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Showing 45,201 through 45,225 of 70,742 results

The War Comes Home

by Aaron Glantz

The War Comes Home is the first book to systematically document the U.S. government's neglect of soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan. Aaron Glantz, who reported extensively from Iraq during the first three years of this war and has been reporting on the plight of veterans ever since, levels a devastating indictment against the Bush administration for its bald neglect of soldiers and its disingenuous reneging on their benefits. Glantz interviewed more than one hundred recent war veterans, and here he intersperses their haunting first-person accounts with investigations into specific concerns, such as the scandal at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center. This timely book does more than provide us with a personal connection to those whose service has cost them so dearly. It compels us to confront how America treats its veterans and to consider what kind of nation deifies its soldiers and then casts them off as damaged goods.

Kosovo: Macroeconomic Issues and Fiscal Sustainability

by Robert Corker Dawn Rehm Kristina Kostial

Since the end of June 1999, IMF staff have been providing technical assistance to Kosovo to help the province rebuild its economy. This assistance has been toward setting up taxation and budgetary institutions, a payments and banking system and recently a statistical framework. Also general macroeconomic policy advice especially for budget formulation which is the main focus of this publication. The staff's work has been coordinated with the World Bank and donor agencies

Korean Crisis and Recovery

by David T. Coe Se-Jik Kim

This volume contains papers presented at a May 2001 conference in Seoul sponsored by the IMF and the Korea Institute for International Economic Policy on the Korean Crisis and Recovery. The papers examine the response to the 1997 crisis, its long-term impact on growth, and the state of financial and corporate sector reforms. Authors include academics, Korean policymakers, and IMF and World Bank staff involved in the Korean program. [from the IMF website]

Public Office, Private Interests

by Alexandra Habershon Stephanie Trapnell

"Public Office, Private Interests: Accountability through Income and Asset Disclosure" examines the objectives, design features, and implementation approaches that can contribute to the effectiveness of an income and asset disclosure (IAD) system, and enhance its impact as a prevention and enforcement tool. It draws on detailed case studies that are published in a companion volume: "Income and Asset Disclosure: Case Study Illustrations" The companion volume "Income and Asset Disclosure: Case Study Illustrations" includes case studies of the IAD systems in Argentina, Croatia, Guatemala, Hong Kong SAR, Indonesia, Jordan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Rwanda, Slovenia, and the United States. Case studies were conducted through review of the legal framework, desk research and interviews with practitioners, academics, and representatives of civil society. Each case study outlines the legal framework for the IAD regime, the mandate and structure of the IAD agency, and the resources and procedures of the IAD system. The characteristics of each system are highlighted along with other findings that illuminate the challenges faced in implementing the system, the steps taken, and the progress achieved by the IAD agency in fulfilling its mandate. There are a wide variety of approaches in IAD system design and implementation and a wide variety of challenges faced by different systems. New and emerging IAD systems may face challenges associated with resource and capacity constraints, political resistance to implementation, a lack of public awareness, or limited civil society capacity to support anticorruption efforts. Many established systems may also face the need to revise the legal framework, institutional arrangements, or enforcement mechanisms once it becomes apparent that original assumptions do not deliver expected results or unanticipated challenges emerge. There is no single optimal approach to IAD system design and implementation. Context is essential. These volumes do not, therefore, attempt to lay out a standard approach for IAD administration. Rather, they identify the objectives, features, and mechanisms that can contribute to the effectiveness of an IAD system and enhance its impact as a prevention and enforcement tool.

Broadband Strategies Handbook

by Carlo Maria Rossotto Tim Kelly

The Broadband Strategies Handbook is a guide for policymakers, regulators, and other relevant stakeholders as they address issues related to broadband development. It aims to help readers, particularly those in developing countries, by identifying issues and challenges in broadband development, analyzing potential solutions to consider, and providing practical examples from countries that have addressed broadband-related matters. The Handbook looks at how broadband is defined, why it is important, and how its development can be encouraged. Throughout the volume, broadband is viewed as an ecosystem consisting of both supply and demand components, both of which are equally important if the expansion of broadband networks and services is to be successful. In addressing the challenges and opportunities that broadband gives rise to, the Handbook discusses the policies and strategies that government officials and others should consider when developing broadband plans, including the legal and regulatory issues, what technologies are used to provide broadband, how to facilitate universal broadband access, and how to generate demand for broadband services and applications.

