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IMF Staff Country Reports

by Alessandro Leipold Carlos Muñiz

Kingdom of the Netherlands

Reforming the International Monetary and Financial System

by Peter B. Kenen Alexander K. Swoboda

The IMF's Research Department convened a conference in 1999 to discuss the key issues of international monetary and financial reform. It followed a period of turbulence in the worlds financial markets when a succession of crises had caused severe output loses in many emerging market economies. The need was to look at the architecture of the international financial system whilst the impetus for reform was still fresh. The main sections of the publication are : key issues of reform; maintaining stability under high capital mobility; the role of the International Monetary Fund.

Rebuilding Fiscal Institutions in Postconflict Countries

by Sanjeev Gupta Shamsuddin Tareq Benedict Clements Alex Segura-Ubiergo Rina Bhattacharya Todd Mattina

The IMF's assistance to postconflict countries consists of 3 main elements: (i) technical assistance to rebuild capacity in key economic institutions; (ii) policy advice; (iii) financial and technical assistance in mobilizing donor support. The objective is to lay the basis for sustainable growth through institutional development and by addressing macroeconomic imbalances. This paper was prepared for a seminar of the IMF Executive Board. It discusses experiences in reestablishing fiscal management in those countries; reviews the challenges in rebuilding fiscal institutions based on experiences in 14 postconflict countries; and identifies key priorities in the fiscal area following the cessation of hostilities

Rapid Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe

by Charles Enoch Nci Ötker-Robe

This book represents the latest developments and policy debate on a very current issue: the rapid growth of banking sector credit to the private sector, which continues to occupy the minds of academics and policymakers alike in many Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. The contributions, from the representatives of international organizations and monetary and supervisory authorities of a number of Western and CEE countries, discuss ways to assess and respond to excessive credit growth. Case studies represent the challenges faced by policymakers in dealing with rapid credit growth, providing useful lessons for other countries experiencing a similar phenomenon.

Performance Budgeting

by Marc Robinson

This book examines the theory and practice of performance budgeting, which aims make government more effective by linking the funding of government agencies to the results they deliver. In a combination of thematic studies and case studies, it clearly presents the diverse range of contemporary performance budgeting models and examines their effectiveness. Its coverage is truly international, spanning developed, developing and middle-income countries. Implementation strategy and the supporting accounting, performance measurement and other systems are systematically treated.

Public Investment and Public-Private Partnerships

by Bernardin Akitoby Richard Hemming Gerd Schwartz

There are now increasing concerns about the need to upgrade public infrastructure, improve the delivery of public services, and explore new options for partnering with the private sector. This book looks at& ways of strengthening the efficiency of public investment and managing the fiscal risks of& public-private partnerships.

Public Investment and Public-Private Partnerships: Addressing Infrastructure Challenges and Managing Fiscal Risks

by Gerd Schwartz Ana Corbacho Katja Funke

There are now increasing concerns about the need to upgrade public infrastructure, improve the delivery of public services, and explore new options for partnering with the private sector. This book looks at& ways of strengthening the efficiency of public investment and managing the fiscal risks of& public-private partnerships.

Promoting Fiscal Discipline

by International Monetary Fund

Fiscal discipline is essential to improve and sustain economic performance, maintain macroeconomic stability, and reduce vulnerabilities. Discipline is especially important if countries, industrial as well as developing, are to successfully meet the challenges, and reap the benefits, of economic and financial globalisation. Lack of fiscal discipline generally stems from the injudicious use of policy discretion. The benefits of discretion are seen in terms of the ability of policymakers to respond to unexpected shocks, and in allowing elected political representatives to fulfill their mandates. But discretion can be misused, resulting in persistent deficits and procyclical policies, rising debt levels, and, over time, a loss in policy credibility. The authors first explore the role of discretion in fiscal policy, and the extent, consequences, and causes of procyclicality, particularly in good times. They then examine how a variety of institutional approaches - fiscal rules, fiscal responsibility laws, and fiscal agencies - can help improve fiscal discipline. While each of these approaches can play a useful role, the authors suggest that a strategy combining them is likely to be particularly beneficial. Although such a strategy requires political commitment and effective fiscal management, at the same time, the strategy itself can bolster political commitment by highlighting the restraints on government and raising the costs of failing to respect them.

Preserving Financial Stability

by Garry J. Schinasi

Spurred by advances in information and computer technologies, financial liberalization and innovation took off in the late 1970s. Although the changes in financial markets have been beneficial overall, our understanding of the new risks to financial stability lags behind, as demonstrated by the financial crises of the past couple of decades. The study of international financial stability-a public good-is still in its infancy. This pamphlet, aimed at stimulating further debate on the subject, proposes a definition of financial stability and a broad framework for safeguarding it without inhibiting its dynamic development or limiting its benefits.

