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What do information security and the art of war have in common? The answer, this book argues, is a great deal. Although the authors have an expert technical knowledge of information security, they strongly believe that technical and procedural measures cannot offer a solution on their own. Information security is not painting by numbers. You can tick all the right boxes and acquire the latest technology, and you may fail all the same. This is because information security is ultimately a human problem, not a technical one. In the end, the threats to your information security come from human beings, not from machines. Although one problem you will face is simple human error, the major threat to your business information is from the criminal. Cybercrime is on the move. It is in a state of constant evolution, capable of adapting both to developments in technology and to whatever security measures its targets have already put in place. It will seek out your weak points in order to exploit them for its own advantage. However, although the people who want to harm your business will try to take you by surprise, they are also bound to have weaknesses of their own. Because the activity of the cybercriminal is both deliberate and hostile, they can be compared to a military adversary. So if you want to defend yourself from cybercrime you can learn from military strategy. Fighting cybercrime is about more than bureaucracy and compliance. Your company's approach to information security has to be integrated with your overall business goals. The people at the top have to provide leadership, while the people at the bottom need to understand the company's information security policy and be able to show initiative when faced with an unexpected attack. If you want to take active steps to deter the cybercriminal, then this book is for you. It will help you plan the right strategy for defending your business from cybercrime.
Assessing Learners with Special Needs: An Applied Approach, seventh edition, is a practical book designed to teach you about the complex procedures of the assessment process. Each chapter starts out with a chapter focus that contains CEC Knowledge and Skills Standards that show you what you are expected to master in the chapter. Concepts are presented in a step-by-step manner followed by exercises that help you understand each step. Portions of assessment instruments, protocols, and scoring tables are provided to help you with the practice exercises. Additionally, you will participate in the educational decision-making process using data from classroom observations, curriculum-based assessment, functional behavior assessment, and norm-referenced assessment. New to the seventh edition: An emphasis on progress monitoring, including progress monitoring applied to the acquisition of knowledge and skills presented in this text The assessment process according to the regulations of IDEA 2004 A separate chapter on transition issues and assessment A separate chapter on assessment in infancy and early childhood A new chapter on the measurement aspects of Response to Intervention Increased consideration of students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds in the assessment process
Humans' development of literacy has been a recent focus of intense research from the reading, cognitive, and neuroscience fields. But for individuals who are deaf--who rely greatly on their visual skills for language and learning--the findings don't necessarily apply, leaving theoretical and practical gaps in approaches to their education. Assessing Literacy in Deaf Individuals: Neurocognitive Measurement and Predictors narrows these gaps by introducing the VL2 Toolkit, a comprehensive test battery for assessing the academic skills and cognitive functioning of deaf persons who use sign language. Skills measured include executive functioning, memory, reading, visuospatial ability, writing fluency, math, and expressive and receptive language. Comprehensive data are provided for each, with discussion of validity and reliability issues as well as ethical and legal questions involved in the study. And background chapters explain how the Toolkit was compiled, describing the procedures of the study, its rationale, and salient characteristics of its participants. This notable book: Describes each Toolkit instrument and the psychometric properties it measures. Presents detailed findings on test measures and relationships between skills. Discusses issues and challenges relating to visual representations of English, including fingerspelling and lipreading. Features a factor analysis of the Toolkit measures to identify underlying cognitive structures in deaf learners. Reviews trends in American Sign Language assessment. Assessing Literacy in Deaf Individuals is an essential reference for researchers, graduate students, clinicians, and other professionals working in the field of deafness and deaf education across in such areas as clinical child and school psychology, audiology, and linguistics.
Written by members of the Microsoft security team, this book presents network testing strategies, including vulnerability scanning and penetration testing. It provides guidance on how to perform security assessments, uncover vulnerabilities, and apply appropriate countermeasures. A companion CD contains the text of the book, plus tools and scripts for securing email, databases, and web servers. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc. , Portland, OR (booknews. com)
Presents the results of a two-year study that analyzes how patient safety practices are being adopted by U.S. health care providers, examines hospital experiences with a patient safety culture survey, and assesses patient safety outcomes trends. In case studies of four U.S. communities, researchers collected information on the dynamics of local patient safety activities and on adoption of safe practices by hospitals.
