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Provides an original, detailed and practical description of current interruption transients, origins, and the circuits involved, and how they can be calculatedCurrent Interruption Transients Calculationis a comprehensive resource for the understanding, calculation and analysis of the transient recovery voltages (TRVs) and related re-ignition or re-striking transients associated with fault current interruption and the switching of inductive and capacitive load currents in circuits.This book provides an original, detailed and practical description of current interruption transients, origins, and the circuits involved, and how they can be calculated and then analysed using only a hand calculator and a spreadsheet program.Key features:Detailed theory on all of the current interruption cases that can occur on a power system.Clear explanation on how to calculate transients, showing how four basic circuits can represent all transients and can be solved in general without any use of the 'classical' Laplace transform method.Series and parallel RLC circuit theory, followed by the calculation of pole factors using the symmetrical component method to derive the base power frequency components, with results applied to all the relevant transient cases.Fault current interruption and inductive and capacitive load current switching cases illustrated using real application examples.With its practical approach, this book offers engineers the tools they need when analysing circuit breaker applications. It will be of great interest to practicing engineers and electric utility staff involved in circuit breaker design, specification, testing, switchgear application, system operation and planning, and in particular, for engineers using simulation programs for transient calculations. It will also be useful for senior undergraduate and postgraduate electrical power engineering students looking to work in switchgear manufacturers and testing laboratories.
A modern and unique perspective on solar and geothermal technologies for heating and cooling buildingsThis book will have a broad appeal reaching practising engineers in the industry as well as students. With introductory sections for each technology described, material includes chapters on: geothermal energy use for the heating and cooling of buildings; a chapter on electrically driven heat pumps/chillers; material on night radiative cooling, photovoltaic thermal collectors, temperature modelling and thin film photovoltaic modelling. Includes general introductory sections for each technology with market potential and applicationsCovers an increasingly important component of energy coursesConsiders a broad range of alternative renewable energy supplies relevant to the building sector, such as geothermal energy with heat pumpWith a special focus on solar cooling, provides detailed physical models of all technologies and example calculationsUnique in covering the fundamentals of meteorological modelling
The only book on the market specifically designed to help audit staff stay ahead of inspectorsThis comprehensive, practical, and theoretical guide covers the key ISAs that underpin audit methodologies and the recently revised ISAs that cause practitioners the most concern. It is designed to enhance auditors' understanding of critical ISAs, reducing their dependence on methodologies to mediate and explain ISA requirements. Using plenty of examples, the book helps audit staff learn to tailor audit methodologies and remove redundancies, as well as form high-quality judgments with a thorough grounding in ISA to serve in discussions with file reviewers and audit inspectors.Features practical examples that appeal to auditors with technical responsibilitiesCovers key topics such as smaller audits, management override of controls, documenting judgments, and dealing with accounting estimates and written presentationsIdeal for practitioners in companies and accounting firms, as well as auditing studentsIncludes access to a companion website with constantly updating ISAs and case studiesMixing theory with practical examples, Core Auditing Standards for Practitioners provides experienced audit staff with key ISA-related information they need to succeed.
Written by leading researchers, the 2nd Edition of the Dictionary of Computer Vision & Image Processing is a comprehensive and reliable resource which now provides explanations of over 3500 of the most commonly used terms across image processing, computer vision and related fields including machine vision. It offers clear and concise definitions with short examples or mathematical precision where necessary for clarity that ultimately makes it a very usable reference for new entrants to these fields at senior undergraduate and graduate level, through to early career researchers to help build up knowledge of key concepts. As the book is a useful source for recent terminology and concepts, experienced professionals will also find it a valuable resource for keeping up to date with the latest advances.New features of the 2nd Edition:Contains more than 1000 new terms, notably an increased focus on image processing and machine vision terms;Includes the addition of reference links across the majority of terms pointing readers to further information about the concept under discussion so that they can continue to expand their understanding;Now available as an eBook with enhanced content: approximately 50 videos to further illustrate specific terms; active cross-linking between terms so that readers can easily navigate from one related term to another and build up a full picture of the topic in question; and hyperlinked references to fully embed the text in the current literature.
