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Every day, we're faced with choices about what to eat, wear, and purchase. Blinded by a tsunami of information-some good, some bad, some intentionally misleading--often our brains are too overwhelmed to examine all the details. So how do we know we're making the best decisions for us?Author and science journalist David DiSalvo asks what's best for our brains instead.The Brain in Your Kitchen sifts through the good and bad information on the things we buy, the foods we eat, and the medicines we take. Using findings from cutting-edge science, DiSalvo divulges terrifically useful and little-known facts--each grounded in credible research--about everything from how gluten to cats affect your brain. Learn how we can trick our minds into helping us lose weight, what placebos are costing us big bucks with no results, and what caffeine is actually doing inside your head to give you that extra pep.Disalvo cuts through frantic media sensation and consumer marketplace babble and gives you the knowledge to distinguish hyperbole from truth so you're ready next time you sit down for dinner.
Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems 2008 (June 24-27, 2008; São Luís, Brazil) brought together leading scientists and engineers who use analytic, syntactic and computational methods both to understand the prodigious processing properties of biological systems and, specifically, of the brain, and to exploit such knowledge to advance computational methods towards ever higher levels of cognitive competence. This book includes the papers presented at four major symposia: Part I - Cognitive Neuroscience Part II - Biologically Inspired Systems Part III - Neural Computation Part IV - Models of Consciousness.
Another terrifying sci-fi page-turner from the author of The Tomorrow Code!Las Vegas is gone--destroyed in a terrorist attack. Black Hawk helicopters patrol the skies over New York City. And immersive online gaming is the most dangerous street drug around. In this dystopic near-future, technology has leapt forward once again, and neuro-headsets have replaced computer keyboards. Just slip on a headset, and it's the Internet at the speed of thought.For teen hacker Sam Wilson, a headset is a must. But as he becomes familiar with the new technology, he has a terrifying realization. If anything on his computer is vulnerable to a hack, what happens when his mind is linked to the system? Could consciousness itself be hijacked? Before he realizes what's happened, Sam's incursion against the world's largest telecommunications company leads him to the heart of the nation's cyberdefense network and brings him face to face with a terrifying and unforeseen threat.Brian Falkner, author of The Tomorrow Code, has created an action-packed and thought-provoking science fiction adventure in which a brilliant young computer hacker fights to prevent the human race from being deleted.Fans of Cory Doctorow's Little Brother and M. T. Anderson's Feed will love this high-octane techno thriller.From the Hardcover edition.
An estimated 5 million Americans suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and live diminished lives in which they are compelled to obsess about something or to repeat a similar task over and over. Traditionally, OCD has been treated with Prozac or similar drugs. The problem with medication, aside from its cost, is that 30 percent of people treated don't respond to it, and when the pills stop, the symptoms invariably return. In Brain Lock, Jeffrey M. Schwartz presents a simple four-step method for overcoming OCD that is so effective, it's now used in academic treatment centers throughout the world. Proven by brain-imaging tests to actually alter the brain's chemistry, this method doesn't rely on psychopharmaceuticals. Instead, patients use cognitive self-therapy and behavior modification to develop new patterns of response to their obsessions. In essence, they use the mind to fix the brain. Using the real-life stories of actual patients, Brain Lock explains this revolutionary method and provides readers with the inspiration and tools to free themselves from their psychic prisons and regain control of their lives.
The 20th anniversary edition of the definitive classic on defeating obsessive-compulsive behavior, with all-new material from the author.An estimated 5 million Americans suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and live diminished lives in which they are compelled to obsess about something or to repeat a similar task over and over. Traditionally, OCD has been treated with Prozac or similar drugs. The problem with medication, aside from its cost, is that 30 percent of people treated don't respond to it, and when the pills stop, the symptoms invariably return. In Brain Lock, Jeffrey M. Schwartz, M.D., presents a simple four-step method for overcoming OCD that is so effective, it's now used in academic treatment centers throughout the world. Proven by brain-imaging tests to actually alter the brain's chemistry, this method doesn't rely on psychopharmaceuticals. Instead, patients use cognitive self-therapy and behavior modification to develop new patterns of response to their obsessions. In essence, they use the mind to fix the brain. Using the real-life stories of actual patients, Brain Lock explains this revolutionary method and provides readers with the inspiration and tools to free themselves from their psychic prisons and regain control of their lives.
