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A Natural History of Wine

by Rob Desalle Ian Tattersall Patricia J. Wynne

An excellent bottle of wine can be the spark that inspires a brainstorming session. Such was the case for Ian Tattersall and Rob DeSalle, scientists who frequently collaborate on book and museum exhibition projects. When the conversation turned to wine one evening, it almost inevitably led the two-one a palaeoanthropologist, the other a molecular biologist-to begin exploring the many intersections between science and wine. This book presents their fascinating, freewheeling answers to the question "What can science tell us about wine?" And vice versa. Conversational and accessible to everyone, this colorfully illustrated book embraces almost every imaginable area of the sciences, from microbiology and ecology (for an understanding of what creates this complex beverage) to physiology and neurobiology (for insight into the effects of wine on the mind and body). The authors draw on physics, chemistry, biochemistry, evolution, and climatology, and they expand the discussion to include insights from anthropology, primatology, entomology, Neolithic archaeology, and even classical history. The resulting volume is indispensible for anyone who wishes to appreciate wine to its fullest. "

Natural Hospital Birth

by Cynthia Gabriel

A complete and reassuring guide to natural childbirth in a hospital setting.

Natural Kinds and Conceptual Change

by Joseph Laporte

According to the received tradition, the language used to to refer to natural kinds in scientific discourse remains stable even as theories about these kinds are refined. In this illuminating book, Joseph LaPorte argues that scientists do not discover that sentences about natural kinds, like 'Whales are mammals, not fish', are true rather than false. Instead, scientists find that these sentences were vague in the language of earlier speakers and they refine the meanings of the relevant natural-kind terms to make the sentences true. Hence, scientists change the meaning of these terms, This conclusions prompts LaPorte to examine the consequences of this change in meaning for the issue of incommensurability and for the progress of science. This book will appeal to students and professional in the philosophy of science, the philosophy of biology and the philosophy of language.

Natural Language Annotation for Machine Learning

by James Pustejovsky Amber Stubbs

Create your own natural language training corpus for machine learning. Whether you're working with English, Chinese, or any other natural language, this hands-on book guides you through a proven annotation development cycle--the process of adding metadata to your training corpus to help ML algorithms work more efficiently. You don't need any programming or linguistics experience to get started. Using detailed examples at every step, you'll learn how the MATTER Annotation Development Process helps you Model, Annotate, Train, Test, Evaluate, and Revise your training corpus. You also get a complete walkthrough of a real-world annotation project. Define a clear annotation goal before collecting your dataset (corpus) Learn tools for analyzing the linguistic content of your corpus Build a model and specification for your annotation project Examine the different annotation formats, from basic XML to the Linguistic Annotation Framework Create a gold standard corpus that can be used to train and test ML algorithms Select the ML algorithms that will process your annotated data Evaluate the test results and revise your annotation task Learn how to use lightweight software for annotating texts and adjudicating the annotations This book is a perfect companion to O'Reilly's Natural Language Processing with Python.

Natural Law

by G. W. F. Hegel John R. Silber T. M. Knox H. B. Acton

One of the central problems in the history of moral and political philosophy since antiquity has been to explain how human society and its civil institutions came into being. In attempting to solve this problem philosophers developed the idea of natural law, which for many centuries was used to describe the system of fundamental, rational principles presumed universally to govern human behavior in society. By the eighteenth century the doctrine of natural law had engendered the related doctrine of natural rights, which gained reinforcement most famously in the American and French revolutions. According to this view, human society arose through the association of individuals who might have chosen to live alone in scattered isolation and who, in coming together, were regarded as entering into a social contract.In this important early essay, first published in English in this definitive translation in 1975 and now returned to print, Hegel utterly rejects the notion that society is purposely formed by voluntary association. Indeed, he goes further than this, asserting in effect that the laws brought about in various countries in response to force, accident, and deliberation are far more fundamental than any law of nature supposed to be valid always and everywhere. In expounding his view Hegel not only dispenses with the empiricist explanations of Hobbes, Hume, and others but also, at the heart of this work, offers an extended critique of the so-called formalist positions of Kant and Fichte.

