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The human brain is a fragile organ, and as a result, brain damage is all too common. Tumors, strokes, accidents, gunshots, and impacts to the skull can all cause brain injury. These injuries can be minor--or they might cause memory loss or the inability to move normally. Many people who suffer brain injuries must relearn how to walk, talk, and do basic things like tie their shoes. In this book, you'll read the story of Jerome, a boy who suffered a dangerous head injury while riding his bicycle. You'll learn how schools, doctors, and others are helping people like Jerome regain control of their lives.
Fourteen-year-old Samantha Stevenson doesn't know what to do when Jenny, a girl who has cerebral palsy and uses a wheel chair, moves in next door. After a rocky start, however, the two teenagers become friends, and Jenny leads Samantha into a world she's never seen. Through Jenny, Samantha meets many other people--Tyrone, who is missing a leg; Allison, who lost the use of her arms and legs in a diving accident; Katie, who has spina bifida; and Ben, whose life will be shortened by muscular dystrophy. Samantha's five new friends all have different physical conditions, different abilities, and different ways of seeing their world, but each one teaches Samantha lessons she'll never forget. What causes physical disabilities and what is it like to live with physical challenges? Through the story of Samantha and Jenny, Breaking Down Barriers: Youth with Physical Challenges will teach you about several types of disabilities, their causes, and treatments. Along the way, you will not only learn about the struggles people with physical challenges face, but about the many ways that people with such challenges are living full, happy, and rewarding lives.
Television programs and feature films present criminal psychology and profiling as a blend of psychic visions, supernatural intuition, and evidence analysis. The reality, however, is quite different. Using true-crime case studies from history and the present, examples from current and former FBI profilers, and informative sidebars, Criminal Psychology & Personality Profiling explores the many roles and responsibilities criminal psychologists and profilers fill as they support other professionals in addressing crime and its consequences. From crime-scene analysis to offering expert testimony in court, these behavioral scientists offer an understanding of crime, the criminal mind, and those affected by crime.
As an adolescent, you'll have to make up your mind about a lot of things. Drugs and alcohol are among the most important. Using chemicals recreationally is a common aspect of many teen parties. No one sets out to become addicted. No one plans on any harmful side effects. But these things do happen. You owe it to yourself to find out the facts about drugs and alcohol. This book will tell you: *Some of the reasons why teens choose to start using drugs. *How chemical substances affect your brain. *Information about the "gateway" drugs--tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and inhalants. *The truth about abusing prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, and steroids. *The dangers involved with Ecstasy and other club drugs, as well as heroin. Don't depend on peer pressure to make up your mind. Drugs and alcohol can permanently damage your life. You don't want to be one of the teens who is literally dying for acceptance!
We all need to eat. Food is a basic life necessity, but it can mean so much more to us than merely taking in enough food to keep hunger at bay. We eat when we're sad, happy, bored, lonely, excited, and for many other reasons. Many people have complicated relationships with food and their emotions. For many of us, eating is a way to escape painful feelings. For others, no good feeling can go without a celebratory meal--and maybe even some overeating. But all this emotional eating can lead to serious health consequences, including obesity--the state of being very overweight. Learn more about why people's emotions push them to eat the way they do, and discover how people develop unhealthy emotional relationships with food. When you understand the risks of eating because of your emotions, you'll be able to understand your body's needs better--and you'll know how to stick with healthy eating, no matter how you're feeling.