Neuropsychological research on the neural basis of behavior generally asserts that brain mechanisms ultimately suffice to explain all psychologically described phenomena. This assumption stems from the idea that the brain consists entirely of material particles and fields, and that all causal mechanisms relevant to neuroscience can be formulated solely in terms of properties of these elements. Contemporary basic physical theory differs from classic physics on the important matter of how consciousness of human agents enters into the structure of empirical phenomena. The new principles contradict the older idea that local mechanical processes alone account for the structure of all empirical data. Contemporary physical theory brings directly into the overall causal structure certain psychologically described choices made by human agents about how they will act. This key development in basic physical theory is applicable to neuroscience. This book explores this new framework.
This volume of essays examines the problem of mind, looking at how the problem has appeared to neuroscientists (in the widest sense) from classical antiquity through to contemporary times. Beginning with a look at ventricular neuropsychology in antiquity, this book goes on to look at Spinozan ideas on the links between mind and body, Thomas Willis and the foundation of Neurology, Hooke's mechanical model of the mind and Joseph Priestley's approach to the mind-body problem. The volume offers a chapter on the 19th century Ottoman perspective on western thinking. Further chapters trace the work of nineteenth century scholars including George Henry Lewes, Herbert Spencer and Emil du Bois-Reymond. The book covers significant work from the twentieth century, including an examination of Alfred North Whitehead and the history of consciousness, and particular attention is given to the development of quantum consciousness. Chapters on slavery and the self and the development of an understanding of Dualism bring this examination up to date on the latest 21st century work in the field. At the heart of this book is the matter of how we define the problem of consciousness itself: has there been any progress in our understanding of the working of mind and brain? This work at the interface between science and the humanities will appeal to experts from across many fields who wish to develop their understanding of the problem of consciousness, including scholars of Neuroscience, Behavioural Science and the History of Science.
If you like science, want to understand how your brain works, or need to write a report for school, this book is for you. It describes the parts of the brain and nervous system and how signals go from your skin or muscles or stomach or eyes, to your brain. It tells you where in your brain different kinds of thinking occur. It explains how your brain enables you to feel, taste and smell and how it works when you breathe, run and keep the same body temperature whether it's hot or cold where you are. You will learn terms scientists and doctors use like neuron, dendrite, synapse, axon, and Medulla. You'll also learn fun facts like that your brain is about the size of a large grapefruit. Most of the pictures are described. Bookshare has books about The Heart and Mars by this author.
Working on the theory that an electronic current variation is set up by thought processes within the human brain, Alex Larsen and his fellow scientists developed a system of telepathic cerebral communication. Nothing, it seemed, could be more valuable. Here was a soundless means of communication without complex or bulky equipment. But there was the matter of a mysterious thought-voice that interrupted the experiment...
Virtually everyone fears mental deterioration as they age. But in the past thirty years neuroscientists have discovered that the brain is actually designed to improve throughout life. How can you encourage this improvement?Brain Power shares practical, state-of-the-evidence answers in this inspiring, fun-to-read plan for action. The authors have interviewed physicians, gerontologists, and neuroscientists; studied the habits of men and women who epitomize healthy aging; and applied what they describe in their own lives. The resulting guidance; along with the accompanying downloadable Brain Sync audio program; can help you activate unused brain areas, tone mental muscles, and enliven every faculty.
