast for this beautiful, innocent nurse. But how will Marni react when he tells her the truth? He's not just the friendly surgeon everyone loves, but also Crown Prince Ghazi!
While Elizabeth and Jessica continue their internship at the London Journal, Scotland Yard is baffled by a series of grisly murders. Meanwhile Elizabeth and Luke have become more than friends, and they both suspect Jessica may be in danger from her new friend Lord Robert Pembroke. The second book in this three-part mini-series will grab both Sweet Valley fans and horror fans.
A Neighborly Affair?Salome was still reeling from the heartbreak and anger of the sudden ending of her marriage. She hadn't accepted anything from her former husband except an apartment that had become her only refuge. Until neighbor Mike Angellini-if you could call an enemy a neighbor-threatened to invade her peace.The man meant trouble! He'd only asked her out to dinner, but the wealthy Sydney restauranteur had always had an aggravating effect on Salome. She couldn't stand his attitude-he still assumed she was a gold digger. And now he made her wonder if she'd ever really been in love….
Lady seeks kind gentleman to offer protection... When a mysterious lady advertises her charms in the newspaper, there's no way Viscount Blackthorne will allow his rash friend to attend the twilight rendezvous. Taking his place, Blackthorne is surprised by the reluctant beauty who appears-she's far from the scheming courtesan he was expecting. Elise Dewey must protect her foolish sister by posing as "Lady Lonesome" in her stead. She's shockingly stirred by the imposing stranger who waits for her in Vauxhall Gardens-but their liaison has been observed... Unless Elise accepts the viscount's bold proposal of marriage, they will all be plunged into scandal!
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