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At its core, the Civil War was a conflict over the meaning of citizenship. Most famously, it became a struggle over whether or not to grant rights to a group that stood outside the pale of civil-society: African Americans. But other groups--namely Jews, Germans, the Irish, and Native Americans--also became part of this struggle to exercise rights stripped from them by legislation, court rulings, and the prejudices that defined the age.Grounded in extensive research by experts in their respective fields, Civil War Citizens is the first volume to collectively analyze the wartime experiences of those who lived outside the dominant white, Anglo-Saxon Protestant citizenry of nineteenth-century America. The essays examine the momentous decisions made by these communities in the face of war, their desire for full citizenship, the complex loyalties that shaped their actions, and the inspiring and heartbreaking results of their choices-- choices that still echo through the United States today. Contributors: Stephen D. Engle, William McKee Evans, David T. Gleeson, Andrea Mehrländer, Joseph P. Reidy, Robert N. Rosen, and Susannah J. Ural.
In all the vast collection of books on the American Civil War there is no book like this one. It has been needed for a long time, both by the student and by the man who simply likes to read about the Civil War, but until now no one had the dedication or the encyclopedic knowledge to produce it. Here it is, at last--an almanac, or day-by-day recital down to the close conflict, written by Professor E. B. Long of the University of Wyoming. If there was a battlefield in the Civil War that this man has not visited personally, I do not know where it is; if there is an important collection of papers shedding light on the war that he has not examined, it would be hard to name it. It is no exaggeration whatsoever to say that this man knows more facts about the Civil War than any other man who ever lived. To know a subject thoroughly, of course, is one thing; to put the results of that knowledge into lucid prose of manageable compass is something else again. One does not need to examine many pages of this almanac to realize that Professor Long has succeeded admirably in the second task. Crammed into the margins of each page with facts, this book is never soporific. It is for the casual reader as well as for the specialist; it can even, as a matter of fact, be read straight through as a narrative, in which the dramatic and heart-stirring events of America's greatest time of trial pass before the eye on a day-to-day basis. A book like this has been needed for a long time, but up to now no one was able to write it. It should have a long life, and no one will ever need to do it again. It belongs on the somewhat restricted shelf of Civil War books that will be of permanent value.
In the years preceding the Civil War, Delaware was essentially divided--as a slave state, it had many ties to the South, but as the first state to ratify the federal Constitution, it was fiercely loyal to the Union. With the outbreak of war, the First State rallied to Lincoln's call and sent proportionally more troops to fight for the Union than any free state. Yet even as the renowned Du Pont mills provided half of the Union gunpowder, Southern sympathizers transported war materiel to the Confederacy via the Nanticoke River. Author Michael Morgan deftly navigates this complex history. From Wilmington abolitionist Thomas Garrett, who helped 2,700 fugitive slaves flee north, to the prison camp at Fort Delaware that held thousands of captured Confederates and political prisoners, Morgan reveals the remarkable stories of the heroes and scoundrels of Civil War Delaware.
A native of Warren County, Iowa, Cyrus F. Boyd served a year and a half as an orderly sergeant with the Fifteenth Iowa Infantry before becoming first lieutenant in Company B of the Thirty-fourth Iowa Infantry. Before his promotion, he was an intermediary between privates and company officers, a position that offered him unique opportunities to observe the attitudes and activities of both the unit leaders and their men. In this diary, the outspoken Boyd frankly expresses his opinions of his comrades and his commanders, candidly depicts camp life, and intricately details the gory events on the battlefield. Although not always pleasant reading, Boyd's journal is a vibrant, honest chronicle of one man's experiences in the bloody conflict."There is much to learn from and enjoy about this short but rich account. Boyd fully revealed the sordid reality and the tender moments of his army service." -- Earl J. Hess, from his Introduction
For years the Ewing family of Ohio has been lost in the historical shadow cast by their in-law, General William T. Sherman. In the era of the Civil War, it was the Ewing family who raised Sherman, got him into West Point, and provided him with the financial resources and political connections to succeed in war. The patriarch, Thomas Ewing, counseled presidents and clashed with radical abolitionists and southern secessionists leading to the Civil War. Three Ewing sons became Union generals, served with distinction at Antietam and Vicksburg, marched through Georgia, and fought guerrillas in Missouri. The Ewing family stood at the center of the Northern debate over emancipation, fought for the soul of the Republican Party, and waged total war against the South. In Civil War Dynasty, Kenneth J. Heineman brings to life this drama of political intrigue and military valor--warts and all. This work is a military, political, religious, and family history, told against the backdrop of disunion, war, violence, and grief.