This book presents the methods, tools and techniques that are currently being used to recognise (automatically) the affect, emotion, personality and everything else beyond linguistics ('paralinguistics') expressed by or embedded in human speech and language.It is the first book to provide such a systematic survey of paralinguistics in speech and language processing. The technology described has evolved mainly from automatic speech and speaker recognition and processing, but also takes into account recent developments within speech signal processing, machine intelligence and data mining.Moreover, the book offers a hands-on approach by integrating actual data sets, software, and open-source utilities which will make the book invaluable as a teaching tool and similarly useful for those professionals already in the field.Key features:Provides an integrated presentation of basic research (in phonetics/linguistics and humanities) with state-of-the-art engineering approaches for speech signal processing and machine intelligence.Explains the history and state of the art of all of the sub-fields which contribute to the topic of computational paralinguistics.C overs the signal processing and machine learning aspects of the actual computational modelling of emotion and personality and explains the detection process from corpus collection to feature extraction and from model testing to system integration.Details aspects of real-world system integration including distribution, weakly supervised learning and confidence measures.Outlines machine learning approaches including static, dynamic and context-sensitive algorithms for classification and regression.Includes a tutorial on freely available toolkits, such as the open-source 'openEAR' toolkit for emotion and affect recognition co-developed by one of the authors, and a listing of standard databases and feature sets used in the field to allow for immediate experimentation enabling the reader to build an emotion detection model on an existing corpus.
A novel and timely primer to the 3DTV system chain from capture to displayThis book examines all aspects of the 3DTV chain, from capture to display. It helps the reader learn about the key issues for 3DTV technology. It also provides with a systems level appreciation of 3DTV systems, and an understanding of the fundamental principles behind each part of the chain. At the end of each chapter, the author provides resources where readers can learn more about the technology covered (e.g. more focused text books, key journal papers, and key standards contributions).Provides a fundamental and systematic introduction and description of 3DTV key techniques, which build up the whole 3DTV system from capture to consumer viewing at the home.Addresses the quick moving field of 3D displays which is attracting increasing interest from industry and academia.Concepts in the book will be illustrated using diagrams and example images of processed 3D content. The 3D content will be presented as 2D images in the book.Authors to host website providing pointers to more information on the web, freely available tools which would enable readers to experiment with coding video, simulate its transmission over networks, play it back in 3D, and measure the quality and links to important news and developments in the field.
Horticultural Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on topics in horticultural science and technology covering both basic and applied research. Topics covered include the horticulture of fruits, vegetables, nut crops, and ornamentals. These review articles, written by world authorities, bridge the gap between the specialized researcher and the broader community of horticultural scientists and teachers.
Get heard by being clear and conciseThe only way to survive in business today is to be a lean communicator. Busy executives expect you to respect and manage their time more effectively than ever. You need to do the groundwork to make your message tight and to the point. The average professional receives 304 emails per week and checks their smartphones 36 times an hour and 38 hours a week. This inattention has spread to every part of life. The average attention span has shrunk from 12 seconds in 2000 to eight in 2012.So, throw them a lifeline and be brief.Author Joe McCormack tackles the challenges of inattention, interruptions, and impatience that every professional faces. His proven B.R.I.E.F. approach, which stands for Background, Relevance, Information, Ending, and Follow up, helps simplify and clarify complex communication. BRIEF will help you summarize lengthy information, tell a short story, harness the power of infographics and videos, and turn monologue presentations into controlled conversations.Details the B.R.I.E.F. approach to distilling your message into a brief presentationWritten by the founder and CEO of Sheffield Marketing Partners, which specializes in message and narrative development, who is also a recognized expert in Narrative Mapping, a technique that helps clients achieve a clearer and more concise messageLong story short: BRIEF will help you gain the muscle you need to eliminate wasteful words and stand out from the rest. Be better. Be brief.