The Natural Law Foundations of Modern Social Theory

by Daniel Chernilo

After several decades in which it became a prime target for critique, universalism remains one of the most important issues in social and political thought. Daniel Chernilo reassesses the universalistic orientation of social theory and explains its origins in natural law theory, using an impressive array of classical and contemporary sources that include, among others, Jürgen Habermas, Karl Löwith, Leo Strauss, Weber, Marx, Hegel, Rousseau and Hobbes. 'The Natural Law Foundations of Modern Social Theory' challenges previous accounts of the rise of social theory, recovers a strong idea of humanity and revisits conventional arguments on sociology's relationship to modernity, the Enlightenment and natural law. It reconnects social theory to its scientific and philosophical roots, its descriptive and normative tasks and its historical and systematic planes. Chernilo's defence of universalism for contemporary social theory will surely engage students of sociology, political theory and moral philosophy alike.

Natural Law in Jurisprudence and Politics

by Mark C. Murphy

Natural law is a perennial though poorly represented and understood issue in political philosophy and the philosophy of law. In this 2006 book, Mark C. Murphy argues that the central thesis of natural law jurisprudence - that law is backed by decisive reasons for compliance - sets the agenda for natural law political philosophy, demonstrating how law gains its binding force by way of the common good of the political community. Murphy's work ranges over the central questions of natural law jurisprudence and political philosophy, including the formulation and defense of the natural law jurisprudential thesis, the nature of the common good, the connection between the promotion of the common good and requirement of obedience to law, and the justification of punishment.

Natural Medicine for Weight Loss

by Deborah Mitchell

DO YOU KNOW... The metabolic rate of two people of the same age, sex, and body type may vary as much as 20 percent; Most of the weight loss from popular high-protein diets is water? and not fat; An addiction to sugar can make it impossible for you to lose weight--unless you know the simple steps (and dietary supplements) for breaking it; Thermogenic agents can trigger your body to burn fat--safely (Find out which ones are recommended? and which to avoid); An herbal form of phen-fen is available without the health risks of the prescription drug; Lemon water or apple cider vinegar can reduce cravings (no kidding!); Acupressure you can do yourself will boost your metabolism--and reduce bloating. Find out how in Natural Medicine for Weight Loss.

Natural Meditation

by Dean Sluyter

There's no trying in meditation.Just as water runs naturally downhill ... just as leaves float naturally to the ground ... we can all settle naturally into meditation. Not trying, just allowing--not doing, just being.The key is effortlessness. Whether you're a complete novice or you've "tried it before," if you can breathe you can meditate. Guided by veteran teacher Dean Sluyter's easy-going, down-to-earth approach, you'll test-drive a variety of meditative "vehicles," such as breath, sound, the senses, the sky, and the simple sense of "I," and discover which ones fit you best. You'll find all the practical tips you need for adapting these methods to your daily life, even for a few minutes a day on the subway or in an office cubicle. And as your life opens to deep happiness, clarity, peace, and creative energy, you'll be inspired to keep on practicing--naturally. opens to deep happiness, clarity, peace, and creative energy, you'll be inspired to keep on practicing--naturally. cliche or jargon, he shows that meditation is natural and effortless, and can be practiced by anyone who simply wishes to avail themselves of the peace that lies in the depths of their being at all times and under all circumstances." --Rupert Spira, author of The Transparency of Things, Presence and The Ashes of Love

Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

by David B. Wong

In this book, David B. Wong defends an ambitious and important new version of moral relativism. He does not espouse the type of relativism that says anything goes, but he does start with a relativist stance against alternative theories such that there need not be only one universal truth. Wong proposes that there can be a plurality of true moralities existing across different traditions and cultures, all with one core human question as to how we can all live together.