Imagine taking a medication meant to heal you only to discover that the drug rotted your bones, made your teeth fall out, and filled you with a radioactive element called radium. Pittsburgh industrialist Eben Byers didn't have to imagine. It happened to him, and he died as a result. Mr. Byers fell victim to "patent medicines" sold in the early twentieth century. Patent medicine quackery and other medical tragedies prompted the United States government to form an agency that could protect patients and consumers from mislabeled or dangerous medicines, cosmetics, and foods. That agency is the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Most drugs and medical treatments sold in North America today, including drugs used to treat psychological disorders, are regulated by this consumer protection agency. Many people diagnosed with depression, panic attacks, schizophrenia, ADHD, and other psychological disorders lead normal lives because they are treated with psychiatric drugs approved by the FDA. But what are psychiatric drugs? Where do they come from? How do they work? What does it take for the FDA to approve them? Why do we have the FDA? Perhaps most important, does FDA approval guarantee safety? Loaded with case studies and user-friendly illustrations, this readable text answers these and other questions as it examines a brief history of mental disorders and their treatment. In its pages, you will learn about the origins of the FDA, the FDA drug approval process, the structure and chemistry of the brain, psychiatric drugs and how they work, adverse reactions, and alternative treatments. Come learn about the drug approval process. Next time you reach into your medicine cabinet, you'll be glad you did.
Guaranteed Rights: The Legislation That Protects Youth with Special Needs (Youth with Special Needs)by Joan Esherick
From the Book jacket: A local modeling program denies thirteen-year-old Maria the chance to participate in its workshops. The reason? She uses a wheelchair. What should she do? The state of Alabama nearly pulls the plug on a disabled college student's medical support. Why? He was approaching his twenty-first birthday. Are there other avenues this teen can pursue? Employers reject nineteen-year-old Manuel's job application because he has a history of seizures, even though his seizures are completely controlled by medication and his last episode was more than five years ago. Can Manuel appeal? These cases reflect real teens in real circumstances. And all three represent how special needs legislation impacts youth with special needs. Youth with special needs want the chance to reach their potentials, despite the challenges they must overcome. Some face physical or medical challenges. Others have psychological or emotional disorders. Still others live in at-risk circumstances beyond their control. Some may even be in jail. American law affords all these young people certain rights and protections, regardless of their special needs. What are these rights? Where do they come from? Whom do they protect? Guaranteed Rights: The Legislation That Protects Youth with Special Needs will answer these and other questions. It examines the history, passage, and enforcement of special needs law as it relates to appropriate education, appropriate medical care, and equal access to jobs, public places, and services for all youth with special needs.
Jerome pedaled down the mountain, his friends Tommy and Eric racing to catch up. The wide, flat path was made for smooth riding, but Jerome's mind wasn't on the trail. A sudden rustling in the brush ahead startled him out of his daydreaming. A dog darted out of the shrubs, then stopped dead in the trail. The next several seconds seemed to pass in slow motion. Jerome squeezed hard on the hand brakes, but it was too late. His front wheel collided with the animal; the dog yelped; and Jerome somersaulted over his handlebars. Tommy said later he would never forget how his friend flew through the air and collided head-on with the sycamore tree. Eric said he'd never forget the sickening thud the impact made. But what his friends would never forget, Jerome would never remember. In a brilliant white flash, Jerome's life as he knew it was gone. What do bikes, cars, scooters, sports, tumors, strokes, guns, and the shaking of babies all have in common? They all can cause brain injuries. Every twenty-one seconds, one person in the United States sustains a traumatic brain injury. In The Journey Toward Recovery: Youth with Brain Injury you will read about Jerome, one teen who finds his life changed forever in a split-second accident. Along the way, you will also learn about other forms of brain injury; how these injuries affect people's lives; and how schools, doctors, and lawmakers are helping youth with this form of special need.
Millions of people with special needs experience problems like prejudice, limited opportunities, and difficulties accessing the facilities that should be freely available. Luckily, there are laws in place today to protect their rights. Maria, a beautiful young girl with dreams of becoming a model, isn't allowed to participate in a local modeling workshop. Why? Because she uses a wheelchair. Another student with a disability is threatened by the loss of medical funding from the government, just because he's turning twenty-one; if he loses the government's help, he'll have to stop going to school and start living in a nursing home. What can he do to fight the situation? Meanwhile, nineteen-year-old Manuel is rejected from a job because of his history of seizures, even though he takes medication and hasn't had a seizure in more than five years. Is there something Manuel can do to get the job? As you read these young adults' stories, you'll learn about the laws that protect their rights. You'll discover the history behind these laws, and you'll find out exactly which rights are protected.
