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In the wake of global climate change and increasing geopolitical instability of oil supply an accelerated transition to renewable energy system gets increasingly important, if not unavoidable.This book encompasses reports of select energy strategies as well as in-depth technical information of the already or potentially involved technologies. On the one hand, it compiles the description of technologies that already proved to be game changers of the energy supply in some countries, i.e. solar, wind, biomass and hydro power, with a strong focus on data, facts and figures that are needed to design a renewable energy system for a region or a country. On the other hand, this book compiles many more technologies that bear the potential to become game changes in some regions or countries, like maritime power technologies or geothermal energy. The focus on the whole energy system involves particular consideration of storage technologies for the fluctuating renewable energy input as well as an overview on energy transportation as electrical or chemical energy. Also the end-use of the renewable energy is considered if the energy system is affected, like in automotive transportation via battery or fuel cell vehicles.Postulating climate change as a major driver for renewable energies, the articles of the book are written assuming the time-line of 2050 for a major CO2 reduction in order to fulfill the UN global warming goal of 2°C. Hence, technologies that have a potential to leave the research stage by 2030 are considered since further ten years are required for industrial development and market penetration each. Transition to Renewable Energy Systems provides specific insights for energy engineers, process engineers, chemists, and physicists, as well as a sufficiently broad scope to be able to understand the challenges, opportunities and implications of a transition to renewable energy systems so that strategies can be cast.
This authoritative book on MALDI MS, now finally available in its second edition and edited by one of its inventors, gives an in-depth description of the many different applications, along with a detailed discussion of the technology itself.Thoroughly updated and expanded, with contributions from key players in the field, this unique book provides a comprehensive overview of MALDI MS along with itspossibilities and limitations.The initial chapters deal with the technology and the instrumental setup, followed by chapters on the use of MALDI MS in protein research (including proteomics), genomics, glycomics and lipidomics. The option of MALDI-MS for the analysis of polymers and small molecules are also covered in separate chapters, while new to this edition is a section devoted to the interplay of MALDI MS and bioinformatics.A much-needed practical and educational asset for individuals, academic institutions and companies in the field of bioanalytics.
An in-depth understanding of energy technology, sources, conversion, storage, transport and conservation is crucial for developing a sustainable and economically viable energy infrastructure. This need, for example, is addressed in university courses with a special focus on the energy mix of renewable and depletable energy resources.Energy makes our lives comfortable, and the existence of amenities such as heaters, cars, warm water, household appliances and electrical light is characteristic for a developed economy. Supplying the industrial or individual energy consumer with energy 24 hours a day is a non-trivial challenge, especially in times where the energy is coming from very diverse resources such as oil, gas, nuclear fuels, wind, sun, or waves.This book gives physics, chemistry, engineering, and materials science students insights in the basics of energy and energy technology. It was developed along a successful course for advanced bachelor or graduate students and is written in a didactic style. The problems and solutions at the end of each chapter are ideal for exams and make self-study easy. Topics covered include energy from fossil and nuclear fuels, renewable sources, energy transport, storage, and conservation.
Here the renowned editor Evgeny Katz has chosen contributions that cover a wide range of examples and issues in implantable bioelectronics, resulting in an excellent overview of the topic. The various implants covered include biosensoric and prosthetic devices, as well as neural and brain implants, while ethical issues, suitable materials, biocompatibility, and energy-harvesting devices are also discussed.A must-have for both newcomers and established researchers in this interdisciplinary field that connects scientists from chemistry, material science, biology, medicine, and electrical engineering.
"Feuersucher" schildert auf packende Weise, wie das Rätsel der Energieproduktion bei der Zellatmung gelöst wurde und liefert eine atmosphärische Schilderung der Forschungslandschaft im Nachkriegsösterreich und -deutschland sowie in den USA und in der Schweiz.
