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Become the master of your world Presents 20 key concepts, or keys, to aid critical thinking Authored by one of the world's most eminent psychologists - and founder of the Flynn Effect Looks at topics such as Race and IQ, "good" science and the current world economic crisis Written in a clear and lucid style, illustrated with many examples
Sexually Transmitted Diseases present a major public health challenge. Over 25 diseases can be transmitted through sexual activity, and effective treatment, especially where long term infection can lead to further health problems, and in women infertility, requires good diagnostic skills and understanding of the best treatment methods. This book aims to give a practical guide to diagnosis and treamtent in a patient-centred framework, with care at the heart of the book.The aim of the Gynecology in Practice Series is to provide a clinical 'in the office' or 'at the bedside' guide to effective patient care for gynecologists. The tone will be practical, not academic. The working assumption is that readers want to know what (and what not) might or should be done, without over emphasis on the why. That said, it is important to review the crucial basic science necessary for effective diagnosis and management, and to provide reminders in the context of the practical chapters.The books will not be heavily referenced, in line with a more practical approach. This allows for smoother reading (and also relieves the burden of comprehensive citing from authors). Key evidence (clinical trials, Cochrane or other meta analyses) should be summarized in 'Evidence at a Glance' boxes and key references such as reviews, major papers can be provided in the 'selected bibliography' at the end of each chapter.Practical guidance will be provided through:the use of algorithms and guidelines where they are appropriate'Tips and Tricks' boxes - hints on improving outcomes perhaps via practical technique, patient questioning etc'Caution' warning boxes - hints on avoiding problems, perhaps via contraindications'Science Revisited' - quick reminder of the basic science principles necessary for understanding
This book will be an affordable, highly practical handbook on hepatology, aimed at residents/trainees in gastroenterology, GI nurses, and recently qualified consultants to use as a quick reference when managing patients presenting with possible or overt liver disease.It will be of particular use for those GI internists/residents who have an interest specifically in hepatology. It does not aim to be a specialist textbook, but a shorter, 250pp guide that provides key clinical information on each area of hepatology in an accessible form. Extracting relevant material from large reference textbooks can be very time consuming and for this reason, information in this handbook will be presented succinctly in a style suitable for quick reference and easy understanding.The chief emphasis will be on the clinical assessment and management of these patients, and all the major areas of liver disease will be covered, from liver cirrhosis to viral hepatitis, to autoimmune liver failure.Chapters will use a variety of structural features and colour coded boxes to increase the accessibility for residents. These include: key points/take-home points, case history, practice points and management algorithm/flow-charts. Each chapter will also contain sample multiple choice questions that the reader will be able to test themselves on.
This comprehensive resource details the history, methodology and development of research into psychoneuroimmunology, balancing it with meticulous coverage of both the clinical aspects and practical applications of the subject.A much-needed reference including overviews of key advances in the fieldDiscusses how psychoneuroimmunological research is conceived and executedIncludes contributions from a wealth of experts in the fieldForward by Robert Ader and Nicholas Cohen, founders of the disciplineAuthoritative and interdisciplinary in scope - integrating biological and behavioral science
The growth of biostatistics has been phenomenal in recent years and has been marked by considerable technical innovation in both methodology and computational practicality. One area that has experienced significant growth is Bayesian methods. The growing use of Bayesian methodology has taken place partly due to an increasing number of practitioners valuing the Bayesian paradigm as matching that of scientific discovery. In addition, computational advances have allowed for more complex models to be fitted routinely to realistic data sets.Through examples, exercises and a combination of introductory and more advanced chapters, this book provides an invaluable understanding of the complex world of biomedical statistics illustrated via a diverse range of applications taken from epidemiology, exploratory clinical studies, health promotion studies, image analysis and clinical trials.Key Features:Provides an authoritative account of Bayesian methodology, from its most basic elements to its practical implementation, with an emphasis on healthcare techniques.Contains introductory explanations of Bayesian principles common to all areas of application.Presents clear and concise examples in biostatistics applications such as clinical trials, longitudinal studies, bioassay, survival, image analysis and bioinformatics.Illustrated throughout with examples using software including WinBUGS, OpenBUGS, SAS and various dedicated R programs.Highlights the differences between the Bayesian and classical approaches.Supported by an accompanying website hosting free software and case study guides.Bayesian Biostatistics introduces the reader smoothly into the Bayesian statistical methods with chapters that gradually increase in level of complexity. Master students in biostatistics, applied statisticians and all researchers with a good background in classical statistics who have interest in Bayesian methods will find this book useful.