Many of us have looked in the mirror and thought, "If only I could change the way I look. If only I could be different." Most people have, at one time or another, wished to look more like someone else, someone we know or someone we've seen in movies or on TV. For many people, this desire stems from living in a society that values thinness and a particular representation of beauty above all else. Discover the factors that influence how we view ourselves and our bodies. The choice to see yourself as valuable and beautiful--no matter what you may look like--is up to you!
Are you anxious? Irritable? Feeling depressed? Having trouble sleeping? Feeling tired all the time? If these symptoms describe you, you may have too much stress in your life! Stress is a fact of life. We all live with it. We all experience its effects. The exhilarated rider on a roller coaster experiences one kind of stress. The terrified victim of assault experiences another. Too many teens, however, deal with a potentially harmful, even deadly form of stress: chronic stress. This book offers teens a primer on stress: What is it? From where does it come? How does it help us? How can it cause harm? How do we know if we're under too much stress? What unhealthy ways of handling stress should we avoid? What healthy ways of stress management can we embrace? What tips or strategies might help us better handle the sources of stress in our lives? If you want to know how to manage stress better, sidebars, easy-to-understand statistics, and real-life case studies make this book an informative, interesting read.
Everyone experiences the "blues" now and then as well as times of joy and self-confidence. Most people even experience mood swings--times when they move quickly from feelings like joy to opposite feelings like sorrow. But what happens when normal moods become so extreme that a person can't think, feel, or act appropriately? What if a person is so "up" he does foolish, even dangerous, things? What if he's so "down" he can barely get out of bed? The U.S. Surgeon General reports that, at any one time, between 10 and 15 percent of the adolescent population in the United States suffers from major depression. That's one in ten teens! According to the National Institute of Mental Health, 20 to 40 percent of those will develop bipolar disorder (manic depression) within five years. Often undiagnosed or misdiagnosed, mood disorders present major challenges, such as increased risk for illness, higher probability of social and interpersonal problems, and greater likelihood of substance abuse for those who suffer with them. Mood disorders, when left untreated, can even be fatal: seven percent of adolescents with major depressive disorder commit suicide. What are mood disorders, and how can they be treated? Using numerous case studies and sidebars, and written in language that is easy to understand, Mood Disorders takes a comprehensive look at the causes and symptoms of mood disorders. In its pages, you will learn about the methods for diagnosis and treatment, specific drugs used to treat mood disorders, and alternative treatment strategies. Along the way, you will discover that mood disorders, though serious and challenging, are treatable, and help can be found.
There are many kinds of physical challenges. Some of these are the result of an injury, while other challenges are caused by a condition with which the person was born. Many of these conditions will last forever, and some will get worse as the individual gets older. When fourteen-year-old Samantha discovers that her new neighbor, Jenny, has cerebral palsy and uses a wheelchair, Samantha's not sure what to expect. Through her growing friendship with Jenny, though, Samantha meets other kids with physical challenges. Each of these new friends has a different physical condition and faces different difficulties--and each one teaches Samantha a new lesson about how to look at others.
Russ committed thousands of dollars of damage during a two-hour drunken vandalism spree. He never saw the inside of a jail, yet in the thirty years since his first arrest he remains re-arrest free. He's a rehabilitation success story. Manny stole a car at thirteen years of age, a crime for which he was sentenced to a detention center. That was only the first of what would become dozens of arrests, re-arrests, and convictions in Manny's lifetime. Criminal behavior became his way of life. Russ and Manny represent the best and worst of today's American rehabilitation policies. While a few programs and institutions succeed in helping people with criminal tendencies to turn their lives around, many fail. How are people who commit crimes being successfully rehabilitated? What works? What doesn't? Is there hope for change for someone who finds himself behind bars? The real-life case studies provided in this book offer intriguing answers and observations. They may even raise additional questions. In any case, Prisoner Rehabilitation: Success Stories and Failures provides a balanced perspective of what rehabilitation is and how it can better be accomplished.