Features a solid foundation of mathematical and computational tools to formulate and solve real-world ODE problems across various fieldsWith a step-by-step approach to solving ordinary differential equations (ODEs), Differential Equation Analysis in Biomedical Science and Engineering: Ordinary Differential Equation Applications with R successfully applies computational techniques for solving real-world ODE problems that are found in a variety of fields, including chemistry, physics, biology, and physiology. The book provides readers with the necessary knowledge to reproduce and extend the computed numerical solutions and is a valuable resource for dealing with a broad class of linear and nonlinear ordinary differential equations.The author's primary focus is on models expressed as systems of ODEs, which generally result by neglecting spatial effects so that the ODE dependent variables are uniform in space. Therefore, time is the independent variable in most applications of ODE systems. As such, the book emphasizes details of the numerical algorithms and how the solutions were computed. Featuring computer-based mathematical models for solving real-world problems in the biological and biomedical sciences and engineering, the book also includes:R routines to facilitate the immediate use of computation for solving differential equation problems without having to first learn the basic concepts of numerical analysis and programming for ODEsModels as systems of ODEs with explanations of the associated chemistry, physics, biology, and physiology as well as the algebraic equations used to calculate intermediate variablesNumerical solutions of the presented model equations with a discussion of the important features of the solutionsAspects of general ODE computation through various biomolecular science and engineering applicationsDifferential Equation Analysis in Biomedical Science and Engineering: Ordinary Differential Equation Applications with R is an excellent reference for researchers, scientists, clinicians, medical researchers, engineers, statisticians, epidemiologists, and pharmacokineticists who are interested in both clinical applications and interpretation of experimental data with mathematical models in order to efficiently solve the associated differential equations. The book is also useful as a textbook for graduate-level courses in mathematics, biomedical science and engineering, biology, biophysics, biochemistry, medicine, and engineering.
Features a solid foundation of mathematical and computational tools to formulate and solve real-world PDE problems across various fieldsWith a step-by-step approach to solving partial differential equations (PDEs), Differential Equation Analysis in Biomedical Science and Engineering: Partial Differential Equation Applications with R successfully applies computational techniques for solving real-world PDE problems that are found in a variety of fields, including chemistry, physics, biology, and physiology. The book provides readers with the necessary knowledge to reproduce and extend the computed numerical solutions and is a valuable resource for dealing with a broad class of linear and nonlinear partial differential equations.The author's primary focus is on models expressed as systems of PDEs, which generally result from including spatial effects so that the PDE dependent variables are functions of both space and time, unlike ordinary differential equation (ODE) systems that pertain to time only. As such, the book emphasizes details of the numerical algorithms and how the solutions were computed. Featuring computer-based mathematical models for solving real-world problems in the biological and biomedical sciences and engineering, the book also includes:R routines to facilitate the immediate use of computation for solving differential equation problems without having to first learn the basic concepts of numerical analysis and programming for PDEsModels as systems of PDEs and associated initial and boundary conditions with explanations of the associated chemistry, physics, biology, and physiologyNumerical solutions of the presented model equations with a discussion of the important features of the solutionsAspects of general PDE computation through various biomedical science and engineering applicationsDifferential Equation Analysis in Biomedical Science and Engineering: Partial Differential Equation Applications with R is an excellent reference for researchers, scientists, clinicians, medical researchers, engineers, statisticians, epidemiologists, and pharmacokineticists who are interested in both clinical applications and interpretation of experimental data with mathematical models in order to efficiently solve the associated differential equations. The book is also useful as a textbook for graduate-level courses in mathematics, biomedical science and engineering, biology, biophysics, biochemistry, medicine, and engineering.