Natural Nutrition for Dogs and Cats: The Ultimate Diet

by Kymythy Schultze

The author explains why a raw meat-based diet is more natural and healthy for your pet, and how to prepare it.

Natural Pet Care: How to Improve Your Animal's Quality of Life

by Gary Null

Right now, there are more pets in America than people, and many count their pets among the most beloved members of their family. However, a surprising number of pet owners are not aware that the lifestyle they provide their companions may not be a healthy one. Gary Null has helped countless Americans improve their diets and their health with his natural approach to healthy living and skepticism of the healthcare and pharmaceutical industries. Now, with Natural Pet Care , he carefully and compassionately lays out the ways we can improve our pets' health and lives. Natural Pet Care includes "Animals on the Move", which explains the importance of proper exercise, "Everybody in the Tub!", which covers natural bathing and grooming products and techniques, "The Impetuous Pet", which helps in understanding your animal's behavior, and appendices for those seeking holistic veterinary care, pet friendly lodgings and animal friendly organizations. Natural Pet Care also provides sources for natural pet foods and products, while scrutinizing the pet food industry. He describes, for instance, that almost any dog owner would be horrified to learn what really goes into most commercial dog foods--even some of the more expensive brands--including "slaughterhouse throwaways" and diseased animal parts. As an alternative, Null offers "The Tao of Chow," in which he recommends countless natural alternatives that can easily be made at home--recipes included--and which can prolong and improve your pet's life. With this book on your reference shelf, you and your spectacular pet will be ready to tackle anything naturally! Natural Pet Care deals extensively with the health of dogs and cats, but also is devoted to other common pets, including birds, rabbits, ferrets, fish, horses, rodents, and snakes. Long overdue, Gary Null's Natural Pet Care will help pet owners provide their furry, feathered, and scaled companions with the healthy lifestyle they need and deserve.

Natural Pregnancy

by Lauren Feder

THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO A HEALTHY, NATURAL PREGNANCY Pregnancy and childbirth can be one of the most exciting times in a couple's life. With Natural Pregnancy, you can make informed, educated decisions about your pregnancy to ensure your baby is born happy and healthy--naturally. Natural Pregnancy is the perfect resource for expectant parents; whether you choose to opt for an all-natural birth, or are looking to combine conventional treatments with homeopathy and holistic medicine, Natural Pregnancy is the all-in-one reference to keep your pregnancy simple and safe. Natural Pregnancy answers your questions and offers advice on common topics, including: * Prenatal tests and procedures, including ultrasound and amniocentesis * Vaccinations during pregnancy * Homeopathic medicine for common pregnancy conditions and easier childbirth * Midwives and doulas* Home birth * Homeopathy for healing after amniocentesis, perineal tears, and cesarean section ...and much more!As medical techniques continue to advance, natural births are now safer than ever. For any parent looking to approach pregnancy and childbirth in a more holistic and natural way, Natural Pregnancy is your authoritative and reliable resource each step of the way.

The Natural Pregnancy Book

by Ina May Gaskin Aviva Jill Romm

Reading The Natural Pregnancy Book is like having your own personal herbalist and midwife at your side. Expertly written by Aviva Jill Romm, who has been providing family-centered natural health care for almost twenty years, it guides women through treating the common ills and ailments of pregnancy simply with herbs and nutrition. Aviva thoughtfully follows the woman's journey from baby's conception to birth, describing herbs that can promote and maintain a healthy pregnancy, along with those you should avoid during your term. Her herbal remedies cover such familiar concerns as anxiety, fatigue, morning sickness, and stretch marks. She also discusses the components of a healthy diet, with an emphasis on natural foods. With its detailed information and comforting voice, The Natural Pregnancy Book is a complete primer for the woman who envisions a safe pregnancy as nature intended it. Book jacket.