Do you ever feel exhausted and drowsy, like you need more sleep? If you do, you're not alone. A recent study by the National Sleep Foundation (NSF) found that 60 percent of people under the age of eighteen complained of daytime tiredness. Fifteen percent (one out of every seven) said they were so tired they fell asleep in school. You may think that not getting sufficient sleep is no big deal, but think again. According to the National Sleep Foundation, sleep deprivation can put you at high risk for unintentional injury and death, low grades and poor school performance, negative moods, and increased likelihood of stimulant use. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration views driving drowsy as actually more dangerous, and more deadly, than driving drunk! What is sleep? Why do we need it? What causes sleep deprivation and how can it be avoided? What are its tragic results? This book answers these and other questions by using a readable blend of real-life accounts, easy-to-understand statistics, scientific data, and practical suggestions.
You've been doing it since birth. You will do it till you die. You spend a full third of your life doing it. So why is it so hard sometimes? Sleeping seems like it should be the easiest thing in the world. Lie back, close your eyes, and drift off to dream land! But for some people, sleep is anything but easy. For a growing segment of our population, sleep difficulties are becoming routine. In a recent survey done by the National Sleep Foundation, nearly 50 percent of Americans age eighteen or older reported that they are excessively tired during the day, presumably from lack of sleep at night. Teens are no exception: Nearly one out of three falls asleep in class once a week. We know we're chronically fatigued--but why are we so tired? Lifestyle issues, sleep habits, health conditions, medicines, drug abuse, stress--these can certainly rob us of sleep, but perhaps the greatest unrecognized source of our tiredness is a group of conditions called sleep disorders. Often undiagnosed, sleep disorders can seriously compromise the health and lives of those who wrestle with them. What are sleep disorders, and how can they be treated? What are their effects, and how does a person know if she has one? Using numerous case studies combined with easy-to-understand information, Sleep Disorders takes a comprehensive look at the causes and symptoms of sleep disorders, methods of diagnosis and treatment, specific drugs used in treatment, and alternative strategies for management. By examining the causes and cures of these sleep robbers, readers will discover that, contrary to popular belief, it is possible to get a good night's sleep in our bustling world.
One in three adolescents who experiment with tobacco products will end up addicted to nicotine by the time he is twenty years old. If current trends continue, some five million kids who are currently under eighteen years of age will die one day because they chose to smoke cigarettes as adolescents. Smoking kills. Kids know that, yet every day in the United States, nearly 3,000 young people become new tobacco users. Why? This book addresses this question as it examines reasons teens smoke, the consequences of tobacco use, and the sometimes ugly facts about smoking, chewing, and sniffing. Sidebars, easy-to-understand statistics, and real-life case studies make this an informative, interesting read for teens who want to make an informed decision about using tobacco products.
Sixteen-year-old Draven dresses like the un-dead. Thirteen-year-old Kristen slices her thighs. Fifteen-year-old Jamal rides BMX bikes in competition. What do these teens have in common? They are all taking risks. Though many teens seek independence and thrills through activities that can harm them, risk-taking in adolescence does not have to be self-destructive. This book takes an honest look at the five most self-destructive behaviors: substance abuse, risky sex, self-injury, eating disorders, and suicide. Causes, consequences, and treatment options are examined, and the final chapter provides healthy less-risky alternatives teens can take to accomplish their independence-seeking goals. Sidebars, easy-to-understand statistics, and real-life case studies make this an informative, interesting read for teens who seek to understand high-risk behaviors, their consequences, and how to avoid them.
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