AARP Digital Editions offer you practical tips, proven solutions, and expert guidance. With this latest edition of The New Retirementality, readers will quickly discover how to achieve the freedom to pursue their retirement goals-at their own pace, on their own terms-regardless of their age. Most people won't experience the same retirement that their parents did, nor do they necessarily want to. Page by page, top financial planner Mitch Anthony reveals how new opportunities will enable individuals to create tailor-made retirements. He includes new research and studies to back his insights and introduces readers to important concepts such as "wealthcare" and "return on life. " Filled with engaging anecdotes and inspirational suggestions, this book will motivate readers to rethink the way they retire.
The Handbook of Reagents for Organic Synthesis: Catalytic Oxidation Reagents is part of the Handbook for Reagents for Organic Synthesis series, making use of the leading reagent database e-EROS. It provides concise and informative articles written by experts in the area and provides comprehensive referencing to the original literature. As is the standard format for EROS, each article also contains an overview of the synthesis and physical properties of the catalysts, conditions for its storage, and purification methods. The Handbook compiles essential reagents in this area, starting with an introductory section discussing the main classes of oxidation catalysts, followed by an alphabetical list of reagents, with an attempt to keep families of catalysts organized by related chemistry for ease of use. The Handbook concludes with a list of contributors and a detailed index.The Handbook of Reagents for Organic Synthesis: Catalytic Oxidation Reagents if of interest for everyone engaged in the area of sustainable chemistry, fuel alternatives research for the generation of energy, and synthetic chemists working in pharmaceutical industries and medicinal chemistry.Key features:Builds on the success of the previously published Handbooks of Reagents for Organic SynthesisOxidations are the most frequently used steps in organic synthesisCatalysts for oxidation reactions are the key for green or sustainable chemistryOxidation, the addition of oxygen to biomolecules, is key for the metabolism of humans and animalsOxidations of carbohydrates from simple organic compounds are the key for new renewable energies
Pathology of Laboratory Rodents and Rabbits has become a standard text for both veterinary pathologists and veterinarians in laboratory animal medicine. Newly recognized infectious diseases continue to emerge and molecular methods for studying infectious agents are becoming widely used for the classification of these and previously known pathogens. With the ongoing development and perfection of genetic engineering techniques, the use of genetically engineered mice in the research laboratory continues to grow exponentially.This new edition features updates throughout with increased emphasis on timely topics such as infectious diseases in genetically engineered mice. Diseases covered include viral infections, bacterial infections, parasitic diseases, nutritional and metabolic disorders, behavioral disorders, aging and degenerative disorders, environment-related disease, and neoplasms. Organized by species, coverage includes mice, rats, hamsters, gerbils, guinea pigs, and rabbits. Veterinary pathologists, laboratory animal veterinarians, and students will appreciate the concise organization and easily accessible information on key diagnostic features, differential diagnoses, and significance of diseases.
Clinical Canine and Feline Respiratory Medicine provides reliable information on the diagnosis and management of respiratory disease in a user-friendly format. With an emphasis on the features of the history and physical examination that aid in efficient diagnostic planning, the book is an accessible, readable resource for optimizing treatment of patients with diseases of the respiratory tract. Offering comprehensive, accessible coverage of respiratory disorders, Clinical Canine and Feline Respiratory Medicine is a useful practice guide and study aid for general practitioners and veterinary students.Beginning with introductory chapters on the localization of disease, diagnostics, and therapeutics, the heart of the book focuses on the full range of respiratory diseases, including nasal disorders, diseases of airways, parenchymal diseases, pleural and mediastinal diseases, and vascular disorders. Each chapter takes a common format with diseases subdivided by etiology into structural, infectious, inflammatory, and neoplastic disorders. Clinical Canine and Feline Respiratory Medicine is a useful tool for students and practitioners engaged in studying, diagnosing, and treating respiratory disease.