Since the first shots of the Civil War were fired, we continue to be haunted by those ghosts of our forefathers. The history of that turbulent era has left us with extraordinary tales that serve as a reminder of both the torture our ancestors endured and the heroism they displayed. Nancy Roberts records these eerie legends for us in her latest collection. A man from Harpers Ferry, bearing a striking resemblance to John Brown, is often asked to pose for photos yet his image does not appear when they are developed . . . The ghost of a murdered captain appears before his colonel and reveals the man responsible for his death ... A reenactment of J. E. B. Stuart's famous ride becomes a frightening reality as one man witnesses his great-grandfather's fall in battle a hundred years prior ... In these and other tales, Roberts demonstrates her unique gift for blending suspense, mystery, and history with her talent for finding stories of the supernatural. Follow her as she journeys through American history by way of folklore and legends.
The Heartland of Georgia, a vast region stretching from Columbus to Savannah and from the edge of Atlanta to Florida, is home to historic sites of Sherman's March to the Sea and Andersonville Civil War Prison. Because of this history, the area is one of the most haunted in the United States. All manner of paranormal phenomena haunt the battlefields, houses, prison sites and forts throughout this region. Spirits even stalk the streets of Savannah, one of the most haunted cities in the world. Join author and historian Jim Miles as he details the past and present of the ghosts that haunt central Georgia and Savannah.
Karl Marx's contemporary account of the Paris Commune, placing it in context of the wider events in France at the time.
Top scholars contribute to this book of essays on the complex series of battles and political maneuvers for control of Kentucky during the Civil War.
When Alex Mack finds out that the historic Civil War landmark Fort Paradise will be demolished for a new road, she and her friends go into action to stop the deconstruction process. Alex leads the charge, only to find trouble around every corner. Time is running out, but Alex and her powers have to keep a low profile. If she and her friends don't move fast, Fort Paradise--and maybe Alex--will be history.
DID YOU KNOW THAT... * The room in which Robert E. Lee was born was also the birthplace of two signers of the Declaration of Independence * Philip Sheridan was suspended from West Point for a year because of a "quarrel of belligerent character" * During the election of 1860, Northern States cast a quarter of a million more votes against Lincoln that did the entire South * George McClellan had to secure special permission to be admitted to West Point--because he was only 15 * At least one woman served as a "drummer boy" during the Civil War * The famed U.S.S. Monitor was the first warship to have flush toilets From the fascinating to the frivolous, A Civil War Journal presents little-known facts that will both entertain and enlighten you. This entertaining and informative chronicl e of the Civil War and the people who waged it shines a new light on the hidden corners of history, bringing you more than 500 surprising episodes, eye-opening anecdotes, and little-known facts. From the private eccentricities of well-known figures to sobering statistics about the war itself, these pages reveal: * What Union victory took place in Japan * How many cigars Grant smoked each day * Why Abraham Lincoln grew a beard * Why Major General James Longstreet wore carpet slippers at the battle of Antietem * Why a Union warship was named after a Confederate general * How many Confederate flags were captured at Gettysburg * How much money the U.S. spent on the war per day in 1865 * Who the last surviving Civil War general was and open your eyes to the tremendous impact the war had on soldiers and civilians alike. The perfect browsing book for Civil War buffs, trivia mavens, and the insatiably curious, A Civil War Journal is a treasure trove of odd information and unusual insights.
Letters of a civil war Massachusetts soldier to his father
In this deeply researched and clearly written book, the Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Alan Taylor tells the riveting story of a war that redefined North America. During the early nineteenth century, Britons and Americans renewed their struggle over the legacy of the American Revolution. Soldiers, immigrants, settlers, and Indians fought in a northern borderland to determine the fate of a continent. Would revolutionary republicanism sweep the British from Canada? Or would the British empire contain, divide, and ruin the shaky American republic?In a world of double identities, slippery allegiances, and porous boundaries, the leaders of the republic and of the empire struggled to control their own diverse peoples. The border divided Americans--former Loyalists and Patriots--who fought on both sides in the new war, as did native peoples defending their homelands. Serving in both armies, Irish immigrants battled one another, reaping charges of rebellion and treason. And dissident Americans flirted with secession while aiding the British as smugglers and spies.During the war, both sides struggled to sustain armies in a northern land of immense forests, vast lakes, and stark seasonal swings in the weather. In that environment, many soldiers panicked as they fought their own vivid imaginations, which cast Indians as bloodthirsty savages. After fighting each other to a standstill, the Americans and the British concluded that they could safely share the continent along a border that favored the United States at the expense of Canadians and Indians. Both sides then celebrated victory by forgetting their losses and by betraying the native peoples.A vivid narrative of an often brutal (and sometimes comic) war that reveals much about the tangled origins of the United States and Canada.From the Hardcover edition.
