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An Introduction to Quantum Field Theoryis a textbook intended for the graduate physics course covering relativistic quantum mechanics, quantum electrodynamics, and Feynman diagrams. The authors make these subjects accessible through carefully worked examples illustrating the technical aspects of the subject, and intuitive explanations of what is going on behind the mathematics. After presenting the basics of quantum electrodynamics, the authors discuss the theory of renormalization and its relation to statistical mechanics, and introduce the renormalization group. This discussion sets the stage for a discussion of the physical principles that underlie the fundamental interactions of elementary particle physics and their description by gauge field theories.
"Although patriarchy, machismo, and excessive masculine displays are assumed to be prevalent among Latinos in general, and Mexicans in particular, little is known about Latino men or macho masculinity. "
For this edition, Salzmann (emeritus, U. of Massachusetts-Amherst) has taken on two fellow anthropologists: James Stanlaw, and Nobuko Adachi (both Illinois State U. ), who contribute recent material reflecting changes in information technology and digital communications. The textbook introduces the study of human language from an anthropological perspective. The topics include methods of linguistic anthropology, structure of words and sentences, the development and evolution of language, language through time, languages in variation and in contact, the ethnography of communication, and linguistic anthropology in a globalized world. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Intended primarily as an undergraduate textbook, this volume covers the history and ongoing evolution of the United Nations, emphasizing its roles in international security, economic development and human rights. Mingst (diplomacy and international commerce, U. of Kentucky) and Karns (political science, U. of Dayton) have updated this new edition to cover the latest challenges facing the world. Specific additions include three new case studies and an entirely new chapter looking at the future relevance of the UN. Selected sections of the UN charter and a glossary are included. Annotation Â©2012 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
This compelling new book asks: How can American education policy be consistent with democratic ideals? Robust democracy is the combination of participation, self-rule, equality, understanding, and inclusion, but these norms can produce contradictory policy. Local control in education policy can undermine educational equality. Participation in teachers unions can improve working conditions but thwart self-rule by local taxpayers. The Democratic Dilemma of American Educationdraws on contemporary research in political science and education policy to offer remarkably balanced insights into these challenging issues. Expertly navigating through local, state, and federal layers of education policy, Arnold Shober examines contemporary controversies over education governance, teachers unions and collective bargaining, school funding, school choice, academic accountability, and desegregation. Shober describes the inherent practical dilemmas of current policy and the difficulties policymakers face in overcoming them to produce lasting educational reform in a democratic, federal system of government. Timely, engaging, and accessible, this is the ideal resource for courses in public policy as well as education and politics.
Noddings (education, Stanford U. ) is an award-winning educator, past president of the National Academy of Education and the Philosophy of Education Society, and author of numerous books. Since the publication of her classic text in 1995, it has provided education students and practitioners with an overview of philosophical thought and teaching, learning, research, and education policy. The text includes an historical survey of educational questions from Socrates' time to the 20th century and ways that philosophers have approached these questions, followed by chapters on specific education problems as studied philosophically in several areas: logic and critical thinking, epistemology and education, social science and educational research, ethics and moral education, social and political philosophy, school reform, and--new to the third edition--multiculturalism and cosmopolitanism. A final chapter summarizes the book from a feminist perspective and also discusses the latest work in care ethics. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Lesch (Middle East history, Trinity U.) and, new to this edition, Haas (political science, Duquesne U.) present a revised and updated edition of a collection exploring US relations in the Middle East from its inceptions during the Woodrow Wilson administration to close to the present time (i. e. , the book discusses the initial Obama approach to the region, in ten revised chapters, but doesn't address the popular uprisings of 2011 or NATO's regime change policy in Libya). The contributions address overarching regional and general issues, such as Cold War context and the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict, as well as specific events and policies towards individual countries. Altogether, the coverage is both chronologically and regionally comprehensive. The previous edition's focus on the first Gulf War has been eliminated for this new edition and new chapters have been added on the Cold War, the Bush and Obama administrations' approaches to the Arab-Israeli conflict, US-Syrian relations since 2000, ideology and Iran's American policies (1997-2008), and US relations with al Qaeda. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Walker (emeritus, political science, Ohio U. ) and Wade (political science and international studies, Washington College) present a political history of Nicaragua that stresses the out-sized role of US intervention and interference in the development of the Latin American nation's political economy. They describe the immediate interference in Nicaraguan affairs by the US after formal independence in the 19th century, including invasion and occupation between 1912 and 1933 and the US-sponsorship of the Somoza dictatorial dynasty through to the overthrow of Anastasio Somoza Debayle by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) in 1979. They then describe the "quite moderate" policies of the FSLN government and how the US programs of economic strangulation and covert warfare succeeded in convincing the Nicaraguan people in voting the FSLN out of office in 1990. Finally, they describe the policies of the conservative restoration, which led to miserable human development outcomes, and how this set the stage for the return of FSLN leader Daniel Ortega to the presidency in 2006. Following this chronological narrative, supplementary thematic chapters are provided on economics, culture and society, government and politics, and the international dimension. English language sources are discussed in an annotated bibliography, which has been updated for this fifth edition. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