After the overwhelming success of 'Asymmetric Synthesis - The Essentials', narrating the colorful history of asymmetric synthesis, thisis the second edition with latest subjects and authors. While the aim of the first edition was mainly to honor the achievements of the pioneersin asymmetric syntheses, the aim of this new edition was bringing the current developments, especially from younger colleagues, to theattention of students. The format of the book remained unchanged, i.e. short conceptual overviews by young leaders in their field includinga short biography of the authors. The growing multidisciplinary research within chemistry is reflected in the selection of topics including metal catalysis, organocatalysis, physical organic chemistry, analytical chemistry, and its applications in total synthesis. The prospective reader of this book is a graduate or undergraduate student of advanced organic chemistry as well as the industrial chemist who wants to get a brief update on the current developments in the field.
This handbook is aimed to deliver an up-to-date account of some of the recently developed experimental and theoretical methods in EPR, as well as a complete up-to-date listing of the experimentally determined values of multifrequency transition-ion spin Hamiltonian parameters by Sushil Misra, reported in the past 20 years, extending such a listing published by him in the Handbook on Electron Spin Resonance, volume 2. This extensive data tabulation makes up roughly 60% of the book`s content. It is complemented by the first full compilation of hyperfine splittings and g-factors for aminoxyl (nitroxide) radicals since 197 by Larry Berliner, a world expert on spin labeling, helping to identify and interpret substances and processes by means of EPR techniques. The book also includes coverage of the recently developed experimental technique of rapid-scan EPR by Sandra Eaton and Gareth Eaton, and a thorough review of computational modeling in EPR by Stefan Stoll, author of Easy Spin.
Successor of the highly acclaimed, first full-color introduction to nanomaterials - now including graphenes and carbon nanotubesThis full-colored introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology in particular addresses the needs of engineers who need to know the special phenomena and potentials, without getting bogged down in the scientific detail of the physics and chemistry involved.Based on the author's own courses, this textbook shows how to produce nanomaterials and use them in engineering applications for novel products. Following an introduction, the text goes on to treat synthesis, characterization techniques, thermal, optical, magnetic and electronic properties, processing and, finally, emerging applications.A sound overview of the "nano world" from an application-oriented perspective.Reviews for the first edition:"The reader [of this book] profits from the broad scientific teaching experience of the author.... This book is highly recommended for everyone who wants to step onto the new and fascinating field of nanomaterials." (International Journal of Materials Research, May 2009) "The practical presentation and clarity in writing style makes this book a winner for anyone wanting to quickly learn about the fundamentals and practical side of nanomaterials." (IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, March/April 2009)
Since modeling multiscale phenomena in systems biology and neuroscience is a highly interdisciplinarytask, the editor of the book invited experts in bio-engineering, chemistry, cardiology, neuroscience,computer science, and applied mathematics, to provide their perspectives. Each chapter is a window into the current state of the art in the areas of research discussed and the book is intended for advanced researchers interested in recent developments in these fields. While multiscaleanalysis is the major integrating theme of the book, its subtitle does not call for bridging thescales from genes to behavior, but rather stresses the unifying perspective offered by the conceptsreferred to in the title. It is believed that the interdisciplinary approach adopted here will be beneficial for all the above mentioned fields.
A comprehensive introduction to advanced fluorescence microscopy methods and their applications.This is the first title on the topic designed specifically to allow students and researcherswith little background in physics to understand both microscopy basics and novel light microscopy techniques. The book is written by renowned experts and pioneersin the field with a rather intuitive than formal approach. It always keeps the nonexpert reader in mind, making even unavoidable complex theoretical concepts readily accessible. All commonly used methods are covered.A companion website with additional references, examples and video material makesthis a valuable teaching resource:http://www.wiley-vch.de/home/fluorescence_microscopy/
The connection between a quantum behavior of the structure elements of a substance and the parameters that determine the macroscopic behavior of materials has a major influence on the properties exhibited by different solids. Although quantum theory and engineering should complement each other, this is not always the case. This book aims to demonstrate how the properties of materials can be derived and predicted proceeding from the features of their structural elements, generally electrons. In a sense, electronic structure forms the glue holding solids as whole, and it is central in determining structural, mechanical, chemical, electrical, magnetic and vibrational properties. The main part of the book is devoted an overview of the fundamentals of the density functional theory and its applications to computational solid state physics and chemistry. The author shows in detail the technique of construction of models and the methods of their computer simulation. He considers physical and chemical fundamentals of interatomic bonding in solids and analyzes the predicted theoretical outcome in comparison with experimental data. This is applying the first-principle simulation methods so as to predict the properties of transition metals, semiconductors, oxides, solid solutions, molecular and ionic crystals. Unique in presenting are novel theories of creep and fatigue that help to anticipate - and prevent - possible fatal material failures. As a result, users gain the knowledge and tools to simulate material properties and to design materials with desired characteristics. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the book, it is suitable for a variety of markets from students and lectures to engineers and researchers.
