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Irving Kristol, the 'godfather' of neoconservatism, was founder and editor of The Public Interest. This collection of his essays reveals the intellectual development of this influential thinker and charts the development of neoconservatism since the 1940s. Many of the essays are reprinted for the first time since their original publication. Topics range from Machiavelli to the welfare state, capitalism, foreign policy, and Judaism and Christianity. The book closes with three autobiographical essays and a 30-page list of Kristol's published books, edited collections, essays, reviews, symposia, interviews, and lectures. There is no subject index. Editor Gertrude Himmelfarb is Kristol's widow. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Science writer Brown tells the life story of Gerbert d'Aurillac, better known as Pope Sylvester II, the pope of the year 1000. She dwells on his mathematical and scientific ability but does not ignore the political intrigue that often put him out of favor with kings and earlier popes. Her explanation of his scientific knowledge corrects many long held myths, such as that everyone believed the world would end in AD 1000 and that everyone thought the earth was flat. However, she creates new ones in the process. The reader is left to think that, after Gerbert's brief light, the "Dark Ages" closed in again and no more science was accomplished until the "Renaissance. " Too much of her story is told in scientific "either/or" terms when history is much more "and/also. " Her effort is laudable but her background understanding incomplete. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
The nineteenth-century eccentric Ida C. Craddock was by turns a secular freethinker, a religious visionary, a civil-liberties advocate, and a resolute defender of belly-dancing. Arrested and tried repeatedly on obscenity charges, she was deemed a danger to public morality for her candor about sexuality. By the end of her life Craddock, the nemesis of the notorious vice crusader Anthony Comstock, had become a favorite of free-speech defenders and women's rights activists. She soon became as well the case-history darling of one of America's earliest and most determined Freudians. InHeaven's Bride, prize-winning historian Leigh Eric Schmidt offers a rich biography of this forgotten mystic, who occupied the seemingly incongruous roles of yoga priestess, suppressed sexologist, and suspected madwoman. In Schmidt's evocative telling, Craddock's story reveals the beginning of the end of Christian America, a harbinger of spiritual variety and sexual revolution.
InThoughtful Gardening, award-winning historian andFinancial Timesgardening columnist Robin Lane Fox takes readers on a delightful journey through each season of the gardening year. From fending off vine-weevils to visiting Yves Saint Laurent's private gardens in Marrakech, Fox imbues each of his musings with grace, sophistication, and charm. Essential reading for anyone planting a new garden or taking stock of one after several years,Thoughtful Gardeningoffers expert advice and a touching reminder of the power of art and literature to deepen what we see and experience in nature. Combining a vast understanding of horticulture with witty and stylish storytelling, these vignettes form-season by season-a rich reflection on the lessons, challenges, and joys of life with a green thumb.
Americans call the Second World War "The Good War. " But before it even began, America's wartime ally Josef Stalin had killed millions of his own citizens-and kept killing them during and after the war. Before Hitler was finally defeated, he had murdered six million Jews and nearly as many other Europeans. At war's end, both the German and the Soviet killing sites fell behind the iron curtain, leaving the history of mass killing in darkness. Bloodlandsis a new kind of European history, presenting the mass murders committed by the Nazi and Stalinist regimes as two aspects of a single history, in the time and place where they occurred: between Germany and Russia, when Hitler and Stalin both held power. Assiduously researched, deeply humane, and utterly definitive,Bloodlandswill be required reading for anyone seeking to understand the central tragedy of modern history.
Lendon (history, University of Virginia) goes beyond Thucydides in this account of the events leading up to the first Peloponnesian War and the first ten years of the war itself. He explains the culture of Athens and Sparta and the importance of rank and honor to citizens of both city-states. The story of the battles and strategies is told in a flowing narrative style. He sees it as a tale of alternating pride and shame, more important than land or booty and studied in this context the decisions of the leaders of cities seem logical. Lendon provides appendices with a list of people and places, an essay on Thucydides and his bias as a historian and an analysis of other sources. While to many, the rules of engagement might appear strange, the concept of fighting to save face is far from extinct. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Austrian historian Blom feels strongly that, with their emulation of Voltaire and Rousseau, the nineteenth century Romantics took social philosophy down the wrong path. In this biography of Diderot, Holbach and the salons of Paris in the mid-eighteenth century, Blom places their ideas within a historical context. He also explains how they were misunderstood by both contemporaries and the present. The radical side of the Enlightenment was suppressed, especially in the West, because of its atheism and, even more, its insistence on the abolition of class status. The radicals were accused of advocating libertine behavior that destroyed morality and trampled on the rights of others. Blom refines these judgments, pointing out that Diderot and Holbach espoused a morality based on respect and the good of the community, without religion. The philosophy is seamlessly woven into the story of the tumultuous time leading up to the French Revolution making the lives of these men as enthralling as any novel. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Before the Revolutionary War, America was a nation divided by different faiths. But when the war for independence sparked in 1776, colonists united under the banner of religious freedom. Evangelical frontiersmen and Deist intellectuals set aside their differences to defend a belief they shared, the right to worship freely. Inspiring an unlikely but powerful alliance, it was the idea of religious liberty that brought the colonists together in the battle against British tyranny. InGod of Liberty, historian Thomas S. Kidd argues that the improbable partnership of evangelicals and Deists saw America through the Revolutionary War, the ratification of the Constitution, and the election of Thomas Jefferson in 1800. A thought-provoking reminder of the crucial role religion played in the Revolutionary era,God of Libertyrepresents both a timely appeal for spiritual diversity and a groundbreaking excavation of how faith powered the American Revolution.