Post-Bubble Blues: How Japan Responded to Asset Price Collapse

by Tamim Bayoumi

Japan accounts for over half the output of the Asian region, but for much of the 1990s its economy was virtually stagnant, and it is only just emerging from its worst recession since the Second World War. In this book, a team from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) examines the causes of the lingering economic problems of Japan, the crisis in its banking system, the reasons for weak business investment, and the government's efforts to kick-start the economy through a series of stimulus packages. The main premise of the book, that banking reform and corporate restructuring are central to any sustained revival of the economy, is backed up by detailed background research

Policy Issues in the Evolving International Monetary System (EPub)

by Peter Isard Paul R. Masson Mark P. Taylor Morris Goldstein

How can international monetary stability be promoted? This study looks at ways to bolster economic policies and coordination among the industrial countries serving as nominal anchors for the world economy. It also assesses the operation of monetary unions and common currency areas. The authors conclude that problems with the world monetary system reflect weaknesses outside the exchange rate arena, and that exchange rate commitements must be tailored to individual country characteristics.

Pension Regimes and Saving

by G. A. Mackenzie Philip Gerson Alfredo Cuevas

#"September 1997. "#Includes bibliographical references (p. ).

Paraguay: Corruption, Reform, and the Financial System

by Franks Jeffrey

This publication examines the long-standing problems of corruption in Paraguay and its economic effects. It considers how these institutional problems have contributed to the country's long-term economic underperformance and options for addressing these problems drawing from international best practices. Issues discussed include: financial crises and private sector credit, reform of the Caja Fiscal, equilibrium real exchange rate, terms of trade and regional factors.

Officially Supported Export Credits in a Changing World

by Jian-Ye Wang

This study assesses the issues of government involvement in international trade finance stemming from recent changes in global financial markets. It summarizes the responses to these developments by official export credit agencies and private trade finance providers, drawing on a recent survey of market participants.

Official Foreign Exchange Intervention

by Shogo Ishii Jorge Iván Canales-Kriljenko Roberto Guimarães Cem Karacadag

Despite increasing exchange rate flexibility, central banks in emerging markets still intervene in their foreign exchange markets for several reasons. In doing so, they face many operational questions, including on the degree of transparency and the choice of markets and counterparties. This paper identifies elements of best practice in official foreign exchange intervention, presents survey evidence on intervention practices in developing countries, and assesses the effectiveness of intervention in Mexico and Turkey.

World Economic and Financial Surveys: Official Financing Recent Developments and Selected Issues

by International Monetary Fund

Whilst private finance sources (including foreign direct investment, bank lending and international bond issuance) make up most of the resource flows to middle income developing countries and transition economies, heavily indebted poor countries (HIPCs) rely largely on official development finance for investment. This report assesses developments in official financing to developing countries during the years 2000 to 2002, using current official data available up to December 2003. Issues discussed include export credits and debt restructuring with Paris Club and other bilateral creditors, trade finance in financial crises, the challenge of maintaining external debt sustainability in debtor countries, debt relief and new aid flows.

Official Financing for Developing Countries

by Anthony R. Boote Doris C. Ross Christina Daseking Vitali Kramarenko Toshiro Nishizawa Saqib Rizavi Kevin Ross

This report provides an updated assessment of movements of official financing for developing countries during 1997-99. Financial flows were considerably affected by the Asian crisis and net dispersals from multilateral institutions increased from $14 billion in 1996 to $47 billion in 1998 before declining to $6 billion in 1999.

Official Financing for Developing Countries

by International Monetary Fund

This report provides an updated assessment of movements of official financing for developing countries during 1997-99. Financial flows were considerably affected by the Asian crisis and net dispersals from multilateral institutions increased from $14 billion in 1996 to $47 billion in 1998 before declining to $6 billion in 1999.

IMF Staff Country Reports

by Alessandro Leipold Martin Fetherston

Kingdom of the Netherlands

IMF Staff Country Reports

by Alessandro Leipold Jesus Seade

Dated June 1999.

Monetary Union in West Africa (ECOWAS)

by Paul R. Masson Catherine A. Pattillo

In April 2000 six West African countries declared their intention to proceed to monetary union among the non-CFA franc countries of the region by January 2003, as a first step toward a wider monetary union including all the ECOWAS countries in 2004. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate whether a monetary union makes economic sense, to discuss the institutional requirements for successful monetary union and to consider how best the political momentum for a union can be channeled toward a fundamental improvement in underlying policies.

Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual

by International Monetary Fund

Consistency in the preparation and presentation of monetary and financial macrostatistics promotes comparability of data both within a country and across countries. The purpose of this manual is to offer International Monetary Fund guidelines for the presentation of monetary and financial statistics. The intention is that these guidelines will assist with the formulation and monitoring of monetary policy. The manual provides a set of tools for identifying classifying and recording stocks and flows of financial assets and liabilities; describes standard analytically oriented frameworks in which the statistics may be presented; and identifies useful aggregates within those frameworks.

Modern Banking and OTC Derivatives Markets

by Garry J. Schinasi R. Sean Craig Burkhard Drees Charles Kramer

Previously, little has been written about how increased reliance on over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives activities and market structures by the internationally active financial institutions may have changed the nature of systemic risks in the international financial structure. This paper describes and analyses key elements of modern banking and the global OTC derivatives markets, highlighting areas that seem to be relevant for assessing their functioning, their implications for systemic financial risks in the international financial system and areas where improvements in financial stability can be obtained.

Showing 45,201 through 45,225 of 70,779 results

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