The Natural Pregnancy Book, Third Edition

by Ina May Gaskin Aviva Jill Romm

A revised and updated edition of the classic handbook for women seeking a safe, organic, eco-friendly, and natural pregnancy, featuring an integrative-based approach with new medical, herbal, and nutritional information.Over the last two decades, The Natural Pregnancy Book has ushered thousands of women through happy and healthy pregnancies. Addressing women's health from conception to birth, Dr. Romm describes herbs that can promote and maintain a healthy pregnancy, and allays such familiar concerns as anxiety, fatigue, morning sickness, and stretch marks. She also discusses the components of a healthy diet, with an emphasis on natural foods. New to this edition is integrative health advice based on Dr. Romm's new credentials as a Yale-trained physician, combined with her twenty years of experience as a midwife and herbalist.

Natural Prozac

by Joel C. Robertson

Scientifically proven and easy to follow, Dr Joel Robertson's groundbreaking lifestyle program makes a significant advance in treating and overcoming depression and its debilitating effects without drugs. With more than 21 million people now using Prozac and other anti-depressants worldwide, this book comprises an enormous breakthrough: an all-natural method anyone can use to regain control of their physical and emotional health. Robertson, an expert in pharmacology and brain chemistry, has been using this method with remarkable success for more than twenty years. His approach uses the body's own natural chemistry to restore the brain's chemical balance and end the dangerous cycle of negative thought patterns and behaviour that cause depression to recur. With detailed instructions on developing a tailored program of diet and exercise, new techniques for understanding and breaking free of negative habits, and targeted exercises for burning up self-destructive chemicals. Natural Prozac gives every depression sufferer a new option.

Natural Questions

by Lucius Annaeus Seneca

Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BCE-65 CE) was a Roman Stoic philosopher, dramatist, statesman, and adviser to the emperor Nero, all during the Silver Age of Latin literature. The Complete Works of Lucius Annaeus Seneca is a fresh and compelling series of new English-language translations of his works in eight accessible volumes. Edited by world-renowned classicists Elizabeth Asmis, Shadi Bartsch, and Martha C. Nussbaum, this engaging collection restores Seneca--whose works have been highly praised by modern authors from Desiderius Erasmus to Ralph Waldo Emerson--to his rightful place among the classical writers most widely studied in the humanities. Written near the end of Seneca's life, Natural Questions is a work in which Seneca expounds and comments on the natural sciences of his day--rivers and earthquakes, wind and snow, meteors and comets--offering us a valuable look at the ancient scientific mind at work. The modern reader will find fascinating insights into ancient philosophical and scientific approaches to the physical world and also vivid evocations of the grandeur, beauty, and terror of nature.

Natural Reflections: Human Cognition at the Nexus of Science and Religion

by Barbara Herrnstein Smith

In this important and original book, eminent scholar Barbara Herrnstein Smith describes, assesses, and reflects upon a set of contemporary intellectual projects involving science, religion, and human cognition. One, which Smith calls "the New Naturalism," is the effort to explain religion on the basis of cognitive science. Another, which she calls "the New Natural Theology," is the attempt to reconcile natural-scientific accounts of the world with traditional religious belief. These two projects, she suggests, are in many ways mirror images--or "natural reflections"--of each other. Examining these and related efforts from the perspective of a constructivist-pragmatist epistemology, Smith argues that crucial aspects of belief--religious and other--that remain elusive or invisible under dominant rationalist and computational models are illuminated by views of human cognition that stress its dynamic, embodied, and interactive features. She also demonstrates how constructivist understandings of the formation and stabilization of knowledge--scientific and other--alert us to similarities in the springs of science and religion that are elsewhere seen largely in terms of difference and contrast. InNatural Reflections,Smith develops a sophisticated approach to issues often framed only polemically. Recognizing science and religion as complex, distinct domains of human practice, she also insists on their significant historical connections and cognitive continuities and offers important new modes of engagement with each of them.