Brain-boosting recipes from the New York Times bestselling author and chief content adviser for the Dr. Phil show Food has the power to heal the brain. Now more than ever, we know that the chemical components in what we eat have powerful effects on the way our minds work, and that good nutrition is valuable for treating problems from cancer to depression. But how can we use this information to help us prepare actual meals? The Brain Power Cookbook has the answers. In this essential guide, Dr. Frank Lawlis and nutritionist Dr. Maggie Greenwood-Robinson have compiled over two hundred delicious recipes that can help your brain respond positively to all sorts of psychological challenges. Whether you want to build brain power, put an end to stress, expand your memory and concentration, or even boost intelligence, this book will show you how, featuring a hearty helping of great meal ideas designed to help you reach your goal. Each chapter tackles a different mental challenge, discusses which types of food have the most benefits, and then offers a full complement of recipes-from main courses to side dishes, snacks to beverages, and even desserts- that incorporate these foods in mouth-watering and brain-boosting ways. Drawing on tastes and styles from around the world, The Brain Power Cookbook offers spice and variety as it shows you how to enhance your mental fitness. With these recipes in hand, you'll have all the ingredients you need to make your brain more efficient and maximize your success in work and life.
Do you want to expand your mental power? Think more clearly, logically, and creatively? Improve your memory? Solve problems and make decisions more effectively? Brain Power introduces the six functional thinking abilities you need to become an adaptive, innovative thinker. As you develop your ability to think on your feet, to isolate and arrange facts, and to avoid logical pitfalls you will see how to use creative problem solving strategies, both in business and in private life. With practical exercises to improve your full range of mental capabilities from concentration to intuition, management consultant Karl Albrecht answers all your questions on becoming a more efficient and effective thinking. Offering a gold mine of ideas and techniques to use in most any situation, Brain Power provides fascinating illustrations, games, and puzzles that will stimulate and expand your brain power.
Increasing evidence identifies the possibility of restoring function to the damaged brain via exogenous therapies. One major target for these advances is stroke, where most patients can be left with significant disability. Treatments have the potential to improve the victim's quality of life significantly and reduce the time and expense of rehabilitation. Brain Repair After Stroke reviews the biology of spontaneous brain repair after stroke in animal models and in humans. Detailed chapters cover the many forms of therapy being explored to promote brain repair and consider clinical trial issues in this context. This book provides a summary of the neurobiology of innate and treatment-induced repair mechanisms after hypoxia and reviews the state of the art for human therapeutics in relation to promoting behavioral recovery after stroke. Essential reading for stroke physicians, neurologists, rehabilitation physicians and neuropsychologists.
Most of us have no idea what's really going on inside our heads. Yet brain scientists have uncovered details every business leader, parent, and teacher should know--such as the brain's need for physical activity to work at its best.
What's the single most important thing you can do during pregnancy? What does watching TV do to a child's brain? What's the best way to handle temper tantrums? Scientists know.In his New York Times bestseller Brain Rules, Dr. John Medina showed us how our brains really work-and why we ought to redesign our workplaces and schools. Now, in Brain Rules for Baby, he shares what the latest science says about how to raise smart and happy children from zero to five. This book is destined to revolutionize parenting. Just one of the surprises: The best way to get your children into the college of their choice? Teach them impulse control.Brain Rules for Baby bridges the gap between what scientists know and what parents practice. Through fascinating and funny stories, Medina, a developmental molecular biologist and dad, unravels how a child's brain develops - and what you can do to optimize it.You will view your children-and how to raise them-in a whole new light. You'll learn:Where nature ends and nurture beginsWhy men should do more household choresWhat you do when emotions run hot affects howyour baby turns out, because babies need to feel safeabove allTV is harmful for children under 2Your child's ability to relate to others predicts herfuture math performanceSmart and happy are inseparable. Pursuing your child'sintellectual success at the expense of his happinessachieves neitherPraising effort is better than praising intelligenceThe best predictor of academic performance is notIQ. It's self-controlWhat you do right now-before pregnancy, during pregnancy, and through the first five years-will affect your children for the rest of their lives. Brain Rules for Baby is an indispensable guide.
This book discusses consciousness from the perspectives of neuroscience, neuropsychiatry and philosophy. It develops a novel approach in consciousness studies by charting the pathways in which the brain challenges the self and the self challenges the brain. The author argues that the central issue in brain studies is to explain the unity, continuity, and adherence of experience, whether it is sensory or mental awareness, phenomenal- or self-consciousness. To address such a unity is to understand mutual challenges that the brain and the self pose for each other. The fascinating discussions that this book presents are: How do the brain and self create the conspiracy of experience where the physicality of the brain is lost in the subjectivity of the self?
