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The HIV/AIDS epidemic is burgeoning among African American men and women. Despite comprising only 13% of the population, 50% of new HIV diagnoses in 2004 were among African Americans. Among women and men who have sex with men (MSM), African Americans are grossly disproportionately affected by this epidemic, and this trend shows no sign of abating. This book seeks to explore some of the contextual factors that contribute to this disparity as well as ways to intervene to slow the growth of the epidemic in the U.S. This volume will focus on the history and context of HIV/AIDS in African Americans and interventions targeting specific sub-populations including adolescents, heterosexual men and women, men who have sex with men, incarcerated populations, and injection drug users. Context chapters will focus on specific contextual and structural issues related to HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention in African Americans including disparities in incarceration, racism, economic issues and substance abuse. Intervention chapters will focus on best-evidence and promising-evidence based interventions targeting HIV prevention in African Americans. These chapters will address the latest in intervention strategies, program evaluation, cost effectiveness and qualitative research methods and will include risk reduction, risk assessment, and testing and counseling.
An estimated 4 million people are living with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) in America today, with approximately 370,000 new cases diagnosed every year. AD patients live anywhere from 5 to 20 years after their diagnosis; and their inability to care for themselves grows more dramatic as the disease progresses, creating profound implications for their families and healthcare providers. Its impact on families during the caregiving years is overwhelming. If you have a family member or close friend who's suffering from Alzheimer's Disease and you're looking for current, useful information, then Alzheimer's For Dummies is for you. This reference guide also is helpful if you Need to know more about its diagnosis and treatment Want to take care of yourself while taking care of your loved one Are not the primary caregiver but want to know how to help Want to know how Alzheimer's Disease is going to affect you and your loved one Alzheimer's For Dummies takes a realistic look at Alzheimer's Disease, what it is and what it isn't. It offers pertinent, easy-to-understand advice for dealing with the myriad concerns and responsibilities that a primary caregiver must assume when managing an Alzheimer's patient. Here's a sampling of the information you'll find in this valuable guide: Maneuvering through medical, legal, and financial tangles Distinguishing AD from other brain diseases and medical conditions Handling the fears that may accompany the diagnosis Evaluating current drug therapies; watching out for scams and quack treatments Finding the best doctors; dealing with attorneys and CPAs Looking at Medicare regulations Evaluating the cost of care The current state of research, diagnosis, and treatment Television personality Leeza Gibbons, whose mother was stricken with AD, writes in the foreword of this book, "There is no upside to keeping your head in the sand. This book is a crucial step in your new fight. Arm yourself with the knowledge waiting for you in these pages. It will help you find answers and resources as you adjust to your new reality. "
Small vessel disease is an important frontier in neurology; about 25% of strokes are classified as small vessel, and SVD is the most common cause of vascular cognitive impairment. The risk of developing SVD increases with age, making this a growing concern for countries with aging populations. Despite this, there has been a paucity of information about its causes, diagnosis, prevention and treatment. This volume brings together contributions from leading international experts in the field, and discusses pathogenesis, pathophysiology, clinical and radiologic manifestations, prevention and treatment modalities, and future directions for research and practice. Genetic forms of SVD are discussed, as well as the rapid development of neuroimaging techniques as tools for screening and treatment. This authoritative book is essential reading for neurologists, stroke physicians, geriatricians, and interventional neuroradiologists, as well as researchers in the fields of aging and dementia.
The third edition of Clinical Care of the Diabetic Foot has been fully revised and updated, and continues to be the essential handbook on foot care and the treatment of the diabetic foot. <P><P> The diabetic foot is typically the victim of nerve damage, micro- and macrovascular disease, and faulty healing, mechanisms that without proper care can lead to amputation. More than 80,000 diabetes-related amputations are performed in the United States each year, but non-specialist primary care providers, as well as residents, nurses, and diabetes educators, can help prevent this devastating, life-altering, and expensive complication. Healthcare professionals and medical students alike will find that this concise, well-indexed, and updated guide offers practical advice on detecting and managing diabetes-related foot complications.
The skills you need to slash your risk of heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and more#151;by 80 percent Though we may not realize it, our behavior has tremendous effects on our health, well-being, and even gene expression. In Disease-Proof, renowned preventive medicine specialist Dr. David Katz reveals that we can reduce our risk of any chronic disease by an astonishing 80 percent#151;more than any drug or intervention could ever hope to do. Abundant scientific evidence shows that four simple things#151;not smoking, eating well, being active, and maintaining a healthy weight#151;play an enormous role in our health. Drawing upon the latest scientific evidence and decades of clinical experience, Dr. Katz arms us with the skills to make lasting changes in each of these areas. Disease-Proof equips readers with the knowledge to manage weight, improve immune function, reprogram our genes, and prevent and reverse life-altering illnesses. Groundbreaking and timely, this book is for readers of The End of Illness by David Agus and Anticancer by David Servan-Schreiber.
Emergency departments around the world may differ, but many of the problems they face are the same. Written by an international panel of experienced emergency department leaders Emergency Department Leadership and Management provides the latest knowledge and advice to improve your personal leadership skills. The book will assist emergency department leaders in overcoming common management and operational problems including overcrowding, risk management, implementing the right triage system, electronic and IT solutions, improving clinical teamwork, education of emergency department staff, improving patient flow, care pathways and leading during times of change. Example cases are included to allow leaders to compare common cases to the problems which they face in their own departments. Information on designing emergency medicine specialty residency programs is also provided. It is the official text of the International Emergency Department Leadership Institute (IEDLI) and has been endorsed by the International Federation for Emergency Medicine (IFEM).