A comprehensive resource for assessment practitioners, this book provides step-by-step guidance for developing, administering, scoring, and validating a range of performance tasks, including literacy and other types of proficiency assessments. The authors explore how to establish the purpose of the assessment and how to develop scoring tools, train raters, reduce rater bias, review scores and report results, and use item-level and test-level analyses to optimize reliability and validity. Clearly written and well organized, the book includes many practical examples and accessible explanations of concepts and statistical procedures. It encompasses the breadth of applications of performance assessment today, from educational testing and the credentialing of professionals to research and program evaluation. User-friendly features include Checklists of activities to complete at each stage of a performance assessment End-of-chapter questions to facilitate self-study Annotated suggestions for further reading A quick-reference glossary of terms Examples drawn from multiple educational and professional licensure contexts
The first edition of Assessing Student Learning has become the standard reference for college faculty and administrators who are charged with the task of assessing student learning within their institutions. The second edition of this landmark book offers the same practical guidance and is designed to meet ever-increasing demands for improvement and accountability. This edition includes expanded coverage of vital assessment topics such as promoting an assessment culture, characteristics of good assessment, audiences for assessment, organizing and coordinating assessment, assessing attitudes and values, setting benchmarks and standards, and using results to inform and improve teaching, learning, planning, and decision making.
Assessing the Assessment: A Critical Look at the June 2003 Assessment of the United Kingdom's Five Tests for Euro Entryby Carlo Cottarelli Julio Escolano
A report from the International Monetary Fund.
A practical handbook for practitioners that covers the assessment, treatment and management of sexual offenders with intellectual disabilities - an area of growing interest within clinical forensic psychology. New for the Wiley Series in Forensic Clinical Psychology: a practical handbook that covers the assessment, treatment and management of sexual offenders with intellectual disabilitiesSummarises the research literature on the characteristics and prevalence of sexual offenders with intellectual disabilitiesDiscusses risk assessment and innovations in treatment and managementIncludes contributors world-renowned in the field of assessment and treatment of sexual offenders with intellectual disabilities such as Tony Ward, Glynis Murphy, and Douglas Boer
Evidence-based approaches to diagnosing and treating PTSD in an array of specific populations and settingsThis timely, practical guide for busy professionals:Covers strategies for those working in specialized practice settings, such as primary care facilities, prisons, and hospitals for the severely mentally illOffers guidelines for conducting forensic evaluationsProvides information on malingering assessmentExplores new frontiers in PTSD assessment, including neuroimaging and genetic testingOffers practical guidance on the assessment of most recognized comorbid conditionsDiscusses the roles of ethnicity, race, and culture in assessing and treating PTSDOffers assessment strategies for specific populations, including veterans, children, and the severely impaired
A comprehensive expansion to the essential higher education assessment textThis second edition of Assessment Essentials updates the bestselling first edition, the go-to resource on outcomes assessment in higher education. In this thoroughly revised edition, you will find, in a familiar framework, nearly all new material, examples from more than 100 campuses, and indispensable descriptions of direct and indirect assessment methods that have helped to educate faculty, staff, and students about assessment.Outcomes assessment is of increasing importance in higher education, especially as new technologies and policy proposals spotlight performance-based success measures. Leading authorities Trudy Banta and Catherine Palomba draw on research, standards, and best practices to address the timeless and timeliest issues in higher education accountability. New topics include:Using electronic portfolios in assessmentRubrics and course-embedded assessmentAssessment in student affairsAssessing institutional effectivenessAs always, the step-by-step approach of Assessment Essentials will guide you through the process of developing an assessment program, from the research and planning phase to implementation and beyond, with more than 100 examples along the way. Assessment data are increasingly being used to guide everything from funding to hiring to curriculum decisions, and all faculty and staff will need to know how to use them effectively. Perfect for anyone new to the assessment process, as well as for the growing number of assessment professionals, this expanded edition of Assessment Essentials will be an essential resource on every college campus.
This cutting-edge volume offers a complete primer on conducting problem-solving based assessments in school or clinical settings. Presented are an effective framework and up-to-date tools for identifying and remediating the many environmental factors that may contribute to a student's academic, emotional, or behavioral difficulties, and for improving all children's educational outcomes. Concise, consistently formatted chapters from leading researchers describe problem-solving based applications of such core assessment methods as interviews, observations, rating scales, curriculum-based measurement, functional behavioral assessment, and published tests. Including helpful case examples to demonstrate each method in action, the volume also offers invaluable tips on collaborating with teachers and school administrators, writing solution-focused psychoeducational reports, and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions.
Assessment for Teaching is a comprehensive and practical introduction to assessment and learning in primary and secondary school settings. This book treats assessment as a source of data that informs teaching strategies. It replaces a deficit model of assessment with a development model: a framework which recognises the importance of identifying what the student is ready to learn. The book also promotes collaboration between teachers in professional learning teams - encouraging the sharing of assessment data and team-based interpretation - to improve student outcomes and to plan goals for students based on a development scale. Each chapter contains: - an exercise for applying the course content to classroom practice - a response template for the exercise - guidelines on assessing the value of the exercise in a professional learning team - a short test for participants to cross-check their understanding of the course content This is an essential resource for both pre-service and in-service teachers.