Japan's Lost Decade

by Tim Callen Jonathan D. Ostry

For thirteen years excess capacity and debt have weighed down the Japanese economy. This weak economic performance has implications for the world economy as a whole and so the IMF has been involved in a dialogue with the Japanese authorities to identify the policies needed to bring it out of its slump. The papers in this book are part of the process of identifying the causes and proposing solutions. They examine the weakness of the financial sector; corporate restructuring and structural reforms; fiscal policy; monetary and exchange rate policy and the impact of Japanese economic policies on the rest of Asia. The overall conclusion is that although a start has been made on necessary reforms, much still needs to be done

Japan: Selected Issues

by J. Morsink R. Ramaswamy M. Mütleisen T. Nagaoka H. Samiei H. Faruqee

This report on Selected Issues was prepared by staff from the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with Japan. Papers discuss: population ageing and its macroeconomic implications; sustainable fiscal policies for an ageing population; the yen-dollar rate; deposit insurance reform; the unemployment deflation puzzle.

Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations? An Assessment of Program Design

by Sanjeev Gupta Mark Plant Benedict Clements Thomas Dorsey Emanuele Baldacci Gabriela Inchauste Shamsuddin Tareq Nita Thacker

The creation of the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) in late 1999 represented the culmination of more than two years of internal and external reviews and IMF policy discussions on the assessment and transformation of the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility (ESAF). The PRGF now functions as the IMF's principal instrument to support low-income countries in implementing their poverty reduction strategies. Targets and policies embodied in PRGF-supported programs should emerge from the country's own poverty reduction strategy, as laid out in its PRSP or Interim PRSP (I-PRSP). Key features which PRGF programs have in common were identified as follows: Broad participation and greater ownership; Embedding of the PRGF in the overall strategy for growth and poverty reduction; Budgets that are more pro-poor and pro-growth; Appropriate flexibility in fiscal targets ensured; More selective structural conditionality; Emphasis on measures to improve public resource management/accountability; Social impact analysis of major macroeconomic adjustments and structural reforms. The remainder of this paper provides an assessment of the extent to which PRGF-supported programs have implemented the individual key features.

International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity

by Anne Y. Kester

International financial crises in the late 1990s revealed that deficiencies in countries' international reserves and related information made it difficult to anticipate and respond to crises by obscuring financial weaknesses and imbalances. This volume sets forth an innovative framework to assess countries' international reserves and foreign currency liquidity. The framework takes account of official balance-sheet and off-balance-sheet financial activities, future and potential demand for foreign exchange to meet official obligations, the availability of official foreign currency assets to meet such demand, and official risk exposure to exchange rate fluctuations. This work clarifies what international reserves are, and how international reserves and related information should be strengthened to promote informed decision making in the public and private sectors, thereby helping improve the functioning of global financial markets.

International Monetary Cooperation Since Bretton Woods

by Harold James

This comprehensive account of the management of the international monetary system from the 1944 Bretton Woods conference to the present day documents the structure and movements of the world economy during a period of dramatic change. Commissioned by the International Monetary Fund to mark its fiftieth anniversary, the work is nevertheless a fully independent one: written by an outside historian with full access to IMF archives and staff, and reviewed by an independent editorial committee. An objective study of issues and events that are often controversial, the book skillfully interweaves the history of the IMF with that of world economic developments after the Second World War. The International Monetary Fund was created at Bretton Woods, but almost immediately the rivalry between the Soviet Union and the West split the industrialized world into two economic camps. As a result the IMF's role underwent significant changes in the immediate post-war years. Harold James analyzes the system during a period of relative stability until 1971, when the United States abandoned fixed exchange rates. Since that time countries have experienced radical fluctuations in the values of their currencies and the IMF has contended with the consequences. James brings to this history a unique breadth of knowledge and mastery of both economic theory and archival sources. In a well-paced and smoothly flowing narrative, key themes emerge, including the IMF's increasing surveillance role in global capital markets and its responsivenes in ensuring international monetary stability. Recent political changes make it possible to bring to light the Fund's work promoting liberalization in planned economies. James also reveals how intellectual changes have led to increasing consensus in the world about what constitutes good economic policy. The gold standard and the dollar standard, he concludes, have been replaced by a new "information standard" under which acccurate economic information is crucial to continuing properity. A story of continuity as well as change, International Monetary Cooperation Since Bretton Woods offers enduring lessons about international economic coordination. It will be of strong interest to all those concerned with the future, as well as the past, of the world economy.