This selection of in-depth, critical and comprehensive chapters on topical issues in applied health psychology features the work of key researchers and practitioners in the Australasian health system and deals with both theoretical and methodological aspects of the subject.The first health psychology text aimed specifically at regional postgraduate traineesCovers an array of topics and issues and focuses on applied aspects of clinical health and health promotionIncludes both specialized topics and new frontiers of researchContextualizes health psychology teaching and learning for Australasian students
Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of the Treatment of Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety presents a collection of readings from leading experts that reveal the most effective evidence-based interventions for the prevention and treatment of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents.Features expertise of the foremost scientist-practitioners in the field of child and adolescent anxietyIncludes state-of-the art information on psychological interventions from each authorWritten in a clear and easy-to-follow manner for a wide audience
Winner of the 2012 PROSE Award for Mathematics from The American Publishers Awards for Professional and Scholarly Excellence."A great book, one that I will certainly add to my personal library."--Paul J. Nahin, Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering, University of New HampshireClassic Problems of Probability presents a lively account of the most intriguing aspects of statistics. The book features a large collection of more than thirty classic probability problems which have been carefully selected for their interesting history, the way they have shaped the field, and their counterintuitive nature.From Cardano's 1564 Games of Chance to Jacob Bernoulli's 1713 Golden Theorem to Parrondo's 1996 Perplexing Paradox, the book clearly outlines the puzzles and problems of probability, interweaving the discussion with rich historical detail and the story of how the mathematicians involved arrived at their solutions. Each problem is given an in-depth treatment, including detailed and rigorous mathematical proofs as needed. Some of the fascinating topics discussed by the author include:Buffon's Needle problem and its ingenious treatment by Joseph Barbier, culminating into a discussion of invarianceVarious paradoxes raised by Joseph BertrandClassic problems in decision theory, including Pascal's Wager, Kraitchik's Neckties, and Newcomb's problemThe Bayesian paradigm and various philosophies of probabilityCoverage of both elementary and more complex problems, including the Chevalier de Méré problems, Fisher and the lady testing tea, the birthday problem and its various extensions, and the Borel-Kolmogorov paradoxClassic Problems of Probability is an eye-opening, one-of-a-kind reference for researchers and professionals interested in the history of probability and the varied problem-solving strategies employed throughout the ages. The book also serves as an insightful supplement for courses on mathematical probability and introductory probability and statistics at the undergraduate level.
Under IFRS, U.S. GAAP, and the SEC rules and regulations, business enterprises must recognise measure and disclose information regarding equity items on the face of the statement of financial position, other specific statements, or in the notes to the financial statements. However, under both IFRS and U.S. GAAP there is no all-inclusive general standard on stockholders' equity. This book clarifies the process of reporting stockholders' equity in a manner which can be reconciled under all the relevant standards."Not only has the author addressed the informational needs of the players in the accounting industry, he has also drawn, based on his vast experience, practical implications of reporting under both standards." --Noraini Mohd Nasir, Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting
As individuals and companies realise the importance of their inventions, issues surrounding patent laws and practices are taking centre stage around the world.Patent Strategy introduces researchers to patent applications and patent portfolios. With minimum use of 'legal jargon' it provides the technical professional with the assistance and advice they require to understand the legal complexities that they may encounter before and during a patent application. It also discusses the responsibilities of the researcher after patent applications have been filed and the role the researcher can play in the maintenance of a global patent estate.This updated edition of the best selling book has been expanded to keep pace with modern day movements and addresses the global issue surrounding intellectual property. Including new information on areas such as software and biotechnology it shows the techniques that can be used by individuals and academic inventors to protect their work and is the ideal reference source.Bridges the gap between the legal system and scientific research and avoids legal jargonDetails the reasons behind patents, their importance and relevance to all researchers and the strategy needed for filing for a patentFocuses on the strategy and reasons rather than just being a textbook of patent lawPresents an overview of tools a researcher can use while working with a patent attorney or agentAdopts a readable style that explains the basics right up to developing a strategyEssential reading for all those who wish to keep pace and protect their workReviews from previous edition:"...I can recommend it for technology managing types. Does a nice job of explaining many aspects of the patent system and patent strategies with a minimum of jargon and case citations..."--Internet Patent News"...provides an enlightened approach to a complex subject. It is relatively easy to read and follow..."-- Polymers Paint and Colour Journal"This handy book provides the researcher with useful guidance on how to maximize the benefit of their inventiveness to themselves and their organization".--Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
The first scientific volume to compile the modern analytical techniques for glass analysis, Modern Methods for Analysing Archaeological and Historical Glass presents an up-to-date description of the physico-chemical methods suitable for determining the composition of glass and for speciation of specific components. This unique resource presents members of Association Internationale pour l'Histoire du Verre, as well as university scholars, with a number of case studies where the effective use of one or more of these methods for elucidating a particular culturo-historical or historo-technical aspect of glass manufacturing technology is documented.