The long agony of the American Civil War inspired a wealth of contemporary verse -- from sentimental doggerel to sublime lyrics that rank among the finest American poetry. This inexpensive anthology brings together a superb selection of poems from both North and South, comprising the best and most representative poetry of those turbulent times.Over 75 poems include works by many of America's greatest 19th century writers: Walt Whitman, Herman Melville, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, John Greenleaf Whittier, William Cullen Bryant, and many more. Also included are many fine poems by lesser-known poets of the period: Julia Ward Howe, Henry Timrod, Edwin Markham, Edmund Clarence Stedman, Francis Miles Finch, George Henry Boker, and more.Among the selections in this volume: Julia Ward Howe's "Battle Hymn of the Republic," Ralph Waldo Emerson's "Boston Hymn," John Greenleaf Whittier's "Barbara Frietchie," "The Death of Slavery," by William Cullen Bryant, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's "Killed at the Ford," Henry Howard Brownell's "The Bay Flight," "All Quiet Along the Potomac Tonight" by Ethel Lynn Beers, "O Captain! My Captain!" and "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" by Walt Whitman, and many more.Ranging from boisterous calls to arms to poignant memorials for the slain, these poems reflect the heroism, horror, exaltation, and anguish of the bloodiest and most crucial conflict in the nation's history. Anyone interested in the Civil War or American literature of the period will want this collection on their bookshelves.
Walt Whitman experienced the agonies of the Civil War firsthand, working, in his forties, as a dedicated volunteer throughout the conflict in Washington's overcrowded, understaffed military hospitals. This superb selection of his poems, letters, and prose from the war years, filled with the sights and sounds of war and its ugly aftermath, express a vast and powerful range of emotions.Among the poems include here, first published in Drum-Taps (1865) and Sequel to Drum-Taps (1866), are a number of Whitman's most famous works: "O Captain! My Captain!" "The Wound-Dresser," "When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd," and "Come Up from the Fields, Father." The letters and prose selections, including Whitman's musings on the publication of his works, on the wounded men he tended, and his impressions of Lincoln traveling about the city of Washington, offer keen insights into an extraordinary era in American history.
One of the most talented and influential American politicians of the nineteenth century, William Pitt Fessenden (1806--1869) helped devise Union grand strategy during the Civil War. A native of Maine and son of a fiery New England abolitionist, he served in the United States Senate as a member of the Whig Party during the Kansas-Nebraska crisis and played a formative role in the development of the Republican Party. In this richly textured and fast-paced biography, Robert J. Cook charts Fessenden's rise to power and probes the potent mix of political ambition and republican ideology which impelled him to seek a place in the U.S. Senate at a time of rising tension between North and South. A determined and self-disciplined man who fought, not always successfully, to keep his passions in check, Fessenden helped to spearhead Republican Party opposition to proslavery expansion during the strife-torn 1850s and led others to resist the cotton states' efforts to secede peaceably after the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860. During the Civil War, he chaired the Senate Finance Committee and served as President Lincoln's second head of the Treasury Department. In both positions, he fashioned and implemented wartime financial policy for the United States. In addition, Fessenden's multifaceted relationship with Lincoln helped to foster effective working relations between the president and congressional Republicans. Cook outlines Fessenden's many contributions to critical aspects of northern grand strategy and to the gradual shift to an effective total war policy against the Confederacy. Most notably, Cook shows, Fessenden helped craft congressional policy regarding the confiscation and emancipation of slaves. Cook also details Fessenden's tenure as chairman of the Joint Committee on Reconstruction after the war, during which he authored that committee's report. Although he sanctioned his party's break with Andrew Johnson less than a year after the war's end, Cook explains how Fessenden worked decisively to thwart attempts by Radical Republicans to revolutionize post-emancipation society in the defeated Confederacy. The first biography of Fessenden in over forty years, Civil War Senator reveals a significant but often sidelined historical figure and explains the central role played by party politics and partisanship in the coming of the Civil War, northern military victory, and the ultimate failure of postwar Reconstruction. Cook restores Fessenden to his place as one of the most important politicians of a troubled generation.
