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100 IDEAS (EBOOK)

by Mario Bunge

Cien ideas parecen muchas antes de que uno se ponga a contarlas. Es lo que hace Mario Bunge con paciencia, claridad y sencillez en este libro, tan bueno que hasta parecen pocas. La tarea le permite iluminarse (e iluminarnos) para que las ideas participen luego en nuestras charlas, para que encontremos en ellas temas y motivos que fortalezcan esa gran pasión que nos precedía: la amistad. La sobriedad y la elegancia con las que cada una de estas ideas es expuesta, y la concisión y el método que ameritan, aportan un delicioso empeño: que las palabras sirvan para que podamos entendernos mejor. Nunca falta una idea cuando Mario Bunge escribe, y si parece que una sobra, se debe a la generosa actitud del autor, que nos la concede como yapa.

Chasing Reality

by Mario Bunge

Chasing Reality deals with the controversies over the reality of the external world. Distinguished philosopher Mario Bunge offers an extended defence of realism, a critique of various forms of contemporary anti-realism, and a sketch of his own version of realism, namely hylorealism. Bunge examines the main varieties of antirealism - Berkeley's, Hume's, and Kant's; positivism, phenomenology, and constructivism - and argues that all of these in fact hinder scientific research. Bunge's realist contention is that genuine explanations in the sciences appeal to causal laws and mechanisms that are not directly observable, rather than simply to empirical generalisations. Genuine science, in his view, is objective even when it deals with subjective phenomena such as feelings of fear. This work defends a realist view of universals, kinds, possibilities, and dispositions, while rejecting contemporary accounts of these that are couched in terms of modal logic and 'possible worlds. '

CIENCIAS SOCIALES EN DISCUSION (EBOOK)

by Mario Bunge

Las ciencias sociales en discusión es el nuevo libro de Mario Bunge, el autor de la monumental obra Treatise on Basic Philosophy, conocido ampliamente como el filosofo de las ciencias. En este volumen centra su atención en las ciencias y tecnologías sociales, considera numerosas disciplinas que incluyen: antropología, sociología, economía, ciencia política,derecho, historia y ciencias de la administración. Bunge sostiene que la investigación en ciencias sociales esta actualmente sujeta a la fascinación posmoderna por el irracionalismo y el relativismo. Les propone a los científicos sociales reexaminar la filosofía y la metodología que esta en la base de sus propias disciplinas. Aboga por la objetividad, las teorizaciones rigurosas, las comprobaciones empíricas así como por un diseño de políticas moderadamente sensibles y socialmente responsables. "El merito mayor de esta obra reside en su amplio espectro de contenidos relevantes y en su estructura inteligente, confiable y clara. De este volumen se aprende muchísimo, puede ser utilizado como columna vertebral de un curso o por una persona inteligente que desee iniciarse en cualquiera de las disciplinas que trata. Reitero: calidad y erudición son susprincipales meritos." Esrnest A. Gellner, filosofo contemporáneo, Central European University.

Emergence and Convergence

by Mario Bunge

Two problems continually arise in the sciences and humanities, according to Mario Bunge: parts and wholes and the origin of novelty. In "Emergence and Convergence," he works to address these problems, as well as that of systems and their emergent properties, as exemplified by the synthesis of molecules, the creation of ideas, and social inventions. Along the way, Bunge examines further topical problems, such as the search for the mechanisms underlying observable facts, the limitations of both individualism and holism, the reach of reduction, the abuses of Darwinism, the rational choice-hermeneutics feud, the modularity of the brain vs. the unity of the mind, the cluster of concepts around 'maybe, ' the uselessness of many-worlds metaphysics and semantics, the hazards posed by Bayesianism, the nature of partial truth, the obstacles to correct medical diagnosis, and the formal conditions for the emergence of a cross-discipline. Bunge is not interested in idle fantasies, but about many of the problems that occur in any discipline that studies reality or ways to control it. His work is about the merger of initially independent lines of inquiry, such as developmental evolutionary biology, cognitive neuroscience, and socio-economics. Bunge proposes a clear definition of the concept of emergence to replace that of supervenience and clarifies the notions of system, real possibility, inverse problem, interdiscipline, and partial truth that occur in all fields.

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