This practical new resource uses a highly visual approach to summarise and simplify neurocritical care topics which can often seem daunting in their complexity. Diagrams, flowcharts, figures and tables highlight the main principles of disease pathophysiology, diagnosis and management, giving an easy-to-understand insight into this new and exciting field of medicine. Numerous high-quality radiographic images demonstrate the neuroimaging of neurological and neurosurgical diseases, and overviews of major clinical trials and studies provide an evidence-based perspective. Incorporating a full grounding in the fundamentals of neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and examination, and summaries of key points and suggested reading for each chapter, this book is a concise yet thorough reference for all those working in neurocritical care. Ideal for both trainees and specialists in neurology, neurosurgery, intensive care, anaesthesiology, emergency medicine and internal medicine.
Every year emergency medicine resident physicians participate in the American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) In-Training Examination to assess their medical knowledge. Preparing for the examination involves assembling several different resources on a wide range of topics. Many resources are either too detailed or too superficial, limiting their effectiveness. Pocket Guide to the American Board of Emergency Medicine In-Training Exam is designed specifically for the Emergency Medicine Resident Physician as an aid to revising for the In-Training exam. Pertinent information is organized under the same topics as the examination. The concise text and tables deliver information quickly and a rapid review section allows for self-assessment. In addition, the small portable size enables revision whenever and wherever you are. Pocket Guide to the American Board of Emergency Medicine In-Training Exam is the only resource you will need for In-Training Examination preparation.
Acute resuscitation and care of unstable and critically ill patients can be a daunting experience for all trainees in the emergency department or the intensive care unit. The practical, easy-to-read and evidence-based information in Practical Emergency Resuscitation and Critical Care will help all physicians understand and begin management of these patients. This book offers the collaborative expertise of dozens of critical care physicians from different specialities, including but not limited to: emergency medicine, surgery, medicine and anaesthesia. Divided into sections by medical entities, it covers essential topics that are likely to be encountered in the emergency department where critical care often begins. The portable format and bullet point style content allows all practitioners instant access to the principle information that is necessary for the diagnosis and management of critical care patients.
A concise and practical reference that will help physicians become more comfortable with decision making and management of the critically ill cerebrovascular patient. Contributors from leading stroke centers cover a wide range of common conditions such as ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and aneurysms, and provide focused protocols for assessing and treating patients in the emergency room, intensive care unit, or hospital floor. The book is designed for use by busy professionals who need quick answers, and chapters are packed with algorithms and summary tables providing immediate access to key information. A bound-in CD allows users to download the text onto a computer or handheld device.
Trauma patients present a unique challenge to anesthesiologists, since they require resource-intensive care, often complicated by pre-existing medical conditions. This fully revised new edition focuses on a broad spectrum of traumatic injuries and the procedures anesthesiologists perform to care for trauma patients perioperatively, surgically, and post-operatively. Special emphasis is given to assessment and treatment of co-existing disease, including surgical management of trauma patients with head, spine, orthopedic, cardiac, and burn injuries. Topics such as training for trauma (including use of simulation) and hypothermia in trauma are also covered. Six brand new chapters address pre-hospital and ED trauma management, imaging in trauma, surgical issues in head trauma and in abdominal trauma, anesthesia for oral and maxillofacial trauma, and prevention of injuries. The text is enhanced with numerous tables and 300 illustrations showcasing techniques of airway management, shock resuscitation, echocardiography and use of ultrasound for the performance of regional anesthesia in trauma.
What birth control method is most reliable? Can contraceptives protect me from AIDS? How can I choose the method that's best for me? Finding the answers to these and other questions about birth control can be tough. On the one hand, today's sexually active person has many contraceptive options. On the other hand, each option has pluses and minuses that must be weighed.For teenagers especially, asking questions about birth control can be awkward and difficult. Yet teenagers may be in greatest need of the facts.While there is no #quote#right#quote# method for everyone, The Whole Truth About Contraception is the right book for anyone making decisions about contraception--men and women, from teenagers to middle-agers. It illustrates male and female anatomy and explains how conception occurs. The book carefully describes the birth control methods available today: barrier (such as condoms and diaphragms), hormonal (the Pill and Norplant), intrauterine devices, surgical sterilization, and other approaches such as the #quote#rhythm#quote# method and breastfeeding as a contraceptive.For each method the authors discuss how well it prevents pregnancy, its potential effects on the user's health, and common problems. Illustrated #quote#how to#quote# sections are provided, and the authors comment on how each method typically affects sexual experience. The book also discusses how birth control products can be obtained and their cost.Precautions, tips on usage, and other features throughout the book will help each reader decide what type of contraception is best for his or her age, personal preferences, and situation in life.The Whole Truth About Contraception gives up-to-date information on new products, such as the female condom and the nonlatex male condom. The book provides details about contraception and sexually transmitted diseases, with an emphasis on AIDS.Also offered is an expanded discussion of #quote#emergency#quote# contraception, designed for use after unprotected sex. The book includes a full and factual discussion of abortion.Contraception may be the most important and deeply personal choice anyone has to make. This book provides the straight facts that will make the decision easier--and the results better for everyone.