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How to review and synthesize research reports for academic writing such as a thesis or dissertation.
This book covers the basics for preparing both qualitative (i.e., narrative) and quantitative reviews. These do not constitute a dichotomy. Rather, literature reviews exist on a continuum from very highly qualitative (with little mention of statistics or the research methods used to obtain them) to very highly quantitative (with the final synthesis based on the mathematical averaging of results across various studies reported by different researchers).
A literature review is an original work based on a critical examination of the literature on a topic. The reviewer should evaluate the available evidence as well as relevant theories (while noting gaps in the literature) and create a synthesis that provides a comprehensive overview of the literature.
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