The second edition of Dentist's Guide to Medical Conditions, Medications and Complications continues to provide quick-access, clinical information on the dental treatment of patients with common systemic conditions and medical complications. Expanded in this second edition is information about patient medications. Ideal for general practitioners and students in advanced general dentistry programs, the book outlines protocols for treating patients with common conditions, presents essential drug interaction information, and guides the dental professional through prevention and management of in-office medical emergencies.
This companion is a collection of newly-commissioned essays written by leading scholars in the field, providing a comprehensive introduction to British art history.A generously-illustrated collection of newly-commissioned essays which provides a comprehensive introduction to the history of British artCombines original research with a survey of existing scholarship and the state of the field Touches on the whole of the history of British art, from 800-2000, with increasing attention paid to the periods after 1500Provides the first comprehensive introduction to British art of the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries, one of the most lively and innovative areas of art-historical studyPresents in depth the major preoccupations that have emerged from recent scholarship, including aesthetics, gender, British art's relationship to Modernity, nationhood and nationality, and the institutions of the British art world
To respond to the increasing need to feed the world's population as well as an ever greater demand for a balanced and healthy diet there is a continuing need to produce improved new cultivars or varieties of plants, particularly crop plants. The strategies used to produce these are increasingly based on our knowledge of relevant science, particularly genetics, but involves a multidisciplinary understanding that optimizes the approaches taken.Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding, 2nd Edition introduces both classical and molecular tools for plant breeding. Topics such as biotechnology in plant breeding, intellectual property, risks, emerging concepts (decentralized breeding, organic breeding), and more are addressed in the new, updated edition of this text. Industry highlight boxes are included throughout the text to contextualize the information given through the professional experiences of plant breeders. The final chapters provide a useful reference on breeding the largest and most common crops.Up-to-date edition of this bestselling book incorporating the most recent technologies in the fieldCombines both theory and practice in modern plant breedingUpdated industry highlights help to illustrate the concepts outlined in the textSelf assessment questions at the end of each chapter aid student learning Accompanying website with artwork from the book available to instructors
Transition metals open up new opportunities for synthesis, because their means of bonding and their reaction mechanisms differ from those of the elements of the s and p blocks. In the last two decades the subject has mushroomed - established reactions are seeing both technical improvements and increasing numbers of applications, and new reactions are being developed. The practicality of the subject is demonstrated by the large number of publications coming from the process development laboratories of pharmaceutical companies, and its importance is underlined by the fact that three Nobel prizes have been awarded for discoveries in this field in the 21st Century already.Organic Synthesis Using Transition Metals, 2nd Edition considers the ways in which transition metals, as catalysts and reagents, can be used in organic synthesis, both for pharmaceutical compounds and for natural products. It concentrates on the bond-forming reactions that set transition metal chemistry apart from "classical" organic chemistry. Each chapter is extensively referenced and provides a convenient point of entry to the research literature. Topics covered include:introduction to transition metals in organic synthesiscoupling reactionsC-H activationcarbonylative coupling reactionsalkene and alkyne insertion reactionselectrophilic alkene and alkyne complexesreactions of alkyne complexescarbene complexesh3- or p-allyl -allyl complexesdiene, dienyl and arene complexescycloaddition and cycloisomerisation reactionsFor this second edition the text has been extensively revised and expanded to reflect the significant improvements and advances in the field since the first edition, as well as the large number of new transition metal-catalysed processes that have come to prominence in the last 10 years - for example the extraordinary progress in coupling reactions using "designer" ligands, catalysis using gold complexes, new opportunities arising from metathesis chemistry, and C-H activation - without neglecting the well established chemistry of metals such as palladium.Organic Synthesis Using Transition Metals, 2nd Edition will find a place on the bookshelves of advanced undergraduates and postgraduates working in organic synthesis, catalysis, medicinal chemistry and drug discovery. It is also useful for practising researchers who want to refresh and enhance their knowledge of the field.
