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After the Fires: The Ecology of Change in Yellowstone National Park

by Linda L. Wallace

Plant and fire ecologist Wallace (U. of Oklahoma) provides a comprehensive scientific summary of the effects of the dramatic fires that tore across Wyoming and Montana in 1988. Even before the ashes had cooled, scientists from many disciplines began research, asking critical questions about the extent and intensity of the fires and initiating studies to determine the effects on geology, hydrology, plant and animal ecology, aquatic ecosystems, and landscape and ecosystem structure and function. The collection shows that the largest effects were found to have been felt at the smallest scales, and that the long-term devastation that had been predicted did not come to pass. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)

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Select your format based upon: 1) how you want to read your book, and 2) compatibility with your reading tool. To learn more about using Bookshare with your device, visit the "Using Bookshare" page in the Help Center.

Here is an overview of the specialized formats that Bookshare offers its members with links that go to the Help Center for more information.

  • Bookshare Web Reader - a customized reading tool for Bookshare members offering all the features of DAISY with a single click of the "Read Now" link.
  • DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) - a digital book file format. DAISY books from Bookshare are DAISY 3.0 text files that work with just about every type of access technology that reads text. Books that contain images will have the download option of ‘DAISY Text with Images’.
  • BRF (Braille Refreshable Format) - digital Braille for use with refreshable Braille devices and Braille embossers.
  • MP3 (Mpeg audio layer 3) - Provides audio only with no text. These books are created with a text-to-speech engine and spoken by Kendra, a high quality synthetic voice from Ivona. Any device that supports MP3 playback is compatible.
  • DAISY Audio - Similar to the Daisy 3.0 option above; however, this option uses MP3 files created with our text-to-speech engine that utilizes Ivona's Kendra voice. This format will work with Daisy Audio compatible players such as Victor Reader Stream and Read2Go.