Newspaperman, short-story writer, poet, and satirist, Ambrose Bierce (1842-1914) is one of the most striking and unusual literary figures America has produced. Dubbed "Bitter Bierce" for his vitriolic wit and biting satire, his fame rests largely on a celebrated compilation of barbed epigrams, The Devil's Dictionary, and a book of short stories (Tales of Soldiers and Civilians, 1891). Most of the 16 selections in this volume have been taken from the latter collection.The stories in this edition include: "What I Saw at Shiloh," "A Son of the Gods," "Four Days in Dixie," "One of the Missing," "A Horseman in the Sky," "The Coup de Grace," "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge," "The Story of Conscience," "One Kind of Officer," "Chickamauga," and five more.Bierce's stories employ a buildup of suggestive realistic detail to produce grim and vivid tales often disturbing in their mood of fatalism and impending calamity. Hauntingly suggestive, they offer excellent examples of the author's dark pessimism and storytelling power.
Sixteen dark and vivid selections by great satirist and short-story writer. "A Horseman in the Sky," "An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge," "Chickamauga," "A Son of the Gods," "What I Saw of Shiloh," "Four Days in Dixie" and 10 more. Masterly tales offer excellent examples of Bierce's dark pessimism and storytelling power.
Recounts events surrounding the mysterious sinking of the Confederate submarine, the H.L. Hunley, and its recent recovery from deep in the waters off the coast of South Carolina.
The Library of America's ambitious four-volume series continues with this volume that traces events from January 1862 to January 1863, an unforgettable portrait of the crucial year that turned a secessionist rebellion into a war of emancipation. Including eleven never-before- published pieces, here are more than 140 messages, proclamations, newspaper stories, letters, diary entries, memoir excerpts, and poems by more than eighty participants and observers, among them Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, George B. McClellan, Robert E. Lee, Frederick Douglass, Emily Dickinson, Walt Whitman, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Clara Barton, Harriet Jacobs, and George Templeton Strong, as well as soldiers Charles B. Haydon and Henry Livermore Abbott; diarists Kate Stone and Judith McGuire; and war correspondents George E. Stephens and George Smalley. The selections include vivid and haunting narratives of battles-Fort Donelson, Pea Ridge, the gunboat war on the Western rivers, Shiloh, the Seven Days, Second Bull Run, Antietam, Iuka, Corinth, Perryville, Fredericksburg, Stones River-as well as firsthand accounts of life and death in the military hospitals in Richmond and Georgetown; of the impact of war on Massachusetts towns and Louisiana plantations; of the struggles of runaway slaves and the mounting fears of slaveholders; and of the deliberations of the cabinet in Washington, as Lincoln moved toward what he would call "the central act of my administration and the great event of the nineteenth century": the revolutionary proclamation of emancipation.
With hundreds of entries, as well as photographs, drawings, and a handy time line of events--The Civil War A to Z encompasses everything about that historic conflict ... from Appomattox to Zouaves. Who or what are "Zouaves," you may ask? They were members of certain volunteer regiments from both the North and the South. That's just one example of the scope and depth of The Civil War A to Z. This encyclopedic, illustrated reference of the war between the States features facts both familiar and engagingly new in an easy-to-follow alphabetical format, this handy reference belongs in every Civil War library. Near an informative entry on "Robert E. Lee," you'll find startling revelations about "Lincoln's In-laws"--four of whom actually fought for the Confederacy. Not far from the battle of "Shiloh" are "Sutlers," profiteers who trailed along with armies, hawking all kinds of (sometimes shoddy) stuff. And right around "weapons" sits "General Stand Watie," the only American Indian to achieve the rank of general with the Confederacy. In short, this wonderful one-volume account ranges from the basic to the bizarre, from secession to spies to all kinds of swords, creating a complete picture of the war from the first shot to final surrender. No Civil War enthusiast or simple student of history will want to be without this indispensable and entertaining guide to one of America's most pivotal, endlessly fascinating events.
Story of battle over same-sex marriage in Vermont written by Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist who covered the story.
From forced trusteeships to hostile inter-union raids, american labor has been gripped by a devastating civil war. Steve Early argues that these polices grow from the strategy of labor management collaboration, and must be replaced with a return to rank and file initiative if the labor movement is ever to stem the tide of its long decline.
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