While most books about Germany during the Second World War deal with military or political history on a large scale, Moorhouse focuses on a single city, describing life during the war years from the perspective of residents of Berlin. Using interviews with still-living war survivors as well as unpublished memoirs and diaries, the author shows Berliners' lives became increasingly difficult and surreal as their city bore the brunt of the Allied air war and, later, the final attacks of the Soviet Red Army. A sobering testament to the escalating horrors that years of war wreak on civilians, Moorhouse's book deserves a wide audience. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Why has the world been unable to address global warming? Science policy expert Roger Pielke, Jr. , says it's not the fault of those who reject the Kyoto Protocol, but those who support it, and the magical thinking that the agreement represents. InThe Climate Fix, Pielke offers a way to repair climate policy, shifting the debate away from meaningless targets and toward a revolution in how the world's economy is powered, while de-fanging the venomous politics surrounding the crisis. The debate on global warming has lost none of its power to polarize and provoke in a haze of partisan vitriol. The Climate Fixwill bring something new to the discussions: a commonsense perspective and practical actions better than any offered so far.
Did the arms race of the 1930s cause the Second World War? InCry Havoc, historian Joseph Maiolo shows, in rich and fascinating detail, how the deadly game of the arms race was played out in the decade prior to the outbreak of the Second World War. In this exhaustively researched account, he explores how nations reacted to the moves of their rivals, revealing the thinking of those making the key decisions-Hitler, Mussolini, Chamberlain, Stalin, Roosevelt-and the dilemmas of democratic leaders who seemed to be faced with a choice between defending their nations and preserving their democratic way of life. An unparalleled account of an era of extreme political tension,Cry Havocshows how the interwar arms race shaped the outcome of World War II before the shooting even began.
String theory says we live in a ten-dimensional universe, but that only four are accessible to our everyday senses. According to theorists, the missing six are curled up in bizarre structures known as Calabi-Yau manifolds. InThe Shape of Inner Space, Shing-Tung Yau, the man who mathematically proved that these manifolds exist, argues that not only is geometry fundamental to string theory, it is also fundamental to the very nature of our universe. Time and again, where Yau has gone, physics has followed. Now for the first time, readers will follow Yau's penetrating thinking on where we've been, and where mathematics will take us next. A fascinating exploration of a world we are only just beginning to grasp,The Shape of Inner Spacewill change the way we consider the universe on both its grandest and smallest scales.