The Natural Remedy Bible

by Tierra Lust

Fully revised and updated by Michael Tierra -- one of the nation's leading authorities on natural treatments for healthful living The Natural Remedy Bible will help you work with nature to restore and maintain the gift of good health -- naturally. In this comprehensive, easy-to-use guide you'll find: An alphabetical listing of over 200 common illnesses, fully defined and described with symptoms and causes Prescribed natural methods of treatment, including herbal remedies, water therapy, exercise, vitamins, and nutritional foods for successful healing Step-by-step instructions for proper methods of application, from baths and herbal additives to compresses and facial packs A complete dictionary of resources: food, herbs, even health and beauty aids ...and much more in this invaluable reference that makes healing a natural, harmonious process -- and puts you on the path toward lifelong well-being.

Natural Remedy Book for Dogs and Cats

by Diane Stein

This book is delightful as well as most informative.

The Natural Remedy Book for Women

by Diane Stein

A powerful voice in the Women's Spirituality movement offers a self-help guide to holistic health care. Part 1 presents ten natural healing methods in depth; Part 2 describes 50 common health issues and diseases, with remedies from all ten methods given for each. Illustrated.

Natural Resources

by Jasper S. Lee

Natural Resources covers the following topics: IMPORTANCE OF NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVING RENEWABLE NATURAL RESOURCES LAND CONSERVING NONRENEWABLE NATURAL RESOURCES SUSTAINING NATURAL RESOURCES ENJOYING NATURAL RESOURCES

Natural Right and History

by Leo Strauss

In this classic work, Leo Strauss examines the problem of natural right and argues that there is a firm foundation in reality for the distinction between right and wrong in ethics and politics. On the centenary of Strauss's birth, and the fiftieth anniversary of the Walgreen Lectures which spawned the work, Natural Right and History remains as controversial and essential as ever. "Strauss . . . makes a significant contribution towards an understanding of the intellectual crisis in which we find ourselves . . . [and] brings to his task an admirable scholarship and a brilliant, incisive mind. "--John H. Hallowell, American Political Science Review Leo Strauss (1899-1973) was the Robert Maynard Hutchins Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in Political Science at the University of Chicago.

Natural Science

by Immanuel Kant Eric Watkins

Though Kant is best known for his strictly philosophical works in the 1780s, many of his early publications in particular were devoted to what we would call 'natural science'. Kant's Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens (1755) made a significant advance in cosmology, and he was also instrumental in establishing the newly emerging discipline of physical geography, lecturing on it for almost his entire career. In this volume Eric Watkins brings together new English translations of Kant's first publication, Thoughts on the True Estimation of Living Forces (1746-1749), the entirety of Physical Geography (1802), a series of shorter essays, along with many of Kant's most important publications in natural science. The volume is rich in material for the student and the scholar, with extensive linguistic and explanatory notes, editorial introductions and a glossary of key terms.

Natural Selection

by Dave Freedman

A shocking biological discovery. A previously unknown predatory species. Evolving just like the dinosaurs. Now. Today. Being forced out of its world and into man's for a violent first encounter. Weaving science and thriller in a way not seen since Jurassic Park, Natural Selection introduces a phenomenally dangerous new species that is rapidly adapting in a way never before seen .... A mystery. A chase. A vast expansive puzzle. A team of marine scientists is on the verge of making the most stunning discovery in the history of man. In their quest for answers, they engage a host of fascinating characters. The world's premier neurology expert. A specialist on animal teeth. Flight simulation wizards, evolution historians, deep sea geologists, and so many more. Along the way, the team of six men and women experience love, friendship, loyalty and betrayal. Together, they set off to exotic locales. Literally to the bottom of the ocean. To a vast and mysterious redwood forest. To an unknown complex of massive caves. When people start dying, the stakes are upped even further. Then the real hunt begins .... Loaded with astonishing action sequences, Natural Selection is that rare breed of thriller, filled with intricately layered research, real three-dimensional characters, and tornado pacing.

Showing 138,026 through 138,050 of 193,512 results

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