In this book, Vandevelde (law, Thomas Jefferson School of Law) attempts to identify, systematically analyze, and simplify into applicable terms the characteristics of legal thought and reasoning. Twelve chapters are organized into three sections: basic legal reasoning, reasoning with policies, and perspectives on legal reasoning. Chapters cover topics like analyzing the law, policy analysis, synthesis, and application, and contemporary perspectives on legal reasoning. The second edition includes a new appendix describing the way legal reasoning is taught in law school and how students can use this text to reinforce their reasoning skills. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Now in its 3rd edition, this collection of essays critiquing the corporatization of childhood, or the ways in which corporations market to children, contains seven new chapters and has been updated to include analysis of current pop-culture phenomenon such as vampires with discussion of the Twilight series, and True Blood. Ohter topics addressed include hip hop culture; McDonalds, power, and children; selling subculture, corporatizing sports; and the politics of studying kinderculture. The contributors are academics in education and sociology from mostly US universities. Previous editions were published in 1997 and 2004. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
This reader in international law was put together by editor Silverburg (political science, Catawba College) primarily to serve two purposes: to provide instructors with a single repository of writings from which they can draw both information and perspective on traditional elements of the field as well as more nuanced facets and to provide students with access to the perspectives of non-Western analysts and specialists. He has collected 29 readings and presents them in sections dealing with international law foundations, non-territorialism, economic instruments, courts, international humanitarian law, the environment and air space and maritime regimes, the use of force and terrorism, postcolonialism, and international political interaction. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
This slim volume on contemporary security studies presents an analysis of US post Cold War strategies and attempts to express a comprehensive plan for international security in the twenty first century. Topics discussed include civic security, economics, environmental security, health and cyber security as well as strategies for protecting human security generally in a globalized threat environment. The work includes numerous maps, tables, sidebars and illustrations. The authors are professors of national security affairs at US military service colleges. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Marr (a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Middle East Institute) has updated her single-volume treatment, aimed at the general reader, of the political, economic, and social history of Iraq so as to cover the momentous events that followed the US invasion and occupation. Her narrative is guided by four key themes: the creation and construction of a modern state and the search for a cultural and national identity capable of bringing together Iraq's various ethnic, religious, and social groups; the process of economic and social development; the development of political institutions and ideologies and their interrelationship with domestic society and the world outside Iraq; and foreign domination and the interaction of Iraq with the West, neighboring countries, and the global environment. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Kim (philosophy, Brown U. ) presents an updated third edition of the classic book which presents a concise overview of the philosophy of mind. First introduced by Descartes 400 years ago, philosophy of mind is a broad philosophical approach to consciousness and the mind-body relationship. This introductory work for upper-level philosophy students has been updated with new sections on consciousness as well as an overall improvement of the book's language flow. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Hilty collects dozens of classic and contemporary essays designed to engage students and encourage critical thinking and discussion on topics relating to schools and education. The book is divided into five parts. Part I discusses the aims and purposes of education, part II the content of the curriculum, part III the roles and responsibilities of teachers, part IV the roles and responsibilities of students, and part V the issues that impact 21st century schools. Each part includes an introduction, discussion questions, a guide to further reading and related resources. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Writing so as to be accessible to a general audience, DeFronzo (emeritus, sociology, U. of Connecticut) surveys the history of 20th century revolutionary movements within the context of political-sociological theories of revolution. He includes chapters on the Russian Revolution, the Chinese Revolution(s), the Vietnamese Revolution (within which the American war in Vietnam was just one episode), the Cuban Revolution, revolution in Nicaragua, the Iranian Islamic Revolution, Islamic revolutionary movements, and South Africa, and the recent "revolutions through democracy" in Venezuela and Bolivia. In each case, he provides a long-term view of the processes that led to revolution and further describes the development of revolutionary societies long after the original revolutionary fervor had dissipated. Each chapter includes a guide to further readings and video resources. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
A companion volume to Michal Boylan's Morality and Global Justice, this reader provides selected texts that discuss and reinforce key portions of the editor's theory of globalized ethics. The work is divided into three sections covering normative principles, normative theories and normative applications and individual article address such topics as human rights, global poverty, health care equity, gender issues and global finance. Contributors include academics in the field of philosophy from universities around the world. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Boylan (philosophy, Marymount U. , Virginia) presents this monograph on ethics from a globalist perspective. The work is divided into three sections covering the meta-ethical theories behind morality and global justice, normative ethics in a global context and applied examples of global ethical decision making. The volume includes case studies and each chapter provides reasoning exercises for a classroom discussion or writing prompts. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