Written for preschool and primary school teachers involved in preparing for, administering, interpreting, and moving forward with the results of informal and standardized testing, Wortham's Assessment in Early Childhood Education, Sixth Edition, is one of the most accessible and practical books available in measurement and evaluation examines both standardized and informal assessment tools from a developmental perspective, focusing entirely on children between birth and age eight. Key changes to this edition include: a new emphasis on building partnerships with families with the inclusion of a diverse array of parents and families as examples; revised and expanded information on children from diverse cultures and languages and children with disabilities; updated and streamlined figures, examples, and models of assessment are found throughout the text; activities at the end of the chapters provide opportunities for students to apply their own performance activities and demonstrate understanding of chapter content; updated content on the effects of No Child Left Behind; and new information on current trends toward accountability and the impact of high-stakes testing.
`This is an invigorating and very thought-provoking text, that I would recommend to all early years professionals, parents and citizens interested in developing their understanding of early years philosophy in action, which is directly linked to a compelling research paradigm and deep reflection alongside a sound theoretical base' - Early Years `I would recommend this book to practitioners interested in reflecting on their own practice and approach to assessment. The insights provided are thought-provoking and promote a practical and positive approach to early years assessment' - Early Talk `This thoughtful book challenges the standard assessment process that is commonly employed within the context of early years provision. For any practitioners working in early years setting this is a powerful and exciting book that helps to remind us that the child must be placed centrally within the assessment process, not as a recipient but as a proactive contributor to the situation'- Child Language Teaching and Therapy `This is a highly relevant text as some UK early childhood educators become engulfed with avalanches of tick sheets! A most useful book which contributes to the current vital debate about when, what and how we should access young children's progress' - T.A.C.T.Y.C Newsletter `I found Margaret Carr's book fascinating... the ideas and arguments put forward are well worth mulling over' - Early Years Educator `This is an inspiring book from bilingual, bicultural New Zealand about revolutionizing the assessment of young children's learning and progress.... I hope this book inspires United Kingdom practitioners to set out on learning story journeys' - Nursery World `This book manages to blend recognized theory and recent research with practice. I found it easy, and sometimes enjoyable, to read; it provided plenty of "food for thought" as well as references on "how to". I would recommend it to all early childhood practitioners, not just those considering their current assessment procedures, as the chapters focusing on the child as a learner are of value on their own' - Julia Browne, Goldsmiths Association for Early Childhood This book shows that an early childhood setting can be described as a learning place in which children develop learning dispositions such as resilience in the face of uncertainty, confidence to express their ideas, and collaborative and thoughtful approaches to problem-solving. These dispositions provide the starting point for life-long learning. The author asks: How can we assess and track children's learning in the early years in a way that includes learning dispositions and avoids the pitfalls of over-formal methods, whilst being helpful for practitioners, interesting for families, and supportive for learners? The book - describes a way of assessment that stays close to the children's real experiences and provides an alternative to mechanistic and fragmented approaches, - shows how practitioners can assess what really matters: those learning dispositions (interest, involvement and perseverance for example) that provide a foundation for life-long learning. The book is about weaving theory and practice: theorizing development and learning as reflected in assessment practice. The author also argues that unless we find ways to assess complex outcomes in early childhood they will be excluded from the teaching and the learning. Simple and low level outcomes and goals will take their place. The theoretical ideas and arguments are illustrated throughout by transcripts and stories of children in a range of early childhood settings. At every turn in the journey it asks: How is this reflected in a real life context? It documents the voices of children, practitioners and parents as the learning story develops.
Assessment is a process of collecting information for the purpose of making important decisions about students. It is critical that those decisions be made both appropriately and fairly. Noted as the standard for professional resources in the field, ASSESSMENT offers basic assessment information along with a handbook-style reference of frank, comprehensive reviews of the tests most administered in K-12 schools. Featuring an emphasis on improved outcomes, the book equips teachers with the tools and knowledge to do assessments correctly as well as use assessment information to bolster student competence.
The fourth edition of Assessment in Special Education covers assessments for every disability type while examining each stage of the assessment process. Chapters discuss the most current and reliable assessment measures used in schools to determine all areas of special need from infancy, to school-age and into adulthood. This book addresses current topics such as IDEIA, curriculum-based assessment, curriculum-based measurement, functional behavior assessments and behavioral intervention plans.
This leading text and clinical guide offers best-practice recommendations for assessing a comprehensive array of child and adolescent mental health problems and health risks. Prominent authorities present evidence-based approaches that can be used in planning, implementing, and evaluating real-world clinical services. Coverage encompasses behavior disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, developmental disorders, maltreatment, and adolescent problems. The volume emphasizes the need to evaluate clients' strengths as well as their deficits, and to take into account the developmental, biological, familial, and cultural contexts of problem behavior. New to This Edition Incorporates advances in knowledge on child and family disorders and evidence-based assessment. Chapters on bipolar disorder, suicidal and self-harming behaviors, posttraumatic stress disorder, early-onset schizophrenia, learning disabilities, and adolescent personality disorders.
