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For high school and undergraduate college courses, this social history documents the work of people involved in the civil rights movement, expanding the definition of the movement to include events before and after the era of Martin Luther King, Jr., the work of everyday people, black nationalism, and struggles outside the South. The eight essays take into account the three methods of defining the civil rights movement (in terms of the King years, as a longer civil rights movement, and through the civil rights/black power dichotomy), and cover the contributions of early pioneers, student activists, clergy, southern civil rights organizations, the NAACP and CORE (the Congress of Racial Equality), black nationalists, the Black Panther Party, and women. Primary source documents, such as Supreme Court documents and a speech by Malcolm X, and short biographical sketches, are included. Essays are by scholars of black studies, history, American multicultural studies, and English, from the US.
Muhammad Ali (born Cassius Clay) has always engendered an emotional reaction from the public. From his appearance as an Olympic champion to his iconic status as a national hero, his carefully constructed image and controversial persona has always been intensely scrutinized. In Muhammad Ali, Michael Ezra considers the boxer who calls himself "The Greatest" from a new perspective. He writes about Ali's pre-championship bouts, the management of his career and his current legacy, exploring the promotional aspects of Ali and how they were wrapped up in political, economic, and cultural "ownership. "Ezra's incisive study examines the relationships between Ali's cultural appeal and its commercial manifestations. Citing examples of the boxer's relationship to the Vietnam War and the Nation of Islam-which serve as barometers of his "public moral authority"-Muhammad Ali analyzes the difficulties of creating and maintaining these cultural images, as well as the impact these themes have on Ali's meaning to the public.