The sixth edition of this comprehensive overview of the United States intelligence apparatus is updated to reflect changes in organizational structures and processes as well as to take advantage of the latest publicly available sources on intelligence organizations, management and methods. Beginning with an introduction on basic intelligence principles, the volume covers national intelligence organizations, Defense Department intelligence and the DIA, service branch intelligence organizations, civilian organizations, imagery, image processing and signals intelligence, space surveillance, human intelligence assets, cooperation with foreign services, analysis, counterintelligence, covert action, national intelligence community management, Defense Intelligence management and managing intelligence collections, covert action and information access. The work includes black and white photographs, sample documents and organizations charts as well as an essential glossary of acronyms. Richelson is a senior fellow at the National Security Archive in Washington D. C. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Horsfall (sociology, Texas Wesleyan University) investigates social problems, such as homelessness and date rape, within the context of the activities of real-life advocate groups. Part 1 explains theory related to social problems and outlines the role of advocate groups. It also sketches types of actions and reactions to reform and describes the change process. Part 2 covers 18 specific social problems which are addressed through government programs, government legislation, nonprofit groups and professional organizations, active opposition groups, and education and public awareness. Appendices offer an extensive list of advocate groups and review the different language that various social problems textbooks use. With chapter review and discussion questions, a glossary, and a worksheet for researching social problems, the book can be used for a course in social problems. The companion web site offers instructor resources. Annotation Â©2012 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
This collection of twelve essays brings together an international cast of sociologists, anthropologists and urban planners to interrogate the history, political economy and scientific utility of the ghetto. They consider whether it arises from urban ecology or social conflict and policies surrounding it; if and how we can distinguish between voluntary and involuntary residential segregation; how space structures urban demographics; and if there is a singular model of ghettos everywhere. Haynes (sociology, UC Davis) and Hutchison (urban and regional studies, U. of Wisconsin, Green Bay) provide an introduction contextualizing the ghetto in Jewish history, a recurring topic in the book. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
International Human Rightsstudies the ways in which states and other international actors have addressed human rights since the end of World War II. This unique textbook features substantial attention to the domestic politics of human rights, as well as an extensive emphasis on theory. The fourth edition is substantially rewritten and reorganized to enhance usability, and new material is added to bring the text up to date. Most notably, the sections covering multilateral, bilateral, and transnational action have been broken into seven short chapters, which encourage comparisons within and across types of action and historical cases. New case studies provide context and points of comparison, including a new examination of the contemporary international reactions to human rights violations in China now that the country has become a great power. Additionally, nine "Problems" have been added to the text, which along with the chapter-ending discussion questions, frame alternative interpretations, highlight controversies, and ultimately aim to provoke further thought and discussion amongst readers. International Human Rights,Fourth Edition, is the most current and comprehensive text available that will allow readers to understand how and why human rights are violated, what international action can do to address these violations, and why human rights remain such a small part of international relations.
Drawing from 12 papers presented at a conference on US-Israeli relations in October 2010 at Johns Hopkins U. , Freedman (political science, Baltimore Hebrew U. ) brings together a group of Israeli and North American scholars from a variety of political perspectives who examine the nature and extent of US-Israeli relations from 1948 to the present. The essays not only address the history of this diplomatic relationship and the Iranian nuclear threat against Israel, but areas not usually covered in analyses: the influence of the US legal system, the impact of US strategic thinking on the Israeli military, the interrelationship of the American Orthodox Jewish community and the State of Israel, evangelical Christian attitudes, changing US public attitudes, US-Israeli economic interactions, the nature of the pro-Israel lobby in the US, and the American Jewish peace movement's relationship with Israel. They also address the policies of George W. Bush and Barack Obama and the evolution of US-Israeli trade and aid. Annotation Â©2012 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
In this work for students and scholars in women's studies and gender politics, Hawkesworth (political science, women's and gender studies, Rutgers University) explores women's work in official institutions of state and in social movements. By taking a global approach to the study of women and politics, the book addresses dimensions of politics seldom considered in mainstream accounts, while also challenging popular views about politics that are derived from men's political experiences. In a break from traditional methods in political science, the author draws on feminist scholarship, comparative politics, and international relations. Early chapters define the politics of exclusion and look at how modern states sustain hierarchies among citizens. The rest of the book traces the ways in which women have mobilized to transform structures of oppression. The book is illustrated with contemporary political posters and b&w photos. Annotation Â©2012 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
On April 20, 2010, the Macondo well blew out, costing the lives of 11 men, and beginning a catastrophe that sank theDeepwater Horizondrilling rig and spilled nearly 5 million barrels of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico. The spill disrupted an entire region's economy, damaged fisheries and critical habitats, and brought vividly to light the risks of deepwater drilling for oil and gas--the latest frontier in the national energy supply. Soon after, President Barack Obama appointed a seven-member Commission to investigate the disaster, analyze its causes and effects, and recommend the actions necessary to minimize such risks in the future. The Commission's report offers the American public and policymakers alike the fullest account available of what happened in the Gulf and why, and proposes actions--changes in company behavior, reform of government oversight, and investments in research and technology--required as industry moves forward to meet the nation's energy needs.
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