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Although irregular warfare includes a range of activities in which naval forces have played an integral role, there has been little examination of the characteristics or potential of such operations in maritime environments. An assessment of the maritime component of a series of historical and ongoing operations reveals that current notions of irregular warfare would benefit from increased recognition of potentialmaritime contributions.
This study reports the results of a systematic, empirically based survey of opinions of U.S. military and State Department personnel with Iraq war experience to shed light on the costs and benefits of using private security contractors (PSCs) in the Iraq war. For the most part, respondents did not believe that PSCs were "running wild" in Iraq, but they held mixed views on PSCs' contribution to the U.S. military operation and U.S. foreign policy objectives.
The Markets for Force examines and compares the markets for private military and security contractors in twelve nations: Argentina, Guatemala, Peru, Ecuador, the United Kingdom, the Czech Republic, Ukraine, Russia, Afghanistan, China, Canada, and the United States. Editors Molly Dunigan and Ulrich Petersohn argue that the global market for force is actually a conglomeration of many types of markets that vary according to local politics and geostrategic context. Each case study investigates the particular characteristics of the region's market, how each market evolved into its current form, and what consequence the privatized market may have for state military force and the provision of public safety. The comparative standpoint sheds light on better-known markets but also those less frequently studied, such as the state-owned and -managed security companies in China, militaries working for private sector extractive industries in Ecuador and Peru, and the ways warlord forces overlap with private security companies in Afghanistan.An invaluable resource for scholars and policymakers alike, The Markets for Force offers both an empirical analysis of variations in private military and security companies across the globe and deeper theoretical knowledge of how such markets develop.Contributors: Olivia Allison, Oldrich Bures, Jennifer Catallo, Molly Dunigan, Scott Fitzsimmons, Maiah Jaskoski, Kristina Mani, Carlos Ortiz, Ulrich Petersohn, Jake Sherman, Christopher Spearin.
Out of the Shadows: The Health and Well-Being of Private Contractors Working in Conflict Environmentsby Rachel M. Burns Molly Dunigan Claude Messan Setodji Carrie M. Farmer Alison Hawks
Private contractors have been deployed extensively around the globe for the past decade and may be exposed to many of the stressors that are known to have physical and mental health implications for military personnel. Results from a RAND survey offer preliminary findings about the mental and physical health of contractors, their deployment experiences, and their access to and use of health care resources.
The authors assess the utility and limitations of "minimalist stabilization"--small-scale interventions designed to stabilize a partner government engaged in violent conflict--and propose policy recommendations concerning when minimalist stabilization missions may be appropriate andthe strategies most likely to make such interventions successful, as well as the implications for U. S. Army force structure debates and partnership strategies.
Private security contractors (PSCs) have had a larger presence in Iraq and Afghanistan than US troops. This book assesses the impact of PSCs, as distinct from other private military forms, and analyzes the ramifications of the use of PSCs for both tactical and long-term strategic military effectiveness. The book begins with an overview of the types of private military and security companies, then frames the problem in terms of theories of the state, military effectiveness, the democratic advantage, and the structure-identity dichotomy in the social sciences. The rest of the book examines different cases of modern and historical privatized force deployment, such as PSCs deployed alongside the national military during Operation Iraqi Freedom, PSCs hired in place of national militaries in Croatia and Sierra Leone, and the American Revolution. The book concludes with policy and regulatory recommendations and ways to prevent abuses. Dunigan is affiliated with the International Security Policy Group at the RAND Corporation. Stanford Security Studies is an imprint of Stanford University Press. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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