Practice management is one of the key elements in the career of a dentist. Most dentists own their own practices and even associateships carry with them the prospect of management, accounting and dealing with health insurance providers. Dental Practice Transition: A Practical Guide to Management helps readers navigate through options such as starting a practice, associateships, and buying an existing practice with helpful information on business systems, marketing, staffing, and money management. With topics applicable to both recently graduated as well as established professionals, Dental Practice Transition is a comprehensive exposition of practice management from a dentist's perspective.
One of the most difficult issues that confronts veterinarians and staff today concerns the profession's obligation to the animal and the sometimes conflicting demands from clients, peers and society. The veterinarian's role has become more complex with new ethical challenges posed by issues such as growing public awareness regarding animal welfare, increasing economic value of companion animals, growth of veterinary specialization, experimentation with alternative and complementary medicine, and concern for pain management and mental well-being of animals.Written by an acknowledged pioneer in veterinary ethics, An Introduction to Veterinary Medical Ethics addresses the ethical challenges that veterinarians face daily as they seek to balance obligations to animal, client, peers, society and self. The book offers a highly readable and approachable introduction to the nature of ethical theory, reasoning and decision-making, and its practical application to veterinary medicine. Now with over 100 real-life veterinary case histories and analysis, this edition also includes new discussions of animal pain, distress and happiness, ethics of critical care, alternative medicine, legal status and value of animals, and Aesculapian authority.An Introduction to Veterinary Medical Ethics: Theory and Cases, Second Edition is recommended as essential reading for all veterinary students and practitioners, as well as those interested in general animal welfare.New edition from an acknowledged pioneer in veterinary ethicsAddresses ethical challenges that veterinary medicine, with over 100 real-life casesIncludes new discussion of legal status and value of animals, alternative medicine, Aesculapian authority, ethics and critical care, and animal pain, distress and happinessIdeal for veterinary students and practitioners
A comprehensive presentation of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) theory, substrate fabrication, applications of SERS to biosystems, chemical analysis, sensing and fundamental innovation through experimentation. Written by internationally recognized editors and contributors. Relevant to all those within the scientific community dealing with Raman Spectroscopy, i. e. physicists, chemists, biologists, material scientists, physicians and biomedical scientists. SERS applications are widely expanding and the technology is now used in the field of nanotechnologies, applications to biosystems, nonosensors, nanoimaging and nanoscience.
Concise introduction to the basic principles of solar energy, photovoltaic (PV) systems, PV cells, PV measurement techniques, and grid connected systems, overviewing the potential of PV electricity for students and engineers new to the topic Starting with the basic principles of solar energy, this practical text explains the fundamentals of semiconductor physics and the structure and functioning of the solar cell. It describes current measurement techniques for solar modules, and the planning and operation of grid-connected and off-grid PV systems. Key features: clarifies the technical and economic perspectives of PV energy generation, whilst providing an overview on the current economic statusdiscusses the future development of PV, including efficient promotion instruments and price developmenteach chapter contains various exercises and descriptive examples, with operation results from concrete PV plantsan accompanying website hosting exercise solutions, links to further PV references, and free downloads of the figures and additional software www.textbook-pv.orgThis is an essential text for renewable energy students, technicians and engineers wanting to know how solar cells work and how to design a complete PV plant. It is also a useful resource for PV installers, planners, operators, consultants, financers, potential energy investors and politicians.