Kahn, an urban and environmental economist and professor at UCLA's Institute of the Environment, Department of Economics, and Department of Public Policy, looks at the upside of global warming and predicts how specific cities in developed and developing countries will be affected by and adapt to climate change. He warns against government bailouts to address problems from climate change, and instead urges a focus on market-driven problem-solving in the form of economic strategies, innovations, and products that will be useful for cities and urban areas addressing consequences of climate change. The author is a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. His blog on environmental and urban topics was rated one of Wall Street Journal's top 25 economics blogs. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
This is a historical survey of the American experience with the company town. Green (a former editor at BusinessWeek) offers accounts of the origins and development of different company towns, distinguishing between "Exploitationvilles" in which companies sought to extract as much profit as possible from their workers, at one end of the spectrum, and more benign, even utopian, experiments that provided paternalistic support for workers' needs at the other. He describes the impact of these company towns on the nature of American capitalism, the range of living and working conditions experienced by workers in the towns, the labor disputes that frequently arose, and modern incarnations of the company town in the era of the information revolution. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Renowned scholar Gates (W. E. B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research, Harvard U. ) revises and expands lectures in which he examines the Black Arts Movement of the 1980s in Britain and the American culture wars in the 1990s. Here, he attempts to understand these cultural movements, their key themes and trends, and the effects on culture in Britain and the US. He begins with Edmund Burke's views of colonialism in the eighteenth century; critiques the concept of cultural studies and discusses its uses in the US and Britain by black cultural critics; addresses the work of theorist Frantz Fanon in the areas of culture, race, and nation in the Black Arts Movement; and considers the state of the American culture wars. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
A dogged enemy of Hitler, resolute ally of the Americans, and inspiring leader through World War II, Winston Churchill is venerated as one of the truly great statesmen of the last century. But while he has been widely extolled for his achievements, parts of Churchill's record have gone woefully unexamined. As journalist Madhusree Mukerjee reveals, at the same time that Churchill brilliantly opposed the barbarism of the Nazis, he governed India with a fierce resolve to crush its freedom movement and a profound contempt for native lives. A series of Churchill's decisions between 1940 and 1944 directly and inevitably led to the deaths of some three million Indians. The streets of eastern Indian cities were lined with corpses, yet instead of sending emergency food shipments Churchill used the wheat and ships at his disposal to build stockpiles for feeding postwar Britain and Europe. Combining meticulous research with a vivid narrative, and riveting accounts of personality and policy clashes within and without the British War Cabinet, Churchill's Secret War places this oft-overlooked tragedy into the larger context of World War II, India's fight for freedom, and Churchill's enduring legacy. Winston Churchill may have found victory in Europe, but, as this groundbreaking historical investigation reveals, his mismanagement-facilitated by dubious advice from scientist and eugenicist Lord Cherwell-devastated India and set the stage for the massive bloodletting that accompanied independence.
Forty years ago,The Limits to Growthstudy addressed the grand question of how humans would adapt to the physical limitations of planet Earth. It predicted that during the first half of the 21st century the ongoing growth in the human ecological footprint would stop-either through catastrophic "overshoot and collapse"-or through well-managed "peak and decline. "So, where are we now? And what does our future look like? In the book2052, Jorgen Randers, one of the co-authors ofLimits to Growth, issues a progress report and makes a forecast for the next forty years. To do this, he asked dozens of experts to weigh in with their best predictions on how our economies, energy supplies, natural resources, climate, food, fisheries, militaries, political divisions, cities, psyches, and more will take shape in the coming decades. He then synthesized those scenarios into a global forecast of life as we will most likely know it in the years ahead. The good news: we will see impressive advances in resource efficiency, and an increasing focus on human well-being rather than on per capita income growth. But this change might not come as we expect. Future growth in population and GDP, for instance, will be constrained in surprising ways-by rapid fertility decline as result of increased urbanization, productivity decline as a result of social unrest, and continuing poverty among the poorest 2 billion world citizens. Runaway global warming, too, is likely. So, how do we prepare for the years ahead? With heart, fact, and wisdom, Randers guides us along a realistic path into the future and discusses what readers can do to ensure a better life for themselves and their children during the increasing turmoil of the next forty years.
This pocket reference book provides a wealth of practical information at your fingertips, whenever you need it. Rich in background detail, at-a-glance tables and diagrams, equations, and more, the Passive Solar Architecture Pocket Referenceis a handy resource for architects, engineers and students. Coverage includes: Definitions Load determinants and Responses (including world wide biomes and climates, building metabolism and response, thermal sources and sinks, passive building responses to sources and sinks, tuning the building to the environment, optimizing insulation & thermal mass for comfort) Contextual Aspects (including microclimate and siting, temperatures, humidity, wind, radiation and comfort parameters) Passive Components (including building envelope, passive solar terminology, orientation, apertures and glazing, thermal storage, thermal control and materials Design Tools (including sun path diagrams, sun peg diagrams, air flow relationships, thermal modelling and life cycle design) Specific Functions (including passive heating, passive cooling and ventilation, natural lighting, passive water heating, resource collection and Integrated design)
These wide-ranging essays-on many individual political, economic, cultural and legal issues-have as a recurring, underlying theme the decline of the values and institutions that have sustained and advanced American society for more than two centuries. This decline has been more than an erosion. It has, in many cases, been a deliberate dismantling of American values and institutions by people convinced that their superior wisdom and virtue must over-ride both the traditions of the country and the will of the people. Whether these essays (originally published as syndicated newspaper columns) are individually about financial bailouts, illegal immigrants, gay marriage, national security, or the Duke University rape case, the underlying concern is about what these very different kinds of things say about the general direction of American society. This larger and longer-lasting question is whether the particular issues discussed reflect a degeneration or dismantling of the America that we once knew and expected to pass on to our children and grandchildren. There are people determined that this country's values, history, laws, traditions and role in the world are fundamentally wrong and must be changed. Such people will not stop dismantling America unless they get stopped-and the next election may be the last time to stop them, before they take the country beyond the point of no return.
