Browse Results What Format Should I Choose?

Showing 1 through 7 of 7 results

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

by Efraim Sadka Assaf Razin Phillip Swagel

Data for the United States and countries in western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after other factors that influence the size of the welfare state are controlled for. This occurs despite the increased political clout of the dependent population implied by the aging of the population. This paper develops an overlapping generations model of intra- and intergenerational transfers (including old-age social security) and human capital formation that addresses this seeming puzzle. We show that with democratic voting, an increase in the dependency ratio can lead to lower taxes or less generous social transfers.

Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs?

by Matthew J. Slaughter Phillip Swagel

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies

by Matthew J. Slaughter Phillip Swagel

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Measures of Potential Output: An Application to Israel

by Phillip Swagel Fabio Scacciavillani

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Regional Convergence and the Role of Federal Transfers in Canada

by Steven Dunaway Phillip Swagel Martin Kaufman

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Sources of Inflation in Developing Countries

by Prakash Loungani Phillip Swagel

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Unionization and Strategic Trade Policy

by Ling Hui Tan Phillip Swagel

A report from the International Monetary Fund.

Showing 1 through 7 of 7 results

Help

Select your format based upon: 1) how you want to read your book, and 2) compatibility with your reading tool. To learn more about using Bookshare with your device, visit the "Using Bookshare" page in the Help Center.

Here is an overview of the specialized formats that Bookshare offers its members with links that go to the Help Center for more information.

  • Bookshare Web Reader - a customized reading tool for Bookshare members offering all the features of DAISY with a single click of the "Read Now" link.
  • DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) - a digital book file format. DAISY books from Bookshare are DAISY 3.0 text files that work with just about every type of access technology that reads text. Books that contain images will have the download option of ‘DAISY Text with Images’.
  • BRF (Braille Refreshable Format) - digital Braille for use with refreshable Braille devices and Braille embossers.
  • MP3 (Mpeg audio layer 3) - Provides audio only with no text. These books are created with a text-to-speech engine and spoken by Kendra, a high quality synthetic voice from Ivona. Any device that supports MP3 playback is compatible.
  • DAISY Audio - Similar to the Daisy 3.0 option above; however, this option uses MP3 files created with our text-to-speech engine that utilizes Ivona's Kendra voice. This format will work with Daisy Audio compatible players such as Victor Reader Stream and Read2Go.