In a room sat a theoretical physicist, an engineer, a mathematician, a biochemist, and a neuropsychologist. Their task? To evaluate the effectiveness of a marketing campaign for a grooming product that retails for less than $15.00.The Brain Sell, praised as the new Hidden Persuaders, is the inside story of how our rapidly evolving understanding of the brain plays into the advertising, marketing, and retailing industry. With the emergence of Big Data mining, the "persuasion industry" is more prominent than ever. David Lewis, PhD, internationally renowned researcher, brings science to shopping-mapping the brain and the body to explore the sensitivities in our minds and discover how we select and buy. Gone are the days of traditional salesmanship-in the United Kingdom and United States alone, $313 billion is spent annually on subliminal messaging and measuring consumers' subconscious reactions to the color of a child's toy, the smell of a store's interior, or the font of the smallest letter on a soup can. Lewis repeatedly surprises with secrets from the advertising and marketing industries, revealing the scientific strategies used to evaluate and manipulate consumer response. An enlightening read for marketers and advertisers and an urgently important one for anyone who considers themselves a "smart shopper." The Brain Sell shows that even after the product is on the shelf and the commercial is over, the sales pitch goes on.David Lewis, PhD, a neuropsychologist, is founder and director at the independent research consultancy Mindlab International based at the University of Sussex. Additionally, he is a psychologist, an international lecturer, and acclaimed author, most recently of Impulse (Harvard University Press). Dubbed the "father of neuromarketing" for his pioneering studies of analyzing brain activity for research and commercial purposes, he currently specializes in noninvasive techniques for measuring human responses under real life conditions.
This book explains differences between the brains of men and women.
When their classmates are kidnapped, Nick, Jessie, and Frasier must defeat the aliens once and for all Nick, Jessie, and Frasier have managed to escape the clutches of slimy alien invaders--only to be taken prisoner by their own parents. The extraterrestrials are controlling the minds of all the adults in town, and the trio is now under house arrest. With locks on their doors and windows, and aliens watching their every move, Nick, Jessie, and Frasier don't think it could get any worse . . . until they realize they'll be forced to go to summer school! The three kids know they have to get away before the aliens take over their minds too. But why have their parents been targeted? And why are all the adults doing so much digging? Nick, Jessie, and Frasier must rush to discover the truth about the invasion before the aliens can complete their evil plans. It's not just their lives on the line--it's the life of the entire town.
In this final battle between Aliens and humans, Nick, Jessie, and Frasier attempt to defeat the brain stealers and prevent the earth from falling under their domination.
Brain stimulation technologies are both tools to probe brain function and to provide therapeutic options for patients with neuropsychiatric disease where pharmacological options are not viable. Although the field has been in existence for over seventy years, research interest in brain stimulation has been on the rise particularly in the last two decades. Brain Stimulation: Methodologies and Interventions is an introduction to the field of brain stimulation technology and its applications. The book explores how brainstimulating technologies work in the context of brain pathways that mediate normal and abnormal brain function. Chapters cover neuroanatomy and activity dependent changes in neuronal function triggered by brain stimulation, as well as applications of brain stimulation technologies themselves, including noninvasive procedures that rely on convulsive or seizure therapeutics, and non-convulsive therapies such as magnetic and electrical brain stimulation. Authored by an international group of leaders in the field, Brain Stimulation is a valuable resource for both neuroscience researchers and clinicians.
The field of brain stimulation is advancing at rapid pace with a growing number of techniques now approved for the treatment of psychiatric illness. This text acts both as a concise, quick reference for experienced practitioners and a guidebook for residents learning about clinical brain stimulation techniques. The techniques covered include: • Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) • Deep brain stimulation (DBS) • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) • Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) • Magnetic seizure therapy (MST) • Transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS) All aspects of these treatments are covered, from patient selection, through the implementation of the technique, to patient aftercare. Potential future applications are discussed and select, up-to-date reference lists guide practitioners to the most important further reading around each technique. Portable, concise and easy to navigate, covering all the need-to-know information, Brain Stimulation in Psychiatry is essential reading for practitioners, residents and medical students in psychiatry and neurology.