This update of the 2003 text treats the role of assessment in recent US laws (e.g., the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act-- IDEA 2004, No Child Left Behind Act) and new/revised tests. In introducing practical and ethical assessment issues, Taylor (Florida Atlantic U.) traces historical events, philosophical movements, legislation, and legal cases involving assessment. He proposes a model comprised of pre- and post-referral components that meet many states' requirements, and presents vignettes for discussion. Appendices include descriptions of instruments used for measuring processing skills, traumatic brain injury, specific target behaviors, and cognitive aspects of special populations. Previous editions appeared between 1984 and 2000. Annotation ©2005 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
NASA's exploration of planets and satellites during the past 50 years has led to the discovery of traces of water ice throughout the solar system and prospects for large liquid water reservoirs beneath the frozen ICE shells of multiple satellites of the giant planets of the outer solar system. During the coming decades, NASA and other space agencies will send flybys, orbiters, subsurface probes, and, possibly, landers to these distant worlds in order to explore their geologic and chemical context. Because of their potential to harbor alien life, NASA will select missions that target the most habitable outer solar system objects. This strategy poses formidable challenges for mission planners who must balance the opportunity for exploration with the risk of contamination by Earth's microbes, which could confuse the interpretation of data obtained from these objects. The 2000 NRC report Preventing the Forward Contamination of Europa provided a criterion that was adopted with prior recommendations from the Committee on Space Research of the International Council for Science. This current NRC report revisits and extends the findings and recommendations of the 2000 Europa report in light of recent advances in planetary and life sciences and, among other tasks, assesses the risk of contamination of icy bodies in the solar system.
The Amazon basin is a key component of the global carbon cycle. Not only is the old-growth rainforests in the basin huge carbon storage with about 120 billion metric tons of carbon in their biomass, but they also process annually twice the rate of global anthropogenic fossil fuel emissions through respiration and photosynthesis. In addition, the basin is the largest global repository of biodiversity and produces about 20 percent of the world's flow of fresh water into the oceans. Despite the large CO2 efflux from recent deforestation, the Amazon rainforest is still considered to be a net carbon sink or reservoir because vegetation growth on average exceeds mortality. However, current climate trends and human-induced deforestation may be transforming forest structure and behavior. Amazon forest dieback would be a massive event, affecting all life-forms that rely on this diverse ecosystem, including humans, and producing ramifications for the entire planet. Clearly, with changes at a global scale at stake, there is a need to better understand the risk, and dynamics of Amazon dieback. Therefore, the purpose of the book is to assist in understanding the risk, process and dynamics of potential Amazon dieback and its implications.
An Assessment of Undersea Weapons Science and Technology
An easy-to-understand how-to guide to the single most important thing you can do in investing - choosing and mixing your assets successfully. You don't need to be an expert analyst, a star stock-picker, or a rocket scientist to have better investment results than most other investors. You just need to allocate your assets in the right way, and have the conviction to stick with that allocation. The big secret behind asset allocation - the secret that most sophisticated investors know and use to their benefit - is that it's really not all that hard to do. Asset Allocation For Dummies serves as a comprehensive guide to maximizing returns and minimizing risk - while managing taxes, fees and other costs - in putting together a portfolio to reflect your unique financial goals. Jerry A. Miccolis (Basking Ridge, NJ), CFA®, CFP®, FCAS, MAAA is a widely quoted expert commentator who has been interviewed in The New York Times and the Wall Street Journal, and appeared on CBS Radio and ABC-TV. He is a senior financial advisor and co-owner of Brinton Eaton Wealth Advisors (www. brintoneaton. com), a fee-only investment management, tax advisory and financial planning firm in Madison, N. J. Dorianne R. Perrucci (Scotch Plains, NJ) is a freelance writer who has been published in The New York Times, Newsweek, and TheStreet. com, and has collaborated on several financial books, including I. O. U. S. A, One Nation, Under Stress, In Debt (Wiley, 2008).
I was the nicest guy in the world. The kind of guy who gives up his seat for women who aren't even pregnant. And all it had got me was a dead-end job, a crappy apartment and a dog that treated me as its bitch. So one day I decided to become a totally different man. A rock-hard alpha male who fights to win, makes his own rules and doesn't know the word sorry. An asshole. The worst thing? It worked! Here you'll discover my revolutionary programme for assholism, including: middot; Essential body language - don't smile, unless others are in pain middot; Workplace etiquette - taking credit for everything, except mistakes middot; Diet and exercise - the power of red meat, energy drinks and hitting below the belt middot; Relationships - how to avoid getting burned, even if your wife is a trained chef (like mine) middot; Feelings - the only luxury you can't afford This is the story of my journey into jerkhood. It is my story of glory.