How to Format Footnotes and Endnotes


  • Make sure there is a space before and after the number or asterisk in the text
  • Do not add in an asterisk if there is a number
  • Numbers may be super or subscripted; whichever is in the original text
  • If there is a dagger (†), replace it with an asterisk (or if there are two, with two asterisks)


  • Place the footnote information at the bottom of the page in square brackets
  • Both the information and the corresponding number or asterisk should be inside the brackets
  • Example: [1. Library of Congress]


  • Treat the endnote heading as a chapter (16 point and bold)
  • Do not use tabs to format (just single spaces)