Electrical Overstress (EOS) continues to impact semiconductor manufacturing, semiconductor components and systems as technologies scale from micro- to nano-electronics. This bookteaches the fundamentals of electrical overstress and how to minimize and mitigate EOS failures. The text provides a clear picture of EOS phenomena, EOS origins, EOS sources, EOS physics, EOS failure mechanisms, and EOS on-chip and system design. It provides an illuminating insight into the sources of EOS in manufacturing, integration of on-chip, and system level EOS protection networks, followed by examples in specific technologies, circuits, and chips. The book is unique in covering the EOS manufacturing issues from on-chip design and electronic design automation to factory-level EOS program management in today's modern world.Look inside for extensive coverage on:Fundamentals of electrical overstress, from EOS physics, EOS time scales, safe operating area (SOA), to physical models for EOS phenomenaEOS sources in today's semiconductor manufacturing environment, and EOS program management, handling and EOS auditing processing to avoid EOS failuresEOS failures in both semiconductor devices, circuits and systemDiscussion of how to distinguish between EOS events, and electrostatic discharge (ESD) events (e.g. such as human body model (HBM), charged device model (CDM), cable discharge events (CDM), charged board events (CBE), to system level IEC 61000-4-2 test events)EOS protection on-chip design practices and how they differ from ESD protection networks and solutionsDiscussion of EOS system level concerns in printed circuit boards (PCB), and manufacturing equipmentExamples of EOS issues in state-of-the-art digital, analog and power technologies including CMOS, LDMOS, and BCDEOS design rule checking (DRC), LVS, and ERC electronic design automation (EDA) and how it is distinct from ESD EDA systemsEOS testing and qualification techniques, andPractical off-chip ESD protection and system level solutions to provide more robust systemsElectrical Overstress (EOS): Devices, Circuits and Systems is a continuation of the author's series of books on ESD protection. It is an essential reference and a useful insight into the issues that confront modern technology as we enter the nano-electronic era.
This timely update provides detailed treatment of the integration of wind power into electrical power systems, including brand new material on offshore wind power farms and technologiesThis third English edition is based on new material from the fourth and fifth German editions (Windkraftanlagen: Systemauslegung, Netzintegration und Regelung, 5. Auflage, published by Teubner B.G. Gmbh, July 2009). It answers the question of how, with the proper control and direction, wind turbines can be made to operate more similarly to conventional power plants. The revised third edition addresses the engineering challenges of cost effective transmission and distribution of wind power, such as technical, economic and safety issues. It also incorporates all the recent technical developments in electrical power conversion systems and essential operating conditions, and includes unique, original research findings carried out by the author's own PhD and Masters students at Kassel University, Germany.This popular reference book has been updated to include new material from the fourth and fifth German editions, equating to 12.5% brand new materialNew material covers the 'hot topic' of grid connection for offshore wind farms and offshore technologies, including lots of illustrationsBrand new material on low voltage fault dynamics and control of turbinesIncludes up-to-date coverage on completely new generator developments for wind turbines, developed over the past two yearsIllustrates how wind turbines can operate like conventional power plants using advanced control systems.Discusses the profitability of wind turbine integration in electrical power grids, and the environmental impact
Uses a multidisciplinary approach to review recent developments in the field of smart sensor systems, providing complete coverage of all important system and design aspects, their building blocks and methods of signal processing.The book systematically deals with topics over the whole range of sensor technology: from the theory and constraints of basic elements, the applied techniques and electronic, up to the level of application-orientated issues.It firstly looks at designing smart sensors and smart sensor systems, with measurement techniques at system level, such as collaboration and trimming, and impedance-measurement techniques. Sensing elements and sensor systems for the measurement of mechanical quantities, and microarrays for DNA detection are discussed in the opening chapters. Circuit design for sensor systems, such as the design of low-noise amplifiers, is covered in Chapter 6, and measurement techniques at device level, such as dynamic offset cancellation, are covered in Chapter 7. Optical imagers are examined in the next chapter. Lastly, the book takes a look at implantable smart sensors for bio-medical applications, then automotive sensors.Complements Smart Sensor Systems (2008) in both contents and scope. Where the first book offers an introduction and theory, this book goes further into the practical applicationsOffers a detailed coverage of sensor principles and characterization, measurement techniques and signal- and data processing techniques as applied in smart sensor systemsA wide range of application areas are included, such as automotive and biomedical, written by an internationally-recognized group of experts, many from industryA supplementary website hosts case studies and provides solutions to the problems in the bookEssential reading for Engineers and scientists involved in the design and application of sensor systems; research and development departments and laboratories of industrial companies, and other research institutes; product developers, industrial engineers, industrial set makers looking for innovative products.