Obstetrics & Gynaecology has established itself as a key recommendation for faculty and a firm favourite for health sciences students.The opening sections of this new edition incorporate the relevant basic science, history and examination, investigations and diagnosis, as well as common diseases, abnormalities, and complications in gynaecology and obstetrics respectively. These are supported by two unique sections on gynaecology and obstetrics management, which are tailored to help students revise for exams, especially OSCEs. A brand new chapter covering ethics in obstetrics and gynaecology makes this fully-updated fourth edition the most comprehensive introduction available.Obstetrics & Gynaecology now includes a companion website at www.impeyobgyn.com, featuring self-assessment MCQs and EMQs, chapter summary slides, and all the figures from the book as PowerPoint slides.
The application of systems biology methods to Traditional Chinese MedicineEmphasizing the harmony of the human body with the environment, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has evolved over thousands of years. It is a systemic theory derived from clinical experience, the philosophy of holism and systematology, and the belief that man is an integral part of nature.Systems Biology for Traditional Chinese Medicine describes how the latest methods in systems biology can be applied to TCM, providing a comprehensive resource for the modernization and advancement of TCM as well as general drug discovery efforts. It is the first comprehensive work to propose a system-to-system research methodology to study the interaction between TCM and the human body and its applications in drug research and development.Using three popular traditional Chinese medicines--Shuanglongfang, Qingkailing, and Liushenwan--as examples, the authors set forth case examples demonstrating how to find material groups, perform efficacy screenings, and conduct safety evaluations of TCM. The book also:Describes the mechanisms of TCM at the molecular and systems levels using chemomics, genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and bioinformaticsPlaces modern scientific technologies within the context of TCM, helping drug researchers improve experimental designs and strategiesIllustrates how a systems biology approach is compatible with TCM's traditional, holistic therapeutic strategies and treatment modalitiesPresents topics of current interest, such as integrated global systems biology and the application of chemometrics research to herbal medicinesThis book not only opens a new pathway for the continued development of TCM, but also for systems biology. In addition, it fosters collaboration and discussion among Eastern and Western scientists by applying systems biology to TCM.
Outlines the correct procedures for doing FMEAs and how to successfully apply them in design, development, manufacturing, and service applicationsThere are a myriad of quality and reliability tools available to corporations worldwide, but the one that shows up consistently in company after company is Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA). Effective FMEAs takes the best practices from hundreds of companies and thousands of FMEA applications and presents streamlined procedures for veteran FMEA practitioners, novices, and everyone in between.Written from an applications viewpoint--with many examples, detailed case studies, study problems, and tips included--the book covers the most common types of FMEAs, including System FMEAs, Design FMEAs, Process FMEAs, Maintenance FMEAs, Software FMEAs, and others. It also presents chapters on Fault Tree Analysis, Design Review Based on Failure Mode (DRBFM), Reliability-Centered Maintenance (RCM), Hazard Analysis, and FMECA (which adds criticality analysis to FMEA).With extensive study problems and a companion Solutions Manual, this book is an ideal resource for academic curricula, as well as for applications in industry. In addition, Effective FMEAs covers:The basics of FMEAs and risk assessmentHow to apply key factors for effective FMEAs and prevent the most common errorsWhat is needed to provide excellent FMEA facilitationImplementing a "best practice" FMEA processEveryone wants to support the accomplishment of safe and trouble-free products and processes while generating happy and loyal customers. This book will show readers how to use FMEA to anticipate and prevent problems, reduce costs, shorten product development times, and achieve safe and highly reliable products and processes.
Fraud poses a significant threat to the Internet. 1.5% of all online advertisements attempt to spread malware. This lowers the willingness to view or handle advertisements, which will severely affect the structure of the web and its viability. It may also destabilize online commerce. In addition, the Internet is increasingly becoming a weapon for political targets by malicious organizations and governments. This book will examine these and related topics, such as smart phone based web security. This book describes the basic threats to the Internet (loss of trust, loss of advertising revenue, loss of security) and how they are related. It also discusses the primary countermeasures and how to implement them.
A state-of-the-art, multidisciplinary approach to cancer and agingWith the majority of cancers occurring in individuals over the age of 65 against a backdrop of an expanding aging population, there is an urgent need to integrate the areas of clinical oncology and geriatric care. This timely work tackles these issues head-on, presenting a truly multidisciplinary and international perspective on cancer and aging from world-renowned experts in geriatrics, oncology, behavioral science, psychology, gerontology, and public health.Unlike other books on geriatric oncology that focus mainly on treatment, Cancer and Aging Handbook: Research and Practice examines all phases of the cancer care continuum, from prevention through evidence-based diagnosis and treatment to end-of-life care. Detailed clinical and research information helps guide readers on effective patient care as well as caregiver training, research, and intervention. Coverage includes:Epidemiology of cancer in older adults, plus the unique physical, mental, and social issues involvedStrategies and guidelines for prevention, screening, and treatment of older individuals with cancerThe most common cancers in the elderly, including breast, colorectal, lung, prostate, and ovarian cancerCancer survivorship in older adults as well as the all-critical issues of palliative care and pain managementEmerging topics such as caregiver and family issues, different models of care, and cost considerationsAn essential resource for clinicians and caregivers as well as researchers interested in this evolving field, Cancer and Aging Handbook is also useful for public health professionals and policymakers who need to formulate services and allocate resources for the growing population of older cancer patients.