This continuation and extension of the successful book "Localized Waves" by the same editors brings together leading researchers in non-diffractive waves to cover the most important results in their field and as such is the first to present the current state.The well-balanced presentation of theory and experiments guides readers through the background of different types of non-diffractive waves, their generation, propagation, and possible applications. The authors include a historical account of the development of the field, and cover different types of non-diffractive waves, including Airy waves and realistic, finite-energy solutions suitable for experimental realization. Apart from basic research, the concepts explained here have promising applications in a wide range of technologies, from wireless communication to acoustics and bio-medical imaging.
The follow-up to the successful "Domino Reaction in Organic Synthesis", this ready reference brings up to date on the original concept. The chapters have been arranged according to the name of well-known transformations of the first step and in combination with the formed products. Each chapter is written by an internationally renowned expert, and the book is edited by L. F. Tietze, who established the concept of domino reactions.The one-stop source for all synthetic chemists to improve the synthetic efficiency and allow an ecologically and economically beneficial preparation of every chemical compound.
Now in its second edition, this continues to serve as an ideal textbook for introductory courses on materials characterization, based on the author's experience in teaching advanced undergraduate and postgraduate university students. The new edition retains the successful didactical concept of introductions at the beginning of chapters, exercise questions and an online solution manual. In addition, all the sections have been thoroughly revised, updated and expanded, with two major new topics (electron backscattering diffraction and environmental scanning electron microscopy), as well as fifty additional questions - in total about 20% new content. The first part covers commonly used methods for microstructure analysis, including light microscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, as well as scanning probe microscopy. The second part of the book is concerned with techniques for chemical analysis and introduces X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, fluorescence X-ray spectroscopy and such popular surface analysis techniques as photoelectron and secondary ion mass spectroscopy. This section concludes with the two most important vibrational spectroscopies (infra-red and Raman) and the increasingly important thermal analysis. The theoretical concepts are discussed with a minimal involvement of mathematics and physics, and the technical aspects are presented with the actual measurement practice in mind. Making for an easy-to-read text, the book never loses sight of its intended audience.
Meeting the demand for a readily understandable introduction to nanomaterials and nanotechnology, this textbook specifically addresses the needs of students - and engineers - who need to get the gist of nanoscale phenomena in materials without having to delve too deeply into the physical and chemical details. The book begins with an overview of the consequences of small particle size, such as the growing importance of surface effects, and covers successful, field-tested synthesis techniques of nanomaterials. The largest part of the book is devoted to the particular magnetic, optical, electrical and mechanical properties of materials at the nanoscale, leading on to emerging and already commercialized applications, such as nanofluids in magnetic resonance imaging, high-performance nanocomposites and carbon nanotube-based electronics.Based on the author's experience in teaching nanomaterials courses and adapted, in style and level, for students with only limited background knowledge, the textbook includes further reading, as well as information boxes that can be skipped upon first reading.