International Financial Statistics

by International Monetary Fund

This annual publication contains detailed statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance, mostly covering the years 1993-2004. The first volume contains world and area tables with data covering topics including exchange rates, fund accounts, international reserves, balance of payments and commodity prices; as well as individual country data tables for most IMF members, selected other countries and economic groupings on topics including exchange rates, international liquidity, interest rates, international investment, balance of payments, and national accounts. The second volumes contains country notes with details of compilation techniques and data sources used.

International Financial Policy

by International Monetary Fund

This report reviews and assesses recent developments in the mature and emerging markets and continues the analysis of key structural changes in global financial markets that has been presented in previous reports. The survey generally covers the 12-month period ending in June 2000. Over this period global financial conditions in the main improved in tandem with the strong rebound of the global economy. Credit concerns have eased following the most severe market turbulence in the post war period and global investors became more willing to engage in risk taking. The continued rapid growth of US productivity - largely related to the 'new economy' - helped sustain the low inflation expansion in the United States, and spurred US and worldwide investment. Chapters in the report focus on emerging market financing; private sector involvement in crisis prevention and resolution; the role of foreign banks in emerging markets.

International Capital Markets

by International Monetary Fund

This report reviews and assesses recent developments in the mature and emerging markets and continues the analysis of key structural changes in global financial markets that has been presented in previous reports. The survey generally covers the 12-month period ending in June 2000. Over this period global financial conditions in the main improved in tandem with the strong rebound of the global economy. Credit concerns have eased following the most severe market turbulence in the post war period and global investors became more willing to engage in risk taking. The continued rapid growth of US productivity - largely related to the 'new economy' - helped sustain the low inflation expansion in the United States, and spurred US and worldwide investment. Chapters in the report focus on emerging market financing; private sector involvement in crisis prevention and resolution; the role of foreign banks in emerging markets.

International Capital Markets

by Maxwell Watson Donald Mathieson Russell Kincaid Eliot Kalter

This report reviews and assesses recent developments in the mature and emerging markets and continues the analysis of key structural changes in global financial markets that has been presented in previous reports. The survey generally covers the 12-month period ending in June 2000. Over this period global financial conditions in the main improved in tandem with the strong rebound of the global economy. Credit concerns have eased following the most severe market turbulence in the post war period and global investors became more willing to engage in risk taking. The continued rapid growth of US productivity - largely related to the 'new economy' - helped sustain the low inflation expansion in the United States, and spurred US and worldwide investment. Chapters in the report focus on emerging market financing; private sector involvement in crisis prevention and resolution; the role of foreign banks in emerging markets.

International Capital Markets: Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues

by Donald J. Mathieson Garry J. Schinasi

This analysis of international capital markets is based on discussions with commercial and investment banks, securities firms, insurance companies, pension funds, stock exchanges, regulatory authorities, finance ministries, credit rating agencies and the Bank for International Settlement. It reflects information available up to the end of May 2001. The chapter headings are: developments and trends in mature capital markets; emerging market financing; the changing structure of the Major government securities markets; financial sector consolidation in emerging markets; staff appraisal

Integrating Europe's Financial Markets

by Jörg Decressin Hamid Faruqee Wim Fonteyne

This publication traces the European Union's journey along the path to a single financial market and identifies the challenges and priorities that remain ahead. It examines recent integration efforts in the EU following the introduction of the euro, the importance of financial integration for economic growth, the interplay between banks and markets, and equity market integration, as well as the relationship between financial integration and financial stability.

Inflation Targeting in Practice

by International Monetary Fund

There is widespread and growing consensus that the single most important goal of monetary policy should be the pursuit of price stability. To reflect this an increasing number of central banks have been granted independence and charged with the exclusive objective of controlling inflation. In January 1999 the Central Bank of Brazil decided to adopt an explicit inflation targeting approach. To inform this process the Bank and the International Monetary Fund held a seminar in Rio de Janeiro on 3-5 May 1999, from which this publication arose. The seminar's purpose was to analyse the experience of countries that have been operating under an inflation targeting framework, and to identify and review the steps that countries like Brazil should consider in adopting such a framework, to enhance the chances of its success. Experts from 10 central banks joined with officials from the Central Bank of Brazil and the IMF for an in-depth examination of recent experience, including aspects of the design and operation of inflation targeting in both developed and emerging economies. This report brings together summaries of the presentations given at the seminar, and presents a concise guide to the theoretical considerations and practical aspects that are key in assessing the benefits and costs of adopting an inflation targeting monetary strategy.

IMF Staff Country Reports

by David Burton Leslie Lipschitz

Dated November 1999.

