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Showing 1 through 7 of 7 results

The 21st Century at Work: Forces Shaping the Future Workforce and Workplace in the United States

by Constantijn Panis Lynn A. Karoly

What are the forces that will continue to shape the U.S. workforce and workplace over the next 10 to 15 years? With its eye on forming sound policy and helping stakeholders in the private and public sectors make informed decisions, the U.S. Department of Labor asked RAND to look at the future of work. The authors analyze trends in and the implications of shifting demographic patterns, the pace of technological change, and the path of economic globalization.

Early Childhood Interventions

by Jill S. Cannon M. Rebecca Kilburn Lynn A. Karoly

Considers the potential consequences of not investing additional resources in children's lives, the range of early intervention programs, the demonstrated benefits of interventions having high-quality evaluations, the features associated with successful programs, and the returns to society associated with investing early in the lives of disadvantaged children. The findings indicate the existence of a body of sound research that can guide resource allocation decisions.

The Economics of Investing in Universal Preschool Education in California

by Lynn A. Karoly James H. Bigelow

There is increased interest in California and other states in providing universal access to publicly funded preschool education. In considering such a program, policymakers and the public focus on the potential benefits and costs of such a program. This study aims to inform such deliberations by conducting an analysis of the economic returns from investing in high-quality preschool education in the state of California.

Facing Human Capital Challenges of the 21st Century: Education and Labor Market Initiatives in Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates: Executive Summary

by Gabriella C. Gonzalez Lynn A. Karoly Charles A. Goldman Louay Constant Hanine Salem

Summarizes the education and labor market initiatives implemented or under way in four countries in the Arab region--Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates--to address the human resource issues they each face as they prepare their countries for a place in the 21st century global economy. Together, these countries highlight the variety of challenges faced by countries in the region and responses to those challenges.

A Golden Opportunity: Advancing California's Early Care and Education Workforce Professional Development System

by Lynn A. Karoly

This study focuses on the education, training, and ongoing professional development of early care and education (ECE) caregivers, teachers, and administrators who work with infants, toddlers, andpreschool-age children from birth to kindergarten entry in California. It aims to provide a comprehensive assessment of the state's ECE workforce professional development system and a set of recommendations for improving the system's effectiveness.

Investing in Our Children: What We Know and Don't Know About the Costs and Benefits of Early Childhood Interventions

by Jill Hoube Lynn A. Karoly Peter W. Greenwood M. Rebecca Kilburn Susan S. Everingham

There is increasing evidence that the first few years after birth are particularly important in child development and present opportunities for enrichment but also vulnerabilities do to poverty and other social stressors. Elected officials have begun proposing potentially costly programs to intervene early in the lives of disadvantaged children. Have such interventions been demonstrated to yield substantial benefits? To what extent might they pay for themselves through lower welfare and criminal justice costs incurred by participating children as they grow into adults? This study synthesizes the results of a number of previous evaluations in an effort to answer those questions. Conclusions are that under carefully controlled conditions, early childhood interventions can yield substantial advantages to recipients in terms of emotional and cognitive development, education, economic well-being, and health. (The latter two benefits apply to the children's families as well.) If these interventions can be duplicated on a large scale, the costs of the programs could be exceeded by subsequent savings to the government. However, the more carefully the interventions are targeted to children most likely to benefit, the more likely it is that savings will exceed costs. Unfortunately, these conclusions rest on only a few methodologically sound studies. The authors argue for broader demonstrations accompanied by rigorous evaluations to resolve several important unknowns. These include the most efficient ways to design and target programs, the extent to which effectiveness is lost on scale-up, and the implications of welfare reform and other safety net changes.

Preschool Adequacy and Efficiency in California

by David E. Mosher Lois M. Davis David R. Howell Preston Niblack Tom Latourrette Lynn A. Karoly

The California Preschool Study examined gaps in school readiness and achievement in the early grades among California children and the potential for high-quality preschool to close those gaps, the use of early care and education (ECE) services and their quality, and the system of publicly funded ECE programs for three- and four-year-olds. This analysis integrates the results from the prior studies and makes recommendations for preschool policy.

Showing 1 through 7 of 7 results

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