This textbook provides an integral and integrated treatment of industrial-relevant problems for students of both chemistry and chemical engineering.As such, this work combines the four disciplines of chemical technology - chemistry, thermal and mechanical unit operations, chemical reaction engineering and general chemical technology - and is organized into two main parts. The first covers the fundamentals, as well as the analysis and design of industrial processes, while the second section presents 20 concrete processes, exemplifying the inherent applied nature of chemical technology. These are selected so that they all differ with respect to at least one important aspect, such as the type and design of the reactor, the chemistry involved or the separation process used. As a result, readers will recapitulate, deepen and exercise the chemical and engineering principles and their interplay, as well as being able to apply them to industrial practice.Instructive figures, rules of thumb for swift but reliable estimating of parameters, data of chemical media, and examples utilizing data from industrial processes facilitate and enhance the study process. A small general survey of selected modern trends, such as multifunctional and micro reactors, or new solvents for homogeneous catalysis, such as ionic liquids, point out to the reader that this is not a concluded discipline, but a developing field with many challenges waiting to be solved.From the reviews:"This is an excellent book. The authors have set themselves a daunting task: combining in one volume the basics of industrial chemistry, physical chemistry, catalysis, and chemical engineering. The result is a highly readable and useful textbook that covers all the fundamental aspects of technical chemistry and fits well with today's curricula... There are several other good textbooks that target one or more of the specific subjects..., but this is the first well written and clearly presented comprehensive textbook on modern chemical technology. In summary, this book is timely, useful, well thought out and well presented. It contains lots of useful knowledge. I highly recommend it to teachers of chemical technology, to senior undergraduates and graduate students in chemistry who are interested in the industrial aspects of their profession, and of course to chemical engineers." -Angewandte Chemie, Int. Ed. 2013
A well-balanced overview of mathematical approaches to complex systems ranging from applications in chemistry and ecology to basic research questions on network complexity. Matthias Dehmer, Abbe Mowshowitz, and FrankEmmert-Streib, well-known pioneers in the fi eld, have edited this volume with a view to balancing classical and modern approaches to ensure broad coverage of contemporary research problems.The book is a valuable addition to the literature and a must-have for anyone dealing with network compleaity and complexity issues.
This is the first resource to provide researchers in academia and industry with an urgently needed update on drug intervention against trypanosomatides. As such, itcovers every aspect of the topic from basic research findings, via current treatments to translational approaches in drug development and includes both human and livestock diseases. The outstanding editor and contributor team reads like a Who?s Who of the field, thus guaranteeing the outstanding quality of this ready reference.
This self-contained reference, written by a team of renowned international authors adopt a didactical approach to systematically cover all important aspects of designing self-healing polymers from concepts to applications - transferring lessons learnt from nature to materials science. It is the first to discuss the chemical and physical concepts for self-healing polymers, including aspects of biomimetic processes of healing in nature and tissue regeneration. Chapters cover the design of self-healing polymers and explain the dynamics in these systems.Different self-healing concepts such as encapsulated systems and supramolecular systems are also included, with analysis and friction detection in self-healing polymers and on applications rounding off the whole.
Edited by key figures in 3D integration and written by top authors from high-tech companies and renowned research institutions, this book covers the intricate details of 3D process technology. As such, the main focus is on silicon via formation, bonding and debonding, thinning, via reveal and backside processing, both from a technological and a materials science perspective. The last part of the book is concerned with assessing and enhancing the reliability of the 3D integrated devices, which is a prerequisite for the large-scale implementation of this emerging technology. Invaluable reading for materials scientists, semiconductor physicists, and those working in the semiconductor industry, as well as IT and electrical engineers.
Begegnungen am CERN - Menschen, die die Geheimnisse des Universums entschlüsseln/Michael Krause stellt sie uns vorEine >wissenschaftliche Sensationhistorischer MeilensteinGottesteilchensdas Thema dieses Buches.Träume, Visionen, Forschungen: die Menschen stehen im Mittelpunkt Das >GottesteilchenDunklen MaterieDunklen Energiesogenannten >Neuen PhysikEine Auswahl an Interviewpartnern von Michael Krause -- Top-Wissenschaftler am CERN, die einen großen Anteil am Nachweis des Higgs-Boson und damit zum Physik-Nobelpreis 2013 beigetragen haben.Rolf-Dieter Heuer, als Generaldirektor des CERN dafür zuständig, dass das CERN mit all seinen verschiedenen Experimenten und den 10000 Mitarbeitern, reibungslos funktioniertTejinder Virdee, Chefarchitekt des sogenannten "CMS-Experiments", eines "Allround-Apparats, der der Suche nach dem Higgs-Boson und Dunkler Materie" dient (Zitat aus dem Buch)Lyndon Evans, Projektleiter für den Bau des LHC (Large Hadron Collider), an dem die Kernexperimente stattfanden, um das Higgs-Boson nachzuweisenTara Shears, im Rahmen des sogenannten LHCb-Experiments hauptsächlich damit befasst, das Standardmodell der Teilchenphysik, zu dem das Higgs-Boson gehört, zu testenJohn Ellis, der meistzitierte Physiker aller Zeiten, hat die Bezeichnung "Theory of Everything" (Theorie für alles) geprägt; er hat viel zum theoretischen Verständnis des Standardmodells beigetragen, zu dem das Higgs-Boson gehört, und befasst sich auch mit Theorien jenseits des StandardmodellsJonathan Butterworth leitet einen Teil des sogenannten ATLAS-Experiments, das ebenfalls zum Nachweis des Higgs-Bosons durchgeführt wurde
The first atlas in many years giving researchers a good visual reference of the status of their cell lines. Given the increasing importance of well defined cellular models in particular in biomedical research this is a sorely needed resource for everyone performing cell culture.