Attorney Joe Watson had never been to court except to be sworn in. He did legal research, investigating copyright infringement in video games (addressing such matters as: Did CarnageMaster plagiarize their beheading sequence from Greek SlaughterHouse?). He was a Webhead, a cybernerd doing support work for the lawyers in his firm who did go to court. And he was good at it. He was on track to become one of the youngest partners in the firm, and he was able--by a hair--to support his wife and children in an affluent neighborhood. Then he got notice that the tyrannical Judge Whittaker J. Stang had appointed him to defend James Whitlow, a small-time lowlife with a long rap sheet accused of a double hate crime: killing his wife's deaf black lover. When Watson stubbornly decides not to plead out his client, he is soon evicted from his comfortable life: His boss fires him, his wife leaves him and takes the children, and the Whitlow case begins to consume all of his time. He has only two allies--Rachel Palmquist, a beautiful, brainy neuroscientist with her own designs on his client and on Watson himself, and Myrna Schweich, a punk criminal-defense lawyer with orange hair who swears like a trooper and definitely inhales. Watson's finished. Or is he?To answer that question requires, among many other things, a brain scan for Watson in a state of strapped-down arousal, a Voice Transcription Device to eavesdrop on a dead deaf man's conversation, two chimpanzees who have no choice but to love each other, and a blind news vendor who demonstrates a real touch when it comes to making money. For all the Dickensian energy and humor of this ingenious story, Brain Storm also stands at the center of many modern controversies, from the death penalty and the circus atmosphere of criminal trials to neuroscientific and moral quandaries about sex, crime, and religion. Rachel tells Watson that free will is a fiction: "There's not much you can do about it if you're biologically predisposed to violence or sexual misbehavior. You just have to make the best of it, and try not to get caught." Once a deliberate yes-man at home and in the office, Joe Watson finds himself fighting not only to save his marriage and his career but also to hold intact his conviction that a person is more than a series of chemical reactions.
Welcome to tiger country: the treacherous territory where a single wrong move by a brain surgeon can devastate or end a patient's life. This is the terrain world-renowned neurosurgeon Keith Black, MD, enters every day to produce virtual medical miracles. Now, in BRAIN SURGEON, Dr. Black invites readers to shadow his breathtaking journeys into the brain as he battles some of the deadliest and most feared tumors known to medical science. Along the way, he shares his unique insights about the inner workings of the brain, his unwavering optimism for the future of medicine, and the extraordinary stories of his patients-from ministers and rock stars to wealthy entrepreneurs and uninsured students-whom he celebrates as the real heroes. BRAIN SURGEON offers a window into one man's remarkable mind, revealing the anatomy of the unflinching confidence of this master surgeon, whose personal journey brought him from life as a young African-American boy growing up in the civil rights era South to the elite world of neurosurgery. Through Dr. Black's white-knuckle descriptions of some of the most astonishing medical procedures performed today, he reveals the beauty and marvel of the human brain and the strength and heroism of his patients who refuse to see themselves as victims. Ultimately, BRAIN SURGEON is an inspiring story of the struggle to overcome odds--whether as a man, a doctor, or a patient. "BRAIN SURGEON is an inspirational book about true heroes--readers will marvel at Keith Black's achievements both as a doctor and as a man, and will be in awe of his patients' courage and will to survive." --Denzel Washington. I often get asked who the best doctor is in the world for various ailments. Truth is, it's a hard question. When it comes to brain tumors, however, the answer is pretty clear: Keith Black. He is the doctor people find when all the other doctors have given up. He is that guy. This book is about the heroic patients he has already helped and saved. If you want a rare, behind-the-curtain look at the life of one of the most pre-eminent neurosurgeons in the world, pick up Brain Surgeon. And Keith, from one brain surgeon to another: thank you for honoring our profession. Well done. --Sanjay Gupta, MD, Chief Medical Correspondent, CNN and New York Times bestselling author of Chasing Life.
For the most part, Godwin's stories--however grim the situation--are really about triumph in the face of adversity. Here, in a story which is also a truly classic science fiction "problem solver tale," is a splendid example.
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