In a work of dazzling interpretive virtuosity, Priya Joshi returns popular Hindi cinema to the 1970s when the term "Bollywood" was deployed to dismiss an unruly cultural product marked by its social responsiveness. Joshi analyzes the social work of popular Hindi blockbusters that, she argues, capture and challenge the diffuse aspirations of the nation. The "India" fabricated in Bollywood's blockbusters revises and contests nation and the state, commenting on an India both imagined and real. Familiar depictions of crime and punishment, family and individuality, vigilante and community, have persisted in the cinema across half a century despite dramatic changes in the industry's production and distribution practices. Summoning the 1970s as an interpretive lens, Joshi deftly examines blockbusters from notably tumultuous moments when the idea of India was made, unmade, and remade. From the decline of the studios in the 1950s to the rise of the multi-starrer genre in the 1970s and the arrival of corporate capital and new media platforms in the 2000s, Bollywood's blockbusters nimbly engage the public fantasies of their heterogeneous audiences. Joshi's elegantly crafted argument incorporates fresh explorations of iconic films such as Awara (1951) and Deewaar (1975), as well as those less analyzed, such as Ab Dilli Dur Nahin (1957) and A Wednesday (2008).
Asking what Indian readers chose to read and why, In Another Country shows how readers of the English novel transformed the literary and cultural influences of empire. She further demonstrates how Indian novelists writing in English, from Krupa Satthianadhan to Salman Rushdie, took an alien form in an alien language and used it to address local needs. Taken together in this manner, reading and writing reveal the complex ways in which culture is continually translated and transformed in a colonial and postcolonial context.
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