No matter what you want to write, Scrivener makes it easier. Whether you're a planner, a seat-of-the-pants writer, or something in between, Scrivener provides tools for every stage of the writing process. Scrivener For Dummies walks you step-by-step through this popular writing software's best features. This friendly For Dummies guide starts with the basics, but even experienced scriveners will benefit from the helpful tips for getting more from their favourite writing software.Walks you through customizing project templates for your project needsOffers useful advice on compiling your project for print and e-book formats Helps you set up project and document targets and minimize distractions to keep you on track and on deadlineExplains how to storyboard with the corkboard, create collections, and understand their valueShows you how to use automated backups to protect your hard work along the wayFrom idea inception to manuscript submission, Scrivener for Dummies makes it easier than ever to plan, write, organize, and revise your masterpiece in Scrivener.
A new study of Shakespeare's life and times, which illuminates our understanding and appreciation of his works.Combines an accessible fully historicised treatment of both the life and the plays, suited to both undergraduate and popular audiencesLooks at 24 of the most significant plays and the sonnets through the lens of various aspects of Shakespeare's life and historical environmentAddresses four of the most significant issues that shaped Shakespeare's career: education, religion, social status, and theatreExamines theatre as an institution and the literary environment of early modern LondonExplains and dispatches conspiracy theories about authorship
Organic photovoltaics (OPV) are a new generation of solar cells with the potential to offer very short energy pay back times, mechanical flexibility and significantly lower production costs compared to traditional crystalline photovoltaic systems. A weakness of OPV is their comparative instability during operation and this is a critical area of research towards the successful development and commercialization of these 3rd generation solar cells.Covering both small molecule and polymer solar cells, Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells summarizes the state of the art understanding of stability and provides a detailed analysis of the mechanisms by which degradation occurs. Following an introductory chapter which compares different photovoltaic technologies, the book focuses on OPV degradation, discussing the origin and characterization of the instability and describing measures for extending the duration of operation.Topics covered include:Chemical and physical probes for studying degradation Imaging techniques Photochemical stability of OPV materials Degradation mechanisms Testing methods Barrier technology and applications Stability and Degradation of Organic and Polymer Solar Cells is an essential reference source for researchers in academia and industry, engineers and manufacturers working on OPV design, development and implementation.
Today, the silicon feedstock for photovoltaic cells comes from processes which were originally developed for the microelectronic industry. It covers almost 90% of the photovoltaic market, with mass production volume at least one order of magnitude larger than those devoted to microelectronics.However, it is hard to imagine that this kind of feedstock (extremely pure but heavily penalized by its high energy cost) could remain the only source of silicon for a photovoltaic market which is in continuous expansion, and which has a cumulative growth rate in excess of 30% in the last few years. Even though reports suggest that the silicon share will slowly decrease in the next twenty years, finding a way to manufacture a specific solar grade feedstock in large quantities, at a low cost while maintaining the quality needed, still remains a crucial issue. Thin film and quantum confinement-based silicon cells might be a complementary solution.Advanced Silicon Materials for Photovoltaic Applications has been designed to describe the full potentialities of silicon as a multipurpose material and covers:Physical, chemical and structural properties of siliconProduction routes including the promise of low cost feedstock for PV applicationsDefect engineering and the role of impurities and defectsCharacterization techniques, and advanced analytical techniques for metallic and non-metallic impuritiesThin film silicon and thin film solar cellsInnovative quantum effects, and 3rd generation solar cellsWith contributions from internationally recognized authorities, this book gives a comprehensive analysis of the state-of-the-art of process technologies and material properties, essential for anyone interested in the application and development of photovoltaics.
Pediatric Drug Development, Second Edition, encompasses the new regulatory initiatives across EU, US and ROW designed to encourage improved access to safe and effective medicines for children. It includes new developments in biomarkers and surrogate endpoints, developmental pharmacology and other novel aspects of pediatric drug development.
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