One of the worst natural disasters in American history, the 1896 New York heat wave killed almost 1,500 people in ten oppressively hot days. The heat coincided with a pitched presidential contest between William McKinley and the upstart Democrat William Jennings Bryan, who arrived in New York City at the height of the catastrophe. As historian Edward P. Kohn shows, Bryan's hopes for the presidency began to flag amidst the abhorrent heat just as a bright young police commissioner named Theodore Roosevelt was scrambling to mitigate the dangerously high temperatures by hosing down streets and handing out ice to the poor. A vivid narrative that captures the birth of the progressive era, Hot Time in the Old Town revives the forgotten disaster that almost destroyed a great American city.
The jagged peaks of the Caucasus Mountains have hosted a rich history of diverse nations, valuable trade, and incessant warfare. But today the region is best known for atrocities in Chechnya and the 2008 war between Russia and Georgia. InLet Our Fame Be Great, journalist and Russian expert Oliver Bullough explores the fascinating cultural crossroads of the Caucasus, where Europe, Asia, and the Middle East intersect. Traveling through its history, Bullough tracks down the nations dispersed by the region's last two hundred years of brutal warfare. Filled with a compelling mix of archival research and oral history,Let Our Fame Be Greatrecounts the tenacious survival of peoples who have been relentlessly invaded and persecuted and yet woefully overlooked.
In this final volume in a trilogy of works on computers and people that includes The Second Self and Life on the Screen, Turkle (social studies of science, M. I. T. ), presents an important exploration of the psychological effects of computers on decision making and relationship building in a culture increasingly filled with technology dependence and social networking. Based on fifteen years of research and numerous interviews with adults and children, the work explores the development of new types of relationships among families and peer groups that are moderated by technology, the quality and psychological health of these relationships and a growing reaction to, and rejection of, this new cultural norm. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Author and history professor Coontz revisits Friedan's seminal work through two avenues: by discussing the book's effect with women who read it in the 1960s, and by moving beyond Friedan's primary audience to bring women of color and women of a lower economic class into the discussion of motherhood and domesticity. Coontz offers an evenhanded history of the feminist movement from 1920-1960, as well as personal accounts of women whose lives were affected by Friedan's work--or weren't, as the case may have been for African Americans and others. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Why are homeless people sleeping on the sidewalks of New York in the winter, when the abandoned apartment buildings in the city have four times as many dwelling units as there are homeless people in the city? Why did Russians have to import food to feed people in Moscow, when Russia itself had vast amounts of some of the richest farmland in Europe within easy driving distance? Why did unemployment reach 25 percent and American corporations as a whole operate in the red for two years in a row during the Great Depression of the 1930s? All these very different, but equally puzzling and needless, tragedies grew out of a failure to understand and apply basic economics principles. Explaining these principles for the general public in plain English, with neither graphs nor equations nor jargon, is the goal and achievement ofBasic Economicsby Thomas Sowell. His lively examples are drawn from around the world and from centuries of history because the basic principles of economics are not limited to modern capitalist societies and apply even to situations where no money changes hands, such as caring for wounded soldiers on a battlefield. The focus ofBasic Economicsis not on how individuals make money but on how societies create prosperity or poverty for their peoples by the way they organize their economies. Prosperous countries with few natural resources, such as Japan and Switzerland, are as common as poor countries with rich resources, such as Russia and Mexico. The fourth edition ofBasic Economicsis both expanded and updated. A new chapter on the history of economics itself has been added, and the implications of that history examined. A new section on the special role of corporations in the economy has been added to the chapter on government and big business, among other additions throughout the book. Basic Economics, which has now been translated into six languages, has grown so much that a large of amount of material in the back of the book in previous editions has now been put online instead. The central idea ofBasic Economics, however, remains the same: that the fundamental facts and principles of economics do not require jargon, graphs, or equations, and can be learned in a relaxed and even enjoyable way.
Writing for a general audience, Milanovic (World Bank and U. of Maryland) offers his "idiosyncratic" take on economic inequality by combining three short essays reviewing the basic issues of economic inequality within nations, between nations, and across the full global stage with shorter (but collectively more extensive) "vignettes" in which he explores the issues further by, for example, considering the economic consequences of romantic choices facing characters in Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice, comparing the relative wealth of Roman imperial senators versus Bill Gates, or discussing economic determinants of athletic success in the world of club-level soccer; although many vignettes are significantly less whimsical in premise, such as those that address the indifference of political philosopher John Rawls to the issue of global inequality or the possible dangers of regional inequalities to Chinese political unity. Annotation ©2011 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
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