This brand new title in the Lecture Notes series covers a core element of the medical school curriculum.It presents the basic science needed to understand mechanisms of disease and describes the clinical presentations of the disorders associated with different glands, concluding with the relevant investigations and management.Focusing on conditions commonly encountered on the wards and in exams, with key points to aid revision and recall, this new title is perfect as a course companion and is the ideal revision tool for medical students, specialist nurses, and doctors working on endocrinology rotations. Lecture Notes: Endocrinology and Diabetes is also essential for endocrinology trainees approaching the new Knowledge Based Assessment (KBA).
This complete resource on the theory and applications of reliability engineering, probabilistic models and risk analysis consolidates all the latest research, presenting the most up-to-date developments in this field.With comprehensive coverage of the theoretical and practical issues of both classic and modern topics, it also provides a unique commemoration to the centennial of the birth of Boris Gnedenko, one of the most prominent reliability scientists of the twentieth century.Key features include:expert treatment of probabilistic models and statistical inference from leading scientists, researchers and practitioners in their respective reliability fieldsdetailed coverage of multi-state system reliability, maintenance models, statistical inference in reliability, systemability, physics of failures and reliability demonstrationmany examples and engineering case studies to illustrate the theoretical results and their practical applications in industryApplied Reliability Engineering and Risk Analysis is one of the first works to treat the important areas of degradation analysis, multi-state system reliability, networks and large-scale systems in one comprehensive volume. It is an essential reference for engineers and scientists involved in reliability analysis, applied probability and statistics, reliability engineering and maintenance, logistics, and quality control. It is also a useful resource for graduate students specialising in reliability analysis and applied probability and statistics.Dedicated to the Centennial of the birth of Boris Gnedenko, renowned Russian mathematician and reliability theorist
A concise yet technically authoritative overview of modern marine energy devices with the goal of sustainable electricity generationWith 165 full-colour illustrations and photographs of devices at an advanced stage, the book provides inspiring case studies of today's most promising marine energy devices and developments, including full-scale grid-connected prototypes tested in sea conditions. It also covers the European Marine Energy Centre (EMEC) in Orkney, Scotland, where many of the devices are assessed.Topics discussed:global resources - drawing energy from the World's waves and tideshistory of wave and tidal stream systemstheoretical background to modern developmentsconversion of marine energy into grid electricitymodern wave energy converters and tidal stream energy convertersThis book is aimed at a wide readership including professionals, policy makers and employees in the energy sector needing an introduction to marine energy. Its descriptive style and technical level will also appeal to students of renewable energy, and the growing number of people who wish to understand how marine devices can contribute to carbon-free electricity generation in the 21st century.
Aggregation-Induced Emission (AIE) is a novel photophysical phenomenon which offers a new platform for researchers to look into the light-emitting processes from luminogen aggregates, from which useful information on structure-property relationships may be collected and mechanistic insights may be gained. The discovery of the AIE effect opens a new avenue for the development of new luminogen materials in the aggregate or solid state. By enabling light emission in the practically useful solid state, AIE has the potential to expand significantly the technological applications of luminescent materials.Aggregation-Induced Emission: Fundamentals is the first book to explore the fundamental issues of AIE, including the design, synthesis, and photophysical behavior of AIE-active molecules and polymers. The control of the morphological structures of the aggregates of AIE-active materials, and the experimental investigation and theoretical understanding of the AIE mechanism, are also covered in this volume.Topics covered include:AIE in group 14 metallolesAIE in organic ion pairsRed light-emitting AIE materialsSupramolecular structure and AIEAIE-active polymersEnhanced emission by restriction of molecular rotationCrystallization-induced emission enhancementTheoretical understanding of AIE phenomenaThis book is essential reading for scientists and engineers who are designing optoelectronic materials and biomedical sensors, and will also be of interest to academic researchers in materials science and physical and synthetic organic chemistry, as well as physicists and biological chemists.