Metabolomics is the analysis of all metabolites such as metabolic intermediates, hormones and so on, in a given system such as a cell, an organ or a whole organism. It is complementary to the genomics and proteomic analysis of a system and an essential building block towards the understanding of a whole biological system. Being a relatively new approach, a number of techniques have been recently developed in order to experimentally analyse metabolites and many researchers are expanding into this field. Knowledge about the metabolic status of a system is critical for its comprehensive understanding and metobolomics is an important tool for systems biologists.This is the newest title in the successful Molecular Plant Biology Handbook Series. Just like the other titles in the series, The Handbook of Plant Metabolomics presents an excellent overview of different approaches and techniques in the subject. Contributors are either from ivy-league research institutions or from companies developing new technologies in this dynamic and fast-growing field. With its approach to introduce current techniques in plant metabolomics to a wider audience and with many labs and companies considering to introduce metabolomics for their research, this book is intended for molecular biologists, geneticists, biotechnologists, plant physiologists, gene technologists, protein chemists, biotechnological industry personel and the pharmaceutical industry.With uniform chapter design with summaries and comprehensive glossary, the Kahl books are in addition a trusted brand for the plant science community.
This classical textbook in the best sense of the word is now completely revised, updated and with more than 40% new content. The approved ordering system according to the ring size of the heterocycles has been retained, while the important chapter on "Problems and their Solutions" has been almost completely renewed by introduction of up-to-date scientific exercises, resulting in a great tool for self-testing and exams. A chapter on nomenclature and a helpful index of name reactions has also been retained. With approximately 1,000 new literature citations, this book remains a brilliant gateway to modern heterocyclic science for master and graduate students, as well as PhDs and researchers entering the field.Praise from the reviews (on previous editions):"If you want quick information about the basic (or acidic!) properties of a heterocycle, some interesting facts, or an assorted few ways of making it, this book provides a welcoming, accurate, and concise introduction." -Angewandte Chemie IE"Eicher, Speicher and Hauptmann provide an up to date introduction to the field for the advanced undergraduate and graduate students. ... The book is carefully produced to a very high standard." -European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Kompakt und 'verdammt clever' auf den Punkt gebracht - vermittelt dieses Einsteiger-Buch das unverzichtbare chemische Grundwissenfür 'Chemie-Nebenfächler'. Die Studenten können sowohl Studenten der Lebenswissenschaften (Medizin, Biologie) als auch technischer Fachrichtungen (z.B. Maschinenbau, Umwelttechnik...) sein. Mit dem didaktischen Ansatz, zuerst Problemstellung - dann Antwort, fördert das Buch die aktive Auseinandersetzung mit dem Stoff.Mit dem Blick aufs Wesentliche gerichtet, sind alle Hauptthemen der anorganischen und organischen Chemie äußerst verständlich erklärt und abgedeckt. Dabei unterstützen besondere Textelemente Ihren Lernerfolg:* Für inhaltliche Orientierung sorgen optisch hervorgehobene Schlüsselthemen am Kapitelanfang.* Das Wichtigste wird kurz und prägnant in Definitionen und Merksätzen zusammengefasst.* Beispiele helfen beim Anwenden des Lernstoffs.* Wissenstest und Prüfungsvorbereitung: Aufgaben mit Lösungen helfen ungemein beim eigenständigen Überprüfen des Gelernten.