INDIA at the Crossroads

by Tim Callen Patricia Reynolds Christopher Towe

Macroeconomic developments during 2000 including a rebound of inflation, slowing industrial production, and downward pressure on the rupee and stock prices and have tempered optimism for India's macroeconomic performance during the last decade. They also underscore the longer-standing question of whether the basis for achieving sustained and rapid growth has yet been established in India. Most notably, fiscal policy, structural policy and poverty. These issues have been at the core of the ongoing policy dialog between the IMF staff and the Indian authorities, and this volume brings together some of the IMF staff's more recent analysis of these topics. Four main issues are addressed. Part I explores the factors underlying India's success in avoiding significant fallout from the Asia crisis and addresses broader questions regarding India's external vulnerability. Part II discusses the fiscal situation and the extent to which recent policies pose risks to India's growth prospects and debt sustainability. Monetary policy and financial sector reform are considered in Part III, and structural issues, including those related to poverty and interstate growth and structural policy implementation are covered in Part IV.

IMF-Supported Programs

by Ashoka Mody Alessandro Rebucci

Research work by the IMF's staff on the effectiveness of the country programs the organization supports, which has long been carried out, has intensified in recent years IMF analysts have sought to "open up the black box" by more closely examining program design and implementation, as well as how these influence programs' effectiveness. Their efforts have also focused on identifying the lending, signaling, and monitoring features of the IMF that may affect member countries' economic performance. This book reports on a large portion of both the new and the continuing research. It concludes that IMF programs work best where domestic politics and institutions permit the timely implementation of the necessary measures and when a country is vulnerable to, but not yet in, a crisis. It points to the need for a wider recognition of the substantial diversity among IMF member countries and for programs to be tailored accordingly while broadly maintaining the IMF's general principle of uniformity of treatment.

Using Mac OS X Lion Server

by Charles Edge

<p>If you&#8217;re considering a Mac OS X server for your small business, school, nonprofit, or home network, this easy-to-follow guide will help you get up and running in no time. You&#8217;ll learn how to share files, mail, and calendar information on your desktops, iPads, iPhones, and other devices, whether you&#8217;re new to Mac OS X servers or need to update your skills for the Lion edition.</p>

Enabling Programmable Self with HealthVault

by Vaibhav Bhandari

<p>Personal health and fitness has joined the digital revolution. Using Microsoft HealthVault, people interested in monitoring their health have an unprecedented opportunity to research their own data. This concise book explains how HealthVault users can collect and analyze their data, and how application developers can help them with mobile or web-based applications.</p>

IMF Staff Papers

by Robert Flood Eswar S. Prasad Sean M. Culhane Nicolas Magud Rosalind Oliver

An Unbiased Appraisal of Purchasing Power ParityPaul Cashin and C. John McDermottIs Africa Integrated in the Global Economy?Arvind Subramanian and Natalia T. TamirisaThe High-Yield Spread as a Predictor of Real Economic Activity: Evidence of a Financial Accelerator for the United StatesAshoka Mody and Mark P. TaylorThe Art of Making Everybody Happy: How to Prevent a SecessionMichel Le Breton and Shlomo WeberRationing Rules and Outcomes: The Experience of Singapore's Vehicle Quota SystemLing Hui Tan"Big Bang" Versus Gradualism in Economic Reforms: An Intertemporal Analysis with an Application to ChinaAndrew Feltenstein and Saleh M. NsouliStructural Vulnerabilities and Currency CrisesSwati R. Ghosh and Atish R. Ghosh

Collaborative Statistics

by Barbara Illowsky Susan Dean

Collaborative Statistics was written by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean, faculty members at De Anza College in Cupertino, California. The textbook was developed over several years and has been used in regular and honors-level classroom settings and in distance learning classes. This textbook is intended for introductory statistics courses being taken by students at two- and four-year colleges who are majoring in fields other than math or engineering. Intermediate algebra is the only prerequisite. The book focuses on applications of statistical knowledge rather than the theory behind it.

The IMF's Data Dissemination Initiative After 10 Years

by William E. Alexander John Cady Gonzalez-Garcia Jesus

The Data Dissemination Initiative was launched in the mid-1990s as part of a broader internationally-agreed-upon initiative to strengthen transparency and promote good governance practices by establishing standards and codes. Ten years later, the initiative is viewed as an integral part of the international financial architecture, and is considered to have improved the functioning of international financial markets and contributed to global financial stability. This volume reviews certain aspects of the development of and experience with the initiative over the past decade, and concludes by reflecting on potential challenges ahead and possible enhancements.

Showing 45,201 through 45,225 of 70,742 results

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